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مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية

ISSN: 18176798
الجامعة: جامعة تكريت
الكلية: التربية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر كل شهرين عن كلية التربية
جامعة تكريت .

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number: +967481408058
E_mail:tikrit_university_journal@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: 18 العدد: 6

Article
دعوى السرقة في الفقه الإسلامي (دراسة مقارنة)

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. شبلي أحمد عيسى عبيدات
الصفحات: 1-39
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الخلاصة

Summery This study aims to illustrate the great Islamic heritage of lawsuits and statements thru the theft lawsuit and its staff , conditions ,how to prove it ,its defenses , how to drop it in the Islamic jurisprudence. the researcher focuses on the point of dispute to explores what is agreed on and what is disagreed on. Then he states the viewpoints of scholars along with their evidences , states the references and sayings. The theft that is positive to apply the legitimate boundary is for those who reached the legal age, takes money of others secretly without any suspicion. this crime is proved by witness and confession. the Islamic law scholars know the substantive defenses and formal arguments before the jurists know but under different terms. the formal argument is under the name of invalid dispute. The substantive defenses is under the name of invalid lawsuit. That is one of the prominent results of this study.

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Article
بلاغة الوصف بـ(ذو) و(صاحب) و(المشتق) في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: د. رياض يونس خلف
الصفحات: 40-77
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The research aims at discussing the rhetoric of description by "Thu" and Derivative in the Glorious Qur'an which is basal on the fallowing question: Is the description by derivative more rhetorical than the description by "Thu"?. The research answers this question depending on the scholar opinions and an the Qu'ranic verses. The paper consist of two sections the first section deals with the rhetoric of description by "Thu" the second section handles the rhetoric of "Thu" and derivative Considering the linguistic heritage at. The deep influence at after analyzing the texts it became clear that "Thu" is more rhetorical that description by "Sahib" also it has been concluded that the description by derivative is more rhetorical than by "Thu".

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Article
المرجعية التأريخية والأدبية في قصيدة رسالة إلى سيف بن ذي يزن لعبد العزيز المقالح

المؤلفون: د. وسن عبد الغني مال الله المختار
الصفحات: 78-100
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study is concerned with the sources which the poet memorizes and uses. He employs them in the contexts of his poems. Abdul – Aziz Al-Makalihi employs different sources in his poem "Rissala Ila Sayf bin thi Yazin". whit is the first "Rissala" that carries the title of the Diwan. The study concentrates on the numerous sections of this "Rissala". The areas of intertextuality are distributed between historical events and the poetical legacy . These areas of intertextuality are melted in the poem to embody the poets point of view and his experiment towards the Arabic reality a matter which enriches the poem thematically and artistically for they performed a compound structure for his poem, This structure is a mixture of these different worlds. They present the poet's ability to employ past for the sake of the purpose of present. This matter serves the main theme of the text and what it expresses the Arabic problems in general and the Yemeni in specific to express concerning the universal anxiety. He wants to express the Arabic state which suffers from colonization in order to change this reality especially in Yemen. Hence the poem expresses man's conflict with all types of sadness and torment which are the main topic of his poem.

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Article
جدلية التوحيد والشتات قراءة في قصيدة (قم للتضامن..) للشيخ محمد بشير الصقّال

المؤلفون: د. اسماعيل ابراهيم فاضل المشهداني
الصفحات: 101-138
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الخلاصة

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Article
الإشارات الفلكية في الشعر الأندلسي

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الخلاصة

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Article
العطف الإفرادي والتركيبي - بل - أنموذجاً

المؤلفون: م. د. هديل عبد الحليم داود
الصفحات: 182-209
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study deals with the definition of conjunction, manifesting its types, reveals the dimensions and the rhetoric of the artistic arrangement concerning the empathy of vocabularies and also reveals the rhetoric of the syntax of the sentence as called for by AbdulQaher AlJarjani as each construction has its unique aesthetic structure. So, that will be clear through the article (Bal), which was mentioned as a digression article that relates to the vocabularies and sentences. So, when it is related to a sentence then it denotes the meaning of digression, either voidance or selection and this pattern of meaning for (Bal) is the only pattern used in the Glorious Quran. But, when this article is related with a singular name, then it is considered a conjunction article but should be preceded by affirmation or a command, negation or interrogation. This article was also used as a decrease article which denotes the meaning of (Rubba) and preceded by the articles like (La – Kalla: No and Nay). In addition to that, the study discussed the similarities and the differences between the articles for which the coupled name is different from the conjunct.

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Article
امتحان الأذكياء لمحمد بن بير علي البركوي (ت981هـ) (من أول حروف التنبيه إلى نهاية الكتاب) تحقيق وتعليق

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الخلاصة

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Article
الأداء الوظيفي لـ ( ان ) وإبدالاها ( إنْ، أنْ، إنَّ، أنَّ ) في القرآن الكريم بين النحو والبلاغة

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This approach aims at discovering the function of (In) and its replacements (In, an, Inna and Anna) in the Glorious Quran, manifesting its rhetorical value, its important role in the context, its influence in the meaning as well as indicating the grammatical function of this article and its replacements in the Glorious Quranic text in order to identify the nature of the rhetorical function and its effects in the Quranic text and the alteration of the meaning from the ordinary statement into the emphasis and settling the meaning in the receiver's mind and its role in emphasizing the events mentioned in the Glorious Quran and settling them in the receiver's mind. In this study, we referred to and scrutinized most of the rhetorical old and new books and resorted to the books of grammar to compare between both grammatical and rhetorical functions without extravagance in the grammatical aspect because the dictionaries and books of grammar cover this field as well as manifesting the functions each grammatical article. We emphasized the function of this article rhetorically and making use of the rhetorical books (though they are few) which tackle the rhetorical function of the article. We did that by making use of the books of meaning letters, most important of which are (Articles of Meanings) by AlZajjaji), (Meanings of Articles) by AlRummani, (AlJanaa AlDani) by AlMuradi, (Mughni AlLabeeb) by Ibn Hisham, and the books of rhetoric like: (Dala'il AlE'jaaz) by AbdulQaher AlJarjani, (Miftah AlUloom) by AlSakkaki, (AlEidhah Wal Talkhees) and Shorouh AlTalkhees by AlQazweeni. While for the books of Quran commentaries, the most prominent books we referred to are (AlKashaaf) by AlZamakhshari, (AlBahr AlMuheet) by Abi Hayyan AlAndalusi, (Rooh AlMa'ani) by AlAloosi and (alTahreer Wal Tanweer) by Ibn Aashour.

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Article
ما تبقى من كتاب (وقف التمام) لأبي عبد الله أحمد بن موسى اللؤلؤي من علماء القرن الثاني للهجرة - جمع وتحقيق ودراسة

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. خلف حسين صالح الجبوري
الصفحات: 279-336
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Article
آبار المدينة المنورة

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Article
يهود الدونمة وعلاقتهم بالطورانية التركية في الدولة العثمانية

المؤلفون: م. م. خالد سلمان شدهان
الصفحات: 381-399
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Article
الموقف الأمريكي من القضية الفلسطينية وأثره على الوضع السياسي الداخلي في مصر 1947-1949

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Article
مدى شرعية الاحتلال الحربي في القانون الدولي العام دراسة في ضوء قرار مجلس الأمن الدولي المرقم 1483 (2003)

المؤلفون: د. كامل عبد خلف العنكود
الصفحات: 427-447
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الخلاصة

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Article
مشكلات في الواقع الاقتصادي العربي وكيفية تجاوزها

المؤلفون: د. هيفاء عبد الرحمن ياسين التكريتي
الصفحات: 448-519
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Article
تأثير التغيرات السياسية على صادرات النفط الخام العراقي ما بين 1980-2010م

المؤلفون: م. د. نصيف جاسم أسود الأحبابي
الصفحات: 520-540
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Article
A Semantic Analysis of Ambiguity in English

المؤلفون: Hashim Saadoon Saleem
الصفحات: 541-560
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الخلاصة

Abstract Experience in teaching English and previous findings show that learners confront acute difficulties very often in finding solutions to the commonest ambiguities whether in speech or in written language. Such difficulties stand strongly against learners' ability to understand an ambiguous sentence or a vocabulary item. The reason which has driven the researcher to write this paper is to highlight the notion of ambiguity posed in English trying to help learners lessen and overcome the difficulties which may be come across in everyday life by displaying the commonest ambiguities that exist in the English language. In so doing, the learners can find the research subject-matter helpful to increase their experience in this respect and pay more attention when they face such ambiguous constructions or words. The concept of ambiguity is classified into two categories, viz, intentional and unintentional. Our key concern in the research is how to overcome the unintentional ambiguity because intentional ambiguity which is deliberately found in literature is not harmful for scholars since it is utilized for enjoyment and entertainment.

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Article
Errors in Translating Psychological and Psychiatric Terms into Arabic by Fourth Year Undergraduate Students

المؤلفون: Ahmed Jasim Muhammed Al-Ubaidi
الصفحات: 561-578
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الخلاصة

Abstract The research is a descriptive analytic study of the fourth year undergraduate students' errors in psychological and psychiatric terms from English into Arabic. The problem of the research lies in students ' interpretations of these terms as mere vocabularies, not as psychological, and psychiatric terms. It hypothesizes that students errors in translating terms is ascribed to the lack of these terms to the Arabic equivalents and students' inability to discriminate the suitable equivalents from the unsuitable ones. In order to evaluate the errors, ten students are assigned to translate a text about depression. Then, the translations are analyzed and results concluded in which J. C. Catford's linguistic theory of translation is adopted as a criterion for evaluating the translations. The most important conclusion is the knowledge deficiency and misrecognition of the significations of psychological and psychiatric terms in both languages: SL (source language) and TL (target language).

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Article
A Contextual Problem of Ad Hoc Concepts in Utterance Interpretation: A Relevance Theoretic Account

المؤلفون: Ziyad Ahmed Daham
الصفحات: 579-594
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الخلاصة

Abstract Ad hoc concepts comprise a set of linguistic words thought to be apart (in meaning) from the propositional content of the utterances where they occur. Their real meaning in a sentence cannot be understood unless they are studied in a theory. Actually, they have been deeply studied in Relevance Theory; therefore, a somewhat detailed account of this theory will be presented first, and then everything about ‘ad hoc concepts’ will be facilitated. It is hypothesized that the contextual information are the only keys that guide a hearer to give the real interpretation of a given ad hoc concept even if he/she arrives at a pragmatic level of comprehension. The main aim of this study is to show the treatment of those concepts in Relevance Theory, and to prove that they are difficult to be interpreted without any contextual information about the utterances which contain them.

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Article
Morphodynamic of Lower Part of Upper Zab River in Northern Part of Iraq (study in fluvial geomorphology of Archaeological channels)

المؤلفون: Fawaz H. H. Al-Naish (Ph.D)
الصفحات: 595-614
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Article
Understanding of Humanity A Study in: William Golding's Lord of the Flies

المؤلفون: Khamis Khalaf Mohammad --- Awfa Hussien Aldouri
الصفحات: 615-627
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الخلاصة

Abstract William Gerald Golding is a prominent English novelist, an essayist, poet, and winner of the 1983 Nobel Prize for literature. Golding in many of his novels deals principally with evil that resides in the dark side of man's personality. Golding's Lord Of The Flies is a symbolic portrait of humanity as he views it. The island, the boys and many other events in the novel represent this symbolic portrait. To be more accurate, Lord of the Flies explores the dark side of humanity, the savagery that underlies even the most civilized human beings.

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Article
Sylvia Plath as Feminist Writer

المؤلفون: Intisar R. Khalil (M.A)
الصفحات: 628-647
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Sylvia Plath (1932-1963) is a twentieth-century feminist poetess and novelist. She expresses a feminist point of view in her writing. The Bell Jar (1963) shows how women in the 1950s were treated as the inferior and subordinate sex. This lead to a lack of openings for them to break free of this idea, and women became frustrated at the roles that they were restricted to and forced to fill, such as wives and mothers, rather than being allowed to follow their dreams as men were. Plath is against this conventional idea; she calls for equality. The present study is divided into three sections and a conclusion. Section one presents the life of Sylvia Plath. Section two sheds light on the concept of modern feminism. The last section deals with Plath's attitude to women's real identity in male-dominated society, and to the concept of marriage and sex. Then, follows the conclusion which sums up the findings of the research.

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Article
Epenthesis in English and Arabic A Contrastive Study

المؤلفون: Hasan Sh. Ali --- Hadeel K. Ali
الصفحات: 648-660
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT As a result of historical sound change or synchronic rule, many sounds are added or inserted. Addition of sounds may be very prominent in informal speech. Epenthesis or addition is the insertion of one or more sounds to a word, especially to the interior of a word. According to Crowly (1997: 55) epenthesis may be divided into two types: excrescence which refer to the insertion of a consonant, and anaptyxis which refers to the insertion of a vowel. In English the process of epenthesis is versus deletion in particular positions, that general principles govern the choice of epenthesis whether a vowel or a consonant. In Arabic the essential phonological characteristics can be clarified by showing the selection of epenthesis according to the restricted conditions. This study includes listing words in English and Arabic that necessitate the use of epenthesis in both types excrescene and anaptyxis. The aim behind this study is to show how universal conditions can govern words with the use of epenthesis in both languages.

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