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مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية

ISSN: 18176798
الجامعة: جامعة تكريت
الكلية: التربية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر كل شهرين عن كلية التربية
جامعة تكريت .

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number: +967481408058
E_mail:tikrit_university_journal@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 21 العدد: 2

Article
مهارة اللغة وغواية النص في رواية تمر الأصابع

المؤلفون: د. ابراهيم مصطفى الحمد
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Operates novel (pass fingers) novelist Iraqi expatriate "Mohsen sandy" on revolutionizing several axes of potential art novelist and Tqanath that combine the configuration and building architecture, art, investment shipments location and languages multiple, that place that indicates the dimension of the temporal - as that place does not only come linked by time - and of belonging to a certain epochs refers to what might be called (motivation), which is here revenge, which makes the lure of the text toward the fee charged questions received prospects, production and interpretation Address the novel to a certain stage in the history of Iraq , suffered through scenes and dialogues , and Mnolojat , highlighting the ability of the writer to draw contrasts and points of difference and convergence between the cultures of East and West , a novel ripple Bturagidea and Baltnaúaat and transformation and the conflict between traditional and modern , within the style narrative , based on the culture and wide and a thorough knowledge Baltqanat narrative , and how to employ them in action novelist. All that in the novel from cover to cover is accused of inciting harassment reader , we are not dealing here with a narrative text only on the basis of being imagined , since those are the touch of a novelist, it's a falsification of life he says , " Forster. " This study seeks to highlight the aesthetics of fiction , the novel, the aesthetics created by the conscious use of language skills and inimitable, in drawing the lure of the text , and create new prospects received in the reception of the text and production , taking advantage of the modern novel technologies.

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Article
الرُّدُودُ النَّحْوِيَّةُ فِي تَفْسِيْرِ رَوْحِ المَعَانِي للآلُوسِيّ (1270 هـ) ( المَرْفُوعَاتُ « الفَاعِل » أُنْمُوذَجَاً )

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الخلاصة

Abstract This research is taken from the Master thesis entitled (grammatical replies in the interpretation of the spirit of the meanings of the guardian (d. 1270 AH), and dealt with the responses that came about grammatical actor and his own jurisdiction aspects, which came on four issues, and these issues were as follows: 1. Actor deleted the source. 2. Effectiveness (km) 3. Vice actor offers. 4. Combining actors.

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Article
حقوق السفراء والرسل ودورهم في حل النزاعات الدولية

المؤلفون: د. بشير سلطان شهاب
الصفحات: 51-65
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The rights of emissaries and cousier and the role they play in the resolution of international conflicts the focus of discussions in international politics particularly after the emergence of monopolize American Imperialism and its authorization hegemony over the wealth of nations. Nowadays, every state is being threatened by an intervention in its territory. This has given rise to another attitude that contradicts this American hegemony. These problematic have complicated the issue of peace to the effect of rendering the role of the ambassador bereft of conflnencing ideas and politics antagonistic; to freedom of the people too. In this paper, I try to show the political presentation promulgated by Islamic law which lias lard down as well-designed and tightly-wesught for the organization of human relations. Explicating the role of the couriers and ambassadors and the political representation as well as the diplomatic amenities and privileges showing, at the same time, the legislative foundation, for them and their nature, asking the Almighty be exulted to actualize the hope we look forward to and God is the guidance.

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Article
الدستوران اليابانيان 1889 و 1947 دراسة تاريخية ( مُقارنة )

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. صالح حسن عبد الله
الصفحات: 66-99
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The importance of the charter in constructing each state, politically, economically and socially and what this enacting represents of inevitable necessity in organizing relation of states with its citizen on one hand, and external relation on the other hand. All that motivated us to research the importance of Japanese charters (1889 – 1947) and make acompersation between them. The first one at Mejes' time which was enacted in 1889 , and the second one after the world war two during the Amercan's occupying to Japan in 1947. Whereat the first one contributing in constructing state towards militarization and expand even Japan arrived in the last decade from the half first of 20th century or protrude colonialism states. The second charter contributed to Japan's converting to democracy and parliamentary state without loss it's peaceful and historical commiserate, it was traditional state on one hand, with complete conversion and changing towards modernization on the other hand.

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Article
تأثير انتاجية التربة على استعمالات الارض الزراعية في مشروع ري السلامية باستخدام تقنيات نظم المعلومات الجغرافية والاستشعار عن بعد

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Contributed to technical progress and information and the enormous potential of computers and the development of GIS software GIS and remote sensing RS in the development of methods and approaches geographical research and enabled geographers for the first time from the use and evaluation of complex models scales wide on both spatial and temporal. And enabled developments in mathematics geographical knowledge of geography restore unity being informed compound complex of environments and helped him to devise applicable models on the computer automated and led further development overtime, as well as a bigger role in the analysis and spatial modeling, is no longer a geographical note descriptive but has become incompatible with science talk based on the automatic analysis and measurement and connectivity using the models and theories of modern, geographical agricultural areas most geographical advantage of these technologies. in processing and spatial analysis uses farmland, addresses the current research the use of GIS software and remote sensing (RS & GIS), in a study spatial correlation between the soil and the spatial distribution of agricultural land uses in a phalanx agricultural project in Hamdaniya in Nineveh province.

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Article
المشكلات التخطيطية الناجمة عن توسع مدينة الصقلاوية

المؤلفون: د. عبد الرزاق محمد المحمدي
الصفحات: 124-153
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The planning problems caused by the expansion of the city of saqlawiyah. The research aims to identify the problem of planning resuiting from the expansion of the city of saqlawiyah that has grown and expanded longitudinally.This expansion has been accompanied by arrange of planning problems including random housing, transportation problem, the problem of agricultural land erosion, environmental pollution,the problem of green space and weak administratine tine bodies, so these problems need to be addressed. This research focuses on highlighting the most important of these problem s and the resulting effects, especially expansion in the city and the three types of expansion that will be mentioned.The study uses chi square and the population growth rate.

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Article
اثر التطرف المناخي على إنتاجية القمح في محافظة صلاح الدين

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
الحماية القانونية للحق في اللغة دراسة تحليلية في الدساتير والقوانين المقارنة

المؤلفون: د. ماجد نـجم عيدان --- د. فوزي حسين سلمان
الصفحات: 183-207
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Human Rights are many and different the highest of these Rights are those which related thought opinion and expression freedoms and how if this Rights is a mean of expression of all these Rights, specially Right of language . This research foxes on an important issue which is the Right of language, which does not mean that every citizen in the state has different language from other, but it means that he has common language in which he expresses himself and argue and communic ate it with . This research discusses and warranty of the important Right of man through constitutional foundation which organized by law and different legist lotions.

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Article
منهجية وآداب التدريس في المدارس الفقهية ( مدرسة الكوفة أنموذجاً )

المؤلفون: أ. م. د. صلاح الدين حسين خضير
الصفحات: 208-293
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الخلاصة

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Article
الفهم الخاطئ لمفاهيم العقيدة الإسلامية لدى طلبة قسم علوم القران الكريم والتربية الإسلامية في ضوء بعض المتغيرات

المؤلفون: د. أزهار طلال حامد عزيز الصفاوي
الصفحات: 294-326
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The present paper aimed at exploring the misunderstanding of the concepts of Islamic dogma at the department of Qur’anic Sciences and Islamic Education in the light of some variables. The sample consisted of 80 second year students (male and female) from morning study for the academic year (2011-2012). To achieve the goal of the study, the researcher prepared a questionnaire containing 70 concepts which are misunderstood by learners. The percentage of 34% and more was adopted as a criterion to consider the concept wrong, and 25 concepts were chosen. In the light of this, a question was raised for each concept in yes or no formula. Also, the keys of answer were prepared. The test was characterized by validity and reliability. After its application, collecting data, and the statistical analysis of the test, it became clear that: 1. The level of misunderstanding the concepts of Islamic dogma in the light of sex variable affirms that students in general are affected by a number of internal and external factors in formulating their dogmatic concepts , not to mention the directions made by university teachers and the teachers of the preparatory stage. Owing to circumstances, most students come from similar environment in spite of some differences which remain unseen. 2. The level of misunderstanding the concepts of Islamic dogma in the light of study variable indicates that students in their preparatory study may be far from understanding these concepts, because their study focuses on scientific materials and humanities, whereas the percentage was better in the Islamic preparatory school since their study deals with Islamic topics. 3. There is no a statistically significant difference among the members of the sample misunderstanding the concepts of Islamic dogma in the light of the variables of sex and the type of the preparatory study.

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Article
قياس مفهوم الذات الأكاديمية لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية وعلاقته بمتغير التخصص الدراسي

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The effectiveness of self-Academy plays an important role in the life of student, where he can determine the level of scientific and nature of specialization that suits its scientific and hence the interest in particular academic necessary in the educational process, as the low self-concept academic longer a problem educational must be resolved to enhance the confidence of the student himself and his ability to continue to study and strive to achieve success school, especially for preparatory whom they face many pressures in addition to that students are in adolescence and in the nature of the case, the teenager is facing many problems as well as the preparatory phase of the study is a transitional stage pave the request to the university and it is characterized by abundant scientific disciplines. The current research aims at: 1. Setting up an educational program to raise the effectiveness of academic self of fifth stage preparatory students (scientific and literature). 2. Knowing the level of the relationship of self-academic effectiveness of fifth stage preparatory students according to specialization variable (scientific and literature). The research consists of fifth stage preparatory students of two sections scientific and literature in the center of Mosul (4777) students spread over (27) schools, self-concept academic scale prepared by (Nouri, 2006) was applied on (250) students, psychometric characteristics of the scale have been extracted and the scale validity has been verified by submitting it to a group of experts, and verification of stability in a re-test, and extract the coefficient of discrimination with paragraphs after that was applied to (400) students. While the statistical tools were: (Berson’s correlation coefficient, and T-test for one sample point by serial), and the results shower: 1. The level of self-academic concept for fifth stage preparatory students (scientific and literature) was high. 2. There is a statistical sign relationship in the level of self-academic concept according to the specialization variable and in favor of literature specialization.

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Article
أثر استراتيجية المفاهيم الكرتونية في التحصيل والتفكير الجانبي لطلبة الأول المتوسط في الرياضيات

المؤلفون: أ. د. عبدالواحد حميد الكبيسي
الصفحات: 358-387
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Research aims to: measure the impact of strategic concepts cartoon in achievement in mathematics and lateral thinking of first grade students average. The researcher used a design set equal part between the two groups (experimental and control), and promising two tests, one Achievement and the other for lateral thinking and it was from the search results of the experimental group that studied strategy cartoon concepts to the control group that studied in the usual way in the collection and thinking

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Article
الذكاء الروحي وعلاقته بأساليب التفكير لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: م. نمير إبراهيم حميد الصميدعي
الصفحات: 388-431
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT I have witnessed in recent decades unprecedented interest with respect to understanding the public to human nature and functions of the mind of the human, and to identify the possibilities that can lead to learning, The changes taking place in the world in various aspects call for the need to invest human capacity and potential, has become the human mind is the first investment and most importantly, States are advancing their ability to invest mental energies carried by her sons, the need increases to be able to offer new solutions to the problems we suffer from social, educational and moral for the prosperity of society and paper But recent research on the subject of spiritual intelligence that such an extension to the theory of Gardner for Zkaúat multi As previously mentioned, it calls into question President could represent a core problem of the current study, the nature of spiritual intelligence and how to put in the field of scientific research and prove its existence as one of the types of intelligences and what is its relationship to other variables such methods of thinking and its association with features specific figure to be the basis for the start of further research, and shed more light on this concept and expand which increases the theoretical and practical knowledge by that particular matter of students of the university, who make up an important tributary in development, and a goal worthy of research and study , as the study of human and achieved ways of knowing and studies in multiple intelligences has become one of the priorities of the interesting psychologists Almarafaan. The research aims to: 1. measuring the level of spiritual intelligence among the students of the University of Tikrit. 2. Identify the established ways of thinking among the students of the University of Tikrit. 3. Get the relationship between the spiritual level of intelligence among the students of the University of Tikrit and Alaptvkir methods used to have. The researcher found the following results: 1. That the sample of students a high level of spiritual intelligence. 2. That students in the sample are characterized by a high level of physical sequential style of thinking. 3. There is a significant relationship between spiritual intelligence and all of the sequential physical style of thinking and style of sequential abstract thinking.

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Article
أساليب التعلم المفضلة لدى طلبة المرحلة الإعدادية وعلاقتها بالجنس والتخصص الدراسي

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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT The present study aimed at knowing the following: 1. the favorite learning styles of students of the preparatory stage. 2. The differences in the learning styles in accordance to the Sex variable (males-females). 3. The differences in the learning styles in accordance to the Specialization variable (scientific - humanity). The research at the students of the preparatory stage in Kirkuk City during the academic year 2012/ 2013. In order to achieve these aims; the researchers has applied both research tools on a random class sample of (430) male and female students from the 4st and 5th and 6th in scientific and humanity disciplines, distributed upon (8) of the preparatory schools. The tool were represented by the Learning styles scale as the Kolb Designed by the researchers. The researchers have verified the objectivity of scale through finding coefficients of validity and reliability. To verify the findings; the researchers have used suitable statistical means including: T-test, Pearson correlation coefficient and SPSS. Findings have shown the following:- 1. The sample of the students differ in the magnitude of their preference for learning styles. That most prevalent learning styles among the study sample is the (Diverges Style, followed by Assimilators Style, then Accommodators Style, and finally the Converges Style. 2. No difference has been shown among students of learning styles in gender variable (male / female). 3. A significant differences has been shown in all the Learning styles among variable (scientific / humanity) in favor of scientific. According to these results, the researcher has attained a number of suggestions and recommendations.

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Article
Means of Brainstorming and Developing Paragraphs

المؤلفون: Nuhail H. Saeed
الصفحات: 482-498
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT This study tackles the ways in which Iraqi students of English as a foreign language (EFL) gather ideas to use for writing composition. Specifically, the study deals with brainstorming which has different techniques . Moreover , the study shows the different methods the students can use to write and develop their paragraphs after brainstorming. The aim is to present these brainstorming techniques and indicate which one(s) students prefer most .Furthermore , this study sheds light on the students’ erroneous use of the brainstorming techniques. The result of the study revealed that Iraqi EFL students use listing most.

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Article
Seneca's Influence on Webster's Revenge Tragedy The Duchess of Malfi

المؤلفون: Taha Khalaf Salim
الصفحات: 499-523
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT It is universally admitted that Senecan drama was a turning point in the development of English tragedy. Seneca's tragedies, based on themes of Greek mythology, offered an admirable model that imposed one of the foremost influences on the English tragic writers of Elizabethan and Jacobean periods. Written in an atmosphere of gloom, Seneca's tragic plays immensely concentrated on themes of bloody revenge which were in harmony with the English taste. His stoicism and rhetoric represented significant participations to the Elizabethan form. John Webster was one of the Jacobean tragedians who continued the trend of stage violence and scan set by Elizabethan writers. Webster's The Duchess of Malfi, which arose as an identifying mark in the history of Jacobean revenge tragedy, is analysed in order to define the extent to which Webster was influenced by Seneca. The research also provides the reader with the basic information about Seneca and his tragedies, the concept of revenge tragedy, and a brief introduction about John Webster as a tragic writer. The aim is to establish the background of this study which ends with a conclusion to sum up the findings.

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Article
Testing Iraqi Foreign Language Learners' Awareness of English General Extenders

المؤلفون: Ziyad Ahmed Daham
الصفحات: 524-542
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT General extenders are very important expressions that are used to end utterances but extending them at the same time; by doing so, they indicate that there is much than what is said. They fall into two main kinds: adjunctive and disjunctive. Actually, the subject is somehow complex as to the different views of the scholars who discussed the subject. Therefore, in one hand, this paper aims at collecting and unifying information about the subject to make it clear for the reader what is meant by a general extender. On the other hand, this study aims at testing the students' awareness of such an important subject. It is, actually, hypothesized that the students at the University of Tikrit do not know what is meant by general extenders in English; and that they may have no idea of the main kinds of the subject. However, a test is built to find out whether the results agree with the hypotheses of this study or not. The fourth stage students in the Department of Translation in the College of Arts are chosen for analysis in this study.

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Article
The Themes of Revolt and Exile in Samuel Beckett's play Play

المؤلفون: Omar Mustafa Ahmad --- Dr. Mustafa Ahmad Mohammed
الصفحات: 543-554
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الخلاصة

ABSTRACT Samuel Beckett is probably the most well known of the absurdist playwrights because of his work Waiting for Godot. Beckett's plays seem to focus on the themes of the uselessness of human action, and the failure of the human race to communicate. His postwar era fame only came about in the 1950's when he published three novels and his famous play, Waiting for Godot. Play is one act play which was written in 1962- 1963; translated into French as Comedie by Beckett. This paper focuses on the themes of rebel and exile in this play.

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