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مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية

ISSN: 18176798
الجامعة: جامعة تكريت
الكلية: التربية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر كل شهرين عن كلية التربية
جامعة تكريت .

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number: +967481408058
E_mail:tikrit_university_journal@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: 20 العدد: 11

Article
الإستصحاب بين الدفع والإثبات وأثره في إختلاف الفقهاء

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Accompanying may be distinguished out of the legal evidences that it can be polereconed with to negate the existence of judgment without its attestation that what the juristic refer to as a proof in pleading without attestation as it will follow. It is summarized for us through what passed, the subject matter here, after presentation of accompanying, mentioning and how much it could be taken as a proof is it clarification the legal aspect and distinguishing it in this evidence as one of the difference reasons of the jurisprudents in judgment but not in its attestation… knowing that we did our best to apprehend of this subject of various aspects hoping that we could exceed the outward breaching and to be distant from any clear fault of what was written…, but in such a way, there may be gaps and a case of negligence ; we excuse those who read to be satisfied of what does he see for the right inference and the optimum guidance of speech in the requirements of the research all. This subject was accepted to be divided up into five requirements: firstly, the accompanying in terms of language, secondly, the accompanying legally, thirdly, its kinds, fourthly its pretext, fifth jurisprudential applications ; then an abstract of all what this study included.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أدلة المعتزلة السمعية على أن القران مخلوق وأهم الاعتراضات عليها

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This research deals with the doctrinal issues in the history of the seclusion school especially, and our Islamic heritage in general. When the matter of the divine speech one of the most important ones which stuck to the exclusionists and proceeded their doctrine since its establishment and development until its decline as an independent doctrine then its inclusion within other teams adopter as origins from which they extract their religious doctrines. This aspect toah a wide range of the political, doctrinal, and scientific conflict that leaves its considerable effect on the concentration on its researches and researching about its inside aspects. The importance of this subject lies un the stocking the most important auditory evidences independently from the mental ones which were the forerunner in the activities of the seclusions all in their reporting this doctrine which belongs to there, because it is known for them that concentration on mentality in attestation the religious doctrines ; therefore their interests in the auditory evidences dispersed here and there in the details their compositions and researches, whereas this research came to shed light on the most important evidences and emendations about them. This research included three points: the first one dealt with the attribution of this article from the mouths of their people not from the toques of the opponents, the second dealt with their most important evidences which they took from the Holy Quraan not from the generous prophetic tradition. Then, the third one dealt with their most important evidences by which they inferred from the holy Holy Quraan, showing the most important objections, also the third one was about their inference by the honest prophetic tradition, then the most important emendations of these evidences, and finally an abstract of the most important outcomes.

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Article
الصمت والاقتصار على ذكر الله في معالجة العقم

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The Holy Koran discloses verses puzzled characters of the interpreters before the empirical sciences discover their great inimitability. When those discoveries lighted the field, it was clear that there is an exact and eloquent secret relevant to creation the spermatozoon. That the sciences in the Middle Ages didn't add valuable information in the field of creation the spermatozoon and embryo ; nevertheless the Holy Koran has recorded in the seventh century A.D. in the middle of the peninsula at the core of Mecca the honored city, there is a statement about creation of the embryo in his successive phases since being a sperm until becomes a complete embryo. So; the Holy Koran has mentioned that attached thrombus which lives on the absorption of the blood then changing into a morsel corresponds an amount of chemed food consisting of the signs of teeth, that is a wonderful picture corresponds completely to the physiological reality of the embryo. The minds were puzzled since the past of the creation this wonderful creature. The first one who studied that point scientifically using simple lens is the scientist (Harvi) in 1601, whereas he concentrated in his study on the embryo of the stag. Because of the difficulty of the first stages in the pregnancy, he reached at the result that the embryos are nothing but uterine secretions, then the studies development until he reached to the result that the embryos are secrections from the ovaries. Afterthat, came the scientist (Malpiji) in 1675 A.D. and studied the embryos in the eggs of hons thinking that they don't need the element of fertilization from the made. As a result of his researches, he got the idea that the egg contains a small being grows up and develops gradually.

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Article
النهي واثره في العبادات ( الصلاة انموذجاً )

المؤلفون: د. محمد محمود محمد
الصفحات: 96-125
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This research attempts to disclose of this legal judgment about which there are many examples in the Holy Koran and the prophetic tradition as it will appear on the pages of the researches, whereas entitled it, "the proscription and its effect on the worships (Prayers as an Exemplar), then it made it at an introduction, three researches, and abstract. The first research was entitled (Definition of Proscription its Forms and Meanings) including three requirements; the first one definition of proscription linguistically and terminologically, the second one is the forms of proscription, then the third one its meaning. The second research included (Divulgement of Proscription its indication requirement and conditions) that includes four requirements, the first one, the judgment of proscription, the second the medication of perception, the third one requirement of proscription. Then, the fourth on the conditions of proscription. The third research I called it (Effect of proscription in the prayer), it contains two requirements, the first one is the effect of proscription in the prayer, it is of three branches, the first one proscription of reading except for Al-Fatiha, the second branch the proscription in some places, then the third one on the proscription of prayer at some times, the third requirements includes models of questionnaire jurisprudential causes. Finally, I ended up the research within an abstract showing the most important outcomes.

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Article
صورة بطولة الملوك الأيوبيين في كتاب قلائد الجمان في فرائد شعراء هذا الزمان لأبن الشعار الموصلي (ت 654 هـ)

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The book "Qala'id Al Juman Fe Fara'id Al Shu'ara' Hadha Al Zaman", the famous for the title "Uqud Al Juman Fe Shu'ra' Hadha Al Zaman of Kamal Al-Dean Abi Al-Brakat Al Mubarak bin Al Sha'aar Al Mosouli (d. 654 A.H.), that is one of the important sources which chronicled for long time of the Islamic Arab state History ; moreover his biography for a considerable group of the famous poets who were contemporary to the author, especially the period of his journeys which he started in 622 A.H., until his death in (654 A.H.). Then ; the investigator of the book Mr. Kamil Salman Al Jubouri that the book is composed originally of ten big volumes, fortunately eight parts remained, whereas the second and eighth parts were lost both. The author in this book dealt with the biography of (1004) poets of his time, six of which were repeated biographies. These biographies were arranged a phonetically. Moreover the biographies of poets, the book was important because it presented the biographies of those people belonging to different classes ; the common divisor of whom was poetry, the were represented by the Ayyubid kings, jurists, scientists, historians, geographers, men of letter, poets, jurisprudents, and mystics. Ibn Al Sha'ar not deal with a group of certain craft, or one class of people, a country because the book in most of its parts contains poems for presenting and eulogizing the people of Ayyub ; whereas the texts was interrogation to find the forms of courage and championship presented by the Ayyubids, these people who showed through their struggle against the crusaders, enemy of the Islamic nation the most wonderful example in steadfastness, struggle, and fighting enemy, where these heroes could liberate Jerusalem expelling the invaders in decisive battles in which they proved that they were king of a unique example assumed their positions in such a deserved way.

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Article
القبر في عقائد العرب قبل الإسلام

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الخلاصة

Abstract I've filled the grave is an important aspect of beliefs, including the doctrines of the Arabs before Islam has gained attention, Vartbtt do a lot of habits, especially when the Arabs before Islam. The study in this research based on highlighting the grave in the doctrines of the Arabs and the impact on them and how they reflected on their lives and how employed in the poems that have brought us their beliefs own tomb and how they are dealing with him dead, he carried Search this title to reflect the beliefs of those where we stood on the most important of these beliefs and the most common with them, has drawing poets images multiple those beliefs associated with the tomb and the other world, the mismatch important and echo and pray Balskie graves, and Al 'Aqer on the grave تقديسا for the dead and out of respect for him and provide him with what he needs, according to their faith that, Valcypr has always been the main concern of the thought of the human is that fate unknown of man therefore considered most faiths provide human Pmaihtaj him on his journey of those, and beliefs of the Arabs before Islam was not without thinking that fate despite the fact that some of them did not believe in the resurrection and the resurrection, drew Arab poets pictures of those graves and cram for the coffin and embodied those beliefs in Ibyatem poetic understanding between Buck and important among those addressing the dead and some of them Aziz on the tomb of it, but even those beliefs we find that it spread to the poetry of the era of Islam and the Umayyad and other eras.

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Article
المثنى دراسة صوتية ومقارنة

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Through this research we have talked about the phenomenon of duality in terms of pronunciation, morphology, and comparison with the other languages. It doesn't comprehend to all the exact details of the duality phenomenon as to these two points, but it can be regarded as a comprehensive research whereas it paves the way to one who wants to take the point in details, then to comprehend to all what relates to this phenomenon. If we consider Arabic, we shall find it dealt with difference between the structure of the words according to the intended meaning ; so it differentiated between the male duality and female one ; then the case with the pure plural in the two cases of accusative case and geretive one that made the difference in the vowel which is attached before ya' in the cases of plural and duality, and after it also in the two cases of plural and duality. This is due to the exactness of Arabic to differentiate among the meanings intended by their users. The research has included the introduction and three researches: the first research was about the duality in terms of language and terminology, the second one dealt with two subjects, the first one is a phonetic study, and the second was about the phonetic sliding at the duality ; then the third was about the duality in semantic languages appended with a list of sources and references.

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Article
من لسانيات الجملة ونحوها إلى لسانيات النص ونحوه

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This research entitled "Exceeding the limits of the sentence" a subject for study, in which the researcher talked about the nature of the large movement witnessed by modern linguistics representing by exceeding the limits of the linguistic structure (the sentence) to the large linguistic structure to work on the linguistic given matter. This direction found in the (text) the most complete picture through which the tongue association process can be achieved that he made it his first subject matter for disclosing of the comprehensive laws of language and trying to combine among the aspects of the communicative process. Through this consideration, the research dealt with the concept of the sentence with the linguists and grammarians – Arabs and westerners. Also, the research dealt with the forms of sentences before dealing with the linguistic aspects of the text, discussing this large movement and its problems in the linguistic circles.

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Article
ألفاظ العبادة التي فسرها الترمذي في سننه دراسة لغوية

المؤلفون: وضاح علي أحمد --- د. أمين لقمان الحبار
الصفحات: 249-290
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The research deals with the pronunciation which Al Tirmishi interpreted in his traditions confining to what he interpreted himself. We chose five pronunciations related to these of worshipping as semantic aspect. Each pronunciation is divided into two parts: the first one, dealt with the linguistic meaning and its uses, then it was divided into the original meaning of the item, then the uses of each meaning, also the uses of the sense meaning were arranged. Then it was arranged as to the human being, animal, and inanimate, as well as uses of the abstract meanings, showing the interpretations of those uses, disclosing of the relationships among them. The second one, the contextual meaning – the given item here is mentioning the honest tradition, then Al Tirmidhi's interpretation of the item, then the rest of the interpretations arranged according to their graduation from the public one to the special or vice versa or from the indefinite to the definite one.

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Article
رؤية نقديَّة في الخطاب المقدَّماتي ( مجموعة سرطان نثر أسود للشاعر علي وجيه أنموذجًا )

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Before entering into the details of the introductory speech that is the subject matter, light should be shed on the threshold of the text, whereas the introductory speech is regarded as one of the elements belonging to the space of the external thresholds of the text which considered directing data or referential, parsonomasing, or clarifying which compromise the title, book cover, preface, dedication and etc… the thresholds are considered a bridge to enter into the space of the text. They form (a signaling, and knowledge system of no less importance than the body which stimulates it or goes around it also, but it plays an important role in the specific reading and its directing). Then the thresholds are of more important for what is called in the philosophy of language (assertive force as transfer of a piece of information as the name of the author and the date of publication), or intention, explanation (the function of preface) or statement as (plagiarism of a name or address) or commitment as limitation of the literary genre such as the autobiography which imposes a credibility. As it arranges the relationship between the text and reader, as it is as speech which is not belong basically and helpful assigned for the service of other thing forms the reason of its existence that is the text, whereas this satellite limits its function specifically.

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Article
قصيدة ( يا صفوة الأجفان ) لابن درّاج القسطلّي - دراسة أسلوبية

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. غيداء أحمد سعدون شلاش
الصفحات: 317-338
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The appearance of the stylistic studies on the contemporary directions was not found except for spreading out the spirit of innovation in the rhetoric studies. The stylistic study emerges from the linguistic and literary then mix with the text through analytical processes to show tie aesthetic function of its style. Through this, an Andalusia elegizing poem was chosen full of human indications and artistic expression of the poet Darraj Al Qastalli and subject it to a new analytical and critical perspective checking in the styles and indications to interrogate our old literary literature, then to know the indication wealth and implicit sights. We shall interrogate this poem through knowing its lexical, phonetic, and structural levels reaching at the semantic level employing a critical trend in studying an old literature for maintaining it firstly, and trying to recreate it secondly.

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Article
التضمين بين حروف المعاني

المؤلفون: م. م. شيماء شاكر المشهداني
الصفحات: 339-367
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Inclusion is ingraining a pronunciation with the meaning of other pronunciation giving it’s a judgment, to let the word gives two meanings ; so it is a briefness to be used instead of details, whereas many letters in our Arabic language rotate in their meanings including meanings of other letters: this is a king of rhetoric and expansion in meaning with its many evidences in the Holy Koran. In the books of language, it is of the linguistic disablement because the pronunciation is not fixed in fact to convey the meaning in the text herein that is called an inclusion. So; the meaning is not given implicitly as it is mentioned but it was indicated to with others. Therefore; several classifiers of the grammatical, interpretation, and rhetorical books discussed that point and disclosing it, in such a case their doctrines were different with the speech function diversity an its indications. What of find is that the letter does not depend only on its original meaning, but goes with several meanings ; so it goes figuratively to those meanings to do its function in the text horein, this going is called an inclusion.

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Article
لامية الجُمَل للمِجْرَادِي

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Everyone who visited the western Arab homeland, its universities, meetings, or introduced to the systems of studying Arab grammar there, will know the status of this system in the grammatical lesson there, and how the students study, memorize, understand and review, up to now we find some in the great scientists western Arab homeland come to explain himself for its importance ; but our school and universities do not mention this useful system, may our students make use of that knowledge and introduce to the efforts made by a venerable scientist who is called Al Mijradi, and know widely the Arab studies and knowledge in the western Arab countries. Also the subject of the manuscript which deals with the sentences and their conditions within a detailed and exact study, we do not find it except in a few books, also we do not find about it a system simplifies its memorization and understanding, that making the investigation and its tasks difficult.

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Article
عِلَلُ الاختيار ِالصرفيِّ عندَ الجعبريِّ في شَرحهِ على متْنِ الشاطبيَّة

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The contemt of this search is rounded about two: The first: is idemtified about the vowel and brought upand developes and the typo of vowels and his uses up into the reads and friendly choosen in alquraan reads and the second: is rounded about the vowels that Aljaabary choosen it on his fundation his Alquraan chooses. and it,s choosen vowels morphology fit , and stuided the type of morphology chooses about Aljaabary and it,s six vowels: First: funds its listen which is listininy from Arabic listen goodly or famous or mastly , and measurmants and combine amd knews it comhin the reades. Second: context Algaabary depened on his morphology chooses about to type report and position. Third: Occasion that prononmceutim occasion and meaning occasion. Fourth: the meaning of the word built and it is the morphology meaning that gives the words built. Fifth: don,t deletion and mane,s not give up about there is in the sentence. Sixth: extenuating mean,s extenuat in movement which choos the light reaely at the move from the heavy read move.

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Article
ديوان مملكة ما وراء خط الاستواء لآوات حسن أمين دراسة تحليلية لنماذج مختارة

المؤلفون: فرح خيرالدين حامد محمود العسّاف
الصفحات: 438-463
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الخلاصة

Abstract Praise be to Allah, the lord of the worlds, and prayers and peace be upon the chief of messengers The research is an analytical study of the collection poetry (the kingdom beyond the equator) in three themes, each theme deals with specific analysis of the poem of the poet (awat Hassan amen), he dedicate those three poems to three poets who contributed to write the literary history in Iraq, in this research we benefited from all critical methods to relay in our study on a technical methods in the analysis of poems' themes the first poem dedicated to the poet (Rushdie Ala'mel)that awat stepped a successful step to speak in the poem on the lips of Rushdie's' expatriate son (Ali) that his expatriate was the biggest worry for him, since the poem was entitled (the dream) we talked a little bit about the interpretation of the dream and its relationship with literature also we talked about home for expatriate human regardless of the type of expatriation whether real or psychological taking advantage of all these textual tools and evidences in the poem. The second poem was dedicated to the journalist, critic and poet considered father of pros poem in Iraq which sparked a serious argument on the literary area, either through his poetry being rebellion proof and revolution or he taken wretch life, this person is (Husain murdan), the poem talked about the most content in his poetry which is (love) that acquittal him frame the porn charge which has always chased him in his life and death and a witness to his immortality feature which is disgraced and porn poetry is lake. The third poem dedicated to the poem (badr shaker alsayyab) its name (nightly manifestation) reflected his several suffering in one word which is (lonely). he is a lone expatriate politically, socially, emotionally and spiritually, since his grew up until his death on the boundaries of the country (Kuwait) we talked about this suffering taking a number of words and meanings that we have found it important for the text such as (night, drunk and lonely …) we have used in the research one way that we talked about previously using several sources, among them the language of poetry construction for John Quinn, the dialectic of time for Gaston Bachelor, dream and its interpretation for Sigmund Freud and, wishing success from Allah

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Article
كتاب الحَيَوان للجاحظ وحياة الحَيَوان الكبرى للدميري دراسة موازنة

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT I dealt with limited subjects in the balance between the books, the items of the research were as following: 1. Resume about the first appearance of zoology preceded by a definition of the animal in terms of language and terminology. 2. The animal was mentioned in several tests for its importance. 3. Books of the animal with the Greeks. 4. Introduction to the two authors, especially their cultural lives. 5. We dealt with the sources of the two books and the foundation from which Al Jahiz and Al Dumeiri drank the piece of information. 6. The system which the two writers followed in the composition.

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Article
موقف عبد القاهر الجرجاني من السرقات الشعرية دراسة في ضوء الأسلوبية

المؤلفون: د. مهدي حمد مصطفى
الصفحات: 486-506
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The poetic thefts are regarded as a wide door in the Arab criticism, if they were not the widest. The interest of the critics in them many exceed their interests in other. They are on right to know the old and new with any poet to find out the effort which he added to the heritage, not that only, but also it showed that they have the poet's culture, and his assimilation to the cultural currents, them knowing those currents also. May this subject need the exactness mostly, and it requires the justice more. Therefore ; it is easy that the meanings are corresponded to their equivalents, then it is easy to find the similarity among the pronunciations and structures in many sentences. Thus, no poet can be safe of it ; so Al Qadhi Al Jurjani who calls to be cautious before the judgment on the on the poet with the theft. I divided this research into an introduction and a preface. I clarified in it this phenomenon with three parts: the first part shows definitions of the term of the theft, following the examples, inclusion, and dealing with texts, and in the second part of clarified how to deal with the poetic thefts in the Arab criticisms, then the third one I presented the copinuous of Al Qahir in the poetic thefts.

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Article
المرأة والرمز في قصص موفق خضر

المؤلفون: فيان عبد القادر أحمد
الصفحات: 507-527
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الخلاصة

Abstract Woman and Symbol in Muwaffaq Khudher's Fiction This paper investigates the world of Muwaffaq Khuder, which falls into two parts. In one he focuses on woman through whom he transmits his thoughts. In the second, he uses the symbol to send such thoughts via which he deals with social, political ,and economical problems in an attempt to drag them into his literary and artistic realm, and display them objectively. Through his stories characters , Khuder reveals all sorts of ideologies and interests that compete and struggle against each other on the ground in everyday life. As a fictionist, he is a human and does not live in a zone vacuumed of time and place; otherwise, how could he so creative and have such a status of rank.

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Article
اختيار القراءات القرآنية في الأبنية الصرفية عند ابن إدريس في كتابه (الكتاب المختار في معاني قراءات أهل الأمصار)

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The book entitled (Al Mukhtar Fe Ma'ani Qira'at Ahl Al Amsar) of Abi Bakir bin Abdullah bin Idris, one of the fourth century A.H., was notably, also it was one of few books of guidance which came to light to guide the eight recitation taking care of recitations. Thus, it question aired the view of the grammarians for guidance, also preferring a recitation to other one, making it maintained to be mentioned later for a linguistic reason in one time, and for the huge number of the 'A'imma (preachers in the mosques) for a second time, for its spreading in the Holy Koran in the third, because it is more correct in Arabic in the fourth, whereas conveying the meaning in the fifth, and others… We chose the derivational aspect from the book because its relationship to the Koranic system and its styles in expression, whereas it is the field of meanings.

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Article
دراسة في كتابي العلل للإمامين الدارقطني و ابن ابي حاتم دراسة نماذج

المؤلفون: م. د. عمر ضامن عباس
الصفحات: 570-596
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الخلاصة

Abstract By the praise of God and his grace, favor and mercy, we put our last drops after a journey of thinking and prudence in our research (A Study in -The Two Books of Possible Causes- For Imam Al-Darqutni And Causes of Hadith For Imam Ibn Aby Hatim). The journey was hard to upgrade the degrees of mind and stairs of ideas. This study is a little effort and we don’t pretend perfection, but we tried our best. If we do the right, that is our point, but if we were mistaken, we had the honor to try. Finally, after we present our little work in this wide field, we conclude in a summary with what comes in our research. After an elaborate study for these two Hadiths and interpretation related to them; showing the continuation, evidences and biography of all the men contained in the source, we found that, after we studied the first Hadith, it has been narrated nominative and pending, and that we didn't find interpretation for the pending narration. The nominative narration was disagreed in its interpretation, some of them narrated it by Ibn Omar reported from Omar (May Allah be pleased with them both), reported from the Prophet (Peace be upon him), and others reported from Ibn Omar (May Allah be pleased with him) reported from the Prophet (Peace be upon him). I showed what was said by Mrs. Aisha (May Allah be pleased with her) that this Hadith is contrary to Quran. It has been shown that there is no contrary or conflict between them. Concerning the second Hadith, I showed that it has a little weakness but being followed. Thus, every beginning has an end, and best of work is that what his end was good, the good speech is what less and indicate. I hope that I succeeded in writing and expressing it, and I'm nothing but a human, may make mistakes or do the right. If I was wrong I hope you forgive me, and if I was right, that's what I wish. Almighty God said: ((Who was hoping to meet his Lord, let him work righteousness, and never be a polytheist in his worship)) [ The cave: 110].

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Article
دلالة المقطع الصوتي في سورة الفلق

المؤلفون: د. حازم ذنون إسماعيل --- د. سناء طاهر محمد
الصفحات: 597-620
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الخلاصة

This study identifies the segmental composition in the sura of Al Falaq as its subject, that sheds light on the segmental structural / phonetic structure and its indication in the context to aim at the phonetic indication thought the segmental tissue of the sura itself ; so we found a difference in appearance of each segment according to the context in which it comes in and the space of time which we last in the recitation of the verse.

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Article
المنافقون ودورهم في العصر النبوي

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The Holy Koran warned from the hypocrisy showing the characteristics of the hypocrites in many verses. Narrations of the reasons of coming down the Holy Koran showed the cases of the hypocrites during the prophetic age ; whereas they were intercepting what related distribution of alms, and some people of aberration and hypocrisy were charging the true and honest of the great character the prophet of Allah, (God's blessing and peace be upon him) with the injustice, others were mocking at the almsgivers, and telling lies, whereas others feigning lies: Abdullah bin Abi Salol the source of hypocrisy, feigned the event of untruth propagandized for it to express his intentions of haughtiness and envy against the messenger (God's blessing and peace be upon him). The difference is very great between speech of people about liking people of Mohammed Mohammed himself stressing that with the tongue of their greatest leader Abi Sufian: "I don't see somebody likes somebody as liking the people of Mohammad to Mohammad" and saying of 'Urwa bin Mas'ud Al Thaqafi to the people of Qurish: "whom people delegated taking the oath of Allah have delegated to Caesar, Kisra, and Al Najashi, taking the oath of Allah I didn't find a king only dignified by his people like the people of Mohammad who dignified Mohammed himself, and what people who were saying that Mohammad (God's blessing and peace be upon him). was killing his people.

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Article
العلاقات السياسية الآشورية في عهد الملك (آشور - أوبلط الأول) (1365 - 1330 ق.م)

المؤلفون: م. غيث حبيب خليل
الصفحات: 659-683
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الخلاصة

Abstract Political relations practice and interactions have found since the foot and since the beginning of regularity human populations in the form of countries, including political relations, the study of all phenomena that go beyond international borders, although that is not limited to study or analyze aspects or political dimensions only in relations between states, but went beyond that to the various dimensions economic, ideological, cultural and social...... etc.., and through it we can draw a map of any political and historical stage since ancient times until the present time. And we will deal in the folds of this research political relations Assyrian in the reign of King "Ashur _ ubalit I" (1365 _ 1330 BC)., Begins by mentioning a historical overview of the political situation before the reign of the king of Assyria Ashur _ ubalit I start to take over the King, "puzur_ashur III" (1521 -1498 BC.) in Assyria rule where it begins a new era called the Middle Assyrian researchers (1521 _ 911 BC). Assyria witnessed during this period significant events and fluctuations and changes in political, military, social and cultural ,, It is weakness to strength. And the deterioration of economic recovery and prosperity, and of inertia and stagnation of civilization to prosperity, and of dependency and occupation to sovereignty, because it were not Assyria immune to what is happening in the rest of the ancient Near East, but was a part of these events and a factor where its location in the heart of the region and how the events experienced by the regions of the ancient Near East prevented the expansion of the Kingdom Assyrian was on Assyria either be faced with these forces and stand in front or they succumb to the influence of external and lose its independence within its borders, and is looking forward to events and ward off about the dangers Foreign,Then addresses the search Renaissance political Assyrians after the accession of King "Ashur _ ubalit I" throne of Assyria, the most important was to achieve political independence , and then we had political ties Assyrian with the countries of the ancient Near East (the state Almitanih, Babylonian, Hittite, Egyptian and Levant) in thethe reign of King of Assyria "Ashur _ ubalit I", try us in making this study is part of the study the evolution of the political and diplomatic history of Mesopotamia.

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الأوضاع الاقتصادية والاجتماعية في العراق 1933 - 1945

المؤلفون: م. م. غيلان سمير طه
الصفحات: 684-702
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Studying the economic and social history of Iraq attract the attention of the historians who are specialists on modern and contemporary history and the non-specialists, especial that period of assumption the throne of Iraq by king Ghazi (1933-1939); and the time of the World War II (1939-1945) when Iraq witnessed economic and social changes and developments in different fields affected negatively or positively on the Iraqi citizen. This research was divided into three parts: The first part included studying the economic aspects in Iraq as in agriculture, trade, industry, and oil. Then, the second one dealt with the social conditions in Iraq through showing the effect of policy on the social reality. The second part included also studying the administrative and educational aspects in Iraq. The third part was appropriated to clarify the developments of that period in the two fields: health and woman.

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تطورات القضية الفلسطينية بين عامي 1914- 1939

المؤلفون: م. م. أحمد محمود علو السامرائي
الصفحات: 703-732
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The research divided into an abstract and introduction, and three researches: The first research dealt with the conditions al Palestine under the British mandate, World War I, Bolfore's promise, British occupation, peace conference, and mandate cheque. The second research included the Jewish immigration, the Palestinian uprising 1920-1929 through dealing with that immigration, the uprising of Al Qudos 1920, the uprising of Jafa 1921, uprising of Al Buraq 1929. The third research dealt with the British white book of 1930, also the uprising of 1930 and 1933, the revolution of Sheikh Iz Al Deen Al Qassam 1935, the great Palestinian revolution 1936-1939, Bell's committee, Hud's committee, the round table conference, and the white book 1939.

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Article
موارد أبو العباس المقري في كتابه ( أزهار الرياض في أخبار عياض )

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The book entitled (Azhar Al Riadh Fe Akhbar 'Iyadh) of Abi Al 'Abbas Al Maqri one of the important sources existing in the Arab Islamic library in history and literature, which is known as comprehensive and encyclopedic characters. In spite of it is regarded one of the books complied in biography, his author could collect in it between the system which is used in the books of biography and history, even the literary collections, then the relevant branches to these arts which are of encyclopedia feature, one of the scientific prominent character in the society an axis of the book and a pole of its circle, which he included many news and information irrelevant to the selected character. It was not enough for him to write about this character, he also included the news of the proceeding generations and the following ones. Hence, this study came to be as, (Resources of Abu Al 'Abbas in his book Azhar Al Riadh De 'Akhbar 'Iyadh) which takes care of the resources on which Al Maqri depended in compilation his book, and sheds light on it deeper and more exact for showing its originality and its his torical, literary, and scientific status. Moreover ; manifesting its advantages and disasvantages as much as possible. 26

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Article
تغلغل الولايات المتحدة الأمريكية في العراق حتى عام 1914

المؤلفون: د. غفار جبار جاسم الجنابي
الصفحات: 786-796
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The contemporary history of Iraq witnessed several events that caused considerably the case of political instability in the country. One of them was the British occupation of Iraq during the world war I lasted (1914-1918), then control on abilities of this country wholly that pushed the other foreign states to follow the way of Britain, especially after the discovery of oil in Iraq. So ; the U.S.A tried through its economic political, and cultural ambitions to intervene into the internal affairs of Iraq that caused the rivalry between it and Britain on the influence areas. As it is known, there are several studies and researches which dealt to the way of entering the British interests into Iraq, and the means used by Britain to intervene into the internal affairs of Iraq. Also similar researches and studies appeared which dealt with the American existence in Iraq and the way of entering the American interests in it.

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