Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

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Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
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Email: joengbag@uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2012 volume:18 issue:8

Article
Decisions making for fraction functions By Using Goal Programming Method
اتخاذ القرارات ذات الدوال الكسرية باستخدام طريقة برمجة الأهداف

Authors: واثق حياوي لايذ
Pages: 151-159
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Abstract

Decision making is vital and important activity in field operations research, engineering, administration science and economic science with any industrial or service company or organization because the core of management process as well as improve him performance. The research includes decision making process when the objective function is fraction function and solve models fraction programming by using some fraction programming methods and using goal programming method aid programming ( win QSB )and the results explain the effect use the goal programming method in decision making process when the objective function is fraction .


Article
The Effect of Different Types of Aggregate and Additives on the Properties of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete

Authors: Nada M. Fawzi --- Qusay Jar-Allah Hachim
Pages: 875-888
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Abstract

The major aim of this research is study the effect of the type of lightweight aggregate (Porcelinite and Thermostone), type and ratio of the pozzolanic material(SF and HRM) and the use of different ratios of w/cm ratio(0.32 and 0.35) on the properties of SCLWC in the fresh and hardened state. SF and HRM are used in three percentage 5%,10%, and 15% as a partial replacement by weight of cement for all types of SCLWC. The requirements of self-compatibility for SCC are fulfilled by using the high performance superplasticizer (G51) at 1.2liter per 100 kg of cement. The values of air dry density and compressive strength at age of 28 days within the limits of structural lightweight concrete. The air dry density and compressive strength at age of 28 days for w/cm ratio(0.32) for SCLWC of Porcelinit aggregate are 1964 kg/m3 and 29.57 MPa, respectively. The corresponding values for the SCLWC of Thermostone aggregate are 1820 kg/m3 and 25.75 MPa, respectively. The results show that the HRM performance which is locally available is better than SF in production of SCLWC.


Article
Effect of Fire Flame (High Temperature) on the Behaviour of Axially loaded Reinforced SCC Short Columns

Authors: Amer F. Izzat
Pages: 889-904
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Abstract

Experimental research was carried out to investigate the effect of fire flame (high temperature) on specimens of short columns manufactured using SCC (Self compacted concrete). To simulate the real practical fire disasters, the specimens were exposed to high temperature flame, using furnace manufactured for this purpose. The column specimens were cooled in two ways. In the first the specimens were left in the air and suddenly cooled using water, after that the specimens were loaded to study the effect of degree of temperature, steel reinforcement ratio and cooling rate, on the load carrying capacity of the reinforced concrete column specimens. The results will be compared with behaviour of columns without burning (control specimens). The results showed that, the ultimate load capacity of columns exposed to fire decreases with increasing the fire flame temperature. At burning temperature 300 , 500 and 700 , the average residual ultimate load capacity for gradually cooled specimens were 91%, 81% and 71% respectively. By increasing the ratio of longitudinal reinforcement 44% , the maximum improvement in the ultimate load capacity was 24% and 17% for the gradually and sudden cooling respectively at. For the same longitudinal reinforcement ratio and fire burning temperature, the ultimate capacity for the sudden cooling specimens was less than that of gradually cooled specimens by about 10%. Key word: self compacted concrete (SCC), elevated temperature, fire flame.


Article
Development a Method for Production of Carbon Nanotubes
تطوير طريقة لانتاج أنابيب النانو كاربون

Authors: Mohamed.I. M --- N.J. Saleh --- L.H. Mohmood
Pages: 905-913
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Abstract

In this work chemical vapor deposition method (CVD) for the production of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) have been improved by the addition of S. Steel mesh container (SSMC) inside which the catalyst (Fe/Al2O3) was placed. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) investigation method used to study nanotubes produced, showed that high yield of two types of (CNTs) obtained, single wall carbon nanotube (SWCNTs) with diameter and length of less than 50nm and several micrometers respectively and nanocoil tubes with a diameter and length of less than 100nm and several micrometers respectively. The chemical analysis of (CNTs) reveals that the main component is carbon (94%) and a little amount of Al (0.32%), Fe (2.22%) the reminder is oxygen. It was also found that the use of (SSMC) leads to increase in yield by a factor of 3 of (SWNTs) and produces nanocoil at the same time.


Article
Spectral Technique for Baud Time Estimation

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Abstract

A new approach for baud time (or baud rate) estimation of a random binary signal is presented. This approach utilizes the spectrum of the signal after nonlinear processing in a way that the estimation error can be reduced by simply increasing the number of the processed samples instead of increasing the sampling rate. The spectrum of the new signal is shown to give an accurate estimate about the baud time when there is no apriory information or any restricting preassumptions. The performance of the estimator for random binary square waves perturbed by white Gaussian noise and ISI is evaluated and compared with that of the conventional estimator of the zero crossing detector.


Article
The Effect of Laminated Layers on the Flutter Speed of Composite Wing

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Abstract

The paper presents an investigation to the flutter speed of composite wing for different ply orientation .Structurally the composite wing was idealized as a composite beam load carrying structure. Theodorsen’s expression was used to get the 2- dimension unsteady lifting force and pitching moment in the limit of incompressible flow and subsonic speed which were integrated over the wing span. A free vibration analysis was first carried out to get the natural frequencies and mode shapes .The velocity-damping (V-g) method was used to calculate the flutter speed and the flutter frequency. A wing of unmanned aerial vehicle was manufactured from woven glass and polyester resin where the flutter speed was calculated experimentally by the wind tunnel test .The flutter speed was calculated analytically for different ply orientation, it is found that the increasing in torsion rigidity leads to increase in the flutter speed, the fiber combination with high torsion rigidity and relatively low coupling rigidity give higher flutter speed.


Article
Study the Effect of Ceramic Coating on the Performance and Emissions of Diesel Engine
دراسة تأثير الطلاء السيراميكي على أداء وانبعاثات محرك ديزل

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Abstract

In this study, the effect of ceramic coating on the performance and gases emission on diesel engine was investigated. A four-stroke, direct injected, single cylinder, diesel engine was tested at constant speed and at different load conditions without coating. Then, the inlet and exhaust valves faces were coated by about 500µm with ceramic materials. Ceramic layers were made of Yttria-Stabilized Zirconia (YSZ), and NiCrAl as a bond coat. The coating technique adapted in this work is the flame spray method. The engine with valves ceramic-coated research was tested for the same operation conditions of the engine (without coating). The results indicate a reduction in both fuel consumption by about 7.6% and particulate emissions by about (13% for HC and 14.5% for CO) with increasing in exhaust gases temperature after coating.


Article
The Effect of Variable Load on Dynamic Behavior of Thin Pipe by Hamilton Principle and Cfx-Ansys
تأثير الاحمال المتغيرة على السلوك الديناميكي على انبوب رقيق باستخدام مبدأ هيملتون و الحل العددي داخل سي اف اكس-انسيز

Authors: Ali Fahad Fahem علي فهد فاهم
Pages: 943-960
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Abstract

This paper presents the study and analysis, analytically and numerical of circular cylindrical shell pipe model, under variable loads, transmit fluid at the high velocity state (fresh water). The analytical analysis depended on the energy observation principle (Hamilton Principle), where divided all energy in the model to three parts , strain energy, kinetic energy and transmitted energy between flow and solid (kinetic to potential energy). Also derive all important equations for this state and approach to final equation of motion, free and force vibration also derived. the relations between the displacement of model function of velocity of flow, length of model, pipe thickness, density of flowed with location coordinate x-axis and angle are derived. In numerical analysis the models are created by using ANSYS Workpench-12 program, where build two models one for fluid, and another for pipe (solid). Depended on CFX-ANSYS package, can transfer all parameters in the fluid (temp., presser, energy) to solid model. The result show a good agreement and low of percentage error between the analytically and numerical result. Also shows the effects of length and flow velocity on the behaviour of pipe.


Article
Buckling Analysis of Damaged Composite Plates under Uniform or Non-Uniform Compressive Load

Authors: Kawther Khalid Younus --- Adnan Naji Jameel
Pages: 961-978
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Abstract

The present study focused mainly on the buckling behavior of composite laminated plates subjected to mechanical loads. Mechanical loads are analyzed by experimental analysis, analytical analysis (for laminates without cutouts) and numerical analysis by finite element method (for laminates with and without cutouts) for different type of loads which could be uniform or non-uniform, uniaxial or biaxial. In addition to many design parameters of the laminates such as aspect ratio, thickness ratio, and lamination angle or the parameters of the cutout such as shape, size, position, direction, and radii rounding) which are changed to study their effects on the buckling characteristics with various boundary conditions. Levy method of classical laminated plate theory and Finite element coded by ANSYS 13.0 is used to formulate the theoretical model. Results are compared with other researches and good agreement was obtained.


Article
Application of Geographic Information System for Preparing the Bill of Quantities of Construction Projects
أستخدام نظم المعلومات الجغرافية لاعداد جداول كميات المشاريع الأنشائية

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Abstract

The information required for construction quantities surveying is not only generated by various participants in different construction phases but also stored in different forms including graphics, text, tables, or various combinations of the three. To report a bill of quantities (BOQ), the project manager has to continuously excerpt information from various resources and record it on papers. Without adequate staff and time, this repetitive and tedious process is difficult for the project manager to handle properly and thus reduces the effectiveness and the accuracy of the quantities surveying process which creates problems during the design, tender, and construction supervision of construction projects for designers and contractors practicing because receipts are based upon actual quantities, such variations have an obvious impact on the contractor’s cash flow, once the actual quantities frequently vary from the estimated quantities listed in the BOQ. Hence, automation quantity surveying system has been developed by using GIS to extract the data required for the quantity of different components of any construction project from AutoCAD drawings (spatial data), to report a BOQ after querying, manipulation, and analyzing these data. The system has been implemented on the construction project of Al khawarizmy College at Baghdad University in Baghdad. The main results of using this system are automatic generation a bill of quantity (BOQ) directly from design drawing, with overcome to design changing, accurate, fast, and effective method for estimating the quantities, fewer errors in cost estimating, and better documentation for continuously reusing information in all construction phases. The accuracy of GIS quantities had been proved by comparing these quantities with the quantities of site surveying. Then determining the accuracy percentage (A%) of GIS quantities which equals (98.85%), and the regression line that equals 0.999. These values mean; there are big correlation between the estimated quantities by GIS and the quantities of site surveying.

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