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مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: العدد: 12

Article
An overview of women in Arab society in light of the old inscriptions of the Arabian Peninsula
لمحة عن المرأة في المجتمع العربي القديم في ضوء نقوش شبه الجزيرة العربية

المؤلفون: Suhaila Marei Marzouk سهيلة مرعي مرزوق
الصفحات: 3-8
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الخلاصة

Spread inscriptions on a wide swath of land in the Arabian Peninsula and mostly inscriptions votive or graves, including those inscriptions names associated with the gods, and photographs of the Blessings and invite idol to punishment from sabotaging patterns or property, has helped the inscriptions on the knowledge of the religious order, as well as for many memorial inscriptions scattered in many places where labeled religious and social life.


Article
THE CONCEPT OF CHILDHOOD AS IMPLIED IN THE POETRY OF BLAKE, WORDSWORTH AND COLERIDGE
مفهوم الطفولة بوصفها ضمنية في شعر بليك وردزورث وكوليردج

المؤلفون: Athraa Kitab عذراء كتاب
الصفحات: 9-19
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الخلاصة

The seventeenth and eighteenth century poets expressed an acute nostalgia for childhood which they saw as a period of joy, peace and security. As a result of their reliance on reason as a guiding power in man, they welcomed its acceleration in children and hailed its presence in adulthood. It was not until the last decades of the eighteenth century that childhood emerged as a major theme in English poetry.


Article
Foreign Relations of the General Union of Tunisian Workers 1946-1956
العلاقات الخارجية للاتحاد العام التونسي للشغل ١٩٤٦-١٩٥٦

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الخلاصة

General Union of Tunisian sought for the job since it was founded to establish strong relations with its neighbors, Moroccans, the leader of the Union security Hached Maghreb unity of the trade union movement


Article
The roots of social modernization in Iraq (1850-1914) (Historical Study)
جذور التحديث الاجتماعي في العراق (1850-1914) (دراسة تاريخية)

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الخلاصة

Iraq has witnessed in the period between the (1850-1914) many developments included aspects of economic, political and social development. The available range of factors that helped these developments and perhaps the most important progress witnessed by the Iraqi economy in the period after the Activity foreign trade between Iraq and other parts of the world as a result of the expansion of trade relations and the accumulation of excess production of some domestic goods, and the growth of the working class


Article
Ali Jawad Tahir and his efforts in teaching Arabic
علي جواد الطاهر وجهوده في تدريس اللغة العربية

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الخلاصة

Ould Taher in Hilla in 1919 to the family of reads and writes in the sixth year of age entered the mosque (the book) to learn the Koran first and then writing and arithmetic at the hands of Sheikh Ali Red remunerated specific pay after khatmahs Koran, and after a year or more to learn to read and write and seal the Koran and become (his successor) and (HISTORY) is called Old and shiny Sheikh chooses to teach (manufacturers) and the new (manufacturer) at Koranic schools means students in term of education.


Article
The words of Imam Ali in the Kharijites (analytical study)
قول الإمام علي في الخوارج (دراسة تحليلية)

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الخلاصة

The outsiders are a group of Muslims in Iraq, the owners of prayer and fasting, but they came out on the order of their time imam (Imam Ali) they believe that all sinned and sinned, has disbelieved


Article
Stomata smiling in the virtues of Ms. Fatima forward Hafiz Jalaluddin Abdul Rahman al-Suyuti (d. 911 AH 1505 AD) study and investigation
الثغور الباسمة في مناقب السيدة فاطمة للأمام الحافظ جلال الدين عبد الرحمن السيوطي (ت 911 هـ ــ 1505م)

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الخلاصة

The study of the biography of Ahl al-Bayt is one of the basic building blocks of peace building ideological, intellectual, political and social, which was favored Islam approach to evaluate the belief and regulate behavior and walk towards the integration movement humanitarian required at the level of the individual and society, so that what is summarized its great virtue, and the occupied position of prestige out standing in the history of Islam, drives us towards the elucidation of those landmarks biography, and dealing with the continuing significance with the march of life, including in respect of the requirements and developments, as they determine the safest and vision formula fuller understanding of Islam and its origins incarnation and his staff, branches and at all levels.


Article
Iraqi pilgrimage caravan and its importance in the Ottoman Empire
قافلة الحج العراقي واهميتها في العهد العثماني

المؤلفون: Ali Kamil Hamza علي كامل حمزه السرحان
الصفحات: 86-105
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الخلاصة

Consistently Iraqis during the Islamic era to visit the holy places in the Hijaz year to perform the Hajj and is interested in some of the Abbasid caliphs convoys pilgrimage, in the year 160 AH / 776 AD exchange Caliph al-Mahdi in his argument thirty million dirhams, and carried with him a huge number of gowns to be distributed as gifts, and built houses beautiful at each station from Baghdad to Mecca and built many milestones along the way, and it was the first caliph, who carried the ice to cool fruit juice on the road.


Article
The impact of the use of learning strategy Alatghani to learn some basic skills in football for students
تأثير استخدام إستراتيجية التعلم الإتقاني في تعلم بعض المهارات الأساسية بكرة القدم للطلاب

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الخلاصة

The idea is fundamental in learning depends on the ability and the willingness and the amount of time needed by the learner, as the learner is at the center of the educational process, and the development of his abilities and his capabilities and its potential is the end basis in this process and which require attention comprehensive and thorough in the availability of the positions of various educational serve the learning process and the availability of the opportunity to achieve performance optimized for different sports skills that reflect the learner's ability to understand the skill or movement parts and components.


Article
Climate change and its impact on the temperature Iraq
التغير المناخي واثره في درجة حرارة العراق

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الخلاصة

Cared climate scientists recently the subject of global climate change, where scientists tried to serious attempts at determining the nature of climate change and find out the causes, and the change is a shift from one state to another is different from the oscillation Valtzbzb be about the rate case for a short time while the change is the emergence of an increase or decrease in the rate of situation and continue for decades, and climate change as defined in the Intergovernmental Panel on climate Change (IPCC), is in the case of climate change, which can be determined through the use of statistical tests, for example, "the change in the average and continue to change this long-lasting contracts


Article
The impact of some of the vocabulary of the time on the training ground and jump start the distance (17:00) in the swimming events
تأثير بعض مفردات التدريب الأرضي على زمن قفزة البداية ومسافة الـ(5م) في فعاليات السباحة

المؤلفون: Hamoudi Mahmoud Ismail حمودي محمود إسماعيل
الصفحات: 125-135
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الخلاصة

The win or lack thereof in the swimming events determined some tenths of a second, and that the marginal improvement in the start-up phase can give a statistically significant benefit in the outcome of the race, especially in the short-distance races (50-100 AD), has found that long distance Initially the (15 m) the first ranging from 0.8% to 26.1% of the total time of the race (Cossor & Mason, 2001) and (Maglischo, 1999). Where you play the muscles of the body in general a big role in the performance of movements of swimming, Dmentha the muscles of the lower part of the body, which all operate accurately and rhythmically to execute a jump start in terms of speed performance and consistent with the nature of the length of the race distance, which is however the components of physical and other technical play a major role in achieve speed and thus achievement, particularly in the first part of the race


Article
Human Reproduction modern technology in Islamic law
التكاثر البشري بالتقنية الحديثة في الشريعة الإسلامية

المؤلفون: Hamoud Abdul Majeed Bahia حمود عبد المجيد بهية
الصفحات: 136-153
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الخلاصة

Human reproduction is the basis for the continuity of the human species, there may be obstacles stand in the way of the spouses shall be blocker human reproduction, which naturally leads to the interruption of the descendants of this family is it possible to take advantage of modern technology in human reproduction within the confines of Islamic law in order to continue to birth control? We say thanks to God Almighty reach humans through science called by God (O jinn and mankind that you can be Tnfzu of the heavens and the earth Fanfzu not without authority) () as called for by the Prophet, peace be upon God and peace and imams purified from beyond the prayers God be upon them all, he said Abu Abdullah, peace be upon him, the Prophet, peace be upon God and peace said (Seeking knowledge is obligatory on every Muslim, not that God loves Bgah science) methods can be human reproduction through which can be for mankind to use without the resulting disadvantages and effects negative and without being contrary to the legal provisions and we can get positive results Vtaatdh From here, the importance of this vital issue that needs humans in addition to that of contemporary themes that keep pace with evolution is proof that Islam processions to the development of scientific and technical and do not collide with the mind nor civilization and progress


Article
Purposive Expressions in the Shakespearian Drama of Julius Caesar: Discourse Analysis
التعبير الهادف في دراما شكسبير يوليوس قيصر

المؤلفون: Hussein Musa Kadhim Al-Nasrawi حسين موسى كاظم
الصفحات: 136-176
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الخلاصة

The terms text and discourse have been –and still are– used ambiguously, and they are defined in different ways by different researchers. Rather, text is used to refer to the ‘purely’ linguistic material, while discourse means language in use, composed of text and context . Discourse Analysis is the field of linguistics that is concerned with how we build up meaning in the larger communicative rather than grammatical units. In other word, we pay more attention to the meaning in a text, paragraph, conversation, etc, than in a single sentence


Article
The impact of terrorism on the psychology of the child in Iraq
تأثير الإرهاب على سيكولوجية الطفل في العراق

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الخلاصة

Received the phenomenon of terrorism interest peoples and governments around the world for their impact dangerous to the security and stability of States, terrorism is the phenomenon of a criminal organization that aims to create a general atmosphere of fear and terror and the threat of violence against persons and property; means that this dangerous phenomenon aiming to destabilize communities and influence in their positions political and national economies hit by killing innocent people and creating a state of general chaos, and the common denominator of terrorism, the project aims to violence and intimidation to achieve public policy goals


Article
Decoration origins and evolution in the ancient Iraqi art (in the light of the models elected)
الزخرفة نشأتُها وتطورها في الفن العراقي القديم (في ضوء نماذج منتخبة)

المؤلفون: Yasmine Yassin Saleh ياسمين ياسين صالح
الصفحات: 183-193
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الخلاصة

This includes research study patterning in Iraqi art old and its evolution through the ages and a statement Ohimtha through techniques implemented at the time, it included a technical models discovered different types of floral and fauna, written and Adamic and engineering underlying each composition frilly by following the principles and fixed rules derived artist mostly of nature as the primary source of beauty and inspiration. The study formations decorative means to identify the origins and implications of the others in artistic productions and to implement the goals, all require knowledge of the elements of decoration and various configurations in the old Iraqi art and pottery that have been implemented on the seals and inscriptions and sculptures in general. These artistic productions Jamaa can provide a clear picture of the types and styles of decorative elements of these works of art in that era


Article
Environmental challenges for the management of surface water resources in Iraq
التحديات البيئية لأدارة الموارد المائية السطحية في العراق

المؤلفون: Bushra Yasin Ramadan بشرى رمضان ياسين
الصفحات: 194-208
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الخلاصة

The integrated management of water resources, the need for a basic run-up to the process of planning for sustainable development, as the reliance on a single source of water to meet all requirements pose a threat to all development projects, especially in the transboundary rivers and shared between more than two states, as is the case of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers in Iraq, which is located in dry areas are less than the amount of precipitation. As the inefficiency of water management and increasing water deficit and the continuing deterioration of the quality of water resources over the past decades is characteristic of the Arab region, is expected to decrease the discharge of the Tigris and Euphrates rate (30-50%) during the next fifty years


Article
Strait of Hormuz: the alternatives available in the event of closing: the study of geopolitical
مضيق هرمز: البدائل المتاحة في حال اقفاله: دراسة جيوبوليتيكية

المؤلفون: Taghreed Ramez Hashim تغريد رامز هاشم العذاري
الصفحات: 209-224
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الخلاصة

As the fjords constitute control points in maritime navigation, it occupied the position and strategic importance prestigious making them points of conflict and political competition between the naval forces, and this importance has made a field to the concerns of geo-political, which means studying the interaction between geographical location and political reality, and this interaction is most visible in this offshore locations task


Article
Design and analysis of maps of the internal transport network in the city of Fallujah - An Empirical Study in GIS
تصميم وتحليل خرائط شبكة النقل الداخلي في مدينة الفلوجة - دراسة تطبيقية في نظم المعلومات الجغرافية GIS

المؤلفون: Ahmed Mohammed Jihad احمد محمد جهاد الكبيسي
الصفحات: 225-237
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الخلاصة

Services are internal transport in the city, one of the factors that lead to increased engagement and interaction career between places on the earth's surface, and is one of the services that occupies space spatially within the city, and represents the transport arteries of traffic and transportation linking land use to each other, hence the importance of transport and traffic and its role vital in the life of the city. Since the attribute that is clearly evident in the contemporary geographical research today are employing modern techniques applied in geographical studies, particularly in the field of geographic services, which is a branch recently in geography. It has been employed geographic information systems (GIS) through the program (ArcMap9.3), one of the programs of this technique, which is characterized by the characteristics of spatial analysis and thematic mapping. Because of its program of drawing tools for automated mapping of linear symbols and bitmaps and cadastral


Article
Difficulties faced by the hearing impaired pupils from the perspective of students and teachers
الصعوبات التي تواجه التلاميذ المعاقين سمعياً من وجهة نظر التلاميذ والمعلمين

المؤلفون: Howrah Abbas Kermash حوراء عباس كرماش
الصفحات: 238-248
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الخلاصة

Associated education and language acquisition mainly hearing Man receives most of the skills and knowledge through the hearing but that imitate sounds and learn to speak is not only by hearing the deaf child can not speak to his inability to hear sounds. So, for the hearing of the first importance in learning has reportedly provide hearing in the Koran on the rest of the senses in many verses of the Holy Quran. Almighty said: - (and gave you hearing and sight and hearts that you may give thanks) (bees 0.78), and the Almighty said: (The Hearing The sight and heart of each of those responsible) (Al 36) and the Almighty said: (He who created you hearing and sight and hearts a little bit what the meaning): (Believers 78). One indication of the importance of the hearing is that the hearing is made up of a human responds to sounds since birth, but there are studies that indicate the presence of this sense during the existence of the fetus in the womb


Article
Installation of downtown Bashiqa study in Urban Geography
التركيب التجاري لمدينة بعشيقة دراسة في جغرافية المدن

المؤلفون: Jumaa Ali Dai جمعة علي داي
الصفحات: 249-266
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الخلاصة

Represent the most important commercial function and the majority of the functions of cities, as is the city that transport the Civilization of Commerce is the city City, it is difficult to find a city without a commercial activity carried out by outside its borders. So is the basic function of the city can not be ignored even when the definition of the city. With the development of transport has led to the revitalization of the movement trade locally and with other regions in the country


Article
Northern Badia - the geographical reality and investment possibilities
البادية الشمالية - الواقع الجغرافي وأمكانيات الاستثمار

المؤلفون: Kamal Saleh Al-Ani كمال صالح كزكوز العاني
الصفحات: 267-290
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الخلاصة

Operates the Northern Badia the western part of Iraq and an area of ​​(110.287) km 2, constituting 25.4% of the area of ​​Iraq amounting to (434 128) km 2, with a dry climate based on climatic data represented by the scarcity of rainfall and high rates of heat than the consequent poverty cover vegetation, which is an important resource for the development of livestock and improve soil properties mm reflected I said on the breadth of areas soils desert poor in organic matter, which does not exceed the rate of 1% with the exception of some depressions GOES them some valleys of the discharge procedure and therefore rely on rain as a resource aqueous important has become a kind of risk-taking in agricultural production, which has become to rely on surface water from the Euphrates River, which runs through the study area from west to east and a length of up to about 450 km so that became the main supplier of agricultural investment as well as groundwater and in a limited way is disproportionate to their geographical distribution


Article
Environmental planning to revive Hor Alsnav river water downstream year in the province of Dhi Qar
التخطيط البيئي لإنعاش هور السناف بمياه نهر المصب العام في محافظة ذي قار

المؤلفون: Karim Hani Mohammed كريم هاني محمد
الصفحات: 291-311
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الخلاصة

The areas of the marshes of southern Iraq regime "environmentally" integrated dating back to more than five thousands, lies the importance of the marsh in that it has a prominent role in the establishment of the ecological balance in the region. Region was hit by a series of acts of drying, direct and indirect, and formed the biggest disaster befell them, and changed the parameters of nature and of life from the beginning of the fifties to the nineties of the last century by building pay dirt prevent the entry of water into the marshes; has lost nearly 90% of its water, which led migration to wide residents to nearby towns and cities, which led her to switch lifestyle and reflected on the way to live and the type of work that they have lost the skills handed down that they had enjoyed in the manufacture of reeds and papyrus, fishing and animal husbandry. After more than a decade, and in April of 2003, the water began to return to the environment marshes and took international efforts to revive the marshes of Iraq and the implementation of the United Nations to restore the marshes, which began Be_mer marsh area with water and the return of biological activity and plant them through the implementation of programs and scientific plans to ensure re-spaces that can Agmarha, and commensurate with the current situation of the region and especially what ails the region from environmental problems agencies


Article
Akiem change atmospheric pressure over Iraq 1945-2010
تغير أقيام الضغط الجوي فوق العراق 1945-2010

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الخلاصة

The atmospheric pressure element climatically important If importance lies in being a driving force direct all processes and phenomena that occur in the atmosphere, and its changes at the surface of the earth does not feel it is only through what caused those changes of weather phenomena accompany her, so it was studied through the effects of direct and indirect elements in the overall climate. The research aims to calculate the amount of change the overall atmospheric pressure for each station climatic covered by the study and of (b Mosul, wetlands, Baghdad, neighborhood, Nasiriyah, Basra) for the period 1945 to 2010 m through the study of factors affecting the change values ​​to see the extent to which atmospheric pressure of climate change


Article
Problematic demarcation of the Iraq-Kuwait border and out of the provisions of Chapter VII
اشكالية ترسيم الحدود العراقية الكويتية والخروج من احكام الفصل السابع

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الخلاصة

Played geopolitical an important role in determining the nature of social and political relations between Iraq and Kuwait by virtue of neighborliness between them, and if the relations between the neighboring inevitable - that are no neighboring countries without ties - the Iraqi-Kuwaiti relations have witnessed privacy in all areas, where she was cautious, threats and contradictions in Most often, until it reached the deterioration of relations to a high degree of military escalation ended the occupation of Kuwait by Iraq in 2/8/1990. became it is not about the problem of the border, but cancel political entity recognized internationally. Soon Matholt to an international crisis after numerous edges, which led to the internationalization of the issue is entering into the corridors of the United Nations and the Security Council, who has worked since the beginning of the crisis in accordance with the provisions of Chapter VII of the UN Charter, including your take action in cases of threats to international peace and security and acts of aggression


Article
Climate change and its impact on fruit production in Diyala province
التغير المناخي واثره على انتاج الفاكهة في محافظة ديالى

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الخلاصة

Is the subject of climate change, important topics and new gotten the attention of many researchers in the last decades of the last century and this century and the consequent effects of future seriously threaten the rights and its future activities and the surrounding environment and the consequent also of devastating damage is expected in the coming years that is not dealt with by the man and the reduction of activities that increase and acceleration of unity and the climate of the major factors that affect the variables of various environmental and through its contribution to the direct scarcity and abundance of water, which is Almusdralris for agriculture, as well as higher temperatures and increased evaporation and changing relative humidity, barometric pressure and wind The dust storms and other Annasralamnachah., which is reflected in the production of agricultural in Mbachrogarmbachrotzarohmah climate studies in agricultural production by selecting the compatibility between Anasralamnach and climatic requirements for plant Mabashkl appropriate the grown to be successful to some extent, while subject to the agricultural process to take risks in areas where Fqrely conditions for it because The climate is controlled in the first plant life, it is necessary to determine Atherannasralamnachah T'damlah on agriculture are essential to any process of agricultural development or other


Article
Alkhoznip the impact of projects in Syria and irrigation water security to Iraqi
أثر المشاريع الخزنية والاروائية في سوريا على الامن المائي العراقي

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الخلاصة

Syria is the third country for Iraq in terms of funding the water after (Turkey and Iran), but they represent an important aspect of the rings conflict water conflict in the region are Central State in the course of the Euphrates River, and can not pass any agreement Iraqi Turkish on this river without passing through Syria has proved dangerous projects and dams Syrian on this river after the construction projects Turkish on the Euphrates River and decreased levels of the river significantly As for the Tigris River, despite the short distance traveled by in Syria and the difficulty of establishing projects Alkhoznip it because of the rugged region that the Syrian government began to withdraw large amounts of water in areas between the Tigris River and tributary Khabur and divert part of the river to the Euphrates and implemented the Syrian government irrigation project Tigris big in 2007, which is a station on the Tigris River with a capacity of 48 m 3 / Thaaa 1.5 million km 3 / year to inject water into the channel appointed Dewar length of 25 km to quench about 15 thousand hectares then ends to fill Maalikis with a capacity of 718 million cubic meters. discusses the issue of dangerous projects and projects of the Syrian security watery Iraq, where is the research problem in the following question (Are the projects the irrigation and Alkhoznip Syrian impact on water security in Iraq), where it is supposed researcher projects Syrian water contribute to an increase in the problem of Iraq's water quantity and quality in spite of the lack of contribution in the Syrian incoming water into Iraq)


Article
Dimensions palaces demographic data on the planning and development - an analytical study of the reality of demographic statistics in Iraq
أبعاد قصور البيانات الديموغرافية على التخطيط والتنمية - دراسة تحليلية لواقع الإحصاء الديموغرافي في العراق

المؤلفون: Firas Fadhil Abbas فراس عباس فاضل البياتي
الصفحات: 370-380
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الخلاصة

Is the population data of raw materials in Demography, The accuracy of theoretical population on the accuracy of data collected, so any defect in the process of collecting data from sources primary cause an imbalance at the level of perception and the laws that bind the population variables, and the imbalance is based on erroneous information from demographic data or lack of this data beyond the limits of the theory to the field of planning and development in the community, Plans development depend heavily painted on the numbers of false be plans are unrealistic, and become operational programs associated with the plans do not fit the demographic reality, which confuses the development process and aimed overshadow negative effects on the development and progress of society


Article
Population ideas in the writings of Ibn Khaldun
الأفكار السكانية في كتابات ابن خلدون

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الخلاصة

Accounted Ibn Khaldun attention of many scholars and researchers as the richest library Arab and Western ideas of scientific in many areas of the humanities that thought geographical "Introduction" of Ibn Khaldun rich geographical information, public information on the geography of the population, especially the most comprehensive subjects are difficult to pin down and stand it and, investigated in Such research has not shown that only a fraction of all at the thought of population and geographical owned. Perhaps the stand on scientific methodology in the presentation of ideas population at the thought of Ibn Khaldun "feature of this research that tries to be clarified are consistent with the objective of the study.'ve Dealt with Ibn Khaldun population issue in his" Introduction to Ibn Khaldun, "where he spoke about the advantages of population growth. Saw Ibn Khaldun that population growth creates the need to allocate jobs, which in turn leads to higher incomes. also sees Ibn Khaldun that population growth is mainly concentrated in the cities, and therefore indicates Ibn Khaldun that the inhabitants of the cities with large size more than the well-being of the areas with population size, at least, and the root cause behind it is the difference in the nature of jobs that lead different regions. every city and there is a market for different types of workers and all of the market absorbs the total spending commensurate with its size


Article
Geography of poverty in Iraq
جغرافية الفقر في العراق

المؤلفون: Abbas Fadhil Al-Saadi عباس فاضل السعدي
الصفحات: 399-414
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الخلاصة

The world is facing many problems, such as poverty, hunger and malnutrition, many years ago. And launched many campaigns to break free and get rid of those problems. When the first World Conference on Food in 1963 in which he announced that the persistence of poverty is unacceptable in terms of moral, social, and contrary to the dignity of human beings and their right to Takaful opportunities, it also threatens social security at a high level. Despite than in the past three decades from a significant reduction in poverty rates, particularly in China and India, what is still more than a billion people, or one person in every six people, live on less than one dollar a day are facing chronic hunger, disease and environmental hazards


Article
Use of remote sensing techniques of geographic information systems in the estimation of the phenomenon of desertification in the district in the province of Nineveh Baaj
استعمال تقنيات الاستشعار عن بعد نظم المعلومات الجغرافية في تقدير ظاهرة التصحر في قضاء البعاج في محافظة نينوى

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الخلاصة

The problem of desertification among the most important contemporary environmental problems, as the continued depletion of vegetation leads to a deepening of the deterioration of agricultural land and productivity, as a result of sand encroachment upon, especially in the plain areas, and Soil erosion in upland areas, and thus the emergence of the phenomenon of desertification and drought, which is one of the most important problems that hinder environmental plans and strategies for agricultural development, as the climatic factors and human activities play a key role in the spread of the phenomena of desertification and drought, exacerbated. Y is the phenomenon of desertification phenomena task that must be studied and knowledge of its negative effects on the environment in arid and semi-arid, and increasingly dangerous down the amounts of rainfall in these areas and the degradation of natural pastures, and the increased space areas affected by the change and the emergence and the expansion of the sand dunes, which are Advanced Face of desertification


Article
The concept of bibliography at Ibn al-Nadim in his Fihrist
مفهوم الببليوغرافيا عند ابن النديم في كتابه الفهرست

المؤلفون: Rahim Hilo Mohammed رحيم حلو محمد البهادلي
الصفحات: 426-443
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الخلاصة

The approach taken by Ibn al-Nadim in the preparation of the scientific material for the book (the index) is what is now called bibliographic work, but that these were not the label has appeared in the fourth century or shortly thereafter. But she had used artistic expressions other meet in their work term working bibliographic, such as a word (Index) used by Ibn al-Nadim and Tusi in the east, and the word (index) used by Mohammed bin good Seville and the other in the west of the Arab world (1), which required research and definition word bibliography and index comparing the word used by Ibn al-Nadim for the purpose of standing on the exact scientific meaning to both words and thus to know whether it was possible to use the term work Albblograve - in line with the requirements of the times - to refer to what he had done from Ibn al-Nadim Activity


Article
The content of the geographical approach when compared to Greece ideas of modern geo
مضمون الجغرافية ومنهجها عند اليونان بالمقارنة بالأفكار الجغرافية الحديثة

المؤلفون: Raed Rakan Qasim رائد راكان قاسم الجواري
الصفحات: 444-454
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الخلاصة

We have contributed to the Greek civilization in thought geographical as contributed to other civilizations, past and present, and is the philosophers of Greece first used the word geography Geography, and consists of the term of two sections namely: Go sense of the earth, and Grapho sense I type Oasf, and when you combine sections become a compound word description of the ground, The likely sources to be Aaratostin Eratoston who died in 196 BC. AD, is the first to use this term, and despite the fact that the term geographical remained in place to the present time Alaana may Taraet it sophisticated and renewal in content and methodology, and this is what came aim of the research in the detection by examining the content of The geographical approach when compared to Greece ideas of modern geo. The importance of research in highlighting the role played by the philosophers of Greece in the emergence of the substance of the old geographical, use the Find a descriptive approach based on objective sources of office, and the structure of the search has come to include the main two sections, I dealt with: the content of geography, and the second: the geographic approach


Article
Geographical role in achieving sustainable development
الدور الجغرافي في تحقيق التنمية المستدامة

المؤلفون: Hussain Aliwi Nasser حسين عليوي ناصر الزيادي
الصفحات: 455-470
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الخلاصة

Development in its various forms has become an important strategic choice for the well-being of peoples and communities, while the need for sustainable development has become a realistic and urgent irreplaceable as a therapist and facilities for development in its various stages. The very Creator of this section is to fight for the survival of humanity and the sustainability of life on the planet and confirm sovereignty over natural wealth and resources, and to ensure the rights of future generations. The objective of the research ((Aim of Research to stand on the concept of development and the significance of various historical development of the concept as well as the relationship between development on the one hand and geography on the other hand, in order to highlight the importance of this science and its vital role in the study and to achieve sustainable development, in an attempt to highlight the role "geographical development Geography of Development. approach and the concept of geographical development and thus predict the future dimensions Prediction for Development Studies, which will be the basis for building societies as well as to highlight the role and importance of sustainable development, which has become obsessed with all nations and countries


Article
Analysis of the reality of population and housing in terms of the vine
تحليل واقع السكّان والإسكان في ناحية الكرمة

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الخلاصة

Occupied population and housing studies importance prominent among the branches of human geography, geographers were interested in the relationship between the population and the elements of their environment, as far as increasing the role of the population in the development of the environment and the ascension Ptnzimathm social, economic, political, and reflected in the now and in the future of the variation in the distribution and density. Emphasis has been interesting as well as social geographers, economists, politicians and other studies of population and its relationship to housing, which has become a much deserved attention in all nations. Studies of population provides a significant amount of knowledge of the size and distribution of the population and classify them and their movement and natural spatial and Tercibam and development and then the impact of specific factors on the characteristics of the population and the extent to which it and its effect on the upgrading of the population through their relationships with the economic resources available to provide the best possible balance between population and the environment


Article
The reality of industrial activity transformative in Anbar province and the future development of sustainable spatial (geographical analysis - economist)
واقع النشاط الصناعي التحويلي في محافظة الانبار ومستقبل تحقيق التنمية المكانية المستدامة (تحليل جغرافي – اقتصادي)

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الخلاصة

 I have included this study given geographical analysis - economic reality of industrial activity transformative and how his contribution to the development levels of spatial development sustainable in the province Anbaralta is one of the richest provinces of the country in terms of availability of mineral resources in terms of quantity and quality, which contributed to the polarization of the activities of large industrial and varied and distinguished at the country level As an industry of various kinds of cement and phosphate fertilizer industry, glass industry, metallurgical industry manufacturer


Article
The threshold of the title in the stories Faraj Yassin is very short - a study in the compositional structure
عتبة العنوان في قصص فرج ياسين القصيرة جداً - دراسة في بنيتها التركيبية

المؤلفون: Kauthar Mohammed Ali Jabara كوثر محمد علي جبارة
الصفحات: 513-522
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الخلاصة

Define dictionaries title as a "clip linguist less than the sentence" () usually indicates what is put to him that it was a book or a part of the book, and has a location specified in the space of the text entitled, and is "the most important components of the author of the literary component internally is a value indicative when student where it can be considered as representing the authority of the text and media facade exerted on the receiver (...) as well as being a means to detect the nature of the text and to contribute to the decoding ambiguity


Article
Alsmarto - ... self-awareness of the intent of the Transfiguration of the speech (Night Angel Nizar Abdul Sattar) expanse
السمارتو - وعي القصد ... ذاتية التجلي لخطاب (ليلة الملاك لنزار عبد الستار) ... مهادا

المؤلفون: Hani Sabri Al Yunus هاني صبري آل يونس
الصفحات: 523-531
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الخلاصة

It is no exaggeration, the prosecution, that the language is the closest way to communicate between civilized nations, because it "sounds expressed by all the people for their purposes." It is also a "system of symbols Mlfozh customary of introduction deals and cooperating members of the social group designated", and if the individual as a model of the mind of the group issued in the language consciously particular, this language should not assume the function of social networking, but is a way of thinking that is not only it does not take place unless it is


Article
Following the style of self-affirmation in the development of sense of existential meaning of life among university students
اثر اسلوب توكيد الذات في تنمية الاحساس بالمعنى الوجودي للحياة لدى طالبات الجامعة

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الخلاصة

There is no doubt that the wealth of real human lies in the creation and its values ​​and principles and how to uphold and maintain, especially in light of contemporary challenges created by open channels and the Internet and dominate the intellectual, economic and cultural pluralism which resulted in the emergence of many social and psychological problems, not without our Iraqi These problems result pressures and crises suffered by and on all levels because of the changes that have occurred in recent years, represented by the economic blockade and the devastation of war and the country's uncle each of these variables have had a bad effect on the nature of the lives of Iraqis in general and slice university students in particular


Article
Loans from the ancient Babylonian city of monastery
قروض بابلية قديمة من مدينة الدير

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الخلاصة

Loans old system known tribes across different eras and had a major role and a prominent human life, past and present, in the old Iraq was individuals resort to borrowing to meet the needs or for investment, whether in agriculture or trade, and more types of contracts in the old Babylonian era are loan contracts under which offers one or more persons or institution Kalmabd to another person or several people a sum of money in cash or in kind is committed to reimburse the borrower in a specific order, have been found in this day and age on a large number of loan contracts received as Sumerian (Š U.LAL / (Š U . LÁ and not in compensation ((qiptu means loan


Article
A Disintegration Family In Eugene O’Neill’s Desire Under the Elms
تفكك الأسرة والرغبة في يوجين أونيل تحت أشجار الدردار

المؤلفون: Nadia Ali Akbar نادية علي أكبر
الصفحات: 574-590
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الخلاصة

What is the American family? This question was answered by John de Crevecoeur, in “what is the American?” (1782), when he said: “I could point out to you a family whose grandfather was an Englishman, whose wife was Dutch, whose son married a French woman, and whose present four sons have four wives of different nations.”1 In fact, Crevecoeur summarized the history of the American family, in particular, and the American man, in general

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: