Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

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Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
Mobile:
Email: joengbag@uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2014 volume:20 issue:5

Article
Fabricating a new Rheometer for Concrete
تصنيع جهاز قياس الانسيابية (الريوميتر) للخرسانة

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Abstract

A new concrete rheometer is introduced including its innovation, actual design, working rules, calibration, and reliability. A modified design of Tattersall two-point device is created. Some of components are purchased from local and foreign markets, while other components and the manufacturing process are locally fabricated. The matching viscosity method of determining the mixer viscometer constants is demonstrated and followed to relate torque and rotational speed to yield stress and viscosity (Bingham parameters). The calibration procedures and its calculation are explained. Water is used as a Newtonian fluid, while; cement paste (cement + water) with w/c ratio equal to (0.442) is used as a non-Newtonian fluid. The cement paste is tested in “Petroleum Research and Development Center” by “OFITE Model 800 Viscometer”. In order to verify the reliability of the new rheometer, an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) model with a well selected bank of data is constructed; and (16) Mixes of Self Compacting Concrete (SCC) are constructed, mixed and tested by the new Rheometer. The results from model (predicted) and those from the experimental work (measured) were found to have very good degrees of correlation and matching, which indicates that the new rheometer can be reliable.


Article
The Impact of Construction Systems Technology in Contemporary Architectural Product
اثر تكنولوجيا النظم ألمنشئية في النتاج المعماري المعاصر

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Abstract

This research examines the impact of construction technology systems in contemporary architectural production through the study of the evolution in it systems, construction materials and methods of construction in addition to the digital revolution which provided possibilities of structural and architectural design in creating a distinct architectural product, as considered construction systems technology is the source of creativity in the architectural product, the research is assumed that the construction systems technology have achieved a structural innovation in production through the materials and methods of construction and digital design. For Long time technology was connected to the global trend, but the contemporary trends of technology pointed out the possibility of achieving the character of place and confirm locality through construction systems technology, And it became this research to clarify the concept of construction systems technology through the definition of the concepts of the system in general and structural system in particular to identify aspects that supports the technological development of construction systems Which are summarized first, then analyze the relationship between construction systems technology and architectural product. The research reached to build a theoretical framework for the main and secondary vocabularies of construction systems technology and their possible formulations and their applications in a number of architectural projects that have defined by the literatures as excellence in construction technology systems . The research pointed out the role of technology and its progress and development in all fields, especially in the use and development of construction materials and methods of construction as well as advances in the computer applications in creating distinctive architecture within its spatial - temporal context.


Article
Studying the Behavior of Asphalt Stabilized Gepseous Soil for Earth Embankment Model
دراسة تصرف التربة الجبسية المحسنة بالاسفلت لنموذج تعلية ترابية

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Abstract

The study presents the test results of stabilizing gypseous soil embankment obtained from Al- Faluja university Campus at Al-Ramady province. The laboratory investigation was divided into three phases, The physical and chemical properties, the optimum liquid asphalt (emulsion) requirements (which are manufactured in Iraq) were determined by using one dimensional unconfined compression strength test.in the first phase , The optimum fluid content was 11% (6% of emulsion with 5% water content).. At phase two, the effect of Aeration technique was investigated using both direct shear and permeability test. At phase three for the case of static load , the pure soil embankment model under dry test condition was investigated, The testing program included the determination of the unconfined compressive strength, direct shear strength, constant head permeability test, and one dimensional consolidation test for pure and asphalt stabilized gypseous soil. Testing was carried out in dry and absorbed conditions, the maximum pressure that can be supported before failure (ultimate sustained pressure) is 0.76 MPa with vertical settlement (0.21 mm) . However, For the pure soil embankment model under absorbed condition it was found that the maximum pressure before failure (ultimate sustained pressure) is 0.3 MPa with vertical settlement (12 mm), Which reflects the reduction in bearing capacity by (61%). Compression was made for absorbed stabilized soil and un-absorbed soil tested under hydraulic conductivity test for seven days, the results showed that a very low margin deffeneces in maximum pressure resistance and settlement were obtained (4.38 MPa , 0.11mm ) and (4.11MPa , 0.12mm).


Article
A Comparative Study of Various Intelligent Algorithms Based Nonlinear PID Neural Trajectory Tracking Controller for the Differential Wheeled Mobile Robot Model
دراسة مقارنة لخوارزميات ذكية متنوعة أساسه مسيطر تتابع مسار عصبي لأخطي تناسبي تكاملي تفاضلي لنموذج التحرك التفاضلي لإنسان آلي متنقل.

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Abstract

This paper presents a comparative study of two learning algorithms for the nonlinear PID neural trajectory tracking controller for mobile robot in order to follow a pre-defined path. As simple and fast tuning technique, genetic and particle swarm optimization algorithms are used to tune the nonlinear PID neural controller's parameters to find the best velocities control actions of the right wheel and left wheel for the real mobile robot. Polywog wavelet activation function is used in the structure of the nonlinear PID neural controller. Simulation results (Matlab) and experimental work (LabVIEW) show that the proposed nonlinear PID controller with PSO learning algorithm is more effective and robust than genetic learning algorithm; this is demonstrated by the minimized tracking error and obtained smoothness of the velocity control signal, especially when external disturbances are applied.


Article
Analysis of Mosul and Haditha Dam Flow Data
تحليل تدفق البيانات لسدي الموصل وحديثة

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Abstract

The expansion in water projects implementations in Turkey and Syria becomes of great concern to the workers in the field of water resources management in Iraq. Such expansion with the absence of bi-lateral agreement between the three riparian countries of Tigris and Euphrates Rivers; Turkey, Syria and Iraq, is expected to lead to a substantially reduction of water inflow to the territories of Iraq. Accordingly, this study consists of two parts: first part is aiming to study the changes of the water inflow to the territory of Iraq, at Turkey and Syria borders, from 1953 to 2009; the results indicated that the annual mean inflow in Tigris River was decreased from 677 m3/sec to 526 m3/sec, after operating Turkey reservoirs, while in the Euphrates River the annual mean inflow was decreased from 1006 m3/sec to 627m3/sec after operating Syria and Turkey reservoirs. Second part is forecasting the monthly inflow and the water demand under the reduced inflow data. The results show that the future inflow of the Tigris River is expected to decrease to 57%, and reaches 301m3/sec. The Mosul reservoir will be able to supply 64% only of the water requirements to the downstream. The share of Iraq from the inflow of the Euphrates River is expected to be 58%, therefore the future inflow will reach 290 m3/sec. The Haditha reservoir will be able to supply 46% only of the water requirements to the downstream, due to reduced inflow at Iraqi border in the future.


Article
Dynamic Behavior of Pb(II) and Cr(III) Biosorption onto Dead Anaerobic Biomass in Fixed-Bed Column, Single and Binary Systems
السلوك الديناميكي من الرصاص (II) والكروم (III) الامتزاز الحيوي على الكتلة اللاهوائية الحيوية الميتة في عمود ثابت الكتلة، نظام مفرد و ثنائي

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Abstract

The biosorption of lead (II) and chromium (III) onto dead anaerobic biomass (DAB) in single and binary systems has been studied using fixed bed adsorber. A general rate multi- component model (GRM) has been utilized to predict the fixed bed breakthrough curves for single and dual-component system. This model considers both external and internal mass transfer resistances as well as axial dispersion with non-liner multi-component isotherm (Langmuir model). The effects of important parameters, such as flow rate, initial concentration and bed height on the behavior of breakthrough curves have been studied. The equilibrium isotherm model parameters such as maximum uptake capacities for lead (II) and chromium (III) were found to be 35.12 and 23.84 mg g-1 respectively. While pore diffusion coefficients (Dp) were obtained to be 7.23×10-11 and 3.15×10-11 m2 s-1 for lead (II) and chromium (III) respectively from batch experiments. The results show that the general rate model was found correct for describing the biosorption process of the dynamic behavior of the DAB adsorber column.


Article
Biogas Recovery from Anaerobic Co-Digestion of Poultry House Wastes for Clean Energy Production
استخلاص الغاز الحيوي من الهضم اللاهوائي المشترك لمخلفات الدواجن لانتاج الطاقة النظيفة

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Abstract

Anaerobic digestion is a technology widely used for treatment of organic waste for biogas production as a source for clean energy. In this study, poultry house wastes (PHW) material was examined as a source for biogas production. The effects of inoculum addition, pretreatment of the substrate, and temperature on the biogas production were taken into full consideration. Results revealed that the effect of inoculum addition was more significant than the alkaline pretreatment of raw waste materials. The biogas recovery from inoculated waste materials exceeds its production from wastes without inoculation by approximately 70% at mesophilic conditions. Whereby, the increase of biogas recovery from pretreated wastes was by 20% higher than its production from untreated wastes at mesophilic conditions. The thermophilic conditions improved the biogas yield by approximately 73%. The kinetic of bio-digestion process was well described by modified Gompertz model and the experimental and predicted values of biogas production were fitted well with correlation coefficient values > 0.96 suggesting favorable conditions of the process.


Article
A study of the Effect of Air Inlet and Exit on Indoor Air Movement
دراسة تأثير مدخل ومخرج الهواء على حركة الهواء داخل غرفه

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Abstract

This work consists of a numerical simulation to predict the velocity and temperature distributions, and an experimental work to visualize the air flow in a room model. The numerical work is based on non-isothermal, incompressible, three dimensional, turbulence model, and solved using a computational fluid dynamic (CFD) approach, involving finite volume technique to solve continuity, momentum and energy equations, that governs the room’s turbulent flow domain. The experimental study was performed using (1/5) scaled room model of the actual dimensions of the room to simulate room air flow and visualize the flow pattern using smoke generated from burnt herbs and collected in a smoke generator to delivered through the prototype room. The numerical results were compared with those obtained from experiments, the correspondence between numerical and experimental was fairly good and also, a fair comparison was found with other workers in this field.


Article
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Incompressible Flow over an Iced Airfoil
التحليل التجريبي والعددي لجريان لاانضغاطي حول مطيار مثلج

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Abstract

Determining the aerodynamic characteristics of iced airfoil is an important step in aircraft design. The goal of this work is to study experimentally and numerically an iced airfoil to assess the aerodynamic penalties associated with presence of ice on the airfoil surface. Three iced shapes were tested on NACA 0012 straight wing at zero and non-zero angles of attack, at Reynolds No. equal to (3.36*105). The 2-D steady state continuity and momentum equations have been solved utilizing finite volume method to analyze the turbulent flow over a clean and iced airfoil. The results show that the ice shapes affected the aerodynamic characteristics due to the change in airfoil shape. The experimental results show that the horn iced airfoil consumes more power than the other shapes of ice, its value was (44.4W). The horn iced shape has the worst effect on the airfoil than the other shapes. The present results are compared with previously reported results; it is found there is a very good agreement between them. A comparison between the experimental and computational results of the presented work were pursing the same behavior.


Article
Deep Desulfurization of Diesel Fuel by Guard Bed Adsorption of Activated Carbon and Locally Prepared Cu-Y Zeolite
ازالة كبيرة للمركبات الكبريتيه من وقود الديزل باستخدام عمود امتزاز مكون من كاربون منشط و Cu-Y zeolite محضر محليا

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Abstract

Desulfurization of a simulated diesel fuel by different adsorbents was studied in a fixed-bed adsorption process operated at ambient temperature and pressure. Three different adsorption beds were used, commercial activated carbon, Cu-Y zeolite, and layered bed of 15wt% activated carbon followed by Cu-Y zeolite.Initially Y-zeolite was prepared from Iraqi rice husk and then impregnated with copper. In general, the adsorbents tested for total sulfur adsorption capacity at break through followed the order Ac/Cu-Y zeolite>Cu-Y zeolite>Ac. The best adsorbent, Ac/Cu-Y zeolite is capable of producing more than 30 cm3 of simulated diesel fuel per gram of adsorbent with a weighted average content of 5 ppm-S, while Cu-Y zeolite producing of about 20 cm3 of diesel fuel per gram of adsorbent with a weighted average content of 2ppm-S. Activated carbon breaks through almost immediately.


Article
Gas Flow Formation in the Inertial Filtering (IF) Gas Separators Curvilinear Channels
انشاء نموذج لتدفق الغاز في قناة منحنية الاضلاع لعوازل غازية تعمل بالقصور الذاتي مع الفلاتر

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Abstract

This paper deals with an up to date problem for oil and gas industry- separation of the gas -fluid fogs. Here is described the worked out physical model of the gas movement process in the sections of the inertial filtering (IF) gas separators. One can find the mathematical model for research of the fields of velocities and pressures in the inertial curvilinear channel. The main simplifications and assumptions are explained. This mathematical model has been made using mathematical program Maple and it is received the 3-d graphic of the distribution componential speed parts in the channel and also 2-d graphics at the channel sectional view when the flow is flat. The new method for gas - fluid systems separation is suggested.

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