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مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2013 المجلد: العدد: 14

Article
The impact of the teaching of selected texts in the development of critical thinking and expressive performance of students at the fourth grade literary
أثر تدريس نصوص مختارة في تنمية التفكير الناقد والاداء التعبيري لدى طالبات الصف الرابع الادبي

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الخلاصة

It soon problems expression accumulated to address even added to the problems of contemporary imposed by changes in the social, economic and political, was accelerating the growing volume of information, as it is noted that a large number of students at various stages of the study suffer from the weakness apparent in the expression, both oral and written. The one speaking the language of sound emerged Emirates fatigue on his language, has suddenly stopped by to unload what he wants to say from the words, or perhaps resort to the vernacular speech feed them, or what are unable to complete their


Article
Scientific values ​​associated with the scientific thinking of students at the College of Basic Education and its relationship with some variables
القيم العلمية المصاحبة للتفكير العلمي لدى طلاب كلية التربية الأساسية وعلاقتها ببعض المتغيرات

المؤلفون: Abdul Salam Jawdat عبد السلام جودت
الصفحات: 21-48
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الخلاصة

This study aimed to determine the values ​​that accompany the scientific thinking of students at the Faculty of Basic Education, and identify problems that hinder the development of scientific values ​​have from the perspective of the students, and know the effect of variables: Specialization and academic level and the level of education of the father and the mother's education level on average responses of members of the study sample


Article
Understand and apply formulas morphological among the students of the Department of Arabic in the College of Basic Education
فهم الصيغ الصرفية وتطبيقها لدى طلبة قسم اللغة العربية في كلية التربية الأساسية

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الخلاصة

From the facts that no longer obvious to one is twice the population of Arab intellectuals in the subjects of Arabic teachers and students in disciplines and levels of education of all, and can not be seen to weak students in isolation from the weakness of their teachers, and vice versa, and that the university professor Ghaderaly remedy is to his Arabic with some effort and time, if Anse in the same order on it


Article
Djimorvologih ideas in the Arab-Islamic heritage geographical when some Muslim scholars
الافكار الجيمورفولوجية في التراث الجغرافي العربي الإسلامي عند بعض علماء المسلمين

المؤلفون: Heba Salem Sultan هبة سالم يحيى السلطان
الصفحات: 74-88
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الخلاصة

The study heritage Arab geographer step necessary and vital to the development of geographical knowledge and enrich and advance to the level it deserves as the consolidation of the ideas that came by our scientists Muslims is a recognition of originality and identity for sound scientific, and received ideas geomorphological in heritage books geographical Islamic very important and distinct feet where Muslims are a lot of ideas by which they can identify what they said of the new ideas and devised theories, and no doubt they did not rely on theoretical frameworks, but rather combined their ideas field studies Vtnauloa the topography of the land and the appearance of the mountains and rocks and valleys as well as the distribution of dry and water and external factors responsible for the formation of rivers and seas in addition to esoteric factors such as earthquakes, volcanoes and its role in the formation of the final surface of the earth and put her rules and has become the basis of the first pillar of the studies that followed Djimorvologih


Article
Compatibility neuromuscular and its relationship to the strength and accuracy of the correction of the handball players
التوافق العصبي العضلي وعلاقته في قوة ودقة التصويب للاعبي كرة اليد

المؤلفون: Mayson Alwan ميسون علوان عوده
الصفحات: 89-100
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الخلاصة

The Handball is one of the games, which largely depend on the extent of mastering basic motor skills and the vehicle which is also characterized by a special character being played by hand and quickly large, especially during scrolling and correction and receipt, etc., so that it is directing the ball accurately and quickly at the same time and requires a high degree of focus and precision and this possible through the amount of muscle involved in the performance and the possibility of control and in different parts of the body


Article
The impact of self-questioning strategy in the development of reading comprehension skills among the students of the second grade average
أثر إستراتيجية التساؤل الذاتي في تنمية مهارات الفهم القرائي لدى طلبة الصف الثاني المتوسط

المؤلفون: Ahmed Saleh أحمد صالح نهابة
الصفحات: 101-125
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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify the effect of self-questioning strategy in the development of some of the skills of reading comprehension among students in second grade average. To achieve the goal of the research researcher experimental method used, where applied research on the total sample size of 60 students from the second row in the Mediterranean province of Babylon. Were distributed into two groups consisting of experimental (30) students studied according to the strategy of self-questioning, the officer made up of 30 students studied in the usual way.


Article
The Fatimids and the Crusader invasion
الفاطميون والغزو الصليبي

المؤلفون: Haifa Assem Mohammed هيفاء عاصم محمد الطيار
الصفحات: 126-181
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الخلاصة

Ruled the Fatimid dynasty (297-567 AH / 909-1171 AD) over two and a half decades, many parts of the Muslim world, and in spite of the strength and breadth of its influence and the ability of successors to manage its own affairs, but has not spared from criticism directed at it from some historians Sometimes stab in the proportions of successors and sometimes Anatonhm titles abasement and humiliation and sometimes a third accusing them of failing to support Islam during the crawl Crusader on the Levant, although some Islamic forces collaborated with the Crusaders match ambitions figure they provided them with what they need of supplies and ammunition and cast guide them to the road that led them eventually to get to Jerusalem


Article
Dispute about the UAE and Saudi Buraimi Oasis and the British position and the American ones
النزاع الإماراتي السعودي حول واحة البريمي والموقف البريطاني والأمريكي منها

المؤلفون: Star Allk ستار عللك الطفيلي
الصفحات: 182-195
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الخلاصة

he oasis of Buraimi highlighted oases of the Arabian Peninsula, The importance of being available where large amounts of fresh water and palm plantations in the middle of the desert, a fertile ground for the cultivation of grains, fruits and vegetables, making it a conflict zone between the countries border it such as Saudi Arabia, Abu Dhabi and Oman, and played Britain a major role in fueling the conflict to maintain its interests in the Gulf region, has included research site and the population of the oasis where we note that the location is a crossroads linking the north and south of the Arabian Peninsula, and that the population of the Arab tribes authentic follow some of them to Saudi Arabia and the other part of the Emirate of Abu Dhabi


Article
Article (exchange) in the Qur'an
مادة (صَرَفَ) في القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

Study material is root and derivatives in the Koran useful and important for many reasons; were no material (exchange) in the Holy Quran buildings in many, but came on (7) architectures, while the number of words that came out of buildings, which include discharges material from the name and did past and present tense and order, and built and built for the unknown to known, were the (30) the word spread on the wall of the Quran Majeed


Article
Binaries speech in rhetoric and approach the speaking voices
ثنائيات الخطاب في نهج البلاغة والأصوات الناطقة فيه

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الخلاصة

Do not exaggerating if we say that a particular approach Rhetoric inexhaustible, and can not be sounding Oguarh including its content and take full significance of jellyfish variety; product of genius because it brilliantly produced the highest Bmarjaaat holistic arts say actress Koran in a glorious and prophetic saying Sam. So varied topics discourse in Nahj great diversity, and is full of such travel immortal manifestations are well known from the scientific, educational, literary, making it an arena for all students on the various specialties, it will find all the wandering ... Perhaps this is what concerns us here is to look at aspects of the literary; since making No doubt that literary researcher will find plenty of room for Literature High crossing - regardless of the opinion of its origin and its goals - the language of literary designated copyright and stay away from affectation and obscurity, guaranteeing it a permanence and immortality.


Article
Imitating gender in Islamic societies clothing model
التشبه بين الجنسين في المجتمعات الإسلامية الملابس أنموذجا

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الخلاصة

Passed Islamic civilization Basor multiple, and during her long historical undergone many variables and at all levels and levels, and perhaps the social level is the other had a share register variables and these variables are: to imitate and disguise costumed in both sexes in the Islamic civilization, and do not claim to be imitating the attire and clothing the Arab-Islamic civilization prized find it and work it, even imitating gender emerged during earlier civilizations of Islam, and it can be said that the variables negative not positive, and each variable stands behind many conditions, including the desire and choose other for force and coercion, and that this phenomenon Results and negative social repercussions.


Article
The level of use of punctuation marks at the university teaching
مستوى استعمال علامات الترقيم عند التدريسي الجامعي

المؤلفون: Isra Fadel Amin اسراء فاضل امين
الصفحات: 257-275
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الخلاصة

One day there was a date between the human and the board mud and write it in a way painting with words, at the time and found the desired word enlist first patented in the ancient world through the ages, and when he was writing the last axis of skills any language including Arabic, they constitute a field spacious hurt it students what they have learned through other language arts: listening, reading, and speaking, and through its various branches.


Article
Caliph Abu Jafar al-Mansur and his role in the building of Baghdad
الخلـــيـفـة أبو جـعـفــر المـنـصـور ودوره فـي بـنـاء بــغــداد

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الخلاصة

Baghdad, the capital of the Abbasid state of glory and Oarthh Babylon High with a history of a prosperous and bright future and civilization glorious exquisite, which is so of famous cities, and felt Magl that saw the capital of capitals of the world this capital, large and great city has a role in the history of different Dharoppe and types of war history and culture and the arts and sciences as well as political history, it is the freedom that make up her recorded civilization hundreds of records to uncover her face civilization since they appear to the worlds and Dahh forehead and a marvel of readers, has been described Baghdad as having been one of the greatest cities Engineering and tighter as he brought Mansour engineers, builders, surveyors and manufacturers of carpenters, blacksmiths Such having a form of fortified city that wants its inception and asked if he sees Balachttat eye view Fathqgaha and knew drawn


Article
National Identity vs. Identity Sub
الهوية الوطنية مقابل الهوية الفرعية

المؤلفون: Hazem Ahmed Majeed حازم مجيد أحمد الدوري
الصفحات: 297-309
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الخلاصة

Tended the political developments in Europe in the second half of the nineteenth century, towards a political entity on a national basis - a nation-state, was to mark the establishment of two states, two large built composition structural on those foundations nationalism was Italy and Germany, and the act is removed and the farthest Imad political structure of the state and Mqovernma first then - religion and doctrine - that was liberated administrative institutions and the constitutional limitations of the church and monks, reflected gradually to other European countries. In particular, they live an era filled with political variables and scientific innovations which in turn has affected one way or another in the forty-life scientific and practical thrust of the development of civilization and civil


Article
Problems university youth "field study on a sample of students from the University of Samarra"
مشكلات الشباب الجامعي " دراسة ميدانية على عينة من طلبة جامعة سامراء "

المؤلفون: Sahib Asaad Waies صاحب أسعد ويس الشمري
الصفحات: 310-328
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الخلاصة

Consists community (every community) different sectors of the children, youth and elders, and the communities distinctive Kalsnaa, farmers, traders and owners of science and politics, and a healthy society is a society that knows how to fit between these sectors and communities, identifies duties and respects their rights, and creates them an integrated unit which is the homeland and the nation , and in our communities do not assess the weight of the Children's Fund, nor noticed it takes the world of young people, so the suffering of young people from the problems of varying due to the variation of these communities, and the methods of breeding for their children and the values ​​they believe in, and young adulthood is characterized by the presence of many of the pressures and hardships suffered by the members of this phase, making them Many suffer from problems


Article
Society and the State and Education at the brothers serenity and fulfillment Holan
المجتمع والدولة والتربية والتعليم عند أخوان الصفاء وخلان الوفاء

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الخلاصة

The goal of this research is an attempt to study the society, the state and education when brothers serenity and Holan meet, through their letters the two session, which were planted in the community during the fourth century, that our choice of concepts (the community and the state and Education) at the Brethren of Purity, started from the conviction the existence of a common denominator linking these concepts a (human), Man is the nucleus of society and the basic foundation upon which all laws and social systems in any society, and the state it is the tool that control and regulate human life, and the potential of human and abilities check state programs, objectives and policies, while Human Target is a central and fundamental to any educational philosophy and teaching in various human societies.


Article
Contribution strategies Calendar Alternative (Alternative Evaluation) in improving the quality of education
اسهامات ستراتيجيات التقويم البديل (Alternative Evaluation) في تحسين جودة التعليم

المؤلفون: Thani Hussain Khaja ثاني حسين خاجي
الصفحات: 352-363
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الخلاصة

Aaadaltqoam a key element in the system of the educational process is leading an active role in their success with its trail of balance and integration between the various components, and what was the organizer of educational reform must revolves around three key issues are: What should students learn? And how they learn? Then how are measuring their progress? Therefore, we can say what did not extend development to Calendar simply change the content of the curriculum and teaching and learning become irrelevant without a broad vision of the calendar, is also evaluating students' learning of the most important stages of the educational process and the most closely development of educational sought by many educational systems Bvelsvadtha different, While acknowledging the importance and seriousness of the role of evaluation in the educational process, but the practice in our schools styles Calendar standing stumbling block all attempts to reform and wasted no effort to develop, as it is limited to the calendar on the conduct of examinations that measure achievement, as it became the exam is the only way to judge the level of students and shortened all the learning outcomes on one side only is the collection of information prescribed in textbooks, which made the exam a goal in itself


Article
The development of colleges of education in the light of the principles of reliability and overall quality
تطوير كليات التربية في ضوء الاعتمادية ومبادئ الجودة الشاملة

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الخلاصة

Education process alive are affected by what is happening from the evolution of scientific and technical in the world and this is reflected influence on all inputs and outputs, including its institutions, which means the upbringing of individuals, which requires the re-formation of these institutions to cope with the developments and changes in life have received operations to develop educational institutions with great interest in the most countries of the world, and enjoyed the overall quality beside Much of this attention because it means the orientation of all employees and political systems and methods and processes in order to create favorable conditions for creativity and innovation, and ensure that the requirements that predispose director attain the desired level of excellence as a result came current research highlights the development of colleges of education between Accreditation and Quality


Article
Uniformity in Surat Unification
التوحيد في سورة التوحيد

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الخلاصة

Al-fidelity "Sura pure no where mentioned nothing of this world and the hereafter," purposes to prove the oneness of God, it Samad which are not intended to meet her needs of others, and keeping it above the Almighty for attributes Innovations Kalold and parent and childbirth - neutralize to some believing that God can be born Kaassa peace be upon him - and innocence of the company and partner


Article
Semantic condensation to use "rain" when the poet Badr Shakir Sayyab read deliberative disruption between semantic and Culture Results
التكثيف الدلالي لاستعمال "مطر" عند الشاعر بدر شاكر السياب قراءة تداولية بين التعطيل الدلالي والثقافة الدلالية

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الخلاصة

There is no doubt that the poet when used words depends on use of its principles of reverse and selection; in order to achieve the widely used is based on the semantic own this word or that, and often intentionally poet to terms Vicsabha connotations lattice specific him; comes has Thelont colors semantic variety, and this I wanted his statement in the system semantic poet Badr Shaker Sayyab by employing the word "rain" which was one of the semantic has predominated; employed to clear him and the impact of environmental or cultural linguistic semantic employ this word. The statement came so dependent contextual semantic analysis which seeks poetic significance, and prospects semantic seconds and Trinities for this use is likely that many of the semantic categories, particularly when viewed in the light of semantic deliberative which is inseparable from the semantic fixed


Article
Fragments of a life companion Ubada bin Alsamit Al-Ansari
شذرات من حياة الصحابي عبادة بن الصامت الأنصاري

المؤلفون: Zainab Fadhil Morgan زينب فاضل مرجان
الصفحات: 397-412
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الخلاصة

Each nation men painted the history and glory, were starry Almtlilih in the skies, and these men Companion Ansari bin silent worship this man who swore allegiance to the Prophet  that does not take in God to anybody as long, and the truth of the covenant with God and His Messenger it, was the name for the brilliant between companions, It enjoyed great prestige, was the leader and ambassador, teacher and interpreter and judge, as well as a narrator to talk, and talking books contain a lot of his speeches and his many disciples in Syria, Egypt and Palestine


Article
Zainab nymph sermon for peace in the Council over the study of semantic
خطبة الحوراء زينب عليها السلام في مجلس يزيد دراسة دلالية

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الخلاصة

There is in human history a large number of men and women Nbgua Nboga abnormal in various fields of science and the arts Vnaloa notorious big unlimited in the Islamic world as well as the admiration and the admiration and analysis because they Amtazoa the benefits of their abundance on the other, and the guardians of God in the forefront of the talented to multiple aspects of the genius in them. The Prophet's Tahar pizza included men and women were the headlines in the newspaper and preexisting configuration. We discussed this talk about the lady lived three centuries and a half century has characterized her life for the lives of other women's history it Sayeda Zeinab big girl of Imam Ali bin Abi Talib (AS) is a rare anecdotes of the universe, and any creativity in the creation of God, The Forum verses greatness and pride of history


Article
جهود الاستاذ امين الخولي في تجديد البلاغة العربية (عرض وتحليل ونقد)

المؤلفون: نوال جاسم محمد
الصفحات: 423-435
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الخلاصة

The Arabic Rhetoric in the first inception girl instinct and say nice and expression summary, and when Islam came and went down the Qur'an took care of Arab scientists with great care; to relate scientific miraculous nature of the Qur'an; therefore cut Arabic Rhetoric stages and strides are different, and moved between scientists from generation to generation until Astute on the market , and set its parameters, and reached the stage of maturity and prosperity, which added to the rhetoric looks great, and new theories has been credited with the establishment of this science, formulation and development of content and methodology and approach, and such stage the best representation Abdul omnipotent Jerjani (d. 471 AH). But this did not last long, no longer rhetoric free in the division and supply, what if it comes in the sixth century Islamic turned up the rhetoric to the rules, and formulas set and the Court has singled out Alskaki (d. 626 AH), the third section of the book (the key science) to respect the art of rhetoric, and took the approach scientifically accurate in classifying and search topics, and became his final image, which froze the Science Arabic Rhetoric


Article
Indication of rhythmic structure in speeches Sayeda Zeinab (peace be upon her)
دلالة البنية الإيقاعية في خطب السيدة زينب (عليها السلام)

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الخلاصة

Talking to like about the place of nymph Zainab (AS), because mention of radiation spiritual reflected on all of the income to him, as we see scientist knowledgeable, and parameter updated, which teach women, and tells them men, and we see the rebel combatant who left home and joined up with Imam Hussein ( p), and we see Fiancee which improvise in front of the masses of Kufa, in the Council of Ibn Ziad, and the Council of increases, where the men of judgment, Ibkmt mouths and incapacitated minds, no doubt that the independence of any words with certain letters in her speeches, earning them a taste of audio-derived nature of nature sounds and Ngmha and Jursha which suggests the impact of the special concert, extrapolates from the inclusion of letters each to the others, and here it is clear aim of the study highlight the level of the voice, and the importance of the qualities of characters in the embodiment of acts and events, aspect voice is based mainly on rhythm and melody voice, through consistency is strange that we see in the juxtaposition and symmetry contextual to Vote , a director and a recipe, and signatories to suggest these voices in photography


Article
Parting the hair Abbasi
الفراق في الشعر العباسي

المؤلفون: Thaer Samir Hassan ثائر سمير حسن الشمري
الصفحات: 449-474
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الخلاصة

Maybe look the word parting word normal within the Dictionary of the Arabic language, in terms of shape and draw the alphabet, but essentially suggests what is much more, especially for those who have suffered pain that substance actually tangible, unity is able to give its exact meaning without Astt it or overestimates in essence, draw a picture of it inside the complex. And look the importance of studying theme of separation, especially in the hair, by the people all of whom are exposed to, whether in parting beloved, or in the parting friends, or when differentiates death between them and their loved ones, or when invading soldiers graying heads, Vtbad them young people who cherish it, and upheld The secret of a happy life, without which were feeling only the fear of near death, and the complaint of Health go and pleasures of life in general


Article
Message in the interpretation attributed to Imam Askari (AS) written by Sheikh rhetorical (1282 -1352 e e) - study and investigation
رسالة في التفسير المنسوب للإمام العسكري (ع) تأليف الشيخ البلاغي (1282هـ-1352هـ) - دراسة وتحقيق

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الخلاصة

Is Sheikh Mohammed Jawad bin Sheikh Hassan bin Sheikh Talib bin Sheikh Abbas bin Sheikh Ibrahim bin Sheikh Hussein bin Sheikh Abbas bin Sheikh Hassan bin Sheikh Abbas bin Mohammed Ali bin Mohammed rhetorical, due attributed to (Rabia), one of the tribes, the famous, and the family of Al rhetoric of Anajafip large families Almsthrh beholden ancient literature and science and piety has given birth to many of the men of science and knowledge in various fields of science, and the title is due to the rhetorical (Muhammad Ali) of grandparents rhetorical Sheikh (may Allah have mercy on him) died in 1000 AH


Article
Wholesale poetic narratives in the novel (minimum existence,) model
الجملة الشعرية في السرديات رواية (دنيا الوجد) أنموذجا

المؤلفون: Safa Al-Din Ahmad Fadel صفاء الدين أحمد فاضل
الصفحات: 501-513
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الخلاصة

Wholesale poetry is that sentence which derives its bid of syntax, linguistic and stylistic and metrical and rhetorical, fitted stems from the characteristics of poetry, and perhaps the language important tool to transfer the experience of the creator stalled on the link internal relations in the text and find words appropriate within the context of the transfer of meaning, use her creative buildings lattice structures rhetorical and linguistic within the scene one, as it turned out this sentence to format expressive stand-alone, as that system Vocabulary assesses relations reciprocal controlled by emotion and experience more of the control system grammar ... and the confluence of compositions within the layout script requires the writer to return to the dictionary poetic to select vocabulary that keep pace with the emotional experience. Starts the search of a glimpse at the unfinished narrative has a sweetly poetic stopped is poetic language nested within the narrative and his staff such as dialogue, for example, are broadcast life in narrative prose stimulate action narrative and gives the flavor of fresh, Sarkin it and touch it in prose, not poetry, as confirmed by the critics in their study of inter poetic text poetic, ideas of this multiple search, but vigil task which is the lexicon of poetry and language, and the language spoken vernacular and employ them within the text narrative and linguistic structures as the need for literary uses writer and employed in place to confirm the meaning and be proven ... this done narrative novel (minimum existence,) to Dr. Jubair Saleh Hamadi which overflowed Baoualem lattice studied in the sentence capillary


Article
Philosophy of social solidarity when Imam Ali (his reign to the owner of Ashtar model)
فلسفة التكافل الاجتماعي عند الإمام علي (عهده إلى مالك الأشتر أنموذجا)

المؤلفون: Rahim Ali رحيم علي صياح
الصفحات: 514-534
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الخلاصة

The social solidarity in Islam on the basis of intellectual and ideological stems from the heart of Islamic law that has made it a priority to complete the morals This was not the right imposed by the will power and algebra on the contrary systems of solidarity and social security in the modern era and completed forms after World War II, as a result of individual claims and associations, and a sense of governments that peace and security Alohliyn can not be achieved unless it is of interest, and extending a helping hand to individuals who need help and assistance to cope with the difficulties of life, while the idea of ​​social solidarity in Islam the idea advanced beyond mere cooperation among the people, or to provide helper objects a time of weakness and the need for, and its building is not a social need, which imposes itself at a certain time or a particular place, but derives its social solidarity in Islam, its building of the principle of the decision in the law, which is the principle of state exchanged between believers in the community


Article
Assets of grammar when I'm thinking about taking (d. 392 AH) (in his book properties)
أصول التفكير النحويّ عند ابن جنيّ (ت392هـ) (في كتابه الخصائص)

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الخلاصة

This research reading in assets grammar when I'm thinking about taking on his characteristics; for being one of the first scientists who continued to Arab science, and the pride of his properties in the history of authorship when Arab scholars, and scientists still admired by the Arabs and the West alike. A. I'm taking this book; to discuss public order language platform of represents the views of his teacher Abu Ali Persian (d. 377 AH) based on the study of language study of structural and functional, explained outs of the language at the beginning of this book, the difference between words and speech, and the meaning of grammar, expression and construction, and touched on the origin of Language, revealed is the mother of the term? He explained that the goal of this book founding origins as similar to the principles of jurisprudence, he studied origins as an extensive study and detailed, and took care of a lot aspect applied, one who meditates in the book features up to the conclusion that those who wrote in assets as laws and Arabic are the children of what was written by son reap


Article
Outward appearance of women and their relationship to its own conduct religious field social study on a sample of students from the University of Babylon (College of Arts, Science Koran, Pure Science, College of Agriculture)
المظهر الخارجي للمرأة وعلاقتها بسلوكها الديني دراسة اجتماعيه ميدانيه على عينة من طالبات جامعة بابل (كلية الآداب ، علوم القرآن ، العلوم الصرفة ، كلية الزراعة)

المؤلفون: Ammar Salim Abdul-Hamza عمار سليم عبد حمزة
الصفحات: 557-573
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الخلاصة

2003 was not just a break between the end of the regime and the beginning of a new system, but the form of a coup in all concepts of political, social and cultural rights. Amid the chaos that engulfed the country during the past years have emerged to the surface of many ideologies, and some of them fell, making the Iraqi citizen at a loss and confusion between the incoming and accept ideas between adhering Bakdima. Because of the repression suffered by the Iraqis over many years under the former regime pushed a lot, especially from the youth segment and boys to break the social constraints that have limited their movement and left them in the rear lines of the ladder of civilization and progress Artqah young people around the world, and the center of the invasion vocabulary of modern technology that was banned Before 2003, such as the mobile phone and the Internet, and Satellite, which opened its channels limitless doors to enter the worlds were previously unknown to the Iraqis left this attack sudden raised by many of the young men and women some of them to notice the difference in lifestyle and wire for the tradition of all that is new to be able to catch up with the peace Evolutionary as is thought, and often benefited those of civilization Vqldoa strange phenomena in the clothing and social relationships and emotional all its offbeat and strange forgetting the customs and traditions that have grown up on them, lack of awareness of some people to make them easy prey for the West and its institutions, the media, which dominated the minds Vrogt vice and adornments for them and wast all that was ugly in their eyes became Sacred Halal and Halal (old-fashioned) and that the goal of this confusion for young minds to paralyze the movement and contaminate their thoughts on the one hand and tarnish the image of the Islamic religion and linked to manifestations of underdevelopment on the other hand


Article
A PRAGMATIC STUDY OF RHETORICAL - QUESTIONS IN SHAKESPEARE’S TWELFTH NIGHT AND HAMLET
دراسة واقعية للمسائل الخطابية في روايتي هاملت والليلة الثانية عشر لشكسبير

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الخلاصة

This paper is an attempt to study rhetorical questions (RQs) in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night and Hamlet. The study is hoped to achieve the following aims: investigating the numbers, employments and the functions of RQs in the two plays; showing the most common pragmatic functions of RQs from both Speech Act and Argumentation points of view; examining the influence of context on the pragmatic interpretations of RQs; and displaying how one function is used for different literary purposes in these plays. To achieve these aims, it is hypothesized that: RQs are used more often in Hamlet than in Twelfth Night for different employments and functions; from Speech Acts point of view, rebuke is the most common function, whereas from the Argumentation point of view, fallacy of argument appeal to personal involvement is the most common one;pragmatic functions of RQs in the plays vary according to their contexts; one function is used for different literary purposes in the plays


Article
PASSIVIZATION PROBLEMS IN THE PERFORMANCE OF KURDISH EFL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS
مشاكل الامتحانات في أداء الكردية طلاب جامعة EFL

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الخلاصة

This study deals with the problems of passivization that third year students of English departments at the college level face. It is an attempt to identify the difficult areas and suggest remedial steps to overcome them. The population of the study is third year college students of the English departments of College of Languages and College of Basic Education at Salahaddin university-Erbil. A test ,which covers the whole tenses of English language, is administered to the sample of the population to find out to what extent the college students face difficulties in both recognition and production of passive sentences.The results show that the college students face difficulties in recognizing and producing passive sentences, and the students' errors are due to the factors of interlanguage, intralanguage and context of learning

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