جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

Loading...
معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: العدد: 16

Article
Obstacles of Creativity Performance of Science Teachers in the High Primary Schools at Jerusalem District
معوقات الأداء الإبداعي لمعلمي العلوم بمدارس المرحلة الأساسية العُليا بمُحافظة القُدس

المؤلفون: Kamal Makhamreh كمال مخامرة --- Ziad Qabajah زياد قباجة
الصفحات: 3-18
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This study aims at investigating obstacles of creativity performance of science teachers in the high primary schools at Jerusalem district as perceived by teachers themselves. It also aims to identify these obstacles due to some variables (gender, scientific qualifications and years of experience). The descriptive analysis method was used in this study. Researchers constructed a questionnaire to collect data and they assured its validity and reliability through using scientific procedures. The researchers used Cronbach Alpha (0.75) to validate the questionnaire. Population of the study consisted of 410 male and female teachers from high primary schools of Jerusalem. 40% of this population was chosen randomly as a sample of the study. Findings showed that obstacles of creativity performance of science teachers came in a medium degree with a mean of (3.31) according to the five-domain Lickert Scale of. Results also showed statistically significant differences between subjects’ responses about the obstacles facing science teachers in creativity performances attributed to gender. There were no statistically significant differences attributed to scientific qualifications and year of experience


Article
The University Organization and the Administrative Challenges: Power Construction and Conflict Sources
منظمة الجامعة والتحديات الإدارية بنى القوى ومصادر التشاحن

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The university is considered a complex organization the administrative structure of which follows, like other modern organizations, the bureaucratic pattern in which the responsibilities are divided according to hierarchical system among the different departments and offices working within a general frame of aims, policies, rules, and regulations. According to this pattern, the organizations involve power relationships according to which some persons are given power that authorizes them to give orders to others in the organization. In the university organization, the president practices power he acquires from the authority given to him by the rules of the official post he occupies at a specific time. Hence, this research will take the concept of power in the organizations as a central issue in the reading of the internal structure of the university organization and the administrative challenges facing it


Article
A Study of Money Development in Mesopotamia
دراسة في نشأة النقود في بلاد ما بين النهرين

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Mesopotamians had excelled in many fields of study. They had surpassed others in inventing numerous cultural products which improved man's life. Among the inventions made by the Mesopotamians are the economic methods which influenced the economic life of the ancient world. They put a lot of items that were related to economics in the laws they legislated. This research attempts to identify the effect of the Mesopotamians in inventing and developing money depending on the legal items established in Mesopotamia at the time. Their invention of the monetary system is one of the most important achievements. In the commercial exchange, man used various means such as bartering in its different forms. But the invention of money is considered the convenient means that meets his needs so he monetized coins for this purpose made of brass, silver or gold


Article
The Impact of RISK program in the Acquisition and Development of Critical Thinking for the Fourth Preparatory Class / Scientific Branch in Chemistry
اثر برنامج رايبسك RISK في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير الناقد لدى طلاب الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الكيمياء

المؤلفون: Jamal Nasr Abdel Kadhim جمال نصر عبد الكاظم
الصفحات: 41-64
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The aim of the educational process is no longer restricted to identifying ideas, concepts, and facts but to care for thinking processes because one of the aims of teaching science is improving thinking in students and helping them acquire the scientific method in thinking and in scientific research, i.e., to concentrate on scientific processes. According to some studies, science is one of the scholastic materials that creates a difficulty to the students learning it. These studies attributed this to the methods used to teach science which do not allow the students to learn science effectively because the students do not participate actively in the learning process. This leads a lot of students to fail in dealing with the problems they face


Article
The problem of Abyei between north and south Sudan – a study in the geo-political
مشكلة أبيي بين شمال السودان وجنوبه - دراسة في الجغرافية السياسية

المؤلفون: Naji Ibrahim Shabani ابراهيم ناجي الشباني
الصفحات: 65-93
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Abyei region the most important border problems and the most complicated among the northern and southern Sudan, either before the secession of the south or later due to a combination of factors the most important geographical factors, such as geological structure, terrain, climate, soil and water resources, mineral and natural vegetation and the characteristics of the population, these factors contributed in creating the problem of Abyei, which started the problem the limits of tribal and then evolved to the problem of an international border after the secession of southern Sudan, this area is the area grazing and stability of different tribes and were the focus of dispute between them as a result the difference on the border of grazing, after the secession of southern Sudan as an independent state emerged region of Abyei problem border due to the presence of the most important oil fields, where and this region produces 26% of Sudan's oil before the secession of the south. The Abyei area today is one of the most important political problems facing the stability and peace between the states of North and South Sudan as the catalyst is about to break out because of civil war, a third by the secession of the south, because the economic problems that face the north by the secession of the south are less effective if they managed to north to keep Abyei due to the presence of oil wealth in it. Despite various attempts to solve this problem but it did not succeed in solving this problem is a result of the lack of a integrated solution for this crisis


Article
Yakoot al-Hamawi's Approach in his Two Books, " Mu'jam al-Udaba'" (Book of Literary Men) and "Mu'jam al-Buldan"(Book of Countries)-A Comparative Study
منهج ياقوت الحموي في معجمي الأدباء والبلدان - دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: Sami Hmood سامي حمود --- Alya' Jasim علياء جاسم
الصفحات: 94-108
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Yakoot al-Hamawi is considered one of the great scholars in Arab Islamic history for what he had left to us of books that attract the historians' and researchers' attention to him in old and recent times. Numerous studies passed through his life, upbringing, attributes, and his age, teachers and works. These studies described al-Hamawi as a man of letters and geography but skipped over the fact that he is a historian. Hence, we have been urged to present this study which illustrates this point through a comparison between his approaches in his major books which are "The Book of Literary Men" and "The Book of Countries" which contain important political, economic, social, cultural, and literary information, not to mention the historical content because he depended in writing them on historical sources. Although "The Book of Countries" is a gazetteer, it contains historical information so it is considered a link between history and geography


Article
The Impact of Freud's Theory on Surrealism (Salvador Dali as a Sample)
أثر نظرية فرويد على السريالية (سلفادور دالي أنموذجاً)

المؤلفون: Fatma Umran Raju فاطمة عمران راجي
الصفحات: 109-128
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Psychological analysis has a great effect on our life for the concepts it has presented in various aspects that help liberate human psyche from its restrictions. It paves the way to surrealism which is like a dream for those who cannot sleep at night because of drinking alcohol or opium and smoking. They do not look at the dream as a shelter for a world unable to satisfy man but as a motivation whose conditions they do not accept. All is the same result which examines the internal depth moving to the external world, not as it is but to recreate it according to the laws of desire. The comprehensibility of the Freudian psychological analysis and its effect particularly on the Spanish artist, Salvador Dali's drawings which are critically debatable because of their complex artistic views. The importance of the research lies in its attempt to occupy this space and to focus on the impact of Freud's theory on surrealism, represented by Salvador Dali


Article
Trends of Students of College of Education for Human Sciences in the University of Karbala Towards Using the Internet
اتجاهات طلبة كلية التربية للعوم الإنسانية في جامعة كربلاء نحو استخدام الشبكة العنكبوتية (الانترنيت)

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The present research aims at identifying students' trends towards using or employing the internet in education. The students were from College of Education for Human Sciences, University of Karbala . The study aims at investigating the existence of statistical variations with reference to sex (or gender) . The sample of the research included 379 students from both sexes, who were given a scale or test that constitutes 21 items . After checking the validity and reliability of the test, it was found that there were positive trends towards the use or employment of the internet in education by the above mentioned students . Besides, the results of the study did not refer to significant statistical differences with reference to sex. In the light of the above findings, some suggestions to hopefully improve students' using the internet in learning were given


Article
Poetry of Daktnous Bint Lakeet al-Tameemi (Collecting, Investigating, and Studying)
شعر دختنوس بنت لقيط التميمي (جمع وتحقيق ودراسة)

المؤلفون: Abdel Adheem Faisal Saleh عبد العظيم فيصل صالح
الصفحات: 152-159
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The ancient Arab poetry is considered one of the characteristics of our immortal national heritage whether historically, socially or politically. It portrays the values, customs, and traditions of the Arabic man. It also depicts what is negative to avoid it moving to a stage which is better for the public welfare. Poetry has an active role in arousing sensations and emotions in the soul of an Arab for it depicts the honorable values and virility which characterize the Arab. These features are not restricted to the ancient Arab poetry-whether pre-Islamic period or the three periods that follow-but extend to the present time for it is described as "Divan of the Arabs". Daktnous Bint Lakeet al-Tameemi was one of the poetesses who employed poetry to serve the tribe and to make it an active weapon to support her people and dispraise the enemies


Article
The Environmental Factors Affecting the Wintry Grains in Al-Hashimiya District for the Season (2004-2010)
العوامل البيئية المؤثرة على محاصيل الحبوب الشتوية في قضاء الهاشمية للموسم (2004-2010) - دراسة مقارنة في الجغرافية الزراعية

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Studying the environmental factors (natural and human) has a great importance in setting plans for the agricultural development. Agriculture is considered one of the most important economic activities and the most widespread in the world for it is the main source of food for man and animal. It also forms the basic raw material for numerous food and non-food industries. Besides, it offers work opportunity for it is practiced by more than half the population of the world.


Article
The Non-linguistic Contextual Reference in the Sura of Yousif A Study in Al-Mizan Explanatory Book
دلالة السّياق غير اللغويّ في سورة يوسف دراسة في تفسير الميزان

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The Holy Koran does not mention the details of a story from the beginning to the end except for the story of Yousif (peace be upon him). Hence, the non-linguistic context has an important role in its explanation. This is why it has been chosen as a subject for this research. The advocates of the contextual theory look at language as a harmonious social activity so if the word is isolated from its context or the linguistic situation, it becomes meaningless. Context forms the meaning of the word and gives it a specific value


Article
The Impact of the Use of Marazano Sample
أثر استخدام أنموذج مارازانو

المؤلفون: Ra'id Abdel Kadhim رائد عبد الكاظم
الصفحات: 198-216
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Teachers particularly of science have great responsibilities urging him to be distinctive and inspiring in his teaching method and brilliant in his use of the available approaches to achieve the educational aims of teaching science. The basic aim of teaching science is to teach students how to think, not how to memorize. This what Zaiton affirms in his book Approaches to Teach Science in which he says, "Teaching science should focus on helping students acquire the scientific approach to think through concentrating on scientific methods and practices


Article
The Impact of Arabic on Hebrew in the Translation of the Meanings of the Holy Koran and the Problems of the Hebrew Translations
أثر اللغة العربية في اللغة العبرية في ترجمة معاني القرآن الكريم ومشكلات التراجم العبرية

المؤلفون: Ali Sadad Ja'far علي سداد جعفر
الصفحات: 217-233
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Language is the image of society and its history of development. Its vocabularies and expressions are not mere an internal creation of lingual or linguistic transformations but a result of social transformations which are deeper and more effective than the language. Translation can be generally defined as the substitution of one language for another, i.e., from the source or the first language to the target or the second language. Real translation is not a literal transferring of words from one language into another but to use the word in the target language in a way that conveys the meanings, thoughts, and feelings of the word in the source language


Article
The Political Role of Jews in Germany
الدور السياسي لليهود في ألمانيا

المؤلفون: Sattar Jabbar al-Jaberi ستار جبار الجابري
الصفحات: 234-242
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The presence of Jews in Germany is considered a serious subject in that country which witnessed important transformations in many stages of the history of contemporary Germany. The most difficult stage was in the Nazi era up to the period of the second world war. After that tragedy, Germany paid and still pays the bills of that human catastrophe. Germany is thought to remain restricted to the Jewish debts from which she will be unable to get free. According to formal estimations, Jews in Germany are now to be 120 thousand people out of 82 million Germans living in the country. This represents tenfold of the number that was present in the second world war. The main cause for this increase is the migration to Germany from Eastern Europe and the ex-Soviet Union. The research deals with the history of the Jewish presence in Germany and the basic conditions that collect the German Jews represented by the central council for the Jews of Germany


Article
Al-Hasan bin Ali bin Ziyad al-Bujali and his Role in the Narration of Hadith (died 220 Hegira)
الحسن بن علي بن زياد البجلي ودوره في رواية علم الحديث (ت220هـ)

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

It is considered one of the distinctive schools in the history of Ahl-bait (Prophet's Household) (peace be upon them) because Shiites began in Iraq with the first companions of the prophet (peace be upon him) and with the beginning of the Islamic conquering battles when Shiite governors ruled Kufa such as Ammar bin Yasir and Abdullah bin Mas'ood. The school of Kufa developed during the period of Immam al-Sadiq (pbuh) and included about 4000 narrators. Most of them were from Kufa; this refers to the well-established complete school which was distinctive in spite of the hard circumstances that surrounded Immam al-Sadiq (pbuh) such as the hard political events and the various doctrinal trends: the injustice of the Umayyads and Abbasids, forced expatriation, violence, torture, and imprisonment. In addition, there were upheavals and revolutions and the appearance of various trends such as al-Murj'a, al-Ibadhiya, al-Ruzamiya and so on


Article
Educational and Psychological Counseling and its Role in Achieving the Aims of the Educational Process – An Analytical Study
الإرشاد التربوي والنفسي ودوره في تحقيق أهداف العملية التربوية -دراسة تحليلية-

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Educational and psychological counseling in universities represents one of the most important means to help the student adapt the university atmosphere and get the highest degrees of success. It also helps check up the students' problems by presenting advice and guidance to them. It tries to make the student being the center of the educational process excellent in his personality in the psychological, social, academic, cultural, religious, intellectual, and sanitarian aspects. Further, it helps the student to gradually transfer from the environment of the general education to the environment of the university stage in which the student depends on himself to take decisions, identify his specialization, and improve his academic and behavioural conduct


Article
Banners of the Gods in Ancient Egypt
رايات الآلهة في مصر القديمة

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The research studies the banners of ancient Egyptian gods and their importance, since each banner represents one of these gods and expresses the function of the gods such as the banner of the god Bass, the god Web and the god Uot that is called "path-opener" which a metaphor for carrying the flag by the pharaoh in battles, as well as banners raised in the festival of the god Min and Auxerre. These banners were carried at certain times such as religious holidays like Eid ( Dam Love ) and (Valley Holiday) and (Obit Holiday). The research also identifies the meaning of the banner and its relationship with the hieroglyphic sign (nutar) and its importance in ancient Egypt


Article
Economic Texts from the Era of the Sumerian King Abi Seen; the Last King of the Third Dynasty of Ur
نصوص أقتصادية من عصر الملك السومري ابي سين آخر ملوك سلالة اور الثالثة

المؤلفون: Mohannad Ashoor Shnawa مهند عاشور شناوة
الصفحات: 276-292
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The third dynasty of Ur (2114-2004 B.C.) is considered the last era in which the Sumerians ruled Mesopotamia. This means that this era represents the end of the Sumerian political life for no Sumerian dynasty ruled Mesopotamia after them. The center of their state was Ur so the rulers of this dynasty took great care of this city which became the political and the religious capital of the country for more than a century in which the city underwent a lot of architectural development in its religious and worldly buildings. The founder of this dynasty is King Urnamo (2112-2095 B.C) succeeded by his son Sholki (2094-2047 B.C.), King Amarseen (2046-2038 B.C.), then King Shuseen (2929-2037 B.C.), and the last Abi Seen (2028-2004 B.C.)


Article
Juristic sources from the Prophet's Medication
مناهل فقهية من الطب النبوي

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The honorable conduct of the prophet is a cresset that enlightens the road of the faithful Muslim amidst darkness, opens ways of guidance for his worldly life, and motivates him to do good deeds for himself and his faithful fellows. One issue is concerned with the Muslim's health. Sometimes, it motivates man imperatively and other times forbiddingly to gain the best morals in food and drink which the holy legislation recommends and the prudent people accept. Submitting to these morals is useful to man's health whereas leaving them is harmful. They are simple things which man can use easily


Article
Locusts in the Sources of Heritage – the Economic Impact and the Methods of Eradicating Them
الجراد في مصادر التراث - الاثر الاقتصادي واساليب وذهنيات التخلص منه

المؤلفون: Ammer Ajaj Hameed عامر عجاج حميد الجنابي
الصفحات: 309-322
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The interest in the non-political topics related to the various human activities is considered necessary to get out of what the writers have traditionally written about kings, rulers and leaders. Hence, the research deals with a small insect, the locust, and tries to follow its economic impact. It tackles the locust as a name and impact and how the locust has juristically been dealt with as food at the times of famines. The research also illustrates historically the years which witnessed locusts' attacks and how they have been treated whether superstitiously or realistically. One way was to bring water from specific areas to be followed by a specific bird that devours the locusts and eliminate them


Article
Architect in Babylon in the Era of Nabu Kud Nussar
فن العمارة ببابل في عصر نبو خذ نصر

المؤلفون: Akram Mohammad Abd Kassar أكرم محمد عبد كسار
الصفحات: 323-334
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The story of architect is the story of man for its development in each stage reflects the cultural level of man and his skill in using the stone and mud to create regular geometrical forms in constructing a building that would not fall. It also echoes what man has acquired of cultural awareness and material capability and reflects man's thoughts and standards. This art is closely related to time. The research deals with the art of architect in one of the ancient cities of Mesopotamia which is Babylon in the era of its king, Nabu Kud Nussar


Article
Arab Oratory in Mediaeval Age A Study in Subject and Technique
الخطابةُ العربية في العصر الوسيط (656- 1213هـ) - دراسة في الموضوع والفن

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Oratory is one of the literary arts that Man had known since the early history, it aims at affecting the audiences or listeners, so prophets used it as a device to defuse their instructions and attract people, with eloquence and rhetoric they change regimes and nations. Arab literature had a long history in the development of this art till it reached the peak at the early beginning of Islamic era and the Omayyad era , yet it had weaken during the mediaeval age with which we are dealing in this paper. The Mediaeval Age is the period from (656A.H = 1258 A.D), the year on which the Mongol had occupied Baghdad and ended the Abbasside caliphate, to(922 A.H = 1517 A.D) where Ottomans had occupied Egypt. Critics used to call this period as the Dark Age; the Arab nation had witnessed degradation and degeneration in all fields, the reason, as they said, was that the rulers were not Arab and did not understand the Arabic language, literary for them have no sense, those critics see the negative image of this age which could be right if we were talking about the Ottoman era. In fact this is not fair for this age heritage and literary as well as its encyclopedic books in the different fields of knowledge which could not be neglected. Hence oratory, in this age, has an important status where it had witnessed degradation and degeneration, so it must be studied fully to reveal its aspects, characteristic and the reasons of its degeneration. These reasons motivate the researcher to deal with this subject collecting information.


Article
The Reality of Artistic Education in the High Schools of the Governorate of Babylon
واقع التربية الفنية في المدارس الثانوية في محافظة بابل

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Artistic education aims at developing the student's physical, intellectual, emotional, and social aspects. The concept of education by art has become an essential part of the comprehensive education particularly in the stages of general education for art is one of the means of knowledge and the world of art is of no less importance than the world of philosophy and science. We do not realize art and its role in the history of humanity unless we recognize it as a means of knowledge that is parallel to the other means by which man can realize his environment and even become superior to it


Article
The Linguistic Avoidance in the Book of Sibawaih – A Study in its Analysis, Concept, and Justifications
الفِرارُ اللُّغَويِّ في كِتَابِ سيبويهِ - دِرَاسَةٌ في استقرائه واصطلاحه وعلله

المؤلفون: Saleh Khadim Ujail صالح كاظم عجيل
الصفحات: 368-393
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The Book of Sibawaih was and is considered an indispensible source in the study of Arabic, and the rules of eloquence, its traditions, the changes that take place in its vocabularies, the justifications of its structure transformations, the recognition of the influence of various factors and the identifying of the intentions and connotations. Avoidance is one of the linguistic phenomena in the Book: phonetic, morphological, grammatical, and connotative used by the linguists to straighten what is deviate, elongate what is short, and to justify what the eloquent Arab orator replaces, changes, omits, and vocalizes purposefully. They say on his behalf that he avoids speaking in a certain way using another and avoids this expression employing another. Further, they put for what is left some reasons and for what is used some rules.


Article
The Impact of Using Classroom Interaction on Teaching English Grammar for First Year Iraqi EFL University Learners
تأثير طريق التفاعل الصفي في تعليم قواعد اللغة الإنكليزية للسنة الأولى في الجامعات العراقية للمتعلمين EFL

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

To verify the hypotheses , an experiment was designed whereby two groups, the experimental and control, each consisted of (20) students, who had been chosen randomly from the first stage in the Department of English , College of Basic Education, University of Babylon. Both groups were matched in terms of their age and the level of subjects' achievement in syntax in the first course of the academic year (2008-2009). The experimental and the control groups were subjected to a pre and post tests. The test results indicate that there is a significant between the two groups in favor of the experimental group.


Article
The Impact of the Use of Imagination Strategy in the Acquisition and Reservation of the Geographical Concepts for the First Intermediate Students
أثر استعمال استراتيجية التخيل الموجه في أكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية وأستبقائها لدى طلاب الصف الاول المتوسط

المؤلفون: Farhan Obaid Obeis فرحان عبيد عبيس
الصفحات: 413-441
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The researcher determined experimentally tuning a partial and two groups، one experimental and the other officer، was chosen medium Hmrabi random sample of current research، and the Division of (a) to represent the control group of a number of his students (35 students)، and the Division (c) to represent the Group The pilot of the number of students (34) students، and after the exclusion of students who failed in each division became the final number of the research sample (64 students). The researcher rewarded statistically between the two groups of students in search of some variables that could affect the Ntaú c experiment، and these variables are: (Chronological age measured in months، previous academic achievement in geography classes، educational attainment of the parents، test scores above information، IQ test (Raven)).


Article
The Situational Context in the Oration of Imam Zain el-Abedeen (pbuh) in Yazid's Assemblage
سيـــاق الحــــال فــي خطبــة الإمام زيـن العـابدين () في مجلس يـزيــــــــد

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

This research entitled "The situational context in the oration of Imam Zain el-Abedeen (pbuh) in Yazid's assemblage" deals with the great Imam who gains all the honorable values away from all the worldly joys for his soul was full of hope for God's mercy. There are no people in history of humanity who resemble Imam Zain el-Abedeen (pbuh) in his asceticism and piety except for his predecessors who enlightened the world with their beliefs and faithfulness in God. This Imam's conduct parallels the conduct of the prophets for he is ascetic and pious as Christ (pbuh), patient as Ayoub (pbuh), and firm as Mohammad (pbuh). It is enough for him that no one in humanity is called "Zainel-Abedeen"(the best worshiper) except him.


Article
The Impact of the Use of Electronic Maps and Space Photos Through the Internet in the Acquisition and Reservation of Geography for the Second Intermediate Students
اثر استعمال الخرائط الالكترونية والصور الفضائية عبر الشبكة العالمية في تحصيل واحتفاظ طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الجغرافي

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Using the computer and the geographical search programs of "Google Earth", "Wikimapia", "Earth View", "NASA World Wind"…etc. in learning process may improve the quality of geographic learning and may add an element of suspense and excitement to a scientific material that has been restricted for a long time to fruitless teaching methods. The use of electronic maps and space photos as a teaching aid will help strengthen students' knowledge tendency and create a new generation that is aware of the technical achievements around it; this is essential afterwards in participating in developing these achievements


Article
Ancient Elegy Between femininity and masculinity , Mutamm and Al-Khansa as Samples
الرثاء القديم بين الانوثة والذكورة متمم والخنساء انموذجا

المؤلفون: RAFAH ALI NEEMAH AL-AZAWI رفاه علي نعمه العزاوي
الصفحات: 479-487
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The research deals with the issue of connection women with the elegy , it is practical and applied study on this phenomenon, two poets were selected of two different gender ,First Khansa Divan as a simple of woman's poem and Mutamm Bin Nuwaira's Divan as a simple for Man poem. The study comprise One chapter divided into Two topics , First Topic specified to study lament and eulogy vocabulary according to its apathy and repetition in the two Divan , Second topic studied rhythm with all its containing of sounds , rhyme letter and meters. Research concludes that the woman's nature enable her to express about her emotions by crying tears , crying and grief ,that means facilitated the woman a lot in depleting her poetic ability , thus the man was ascendant even in this opportunity


Article
The Tendency Level of the Students of College of Basic Education Towards Using the Modern Techniques in Teaching and the Level of Their Motivation for Achievement
مستوى اتجاه طلبة كلية التربية الاساسية نحو استخدام التقنيات الحديثة في التدريس ومستوى الدافعية للإنجاز لديهم

المؤلفون: Abdul Salam Jawdat عبد السلام جودت
الصفحات: 488-502
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The research aims at recognizing the tendency of the students of College of Basic Education towards using the modern techniques in learning and the level of their motivation for achievement and to identify the differences between the tendencies of the students of College of Basic Education towards using the modern techniques which are attributed to gender, academic specialization, and academic stage. The sample of the research is (160) male and female students of College of Basic Education. The researchers have used the descriptive correlative approach and prepared two tools for the research: the tendencies of the students towards the technical learning and the motivation for achievement. The arithmetic means, the standard deviations, the relative weight, the T test in two independent samples, and Berson's correlative factor have been used as statistic means. The results reveal that the degree of tendency towards using the modern techniques in learning is high for the relative weight is (81%), and there is a statistically referential relationship between the total degree for the tendency towards using the modern techniques and the total degree for the motivation for achievement. There are also statistically referential differences between the total degree for the tendency towards using the modern techniques attributed to the variables (gender, academic specialization, and academic stage).


Article
The Scientific Impacts of Minister Tala' bin Ruzai'ik
آثار الوزير طلائع بن رُزِّيك العلمية

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

After their conquering Egypt, the Fatimians realized the necessity to assign one of the highest statesmen to be their supporter in running and managing the state's affairs. Hence, they assigned ministers for this purpose. It is noticeable that at the beginning, the Fatimian caliphs controlled their ministers but with the passage of time the ministers' influence began to increase. Since the era of Badr al-Jamali, the minister who was called for from the city of Aka by al-Mustansir (425-487 hegira / 1035-1094 A.D.) and who is considered the first military minister, the ministers became influential in the state's affairs up to the end of the Fatimi State. Among these ministers was Tala' bin Ruzai'ik who was a minister for the caliph al-Fa'iz (549-555 hegira / 1154-1160 A.D.). Tala' is considered the last strong minister whose murder initiated in the Fatimi reign the conflicts among the ministers which end in (567 hegira / 1171 A.D.). Tala' bin Ruzai'ik was known for his bravery and political prudence. During his era, he used to prepare the armies to fight the foreigners


Article
The Artistic Features of the Old Literary Book (al-Jahidh as a Sample)
سمات الكتاب الأدبي القديم وخصائصه الفنية (الجاحظ أنموذجاً)

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The artistic features of the old literary book (al-Jahidh as a Sample)Multi authentic heritage is built on what was issued by the Arabs of books and literary messages since the age of blogging and even Modern Renaissance, the late nineteenth century. A topic that needs to be further studies are interrelated, since it contained what these books and letters of literary themes, social and artistic life of the community dated to the Arab - Islamic throughout these past centuries. In these centuries produced creators Arabs tremendous amount of books and letters, related literature, prose and arts and types reached by the creators Arabs from the son of Dred and his letters (news) down to Badi'ozaman Hamadhani, and Mqamath literary - artistic, and developments subsequent, and before that what was written bigeye in his books over mentioned that, , Which was highlighted by the book Scrooges who has been associated with social reality and Bkhalaúh, and the art of writing and send it, and parasites and their attributes and their social behavior, right down to the (letter of forgiveness) to Abu Alaa Maari, and caused by the impact of the literature EU, as well as a book (Panchatantra), structural, Abdul Abdullah bin Muqaffa


Article
Reading Books of the Fifth Preparatory Class and Their Relationship with the Two Variables: Gender and Specialization
مقروئية كتب المطالعة للصف الخامس الإعدادي وعلاقتها بمتغيري الجنس والتخصص

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

Although reading is important being one of the main skills by which the linguistic communication is achieved, numerous high schools do not pay attention to comprehension, particularly the implied, and criticism through reading. The schools do not also differentiate between the writer's opinions and ideas and the analysis and evaluation of what is read. Further, to link the information which the student acquires from reading with his previous knowledge and employ it to solve problems are far from being dealt with by those schools (Shahata, 1996, p.112). The teacher at most times neglects the reading lesson and makes it a break to have rest after the effort exerted in the other lessons. He also deepens this idea in the students' mind


Article
The Geomorphic Processes and the Resulting Earthly Forms in Al-Shennafiya County
العمليات الجيومورفية والأشكال الارضية الناتجة عنها في ناحية الشنافية

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The geomorphic processes mean all the physical and chemical changes which result in centralization of earth surface which are various and overlapped concerning the type of process and the factor affecting it. Studying the geomorphic processes has a great importance for it becomes an essential element in the contemporary and modern studies because the earthly form cannot be understood without pre-realization of nature of the process that has led to its formation. Hence, it is possible to say that all forms of earth surface in the studied area have been subjected to geomorphic processes depending on the nature of the factors variably affecting them; the important ones are atmospherization whether physical or chemical, water erasion and precipitation, wind erasion and precipitation, and the biological processes resulting from man, animal, and plant interference


Article
The Impact of the Referential Fields in Distributing Poetic Meters
أثر المجالات الدلالية في توزيع البحور الشعرية

Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

A lot of teachers and students of Arabic think that there is a difficulty in prosody for the dryness of its vocabularies, abundance of its terms and meters which make the student reluctant. Since we are closely related to this material, we say that their claim is correct because of the methods used in presenting prosody in books and the methods of teaching it. The books remain the same for one-author takes from the other without considering the development of opinions and the progress of sciences. Each book should be written for the people of its period with the reservation of the basics and principles. This research is new in its content and modern in its presentation. It depends on presenting prosody relying on the phonetic syllables and giving a mathematic symbol for each syllable. It also distributes the meters in a new way which does not violate the essentials adopted by the old scholars making prosody then closer and easier to the student's mentality.


Article
Housing Problem in Baghdad
ﻤﺸﻛﻠﺔ اﻟﺴﻛن ﻓﻲ ﻤدﯿﻨﺔ ﺒﻐداد

المؤلفون: Mohammad Ali Mirza ﻤﺤﻤد ﻋﻠﻲ ﻤرزا
الصفحات: 622-634
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The research deals with the study and analysis of housing problem in Baghdad city. It depends on the systematic approach of investigation. It traces the roots of the problem and its development, since its emergence up to now, through tackling in detail the prevailing housing situation. A general idea about the problem is presented through analyzing some important indicators, as the rise in houses rents, land value, overcrowding in houses, and the effect of the rapid growth of the city. Formal statistical data and field survey are documented in tables and diagrams, which show the types of the prevailing houses in the city. In the light of data analysis, policies and strategies to solve the problem are set up, especially to low income groups and urban poor settlers in Baghdad. Several conclusions and recommendations are put forward


Article
Aesthetic Basics for woman at per-Islamic Times, through Aumrou Al-Qais suspended poetry
أسس الجمال للمرأة الجاهلية من خلال معلقة امريء القيس

المؤلفون: RAFAH ALI NEEMAH AL-AZAWI رفاه علي نعمه العزاوي
الصفحات: 635-647
Loading...
Loading...
الخلاصة

The Research studies reasons that led the pre-Islam poet to concentrate on descripting sensible aspect of the woman and neglecting the spiritual, moral and psychological ones, this made by practical application of Aumrou Al-Qais poetry and on Two Topics ,First topic studied the sensible aspects at pre-Islamic poetry and its materialistic perspective , Second Topic was detailed study for woman's body and her external attractions like neck , eye ,hair ,leg and fingers etc. the research reached to plastic depict of this woman and her appearance appears as statue which has no existent due to neglecting of the poet to the woman's emotions and her inner affection ,which reflected in negatively on her appearance since body aesthetic completed by soul aesthetic.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: