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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@sciencesmag.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajps@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: 7 العدد: 4

Article
About Fractional Operators: Behavior and Extension

المؤلفون: Ahmed Ayyoub Yousif --- Alauldin Noori Ahmed
الصفحات: 1-15
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الخلاصة

In this paper, we are study some behavior fractional operators solutions, such as existence, uniqueness, stabilities and extended formulas for a dynamic multi-fractional order differential equations. Theorems are stated and proved based on the definitions of Riemann-Liouville fractional integral and Grunwald-Letnikov fractional derivative. Also, a simple numerical approach has been implemented to solve such system.

الكلمات الدلالية

Fractional Calculus --- Existence and Uniqueness solution --- Stability


Article
In the treatment of inflammation Calvatia craniformis evaluate the effectiveness of clinical mastitis mushrooms cattle station in Abu barley / Diyala
في علاج التهاب Calvatia craniformis تقويم فاعلية الفطر الضرع السريري في محطة أبقار أبو شعير / ديالى

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الخلاصة

Laboratory study was conducted on 20 samples taken from cow's milk 20 cows M N Friesen dairy cattle station of Abu barley 2010 for the diagnosis of inflammation / 3/2010 until 31/1 /, located in the district of Khalis - Diallyllfterh province of 1 Clinical mastitis and detection sensitivity and resistance that causes patients to drugs used in treatment. And 2 Staph. aureus showed a bacterial culture of milk samples to isolate 18 to isolate the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus The impact of concentrations (0.2 and 0.3)% of the powder is contained mushrooms. E. coli isolated from the bacterium Escherichia coli Aloharikia Effective against the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus was 0.1% concentration important, Calvatia craniformis dry While all concentrations were effective against the bacteria Escherichia coli Aloharikia. Effect of concentration between 0.3% on the bacterium Streptococcus pneumoniae (P


Article
عزل بكتريا مقاومة للفورمالديهايد من نماذج بيئية مختلفة


Article
(IDDM) دراسة العلاقة بين داء السكري المعتمد على الأنسولين النوع الأول والبروتينات الدهنية في جسم الإنسان

المؤلفون: عمار محمد كاظم
الصفحات: 22-41

Article
Evaluate the Effective of Modulation Function on Spot Size For Multifunction modulator
تقييم فعالية تأثير دالة التوليف في حجم البقعة للمولف المتعدد الوظائف

المؤلفون: Safaa M. Hameed --- Abdulrazak A.S. Mohammed
الصفحات: 24-46
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الخلاصة

Optical modulator is an important component in optical systems. The present optical modulator has been designed consisting of three concentric circles (C0, C1, C2). Each circle has different shape divided to transmittance and oblique sectors, the numbers of sectors chosen are equal to (20, 40, 60) respectively. The central circle was designed using fractal geometry with a modified program. The efficiency of this optical modulator disk was tested by applying the [MTF]( It is a function that calculate the transferee function for any modulation , in other hand it is calculation of contrast degree of the an image for any object) , and the best modulation was at spot light size equal to (2 mm2 ) and it’s effective on the modulation.


Article
Using Linear Programming for solving Multistage Transfer Problem
استخدام البرمجة الخطية في حل مشكلة النقل المتعددة المراحل

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الخلاصة

This paper aims to build linear programming transfer model with two stages; because traditional transfer methods fail to solve the transfer problem for more than one stage (can be generalized for multistage transfer problem). The quantity of the request can be estimated then beyond optimum analysis can be used to find optimum transfer quantities with less total cost. The proposed model is applied on Al-Maha company limited.


Article
The validity of Kala-azar rapid detection test in the laboratory diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis in Baquba

المؤلفون: Abdul-Razak SH. Hasan --- Zainab H. Al-Azawi --- Ammar Riyadh Qasem
الصفحات: 47-53
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الخلاصة

Background: visceral leishmaniasis is the most severe form of leishmaniasis. The disease caused by protozoan parasites of the Leishmania genus. It is the second-largest parasitic killer in the world, being responsible for an estimated 500,000 cases each year worldwide. Objectives: To explore the validity of rapid detection test for the laboratory diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis against the conventional blood smear technique. Patients, materials and methods: The present study was carried out at Al-Batoul Teaching Hospital during the period from January to July 2009. A total of 75 patients with VL were included. 28 (37.3%) of them were female and 47(62.7%) were male. The age range was 1 month- 8 years. Additionally, 30 apparently healthy individuals were enrolled as control groups. 13(43.3%) of them were female and 17(56.7%) were male. Venous blood sample were collected from each subject; sera were separated and kept frozen till use. All sera were tested for anti-rK39 IgG antibodies using the InBios Kala-azar detect rapid test (Seattle, WA) according to the manufacturer's protocol. Results: The results showed that out of 75 patients, 10 (13.3%) and 9 (12%) were positive for kala-azar by microscopical blood film examination and kala-azar rapid screening test respectively. The distribution of positive cases according to the gender revaled hat the infection rate among males was higher than in females, and the most affected age was 1-4 years. Conclusion: The validity of kala-azar rapid setection test was comparable to that of microscxopical examination for detection of kala-azar cases among clinically suspected patients.

الكلمات الدلالية

Keywords: Visceral leithmaniasis --- Kala azar --- Black feve


Article
Molecular Identification of Giardia duodenalis Parasite Isolates from Human by Polymerase Chain Reaction – Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism Technique (PCR-RFLP) in Baghdad Province

المؤلفون: Tural Yelderim Bakir --- Abdullah Mustafa Qader
الصفحات: 54-66
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الخلاصة

The present study was designed to determine the genotypes of Giardia duodenalis isolates from human by using polymerase chain reaction – restriction fragment length polymorphism technique (PCR-RFLP) technique, by amplification of glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene to provide information about the genetic diversity and their epidemiological and clinical characteristics in Baghdad province. Thirty isolates from children (1-12 years old) were processed for (PCR-RFLP). Data corresponding to demographic, social and environmental variables and presence or absence of symptoms were collected. The glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene was amplified by using specific primers (GDHiF and GDHiR), the PCR amplification was observed in 17/30 (56.6%) of the fecal samples, among these 5/17 (29.4%) samples belonged to genotype A and 12/17 (70.5%) samples belonged to genotype B. Genetic subgenotypes identified from human fecal samples revealed that, 5/17 (29.4%) were subgenotype AΙΙ, 9/17 (52.9%) subgenotype BΙΙΙ, and 3/17 (17.6%) subgenotype BΙV. Genotype B was detected in children with severe symptomatic giardiasis and many of them had diarrhea while, subgenotype AΙΙ was detected in children with mild symptomatic giardiasis and without diarrhoea.

الكلمات الدلالية

Key words: Giardia duodenalis --- PCR-RFLP --- Molecular Identification


Article
تحضير عدد من مركبات الثايادايازول والاوكسادايازول الجديدة الحاوية على مجاميع الاحماض الامينية او الآميك ، وتحويلها الى مركبات الامينو بولي استرات الفاينيل المقابلة

المؤلفون: نبيل جمال عائد الاصلي
الصفحات: 61-83

Article
Synthesis and characterization of mixed ligand complexes of some metal chlorides with 8-hydroxyquinoline and amino acid (L- lysine)
توليف وتوصيف المجمعات الفراغية المخلوطة مع بعض كلوريدات المعادن ومع حامض 8-hydroxyquinoline والحوامض الامينية

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الخلاصة

The mixed ligand complexes of Co (II), Ni (II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) with (L- lysine )and 8-hydroxyqinoline (Oxine) were synthesized and characterized by : (FT-IR, UV-Vis, AAs) spectra, melting point, molar conductivity measurements. Chloride ion content were also evolution by (Mohr method) .Magnetic susceptibility measurements. From the above data the proposed molecular structure for Co (II), Ni (II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) were forming tetrahedral geometry


Article
Seroepidemiological study of kala azar among adults in Al- Anbar governorate

المؤلفون: Mohammed Jasim Shaker
الصفحات: 80-86
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الخلاصة

Kala azar is endemic in parts of Iraq. Aseroprevalence study was carried out in the adults in AL-Anbar governorate Serum samples were taken form 202 adult from both sex between 18-73 year old from different areas in AL- Anbar in the period from January to December 2008 and by using immune chromatographic strip test . There was no significant cant difference in sero positivity between the sexes(9.9% males & 11.9% females ) . the highest rate of infection ( 3.46 % )was in the age group 24-30 years,among all seroposivity visceral leish maniasis cases included in this study , the highest frequency of visceral leishmaniasis was reported in july 7cases(2.9% ).Further studies are needed explore the reservoirs and vectors of the disease in this region.

الكلمات الدلالية

ala azar among adults in Al- Anbar governorate


Article
المعزولة من Streptomyces دراسة الخواص البيئية و المظهرية للبكتريا ترب المحافظات الشمالية في العراق

المؤلفون: هادي أمين ناصر --- نزار أدور ناصر
الصفحات: 83-99

Article
Studying the effect of thickness' variation on some optical properties of Iron Oxide Thin Films
دراسة تأثير تغير السمك على بعض الخواص البصرية لأغشية اوكسيد الحديديك الرقيقة

المؤلفون: Mustafa shakir Hashim --- Mohammad Hameed abdulla --- Reem Saadi Khaleel
الصفحات: 87-94
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الخلاصة

We have studied the effect of thickness' variation on some optical properties of (Fe2O3)thin films deposited on preheated glass substrates at a temperature of (420 °C) by chemical pyrolysis technique. The optical transmission (T %) in the wavelength range (400-900 )nm of films was measured. Optical conductivity, band tail width and skin depth are calculated and correlated with the variation of film's thickness. The change in optical properties due to scattering by acoustic or optical phonons is investigated. The carrier concentration Nopt was obtained using Drude’s theory of dielectrics .


Article
A Study of Inorganic Chemical Metals for Raw and Drinking Water of Central Baquba Liquefier Station

المؤلفون: Muthar Abdulwahab Ragib Al– Aubedy
الصفحات: 95-110
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الخلاصة

This study has achieved to determine the concentrations of inorganic chemical metals for raw and clean water of Baquba liquefier station (the largest unit which provides the city with drinking water) by taking water samples from the station through (April 2009) till (February 2010), these analysis included the estimation of pH, electrical conductivity, total dissolved salts, total hardness, calcium, magnesium, chloride, sulfate, sodium, potassium and aluminum. The clean water results has compared with the world health organization standards to determine any access in these metals concentrations that are anticipated to produce adverse health effects following long-term exposure. All the final results of water samples reinforce the fact that has accepted chemical and physical properties except turbidity, with simple difference in some chemical concentrations all over the experimental period, as well as, it is observed that there is no any qualitative treatment of total hardness for raw water in the station. Also, the statistical analysis emphasize no significant differences between raw and clean water except turbidity with the presence of significant differences for most parameters all over months with significant positive relation between water temperature and both turbidity and total dissolved salts and negative relation between total dissolved salts and the raining rates.


Article
Index numbers and them application for the economy in Iraq
الارقام القياسية ومنهجية تطبيقها في الانشطة الاقتصادية (العراق أنموذجا

المؤلفون: إبراهيم جواد كاظم
الصفحات: 98-128
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الخلاصة

Index number is one of the most important tools of statistical analysis that reveals the true reality of the level of economic indicators and financial, monetary and social, as is the case for index of consumer prices and the index of wages, as well as the record on both the proportion of trade and the level of agricultural and industrial production and the strength of indicators other cash for trading in markets finance and trade. In the first section we explain the concept of index numbers and types of formulas and mathematical laws their own, focusing on Laspeyres price index and Paasche price index and the relationship between them and the Fisher's ideal index. In the second section we show the basic steps and the task that can be followed in the setup and configuration records through the identification of the goods covered and determine the base period, as well as the mathematical formulas to do so. In the third section we show the practical side of records in the agricultural sector, plant and animal in the manufacturing and extractive, water, electricity, construction and trade-capable browser. We do this by using the Iraqi experience by explaining an easy technic which can be. In the last of this article the researcher give a set of conclusions and recommendations focused on the need to adopt a base year for comparison is valid close to and use of scientific and technical development to find the index number.


Article
Study cells immune response by using a killed suspension of Pseudomonas aeruginosa as oral vaccines.

المؤلفون: Nawal Shakir Mahmood
الصفحات: 111-119
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted in order to investigate the effect of pseudomonas aeruginosa vaccine on stimulating of cell mediated immune response in laboratory white mice. The result revealed the high increased weight of spleen and mesenterial lymph nodes in the vaccinated animals in contrast to the organs of the control group. The morphological changes in these organs indicate indirectly the high immunological activities of them, beside the activation of kupffer’s cells in the liver of the vaccinated lab. animals. This study appeared a hight interaction between the cellular immune system and the orally administrated whole cell of Ps. aeruginosa bacteria.

الكلمات الدلالية

Key words: Ps. aeruginosa --- immune response --- White mice


Article
A Simplified Mathematical Model to Calculate the Maximum Usable Frequencies Over Iraqi Territory
نموذج رياضي مبسط لحساب أعلى ترددات مستخدمة في القطر العراقي

المؤلفون: Loay E. Goerge --- Khalid A. Hadi
الصفحات: 120-129
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الخلاصة

In this project, the spatial and temporal variation of maximum usable frequency (MUF) parameter is investigated and modeled. The values of MUF for Baghdad station links, with other stations distributed over Iraq territory, where determined using the international reference model (RECF533) for HF propagation. The determined MUF dataset reflected that the spatial distribution of this parameter for Baghdad station shows circular symmetry, which stimulated the possibility of using a two dimensional second order polynomial in order to describe MUF variation. The main feature of this adopted mathematical model is its low complexity. The results of conducted analysis indicated that the spatial variation of MUF is simple while its temporal variation is more complicated and needs more sophisticated mathematical description than the polynomial description. The test results showed that the accuracy of proposed simple model lies within the tolerance of REC533 reference model.


Article
Effect of annealing temsperature on some optical properties of LiF thin films
أثير درجة التلدين على بعض الخواص البصرية لأغشية فلوريد الليثيوم (LiF)

المؤلفون: Nedhal A. Mahmood
الصفحات: 130-138
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الخلاصة

LiF Polycrystalline thin films have been prepared by using thermal evaporation technique on substrates of glass heated at room temperature under vacuum of (10-6mb) and the thickness of films was ( 400 nm ). After that the films were treated thermally at pressure ( 10-3 mb) and a temperature of (323 K ) ,(423 K ) and (473 K) for one hour.The optical measurements which is included the absorbance spectra using UV-VIS spectroscopy in the spectrum range ( 250-850 )nm demonstrated that the values of the absorption coefficient ( α ) was greater than ( 104cm-1) and then ( α ) decreases with increasing of annealing temperature ( Ta ). Moreover, the absorbance spectra were used to find some optical constants such as refractive index ( n ), extinction coefficient ( k ) and dielectric constant ( ε ), and it was found that the optical constants were affected after treating the films thermally.


Article
Non-Linear behavior of Encryption Algorithm under Windows Environment
السلوك اللاخطي لخوارزمية التشفير تحت بيئة النوافذ

المؤلفون: Bashar Talib Hameed --- Naji M. Sahih
الصفحات: 139-151
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الخلاصة

This paper is devoted to present a new parameter that should be included along the design phase of and modular Encryption Algorithm that will implemented on windows operating system. This parameter is the tick resolution (Tic) which represents how frequent the system will leave current process and give the control to other, this will be used to compromise Encryption Algorithm and that must be an integral black box. A mathematical model has been presented to formula the relationship between Tic and the key parameters of Encryption Algorithm which the complexity, This paper will prove the nonlinearity of the behavior of Encryption Algorithm due to high tick resolution, where increasing the complexity might lead to lack in security. An optimal solution have been proposed practical test to present the effectiveness of Tic on the Encryption Algorithm linearity.


Article
The Efficiency Of Electrical Resistivity Metho In WSite Foundation Problemئhere Drilled Bore Hole Information Failed
كفاءة طريقة المقاومة الكهربائية للاغراض الهندسية عندما تفشل المعلومات الجيولوجية

المؤلفون: Emad H. Khadim
الصفحات: 152-169
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الخلاصة

In the usual geophysical works we need to confirm the validity and accuracy of the information on the presence of geological information and wells(bore holes).In this research note the principle is different above,where geological information failed,despite of their number and high cost,which have drilled 20 wells,but failed to identify th engineering reality.And while the exact geophysical technique executed (the electrical resistivity method) in determining the structural situation and the depth of the water.The reason for this unusual case,because of presence of a large thickness of sediments(recent sediments),which is multiinterbedded sediments of silt,sand,and gravel,and lack of (marked beds) in the drilled depth of the well(20m) to correlate between them to get the precise structural and geological situation.so in this cases, comp-ilation of many investigation methods ,engineering ,drilled borehole,hdr-Ologyand geophysics carried out in Kubasia area to study site area properties. Drilling of 24 boreholes gave misleading geological solution on the Problem because no geological correlation can be done which causesfrom High varieties of rock type(no marked bed) only recent sediments,so in this situation geophysical method be the more suitable in solving problem

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