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مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية

ISSN: 18176798
الجامعة: جامعة تكريت
الكلية: التربية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر كل شهرين عن كلية التربية
جامعة تكريت .

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number: +967481408058
E_mail:tikrit_university_journal@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 20 العدد: 12

Article
( إنما ) في القرآن الكريم - دراسة نحوية دلالية

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The research has tackled the use of the article (ennma) with regard to its meaning within the context in the holy Quran the immortal Arabic book we have found that there has been a remarkable beauty in its use in Quran. The articale has also had its clear impact in clarifying the topic which it has been used wherein. Moreover it has showed harmony with other Components of the sentence. The treating process has taken tow shapes: the first one is with the nominal sentence by choosing the subject and the predicate(almobtda and alqabar) whereas the second one is with the verbal stentence starting from sentences in the past tense and reaching to ones in the present tense. prior to that all there is in fact an axis that is considered an intro to the figurative lesson. The axis begins with the article in its structure and figurative use as well as the talk of the grammarians and rhetoric scholars about it to reach to a conclusion of setting a table for the use of the article in Quran with an overall comment onit.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الحروف الزائدة في الفرآن الكريم مفهومها - أحكامها – فوائدها عند الشيخ ابن عثيمين ( 1347- 1421 هـ )(*)

المؤلفون: د. منير محمد الدحام
الصفحات: 55-87
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The Arabic language sciences considering one of the most important sources in understanding the Book of Allah, and Ancestors realize the honor of this subject and the utmost importance, and have done their best in the service of this language. The research plan consist of introduction, and three sections, and a conclusion. According to the fore the importance of the subject and the reasons for his choice, and the research plan, and talk about Ibn Uthaymeen life and its effects on language The first topic to talk about the concept of excess letters and usefulness The second topic was talked about a group of letters and knocking excess, And divided by two demands: the first demand: single letters. The second requirement: bilateral letters. The third topic in the likely launch in a matter of utter excess in the Koran. Then Conclusion: The results of the most important research, and the references.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الرفض في شعر يحي الغزال

المؤلفون: د. عبداللطيف يوسف عيسى
الصفحات: 88-107
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
فضاء الشخصية في رواية السيف والكلمة لعماد الدين خليل

المؤلفون: د. ديوالي حاجي جاسم
الصفحات: 108-138
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الخطاب الوعظي في شعر أبي زيد الفازازي ( ت 627هـ)

المؤلفون: م. د. نزار شكور شاكر
الصفحات: 139-175
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الإعلام المرئي والمسموع ودوره في مكافحة الفساد وترسيخ قيم النزاهة دراسة ميدانية على عينة من طلبة الجامعات الأردنية 2012-2013م

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. سلام خطاب أسعد
الصفحات: 176-202
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study deals in it's main axes with the role which is presented by different mass media especially audio and visual devices in contemporary life. The functions of these devices have developed and varied to the extent that makes it a life necessity cannot be dispensed of for both human and society. within the appearance of corruption phenomenon and it's negative effects in many different societies , we should focus on the new function audio and visual media perform in confronting corruption phenomenon and stabilizing values of integrity on the level of societies and the countries which suffering from this dangerous blight in which effective dimensions have started with the growing of transportation and communication means and the technological development which has affected.it the late 20th century and the beginning of the current century in which it's first half has witnessed a growing of the risks of corruption phenomenon and negative effects on economy , social and moral structure in societies which were classified and still considered developing societies which are trying to catch the development and advance which affected different countries all over the world. so it should be dealt with ,and recognizing the tools and means which countries and societies are using in confrontation, combating and reducing it's economic, social and Behaviorally negative effects. This in the Forefront of these tools and means, mass media emerges as the best device in facing corruption which counts on the audio and visual media features in it's interaction with the audience and in conveying mass media to it.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
اللامركزية والحكم المحلي

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الرابطة الدولية الأولى للعمال 1864 - 1876 ( دراسة في أسباب النشوء والانهيار )

المؤلفون: م. د. حارث عبد الرحمن التكريتي
الصفحات: 240-261
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The choice of the subject of the first international association of the world workers 1864 – 1876 as a model for studying the struggle of the workers for the sake of their case and in defence of their rights ; moreover it is the first test in which the workers could reach at a joint form included all in different countries. The research took care of a limited case discussed the way in the association established then followed its steps in a way that the researcher considered not to exceed any stage of the association growth to shed light on it even it was done briefly. Nevertheless ; the intention was not to leave any axis of the life of the association. The research studies that test since the establishment of the association then its starting off to the result European countries ; moreover presenting of the most prominent conferences distinguished with, also it was indicated the clarification of the reasons caused its fall down and failure finally.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
اعـلان عبد الرحمن الناصر الخلافة الاموية في الاندلس 316 هـ / 929 م واثرها في العلاقات الخارجية

المؤلفون: م. م. احمد حبتر غريب
الصفحات: 262-290
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The research is an important aspect of the Arab-Islamic civilization in Andalusia. As he was viceroy in Andalusia represents head the state, and the commander of the army, and in front of the Muslims in prayer, and was driving armies, and sends ambassadors to Aloqasi, and divides the five spoils among the Mujahideen, and distract salaries soldiers from Baitulmal Muslims, and works to spread Islam. The governor of Andalusia appointed by the rulers of the provinces, either if he left Cordoba was his freedom to choose his successor in the state when he went to the Orient or when his army for the purpose of jihad. Research as shown that Andalus in the era of the emirate has become a politically independent state for the Arab state in the Abbasid era, and research confirmed the fact that invited to Abasids in this era did not last a short time and then after that final cut. We have the research to the real founder second Arab state in Andalusia after Abdul Rahman inside is Abdul Rahman Al-Nasser, who was re state again after she became portions and Aousela scattered weary strife and unrest able Beslapth and wisdom that restores the state throttle and glory as research showed the reasons that did not take Abdul Rahman Inside feature succession and feet Abdulrahman Nasser to take the title of Caliph on the basis of data events that necessitated Abdul Rahman Nasser announcement succession. As the research relationship Abdul Rahman Nasser with the Abbasids, the leading research, that despite the political hostility that existed between the rulers, the cultural ties, intellectual and commercial activities and the economic did not stop between the sons of the Arab people in Andalusia and the Levant, but saw their relations ample room without State harassment of power devices for both countries. As the research relationship between Abdulrahman Nasser and Ubaydi state and how it was bad and with ambitions Convertible towards Andalusia and cycle to stand against Ubaydi state and establish a naval flotilla to stand generally ambitions and strikes successive them, forcing them resort to abandon their projects in Andalusia, and the trend towards Egypt. As well as between research relationship with foreign countries, including the Byzantine countries which were from states seeking closer ties with the Arab Country in Andalusia. As well as the Romanian state since taking Abdulrahman Nasser sent ambassadors to the king of Germany to develop relations between the two countries in all fields. Also hit the Arab state in Andalusia in the reign of Caliph Al-Nasser to the religion of Allah the height of its glory and its cultural superiority, prompting Bedwilat northern Spain that seeks to request and her son and her friendship, and even more often to solve its internal problems. At the end of the research there was little savior for the most general features of the system of governance in the era of Nasser..

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
المعلمة الاولى في الإسلام الشفاء بنت عبد الله العدوية

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The women didn't receive the honour and beneficiation as she received the just Islamic religion. Be he exalted and his prophet (God's blessing and peace be upon him) have honoured the largest type of honour . whereas many generous Koranic verses and honest prophet speeches were mentioned. The women was not a prisoner of her house, also was not isolated from the events and changes occurring to the Moslems on the level of the state and individuals. Many women contributed to work in the Arab Islamic state ; therefore there was the struggler, physrian, teacher and etc.. One of the important and large model in the history of the women working in Islam was Al Shifa' bint Abdullah Al Adwawia may God be pleased with her about whom we will deal with in a simplified way her age of the messenger Mohammed and his orthodox the caliphs may the God be pleased with then.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
دراسة التعرية الإخدودية وتصنيفها لحوض وادي جق جق شمال غرب مدينة السليمانية - شمال العراق

المؤلفون: أزهر خليل سليمان
الصفحات: 312-331
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The present study of the furrow denudation in the basion of Jig Jig valley depending on Bergisma system proved that the valley was affected by the furrow denudation in different degrees, and it was clear that the basion of the valley was not under the effect of the severe denudation (the third bend) but it was the (second bend) who was affected actually by (the medium denudation) including the denudating degrees (4-5-6) within 42.4 percent, acceqing an area estimated for 150 square kms approximately out of the square of the basin estimated for 250 square kms. Also, it was affected larger by the light denudation represented by the denudating degree estimated for (1-2-3) within 75.78, the band of the medium denudation the rest of the square of the basion. Then, the disclosed geological formations in the basion of the valley and the geological structures of the folds and fissures reflected their effect on the different denudating bends. Also, the nature of slopes had clear effect in limiting the nature of denudation and formation of valleys in the basion generally.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
تحليل المنظومات الضغطية لأقل وأكثر الأعوام حرارة خلال المدة 1970/1971 - 1998/1999

المؤلفون: د. ازهار سلمان هادي
الصفحات: 332-361
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الخلاصة

Abstract The temperature in Iraq recognized with high in summer may be become50C° well low in winter to become 0C° the meager reason about that variance frequency the depressions ,also effective the through and ridges in (500 Millibar). But in some year occur fluctuation in this system, so the tempter may be high from average in some year wheel may be low in other . The aim of staudy to known many of depressions frequency and to accompany from throughs and ridges in (500Millibar) during high temperature year and low year . analysis of time series of (1970/1971-1998/1999) from its there are (1975/1976) it was lowest ,while (1998/1999) it was highest. Study area consist nineteen station in Iraq. For get conclusion depended embrace analyses approach ,analyses surface synoptic map and upper synoptic. In this search got many conclusion one of them, although there are low in average temperature in year 1975/1976 wheel the high in average temperature in 1998/2000 year but the high in monthly average is be clear so the all station recorded diversion in from general average. The high and low was be clear in spring month. The station in north and south it many effected in frequency in pressure system, so there are variance in temperature degree between high temperature year and low temperature year from the medium station in area study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
قياس مفهوم الحريات الأكاديمية لدى تدريسي جامعة بغداد

المؤلفون: د. عماد الشيخ داود --- د. مظفر جواد احمد
الصفحات: 362-396
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The concept of the academic freedoms emerged as a term in the literatures of UNIESCO since more than four decades then crystalized on its present from with the Issuina Lima's declaration of the academic freedoms in 1988 ; thus this concept is regarded as one of the most important specialist rights on the constitutional documentation in many of the world parts, especially those which suffer from the crises and the state of conflict ; moreover which witness the accelerating political, ideological, and economical changes of the undisciplined rythme. The research becomes important in relying on the quotation from the idea which was called by (Amartia Sin) who says: Epansion the scope of freedom is the main means and the basic intention for the development. Starting from saying that the free university is the consciousness the society and its capsule, the safer and more able to transfer it from the state of backwardness and abterioration to a state in which it incorporate within the atmosphere of development, the one thing which Iraq needs today more than any often time.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الفطام النفسي لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية في ضوء بعض المتغيرات الديمغرافية والتربوية

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. احمد وعدالله حمدالله الطريا
الصفحات: 397-449
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This research aimed at building measure psychological weaning among middle school students, as well as to identify at weaning psychological level among middle school students, and the differences due to the variables (gender, branch of study, classroom, functional status for the mothers, Congenital sequence, the parental status of a student) Basic research sample consisted of 624 male and female students were chosen equal stratified random method of prep schools in the city of Mosul, and humanitarian and scientific disciplines and graders (IV, V, VI) intermediate. To achieve the objectives of the research, the researcher building measure psychological weaning and as the final component of the (46) of paragraph (4) alternatives after verification of his sincerity and firmness. After application of the tool and collect data were treated statistically using T -test for one sample and two independent samples and analysis of variance and test Scheffe and Pearson correlation coefficient and T -test the private identifying the level of significance of the correlation coefficient. The results showed 1- that the measure of psychological weaning has the characteristics of an appropriate standard represented honesty and consistency. 2- Low level of psychological weaning among middle school students. 3- The presence of statistically significant differences due to the variables (gender) and in favor of males, and (classroom) and in favor of sixth grade students intermediate, and (functional status of the mother) and in favor of students with working mothers, and (sequence congenital) and in favor of students with the sequence first. 4- There are differences not statistically significant due to the variables (section mode) and (parental status to the student). Based on the results that have been reached researcher identified a set of recommendations and proposals.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
بناء مقياس الأمن النفسي لدى تلاميذ صفوف التربية الخاصة في محافظة نينوى

المؤلفون: م. ليث حازم حبيب --- م. ليث حازم حبيب
الصفحات: 450-489
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The researcher used the descriptive method because of its appropriateness. The sample consisted of (500) pupils in special education classes out of (1442) rating 35% and they were chosen randomly. The building steps included (deter mining scale axes , preparing the blew print of the scale , deter mining the style and form of the items) as well as the academic steps and measures to build psychological measures such as reliability of experts , the statistical analysis of the items using extreme groups and internal coordination factor as well as factual analysis of the items of the scale a number of pilot experiences and stability. The statistical means were mathematical means , standard deviation t-test and simple conjunction factor and factual analysis. The researcher build a scale to measure psychological security for special education pupils in Nineveh governorate. According to factual analysis , four factors were extracted respectively personal security factor with (6) items , social acceptance factor with (5) items , emotional security factor with (5) items , social appreciation factor with (4) items , All the above constituted scale of psychological security. The above items were subdivided into more (20) items characterized with validity of building. Given these results. The researcher recommends the use of such a scale by researchers in special education to measure psychological security for special education pupils with the note of individualizing the scale to suit special education pupils in Iraq.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
THE IMPORTANCE OF "FLEEING THEME" IN ERNEST HEMINGWAY'S THE OLD MAN AND THE SEA

المؤلفون: Intisar M. Wagaa (M.A)
الصفحات: 490-508
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Ernest Hemingway (21stJuly1899-July2,1961)is one of the most important and daring writer's in the modern genre. He always wants to convey and to teach a moral lesson in every literary work he wrote. His main concern was the man with all the meaning that this word(man) may bear; the complexities, problems and the conflicts that any person may feel in the modern, hard world. Hemingway wants the modern man to be like a "rock" in the shore no matter how strong and high the waves may be, the only matter thing is that this rock would notbe destroyed by these constant beatings of the waves. The present study is divided into two sections and a conclusion The first section is about the life and the characteristics of Ernest Hemingway's literary works The second section is about the concept of Escape Literature in Ernest Hemingway's The Old Man and the Sea. Finally the conclusion which sums up the findings of the research.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Strategies of Accepting Invitations and Offers in Arabic and English: A Cross-cultural Study

المؤلفون: Ramadan Turky Jawad --- Dr. Rawi Taref Habeeb
الصفحات: 509-543
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study investigates the similarities and differences between Arabic and English strategies of accepting invitations and offers from a cross-cultural perspective. It tackles the problem of how people respond to and accept invitations and offers as politeness phenomena in the societies of collectivistic (Arabic) and individualistic (English) cultures. Having the sense of indebtedness, the invitee or the offeree needs to show the proper deference and find the suitable words to express his appreciation sufficiently when s/he accepts an invitation or an offer. This study also attempts to categorize the various strategies used by the speakers of the two languages. The study is based on the hypothesis that Arabic and English belong to two different cultures and reflect different cultural norms carried through the acceptance expressions. The findings and conclusions arrived at prove that there are more differences than similarities among the Iraqi Arab and American English speakers in accepting invitations and offers. It is also proved that Arab speakers employ certain strategies that do not exist in English, and English speakers use strategies that are specific to their culture.

الكلمات الدلالية

cross-cultural pragmatics --- strategies --- speech act of acceptance --- invitation --- offer

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