Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

Loading...
Contact info

Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
Mobile:
Email: joengbag@uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2013 volume:19 issue:10

Article
Prediction of Compressive Strength of Reinforced Concrete Structural Elements by Using Combined Non-Destructive Tests
استنباط مقاومة انضغاط الاعضاء الخرسانية المسلحة باستخدام الفحوص اللااتلافية المدمجة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This research is devoted to investigate relationship between both Ultrasonic Pulse Velocity and Rebound Number (Hammer Test) with cube compressive strength and also to study the effect of steel reinforcement on these relationships. A study was carried out on 32 scale model reinforced concrete elements. Non destructive testing campaign (mainly ultrasonic and rebound hammer tests) made on the same elements. About 72 concrete cubes (15 X 15 X15) were taken from the concrete mixes to check the compressive strength.. Data analyzed. Include the possible correlations between non destructive testing (NDT) and compressive strength (DT) Statistical approach is used for this purpose. A new relationships obtained from correlations results is given.


Article
Exact Stiffness Matrix for Nonprismatic Beams with Parabolic Varying Depth

Authors: Musab Aied Qissab Al-Janabi
Pages: 1212-1225
Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this paper, an exact stiffness matrix and fixed-end load vector for nonprismatic beams having parabolic varying depth are derived. The principle of strain energy is used in the derivation of the stiffness matrix. The effect of both shear deformation and the coupling between axial force and the bending moment are considered in the derivation of stiffness matrix. The fixed-end load vector for elements under uniformly distributed or concentrated loads is also derived. The correctness of the derived matrices is verified by numerical examples. It is found that the coupling effect between axial force and bending moment is significant for elements having axial end restraint. It was found that the decrease in bending moment was in the range of 31.72%-42.29% in case of including the effect of axial force for the studied case. For midspan deflection, the decrease was 46.07% due to the effect of axial force generated at supports as a result of axial restraint.


Article
Compressive Behavior of Fiber Reinforced Concrete Columns Rehabilitated with CFRP Warps
سلوك الانضغاط للأعمدة الخرسانيةالمعززة بالألياف والمؤهلة باستخدام لفائف الياف تسليح الكاربون البوليمرية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Over the last few years, there has been a worldwide increase in the use of composite materials for rehabilitation of deficient reinforced concrete structures. One important application of this technology is the use of Carbon Fiber Reinforced Polymer (CFRP) jacket to provide external confinement of reinforced concrete columns. Square concrete column specimens 100×100×1000 mm with concrete compressive strength of about 30 and 50 MPa, steel fiber volume fraction 0%, 0.5%, 0.75%, and percentage of longitudinal reinforcement 2.01%, 3.14% and 4.52% were tested until failure in previous research. In this research seven tested columns were repaired and rehabilitated using one layer of CFRP flexible wraps and tested to determine their ultimate load carrying capacity. A comparison between the behavior of column specimens before rehabilitation and after rehabilitation was carried out. The result show that high strength concrete (HSC) columns show reduction in the maximum load carrying capacity of about 2% - 21%, while the deflection at maximum load significantly increases relative to concrete columns before rehabilitation.


Article
Potential Use of Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) in Hot MixAsphalt
أمكانية استخدام التبليط الاسفلتي المعاد تدويره في الخلطات الاسفلتية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The objective of the present paper is to examine the effect of Recycled Asphalt Pavement (RAP) on marshall properties and indirect tensile strength of HMA through experimental investigation. A mixture with 0% RAP was used as a control mix to evaluate the properties of mixes with 5%, 10%, and 15% RAP. One type of RAP was brought from Bab Al-moadam’s road in Baghdad for this purpose. The experimental testing program included Marshall and Indirect Tensile Strength tests. The results indicated that the bulk density, flow and VFA increase with the increasing of the percentage of RAP, while increasing in RAP results decreases in VTM and VMA values. Furthermore, the stability is changed from 10.1 kN for the control mix to12, 13.6 and 11.7 kN for mixes with 5%, 10% and 15% RAP respectively. The results reveal that the inclusion of RAP into HMA mixtures increases the indirect tensile strength and decreases the values of ITS with the increasing of the test temperature. The results also indicated that increasing the percentage of RAP produces an increasing in temperature susceptibility value. The results of marshall properties and IDT test indicate that the amount of new binder that needs to be added to the RAP mixture can be reduced without significant effects on the quality of the produced mix.


Article
The use of Prepared Zeolite Y from Iraqi kaolin for Fluid Catalytic Cracking of Vacuum Gas Oil
استخدام الزيولايت من نوع Y المحضر من الكاؤلين العراقي لعملية التكسير الحفازي المائع لمادة زيت الغاز الفراغي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The faujasite type Y zeolite catalyst was prepared from locally available kaolin. For prepared faujasite type NaY zeolite X-ray, FT-IR, BET pore volume and surface area, and silica/ alumina were determined. The X-ray and FT-IR show the compatibility of prepared catalyst with the general structure of standard zeolite Y. BET test shows that the surface area and pore volume of prepared catalyst were 360 m2/g and 0.39 cm3/g respectively. The prepared faujasite type NaY zeolite modified by exchanging sodium ion with ammonium ion using ammonium nitrate and then ammonium ion converted to hydrogen ion. The maximum sodium ion exchange with ammonium ion was 53.6%. The catalytic activity of prepared faujasite type NaY, NaNH4Y and NaHY zeolites was investigated by using the experimental laboratory plant scale of fluidized bed reactor. The cracking process was carried out in the temperature range 440 to 500 oC, weight hourly space velocity (WHSV) range 10 to 25 h-1 ,and atmospheric pressure . The catalytic activities of the prepared faujasite type NaY , NaNH4Y and NaHY zeolites were determined in terms of vacuum gas oil (VGO) conversion, and gasoline yield . The conversion at 500oC and WHSV10 hr-1 by using faujasite type NaY, NaNH4Y and NaHY zeolite were 50.2%, 64.1% and 69.5wt% respectively. The gasoline yield using the same operating conditions were 24.8%, 30.5% and 36.8wt% respectively.


Article
Isolated Word Speech Recognition Using Mixed Transform
تمييز الكلمات المفصولة باستخدام التحويلات الخليطة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Methods of speech recognition have been the subject of several studies over the past decade. Speech recognition has been one of the most exciting areas of the signal processing. Mixed transform is a useful tool for speech signal processing; it is developed for its abilities of improvement in feature extraction. Speech recognition includes three important stages, preprocessing, feature extraction, and classification. Recognition accuracy is so affected by the features extraction stage; therefore different models of mixed transform for feature extraction were proposed. The properties of the recorded isolated word will be 1-D, which achieve the conversion of each 1-D word into a 2-D form. The second step of the word recognizer requires, the application of 2-D FFT, Radon transform, the 1-D IFFT, and 1-D discrete wavelet transforms were used in the first proposed model, while discrete multicircularlet transform was used in the second proposed model. The final stage of the proposed models includes the use of the dynamic time warping algorithm for recognition tasks. The performance of the proposed systems was evaluated using forty different isolated Arabic words that are recorded fifteen times in a studio for speaker dependant. The result shows recognition accuracy of (91% and 89%) using discrete wavelet transform type Daubechies (Db1) and (Db4) respectively, and the accuracy score between (87%-93%) was achieved using discrete multicircularlet transform for 9 sub bands.


Article
A Fuzzy Logic Controller Based Vector Control of IPMSM Drives
محاكاة السيطرة باستخدام المنطق المضبب للمحركات التزامنية ذو المغناطيس الدائمي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

This paper explores a fuzzy-logic based speed controller of an interior permanent magnet synchronous motor (IPMSM) drive based on vector control. PI controllers were mostly used in a speed control loop based field oriented control of an IPMSM. The fundamentals of fuzzy logic algorithms as related to drive control applications are illustrated. A complete comparison between two tuning algorithms of the classical PI controller and the fuzzy PI controller is explained. A simplified fuzzy logic controller (FLC) for the IPMSM drive has been found to maintain high performance standards with a much simpler and less computation implementation. The Matlab simulink results have been given for different mechanical operating conditions. The simulated results confirmed that the FLC-PI has a lower ripple than the conventional PI controller.


Article
Simulation and Modeling of Detailed Load flow Analysis for the 400kVA and 132kVA Iraqi Grid
نمذجة ومحاكاة مفصلة لتحليل سريان الاحمال للشبكة العراقية 400kVA و 132kVA

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A load flow program is developed using MATLAB and based on the Newton–Raphson method, which shows very fast and efficient rate of convergence as well as computationally the proposed method is very efficient and it requires less computer memory through the use of sparsing method and other methods in programming to accelerate the run speed to be near the real time. The designed program computes the voltage magnitudes and phase angles at each bus of the network under steady–state operating conditions. It also computes the power flow and power losses for all equipment, including transformers and transmission lines taking into consideration the effects of off–nominal, tap and phase shift transformers, generators, shunt capacitors, shunt inductors, line reactors and bus reactors. Thus, overloaded transformers and transmission lines are identified, and remedial measure can be designed and implemented. It also provides the ability of tie lines, area splitting, and contingency analysis. Any generator station(s) or busbar(s) that exceeds the specified operation limits will be automatically checked and flagged and then the program will automatically suggest the best solution to the problem. It also automatically checks whether the system is sub divided into sub areas or not. If yes, it will find the solution for each area separately. A complete report about the results and the state of the system (the violated generators, busbars, and transmission lines, the required modifications to overcome the violations, the names of the areas splitted,…) will be displayed in working window as well as generating a text file containing all details . It is important to mention that this program is used by the national control center of the Ministry of Electricity and its efficiency was tested through applying the data of the two major Iraqi networks (400kV and 132kV), the program shows very accurate results and provides efficient notes about the status of the networks.


Article
Hydrogenation of Nitrobenzene in Trickle Bed Reactor over Ni/Sio2 Catalyst
هدرجة النتروبنزين في مفاعل سيحي باستخدام النيكل/سيليكا كعامل مساعد

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Trickle bed reactor was used to study the hydrogenation of nitrobenzene over Ni/SiO2 catalyst. The catalyst was prepared using the Highly Dispersed Catalyst (HDC) technique. Porous silica particles (capped cylinders, 6x5.5 mm) were used as catalyst support. The catalyst was characterized by TPR, BET surface area and pore volume, X-ray diffraction, and Raman Spectra. The trickle bed reactor was packed with catalyst and diluted with fine glass beads in order to decrease the external effects such as mass transfer, heat transfer and wall effect. The catalyst bed dilution was found to double the liquid holdup, which increased the catalyst wetting and hence, the gas-liquid mass transfer rate. The main product of the hydrogenation reaction of nitrobenzene was aniline. Reaction operating conditions, i.e., temperature, liquid flow rate, and initial feed concentration were investigated to find their influences on the conversion and rate of nitrobenzene hydrogenation. Under normal conditions without bed dilution, the system was mass transfer controlled. In the diluted reactor, on the other hand, the resistance of mass transfer was nearly absent and the system became under surface kinetic control. The catalyst showed significant deactivation during the reaction period due to the adsorption of intermediate amine products on the surface of the catalyst. The kinetic study revealed that the reaction is zero order with respect to nitrobenzene concentration for the range of concentration between 0.58 to 1.17 mol/L while it was of positive order for the initial concentration less than 0.58 mol/L.


Article
Removal of Cu2+, Pb2+, And Ni2+ Ions From Simulated Waste Water By Ion Exchange Method On Zeolite And Purolite C105 Resin
ازاله ايونات النحاس,الرصاص والنيكل من المياه الملوثه بطريقه التبادل الايوني باستخدام راتنجات الزيولايت والبيورلايت

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The removal of heavy metal ions from wastewater by ion exchange resins ( zeolite and purolite C105), was investigated. The adsorption process, which is pH dependent, shows maximum removal of metal ions at pH 6 and 7 for zeolite and purolite C105 for initial metal ion concentrations of 50-250 mg/l, with resin dose of 0.25-3 g. The maximum ion exchange capacity was found to be 9.74, 9.23 and 9.71 mg/g for Cu2+, Pb2+, and Ni2+ on zeolite respectively, while on purolite C105 the maximum ion exchange capacity was found to be 9.64 ,8.73 and 9.39 for Cu2+, Pb2+, and Ni2+ respectively. The maximum removal was 97-98% for Cu2+ and Ni2+ and 92-93% for Pb2+ on zeolite, while it was 93-94% for Cu2+, 96-97% for Ni2+, and 87-88% for Pb2+ on purolite C105. The obtained sorption affinity sequence was Cu2+> Ni2+> Pb2+ in both resins. Langmuir isotherm expressions were found to give better fit to the experimental data compared to Freundlich and BET models. Kinetic data correlated well with Lagergren first order kinetic model, indicating the reversible reaction with an equilibrium being established between liquid and solid phase.

Table of content: volume: issue: