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مجلة المثنى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 22263284
الجامعة: جامعة المثنى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة محكمة للعلوم الصرفة تصدر عن كلية العلوم
جامعة المثنى
تاريخ اول اصدار هو ايلول 2012
عدد الاعداد التي تصدر في السنة هو اثنان

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number : 009647801354753

E_Mail : sciencemuth@gmail.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2012 المجلد: 1 العدد: 1

Article
اختبار قدرة البكتيريا Lactobacillus acidophilus على حث الاستجابة المناعيةالخلطية والخلوية فى حيوان المختبر

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الخلاصة

As for the second aspect of the study, it deals with the ability of supernatant (CFS) to activate the phagocytes cells , with an increase of the number of neutrophil cells (75%) , lymphocyte cells (18%) and monocyte cells (11%) . In addition to that,there was an increase of phagocytic index, the acrophage cells and non macrophage cells when the time is increased . The ability of supernatant (CFS) to raise the immunity response has increased through the determining of the fusilladed and local titers by the way of precipitating . The value of fusilladed ( systemic) titers was between ( 640- 360) and local ( mucosal) titers (46-32) . In the skin test reaction of LBA supernatant (CFS) and protoplasm cells , there was the appearance of clinical signs on the laboratory animal when injected under the skin after 24 hours. The injected area was noticed to redden and thicken in addition to the observation of intransigence and necrosis after 72 hours of the injection .

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Article
تأثير رش بعض انواع السماد الورقي والاوساط الزراعية في نمو وحاصل الخيار sativus Cucumis صنف رامي ، تحت البيئة المحمية
تأثير رش بعض انواع السماد الورقي والاوساط الزراعية في نمو وحاصل الخيار sativus Cucumis صنف رامي ، تحت البيئة المحمية

المؤلفون: BAKER HADE باقر جلاب هادي الربيعي
الصفحات: 13-22
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الخلاصة

An experiment was conducted in one of the plastic house – college of Agriculture - AL- Muthana university For 2009-2010 growing season . The resulted bused on three kinds of foliar fertilizer ( 0 , with terra . sorb solution and with pro . sol. powder ) .The first spraying began at flowering stage and then after each 10 days interval . And the agricultural substrates (direct planting , trench culture with 1 soil:1 cow manure and bags culture with 1 soil: 2cows manure ). The experiment was laid out in RCBD with ( 3 ) replications . Data were collected on(Root length ( cm ) , No of leaves , Root FW(gm / plant ), Root DW (gm / plant ) , Root /Shoot Ratio , Chlorophyll content ( mg / 100 gm Leaves FW ) and Total Plant yield ( Kg / 180 m 2). The best results were obtained when use the combined application of pro.sol powder with bags culture methods .

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Article
مسح للملوثات البكتيرية والفطرية في العملات النقدية الورقية المتداولة في السوق المحلية

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الخلاصة

This study aimed at the isolation and identification of the fungi and bacteria that transmissing with paper money, the money that subjected for this study ( 250,10000) I..D., the primary isolation was done by directed method on Sabrward Dextrose Agare medium to fungi and a nutrenat agar medium for bacteria , the money which included in this study were taken from Al-Rasheed & Al-Rafidain Bank in Diwaniya City. The results of this study showed that there are different species of fungi were isolated on the paper money included ( Aspergillus niger,A. flavus, A. terrus, Candida Albicans, Penicillium notatum, P. digitatum, Alternaria alternate, Scopularoupsis, Fusarium spp, Curvularia lunata , Geotrichum, candidum and Trichophyton spp),While the bacteria included: ( Staphylococcus aureus , Staphylococcus pyogens , Streptococcus, Salmonella, Pseudomonas aeuroginosa, Escherichia,Bacillus). Most of this fungi and bacteria which isolated in our study able to cause different diseases number and ratio of occurrence were different from species to another . Also the result shows that the money type (250) I.D. was more contaminated than (10000) I.D. The Aspergillus niger was the most dominant on paper money ( 13.2,8) once on the ( 250,10000) I.D. respectively than Candida albicans ( 12,5) once and Escherichia ( 22.9,19,1) once for ( 250,10000) I.D. respectively. Minimum inhibitory concentrations for the fungi ranged between ( 1.2 ,1.1) mg/ml for clotramezol when it used against the isolated fungi while the Nystatine mic for fungi was ( 4-10) mg/ml most isolated of bacteria were resistant for antibiotics. The disinfectant which used in our study were significantly effective in reducing the colonies numbers of the isolated fungi and bacteria.

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Article
تأثير بعض العوامل البيئية على مجتمع الهائمات النباتية في نهر الفرات والمبزل الشرقي الرئيس عند مدينة السماوة – العراق*

المؤلفون: فؤاد منحر علكم
الصفحات: 37-51
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الخلاصة

The study includs physical&chemical factors in the main Eastern drainage in the vicinity of Al-Samawa city during the period from September 2007 to August 2008 ,Three stiation have been chosen. The characteristics determined including: Temoerature,light penetration,Turbidity, Dissolved Oxygyn , Nitrate,Nitrite & Phosphate. The concentration of Nitrate increased during winter while the concentration of Nitrite & Phosphate increased during summer .Concerning phytoplankton, the domination is for the class of Bacillariophyceae on other classes .It has been noticed that there is one mode of the seasonal increase emerged during the spring and some species were dominance of study such as Cyclotella meneghiniana, Cyclotella stelligera , Cocconies placentula

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Article
Effect of waste water on the some physical&chemical characteristics in Euphrates river in the city
تاثير مياه الصرف الصحي على بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية والكيميائية لمياه نهر الفرات عند مدينة السماوة,العراق

المؤلفون: Ibtihal A. Abdulmunem ابتهال عقيل عبدالمنعم
الصفحات: 52-67
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الخلاصة

The study was accomplished for determination of effect of waste water on some physical and chemical characteristics of Euphrates river.samples of three stations were collected.The first station represented the Euphrates water before contaminated with waste water ,the second represented the same water after contamination with waste water direct and the third station represented the water 7km away from the second station .The sample collected for the period from December 2010 to March 2011.Air and water temperature,PH,turbidity, conductivity ,TDS,BOD5,total alkalinity,nitrate and phosphate were measured.The study results showed that air temperature ranged between( 16.5-26.4)cₒ ,water temperature was (14.4- 23.4) cₒ,pHvalues ranged between (6.2-8.1), the turbidity was (15-27.7)NTU,the conductivity was (3250-5450)M.sc/cm and the salinity raned between(2-3.4)‰,TDS was (1660-3990) mg/liter,BOD5 was(1-4.4)mg/liter,total alkalinitywas between (94-199.3)mg caco3/liter ,nitrate was between(1.2-4.5)ppm and the phosphate was(0.25-0.44)ppm .The current study discovered that there is organic pollution in Euohrates river near Al-Samawa city which affected by ejections of waste water and changes the physical and chemical characteristics of river.

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Article
Study the effect of cement dust on the number of total and differential white blood cells of workers in the cement industry
دراسة تأثير غبار الأسمنت على العدد الكلي والتفريقي لخلايا الدم البيض للعاملين في صناعة الأسمنت

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الخلاصة

The current study was conducted on workers of AL- Muthanna Cement Factory, to know the impact of the dust of cement on the total number and differential of white blood cells, for the period from June until October of 2011, the study included sampling from seventy-five workers were working in departments , mills of raw materials, ovens and packaging of cement on the basis of Twenty five workers from each section, and Twenty five donors outside the plant as the control group for comparison , the total number and differential of white blood cells where calculated and the results showed significant increase in the rate of white blood cells for workers of section, mills of raw materials (7.14±0.2),ovens (7.70±0.4)and packaging of cement (7.29±0.4) , comparing with the control group (5.21±0.07), and also the lymphocytes in workers of section, mills of raw materials(39.04±1.3),ovens(37.64±1.5) and packaging of cement(37.28±1.4) , comparing with the control group (29.76±0.7) and significant decrease in the rate of the Neutrophils in workers of section, mills of raw materials(50.56±1.3),ovens(52.32±1.7) and packaging of cement(52.40±1.7) , comparing with the control group (60.88±0.6), in contrast significant increase in the rate of Eosinophils in the workers of section, mills of raw materials(3.16±0.3) and ovens(3.44±0.3), and insignificant in the workers of packaging(2.80±0.3), comparing with the control group(2.16±0.1), while the Monocyte cells did not show significant difference in the workers of the sections, comparing with control and with each other, but observed significant increase in the rate of Basophils in the workers of packaging(0.64±11) , comparing with the control group(0.28±0.9).


Article
A Study of γ- Radiation effects on (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber)(SBR) used for increasing the Pumping Efficiency of Crude Oil
دراسة تأثير الشعيع بأشعة كَاما للمادة المطاطية (SBR) المستخدمة لرفع كفاءة ضخ النفط الخام

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الخلاصة

The gamma ray Irradiated polymer material (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) (SBR) has been added to the Kirkuk crude oil. The polymer is used for purpose of increasing the pumping efficiency. The polymer is added to the crude oil at the concentration of (20 ppm) with thermal range from (20 to 45 °C). Many experiments are carried out to determine the best concentration of polymer which satisfies the best pumping of crude oil. It is found at (20 ppm) Concentration at (35 °C) with radiation dose of (16000) rad.

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Article
Study the infection of infection by Trichodina domerguei and Neoechinorhynchus iraqensis in the fish Liza abu in Branch of Euphrates River and treatment it by the some chemicals
دراسة نسبة خمج الاصابة بالطفيلي Trichodina domerguei والطفيلي Neoechinorhynchus iraqensis في سمكة Liza abu في احد فروع نهر الفرات ومعالجتها ببعض المواد الكيمياوية

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الخلاصة

Through examination of 232 samples of the fresh water fish Liza abu obtained from Euphrates River -Al-Syaagh region during the period November 2010 and August 2011, by using gill nuts. As aresult of external and internal examinations of fishes Liza abu for parasites , only two parasites species were detected the first species Trichodina domerguei isolated from gills and the second species Neoechinorhynchus iraqensis isolated from intestine.No significant differences were noticed in the percentage incidence of males and females with the above mentioned parasites , the percentage of total parasites infection was (43.53 %).They were Trichodina domerguei (10.34 %), Neoechinorhynchus iraqensis (33.19 %). The percentage of one species infection was(29.74 %) , while the percentage of two species infection was (6.90 %) . Three chemicals were used to treat Liza abu infected with Trichodina domerguei , these were :- sodium chloride , formalin and acetic acid.The dip method was used to achieve the treatment course.The exposure of the fishes to (1) ml / l formalin for aperoid range fo (2- 5) minutes was very effective against Trichodina domerguei. The use of ( 2 )ml/l acetic acid for ( 1 ) minute was also affective against Trichodina domerguei as no harm was done to the fishes. However, it is recommended not to exceed such concentration due to its dangerous effect on fishes. Sodium chloride was affective against trichodina only in concentrations harmful to fishes.

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Article
Study of some hormonal changes in abortion women in AL-Muthanna
دراسة لبعض التغيرات الهرمونية للنساء المجهضات في محافظة المثنى

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الخلاصة

This study aimed to investigate the effects of changes in some hormones concentration in abortion women compared with the normal pregnancy women, as a control group. Three types of hormones which have been studied were Prolactine (PRL), Progesterone (PRO), and Esteradiol (EST). The data has been collected from Women's and children's hospital in the province of AL-Muthanna, and were into groups: (77) abortion women and (25) normal pregnancy women (control group). Means and standard deviation have been used to describe the data which are collected from the samples. ANOVA has been employed to explore the differences between the samples in the respect to the hormones. The results showed that the concentration of the three types of hormones were significantly decrease in abortion women compared with the control group women.

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Article
Human Rotavirus as Acause of Acute Diarrhea in Children in Al-Samawa City/ Iraq
الفيروس الدوار كمسبب للإسهال الحاد لدى الأطفال في مدينة السماوة/العراق

المؤلفون: Noor Sami Aboud نور سامي عبود
الصفحات: 113-124
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الخلاصة

Acute diarrhea is considered as the major cause of morbidity and mortality disease to chlidren in the world. This study was conducted between junuary and July 2010 to study the role of human rotavirus (HRV) in causing acute diarrhea and showing the prevalence according to age, sex, residence and months of year. In this study, 100 stool specimens were collected from children below 4 years with diarrheal cases in AL-Muthana Maternity and pediatrics hospital, including 61 hospitalized patients and 39 outpatients. Rotavirus antigens were detected by latex agglutination technique. Parasites also monitored by direct examination . The results showed that 57 (57%) of 100 cases were HRV and parasite positive. Out of all positive cases, HRV infections were detected in 26 (46%), 19 (33%) were parasitic infections, while 12 (21%) were detected as mixed infections. The number of males infected with HRV was more than females.The ratio of male to female was 1.16 :1 . There was a significant difference (P‹0.0l ) according to the distribution between rural and arban childern infected with HRV.The ratio between them was 2.25:1 . The majority of HRV infections were detected in children of less than 2 years of age,since they comprise number was 21 (8.77%) of the total HRV positive cases. The peak number of children infected with HRV was during Junuary followed by February and March (Winter season).

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