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مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية

ISSN: 18176798
الجامعة: جامعة تكريت
الكلية: التربية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر كل شهرين عن كلية التربية
جامعة تكريت .

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number: +967481408058
E_mail:tikrit_university_journal@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 20 العدد: 9

Article
علاج نشوز الزوجة على وفق المنظور القرآني دراسة وتحليل

المؤلفون: د. سعد عبدالله محمد
الصفحات: 1-42
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الخلاصة

Abstract This research tries to Know the way of treating by the Holy Quran to case of Recalcitrance wife , to be supporter to the families to solve the problems according to the Qurans methods.The study include introduction ,preface and two study ,the first specialize to study the concept of the Recalcitrance , its situations and it causes. the second is analytical study of the verse (34) of surat AL_Nisaa according to the cause of its recite , and the Occasion of the verse that before it and analyst the Odd vocalizations , and Knew the quranic racist that has and the express faces and the Rhetorical faces and the general comprehensive meaning to the verse and the most important benefits that conclude from the study of the verse and the conclusion with the most important vaults of the research an a list of the resources and references.

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Article
مرويات التابعي الجليل سالم بن عبد الله بن عمر بن الخطاب (رضي الله عنهم) في سنن النسائي كتاب الصلاة

المؤلفون: م. م. عبد السلام علي كريم الدوري
الصفحات: 43-84
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الخلاصة

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Article
جماليات العنوان الشعري في قصائد بلاد النرجس

المؤلفون: د. نافع حماد محمد
الصفحات: 85-127
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الخلاصة

Abstract Title poetic his great importance in the understanding of the text on the various Fine faces and Constructivism and semiotics after the great development that took place in literary studies and cash following the entry curriculum of modern monetary field of this study, which alerted to the difficulty of the title and its importance and seriousness of his presence at the head of the text, and the degree of intervention in directing the space Metn and build meaningful discourse poetic through and began studies of modern monetary consideration to the title and to thresholds other text accompanying him into monitoring and consideration and great interest, and no longer merely reading text poetic as is text only and perhaps the importance of naming and necessity of social, cultural and danger to life on fronts and at all levels do not stop the end, because of their overwhelming presence on the life of the holder, fate and the sensitivity of dealing with the ocean.

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Article
الهوية المعرفية والفعل العجائبي في الحكاية - الف ليلة وليلة أنموذجاً -

المؤلفون: د. إدريس كريم محمد
الصفحات: 128-159
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الخلاصة

Summary We can say that the strange tales in a thousand nights and one night left ample room in front of the reader to use his imagination and his experience and knowledge to express them, because the strange as the gaps mentality turn to the reader in his analyses towards the expression of identity that need to point of view and go back to reading again, and this helped him to reverse expectation and breaking it because it led to spoiling his mind and entrancing worry to it. The quantum leap & Strange & exotic adventures in it is make us keep silent or standing or thinking about the strange and alien in it. It's Order to correct the error and the conduct of human on this track in the lead in the end not to get anything and stay empty hands.

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Article
التركيب الشرطي المتضمن ( إن ) الدال على الثنائية التقابلية في الآية (78) في سورة النساء - دراسة صوتية -

المؤلفون: أ. د. نوزاد حسن خوشناو
الصفحات: 160-173
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الخلاصة

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Article
التعبير القرآني عند عبد القاهر الجرجاني (ت 471 هـ) في كتابه دلائل الإعجاز

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. محمد عزيز علي عكاب المحمدي
الصفحات: 174-221
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الخلاصة

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Article
أنماط الحوار الداخلي دراسة في الشعر العراقي المعاصر

المؤلفون: د. عبد الغفار عبد الجبار عمر
الصفحات: 222-247
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الخلاصة

Abstract Dialogue means.upon which the poet to keep the reader on his ideas and tarbush an indispensable means for detecting consciousness of the world in which they live and not stand function dialogue at the borders revealed depths but contribute to the building of the event by mutual dialogue between the characters and I have received internal dialogue expressed Bonillo importance large as turn the book to the adoption of analysis the mind and personal emotions and concerns psychological basis in the embodiment of movement and event.that the evolution that has occurred to build a poem modern Arab granted the ability to be open to the arts neighboring including narrative she reported from the elements and perhaps dialogue was highlighted elements anecdotal that have served poets poet makes his own language and also expresses his being and that has made dialogue as a means to show their personal characteristics and its point of view about the events and situations surrounding.

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Article
المكان في شعر ذي الرمَّة

المؤلفون: م. د. فوزية ثامر هيشان
الصفحات: 248-280
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الخلاصة

Abstract Certainly, place has occupied on important space in the mind of a human being since old days because of its direct contact with human life and that is why it became a topic for research and argument for long times, and since creation of man, he got contacted with place relation – many and contradicted. Some place give man pleasure and others give him sadness and desperation. This depends on the nature of the place he lines in. A great role is really give to place in man's life and there is periods, childhood, teens, youth, manhood and old age and theses contact with the influences of place and nature. The concept of place develops as a result of the development of human's mind and his philosophy in knowing the place he lives in and he starts expressing his feelings differently, sometimes agitation, another laughter or crying and thirdly writing poetry to find confront with what he expresses. The Arrima is considered a nature poet, that is why place is obvious in his poetry. The research consists a preliminary where the concept of place in language and criticism is studied. Another two sections the first deals with the natural place – the desert the spatial place, the earth and water. The second deals with the imaginary place which includes rains, the imaginative one, a conclusion and result of research are consisted in the this research

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Article
كنيسة أورشليم الأولى وملامح الصراع بين المحلية والأممية

المؤلفون: د. حيدر جاسم الرويعي
الصفحات: 281-317
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الخلاصة

Abstract This study analyzes the distinction between two terms traders, namely Nazarene and Christianity, and historical precedence for Christian doctrine and application in the Church of Christ the first known church in Jerusalem, led by James the Just described evangelical b "brother of the Lord," which included all believers in message of Jesus Christ and his humanity and the vast majority of Jews, and its struggle with orthodoxy new outlook to the person of Christ and his teachings, which led by the Apostle Paul, which was Trinitarian, and the nature of social, religious and political developments outweighed Christianity and reverse the role of Christianity at different currents, and its transformation into a minority dispersion to remote areas to escape the oppressors of different orientations.

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Article
الصحابية زينب بنت أبي سلمة دراسة في سيرتها وروايتها للحديث الشريف

المؤلفون: أ. صبيح خليل محمود --- د. صفاء جاسم حمد
الصفحات: 318-350
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This research tackles the sahabi Zaynab bint Abi Selemah. It sheds light on her life that she grows up in prophet Muhammad's home(PBUH). Thus history resources pay a great deal of attention to her life and knowledge which is invoked via her existence in the prophet's home because her mother Om salamah is one of the prophets wives (PBUH) her life is filled with cultural and sciertifss her it age. For this reason, the researcher faces some difficulties. The research includes an introduction and Three sections ore deals with her life, name , and origin. Section two is devoted to her family and knowledge. section three is devoted to her sheiks of knowledge and her students the reach ends with a concluding section which includes the most important conclusions followed by references cited in the research.

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Article
مشروع الشرق أوسطي الكبير وأثاره الجيوبولتيكية المحتملة على الواقع العربي

المؤلفون: د. نصيف جاسم أسود الأحبابي
الصفحات: 351-371
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الخلاصة

Abstract The Middle East political concept and Jeopoltekeya has implications geography is well-defined, and can accommodate the region or narrows as strategies for major countries dominating the international politics, when the Cold War ended introduced several concepts, including a new international order and the Middle East and globalization, since all of these concepts are in favor of countries certain of the objectives of the strategy Kalekian Zionist, Turkey and Iran, as played roles new leadership in the creation of the territory of New and control it, moreover, the new project of the Middle East means to achieve political and economic transformations in some countries in the region, and rework some units of the region in a manner that responds to the variables of international and regional In the forefront are very important variables: one expressed by Advisor to the U.S. President for National Security when he said that with the end of the Soviet threat of military force the United States became more freedom to intervene in other countries and, secondly, the peace process in the Middle East. It is expected to anchor the foundations of the new Middle Eastern order during the five years of the agreement transitional Palestinian-Israeli conflict. So came these two variables in their results the birth of a new era for the distribution of power and influence in the Arab region and at the global level, and in light of these events geostrategic came to life born politician dubbed the Middle East, and this project is the most dangerous projects colonial aimed at tearing the Arab world and hashed more than it is fragmented and divided into small states easy to control, and integration of non-Arab countries (Iran and Turkey) with the Arab states and annexed in political blocs new and work on a comprehensive settlement to the Arab - Israeli is in the light of the integration of this entity with the Arab countries and to ensure American hegemony on the Middle East

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Article
رؤية واقعية لتطوير المنهج الدراسي لمادة الفكر الإسلامي المعاصر

المؤلفون: أ. د. عدنان علي الفراجي
الصفحات: 372-391
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الخلاصة

Abstract Actual Vision to develop the program of studying the modern Islamic Ideology The Islamic Ideology in general and the moderm Islamic Ideology is richer than other sciences , since there is great production of it. There are some questions about which the present study is carried on. these question are: 1. uhich program is required to be studied in modern Islamic Ideology in graduate and under-graduate studies ? 2. what are the properties of this program ? 3. can this program achieve moderation and reality away from rigidness and dismissing. the present study falls into intraduction and three chapters. Chapter one deals with the modern Islamic Ideology which include: 1. the interial challenges and problems. 2. the external challenges and problems. Chapter three deals with the possible defensive means against the challenges and problems which face the modern Islamic Ideology. some of them are: dialogue, conversation, means of communications , different from of media , programs of study , and the religious stages which emphasise the Values, Virtues and behaviours. The study ends with a conclusion and some recommendations.

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Article
أثر استعمال البيت الدائري في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط لمادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

Abstract The present work aims at knowing the effect of the roundhouse diagram on the achievements for the second grade intermediate students in physics. In order to achieve this aim, the researcher had put down one null hypotheses. Then, the researcher do examined the validity of this one hypotheses by applying an experiment which lasted one complete semester. (the first semester of study). The researcher had prepared by himself the experimental kits, which represented by identifying the scientific material for the research, the behavioral purposes, and teaching plans for the control and experimental groups . The research sample had been chosen on purpose from (Al- Hadhara secondary school for girls), and composed of (68)students. this school is related to directorate of education/ Baghdad Al-Karkh the first - Abu Ghreyb department of education. The research sample was divided randomly into tow classes. Class (B) was chosen to be taught by the roundhouse diagram, while class (A) was taught by the traditional method. Both experimental groups were made equivalante according to : ( age (by months), credit in Physics for the first intermediate stage, achievements for their previous academic year, their parent’s scientific achievement and intelligence). For the research tool, achievement test, it is the composed of (40) items. (35) objective multiple-choice items, and (5) short article items. the validity and reliability of the test were calculated. statistical analyses were applied to measure the difficulty, easiness transactions, discrimination and effective alternatives to test items. After students had finished studying, all first four chapters items of physics textbook, both groups were tested the achievement test, After analyzing data by using T-test for tow independent samples, it was clear for the researcher that the results came in favor of experimental group students against control group students in the average degrees of achievement, so the null hypotheses was rejected. The most important result for this research was that using the roundhouse diagram was active in rising achievement level for second intermediate class girl students in physics.. For completing this study and improving it, the researcher suggests similar researches on different educational subjects, different classes, and comparing roundhouse diagram strategy with other modern strategies.

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Article
اثر استخدام استراتيجية العصف الذهني ضمن اطار التعلم التعاوني في التحصيل المعرفي لمادة تاريخ التربية الرياضية لدى طلاب كلية التربية الرياضية

المؤلفون: م. زياد سالم عبد
الصفحات: 428-460
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الخلاصة

Abstract Research aims to identify the effect of using the brainstorming strategy within the framework of cooperative learning in the cognitive achievement of material history of physical education to the students of the Faculty of Physical Education. To achieve the goal of research assumed researcher: the existence of moral significant differences between the results of students in the post-test between the students of the experimental and the control group and the experimental results of the Group. The researcher used the experimental approach to relevance and the nature of the research, and the research sample included 40 students from the first school year students in the Faculty of Physical Education, University of Tikrit, representing 35% of the total community and divided into two groups and pilot officer. The researcher set up an educational program according to a brainstorming strategy to be applied to the experimental group and then the experiment was conducted by the President, consisting of (10) seminar lectures. And conducted post-test (knowledge acquisition) after the completion of the experiment directly. After data collection and discharge treated statistically using t-test The researcher concluded the following: 1. Brainstorming strategy was more effective "than the traditional method of a teacher in the cognitive achievement test material history of physical education for first-year students. 2. Brainstorming strategy helps to remove barriers between the teacher and the student the more daring students to actively participate away from direct criticism, which limits the interaction in the lesson. The researcher recommended the following: - The application of the proposed educational program in theoretical lessons in colleges and departments of physical education in line with the search results. - Training faculty newborn experience on the proposed strategies through the preparation and development cycles.

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Article
المهارات التدريسية لمدرسي التاريخ وعلاقتها بمهارات وميول طلبتهم

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الخلاصة

Abstract The importance of research which Aims at:- 1- Determining the Level of teaching Skills for teachers of history for the fifth grade Literary. 2- Determining the Level of historical skills of fifth grade students Literary 3- Measuring the Level of the historical tendencies of the fifth grade student Literary. 4- Understanding the nature of the relationship between teaching skills of teachers of history and historical skills of their students in fifth grade Literary branch. 5- Understanding the nature of the relationship between teaching skills of teachers of history and tendencies of their student in the subject of history in the fifth grade Literary branch. The research sample consisted of (35) teachers (males and females) and (350) students male and girls schools. The results:- 1- The teachers of history in general have the teaching skills required to perform their role positively. 2- Historical skills of the student were not at high Level , but was within the limits of the middle Level. 3- Fifth grade student had historical tendency Level higher than that of the middle. 4- The lack of appositive relationship between teaching skills and historical skills for students. 5- And appositive relationship between teaching skills and students preference of history Lesson.

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Article
المناخ المدرسي لدي معلمي المدارس الابتدائية

المؤلفون: سلمان عكاب صالح --- أ. د. حسام طه محمد
الصفحات: 494-523
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الخلاصة

Abstract Plays a school climate plays an important role in the educational process, as supports research and field studies close ties between the school climate and the results of the educational process, has taken the study of "school climate" place in scientific research and education since the previous decades, because of their link effectively the school and academic achievement, climate is the school represents the heart and spirit of the school, and essence of who pays the teacher and the manager and all the staff to work with all the enthusiasm and activity and vitality, and promotes a feeling of belonging and loyalty and appreciation and self-realization by all parties at the school. The process of teacher preparation characteristic of modern education important because it is the most prominent elements of the educational process, so the lack of efficiency in the educational process of teachers has become a factor of negative impact on the achievement of the objectives of this process, since he sees educators that the factor of the weakness of the educational process lack of possession teachers basic skills such as planning and the use of teaching aids, questions and tests, promotion and classroom management, has alerted researchers and educators in recent years the importance of the skills that must be available in the teacher to manage described and the organization of the educational process in an effective and feasible, and provides a learning environment appropriate to contribute to the achievement of educational goals planned. Therefore, the efficiency of any educational system and its effectiveness is closely related, including the teacher of an active role in achieving the goals set by the Responsible for Education, is associated with, and the teacher can be improved for the better for by finding a good school climate. Hence, we found it is necessary to identify areas of school climate and the skills of the professional performance of teachers and the relationship between them, and in this sense the current research aims to: - 1. Building measure of school climate to the primary teachers. 2. Identify the level of school climate from the viewpoint of primary teachers in the district of the country. 3. Identify the differences between the primary teachers in the school climate due to the variables (sex, qualification, years of service). The total sample (200) teachers from the Department of Education teachers country for the academic year 2012 - 2013. As well as building measure school climate, which included 49 items distributed on three areas: human relations, school administration, buildings and equipment, and adopted to check the validity of the measure on honesty virtual, in the light of statistical indicators that have been obtained from the action discrimination paragraphs and consistency Internal her. While reliability coefficient extracted using midterm retail method as reliability coefficient reached after patch (0.88), and in a manner worth retesting (0,84). It was also building a measure of professional performance in a note, which included 53 items distributed on three areas (planning, implementation, evaluation), and adopted in verifying the validity of the measure on honesty virtual, while extracted reliability coefficient using the method of constant observation any consistency or agreement between Foremen and are intended to demonstrate the similarity of the estimates given by the Mqoman or more of the performance of a person or group of persons, and this is done by creating correlation coefficients between the estimates of each ingredient separately to the performance of those subjects and it has been selected one of the schools and watch (4) teachers was estimated performance by researcher and noting others each of them individually in the same way that direct observation and by using the questionnaire observation built by the researcher, and after calculating estimates of the researcher and the observers, has been found Pearson correlation coefficient, showing that all correlation coefficients are statistically significant, and this is what makes it suitable as tools Note to measure the accuracy constant observation, data were processed statistically in the search using statistical pouch for Social Sciences (SPSS). The results showed the following: - 1. A feeling of primary teachers of the school depending on the climate (for sex and qualification and experience) was negative. 2. The level of professional performance of teachers and the parameters of the campaign diploma and bachelor in the three study areas (planning, implementation, and evaluation) was generally weak. 3. And there is a correlation between school climate and professional performance, ie that whenever a negative climate of professional performance was weak and vice versa. In the light of the results have been a number of recommendations including: 1. Interest rate climate school by school administrations. 2. Interest in human relations between members of the school community of teachers, administration and students. 3. Interest in school buildings and equipment to keep up with scientific developments. In light of the findings were also placed a number of proposals, including conducting similar studies and research on other samples.

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Article
EVALUATING THE PERFORMANCE OF EFL INTERMEDIATE SCHOOL TEACHERS IN TERMS OF THEIR INSTRUCTIONAL QUALIFICATIONS

المؤلفون: Jawhar B. Muter --- Professor Nahida T. Majeed
الصفحات: 524-570
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study aims at evaluating the performance of EFL intermediate school teachers through: 1. Identifying the various areas of instructional qualifications. 2. Evaluating the performance of intermediate school teachers (ISTs) who are teaching "Iraq Opportunities" series in terms of the identified areas. 3. Finding out whether there are significant differences between male and female teachers' efficiency in the various areas of teaching performance. The present study is limited to male and female teachers of English who are teaching "Iraq Opportunities" (IOs) series in the intermediate school in the city of Tikrit and its suburbs for the academic year 2011-2012. The sample of forty-two male and female teachers which represents 63% of its original population is involved in this study. An observation checklist which includes seven areas and sixty-one items has been constructed and exposed to a jury of specialists in order to ensure its face validity, reliability and to compute the discrimination power of its items. The selected sample of teachers has been observed for twelve weeks and evaluated in terms of the constructed checklist. The collected data are analyzed by applying the suitable statistical tools. The obtained results indicate that: 1. The intermediate school teachers(ISTs) are inefficient in the areas of "lesson planning", "presentation of the lesson material", and "teaching aids". 2. The performance of intermediate school teachers in the areas of "teacher's personality", "student's participation", and "student's assessment" is efficient. 3. Teachers' performance in the area of "language efficiency" is fairly efficient. 4. Male and female are equal in their instructional qualifications. Finally and according to the outlined results, a number of recommendations and suggestions have been submitted

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Article
The Intonation of Negation in Modern Standard Arabic with Reference to English

المؤلفون: Dr. Nawwaf M. A. Al-Mahjoob --- Dr. Mohamed-Basil K. Al-Azzawi
الصفحات: 571-597
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The form and function of the intonation of negative particles in Modern Standard Arabic are investigated in this paper. The paper is an attempt to show whether the negative particles are accentuated in Arabic or not. Also, the relation between the tones used and the negative particles is examined in this study . Among the conclusions the study has come up with is that Arabic tends to accentuate the negative particles. Further, the strength of intonation depends on the tone used. So, speakers may strengthen or mitigate the meaning of negation through the tone used.

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Article
LEGAL ASPECTS OF ESL/BILINGUAL EDUCATION PROGRAM IN US PUBLIC SCHOOL SYSTEM

المؤلفون: Dr. Volkan Cicek
الصفحات: 598-645
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Legal aspects of ESL/Bilingual Education Program currently implemented in K thru 12 US Public School System that may be applicable to educational systems of other regions and countries are discussed within the context of basis on federal and state laws, Bilingual Education vs ESL (English as a Second Language) Education, hiring certified personnel, training of employed personnel, identification of ESL/Bilingual Education students, ESL/Bilingual Education nomination process, testing for ESL/Bilingual Education, testing criteria to be selected LEP (Limited English Proficient), LPAC (Language Proficiency Assessment Committee), LEP notification of LPAC decisions, accommodations, Documentation and Confidentiality, Standardized Testing of LEP students based on federal AYP (Adequate Yearly Progress) Requirements, LEP exemptions, LAT (Linguistically accommodated testing) test that LEP exempt students take replacing regular standardized tests, Exit Level LEP Postponement, TELPAS (English Language Proficiency Assessment System) tests that all LEP students take based on federal NCLB (No Child Left Behind) Act and Annual Measurable Achievement Objectives (AMAOs), TELPAS Raters, TELPAS Verifiers, Summer Programs for LEP students, LPAC Annual Review/ LEP Status Exit Criteria


Article
Reduplication (Twin Words) in Turkish with Reference to English

المؤلفون: Mahmood Abbas Dawood
الصفحات: 646-663
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT In order to share ideas and feelings effectively besides using gestures and intonation in speech, vocabulary is also considered as a useful way. The more vocabularies you have, the clearer and more accurate ideas you express. Word formation processes are the most common ways to enrich vocabulary. This ability to adopt, understand, and use such a new word results from the fact that these word-formation processes are based on certain rules and regulations. These processes are very important for language users, because the constant creation of new terms and new uses of old terms is a sign of vitality, flexibility, and creativeness. This paper has been conducted to mention the similarities and differences between English and Turkish word formation in general and the process of reduplication in particular. At the beginning, the researcher gives a general idea of word formation in English and Turkish then explains the morphological rules that determine the reduplication process in the languages under study. The phonological and the semantic properties have also been discussed throughout this paper. Sufficient examples have been given in both languages to clarify the idea. At the end of the paper, there are the major findings and conclusions that the researcher reached as a result of the comparison between English and Turkish as far as the process of reduplication is concerned.

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