جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: العدد: 17

Article
Nostalgia to Native Land in Islamic Literature
التّوق إلی الوطن الأمّ في الأدب الإسلامي

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الخلاصة

Nostalgia to native land is still one of the main themes tackled from ancient ages in Arabic literature. Poetry of nostalgia in the pre-Islamic period is restricted to the remains of the beloved's and the tribe's homeland but in the Islamic era, the concept of poetry of nostalgia develops. This research attempts to tackle the theme of nostalgia represented by nostalgia to the beloved, native land, and the patriotic verse such as pride poetry and the elegies of martyrs with examples from the most famous poets such as Ilia abu Madhi, al-Kansa, Jameel bin Mamar, Tameem bin Abi Mukbel, al- Nabiga al- Juadi, Hassan bin Thabit al-Ansari and others. It is observable that nostalgia becomes clearer in this era.


Article
Effect of Intellectual and Cultural Interaction between Muslims and the Invectives on the Peaceful coexistence and Religious Leniency in Iraq Throughout the First Abbsid Era (132-218 Hegira / 750-833 A.D)
أثر التلاقح الفكري والثقافي بين المسلمين وأهل الذمة في إشاعة التعايش والتسامح الديني في العراق خلال العصر العباسي الأول (132-218هـ/750-833م)

الصفحات: 17-37
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الخلاصة

The first Abbasid Era (132-218 Hegira / 750-833 A.D) is considered one of the flourishing eras that developed the Arabian intellect , due to transferring of other different sciences from different languages to Arabic , because of the urgent need of Muslims to be open for other developed nation's culture as a result to the concern of Abbasid caliphates in translating many important fields in what they need to in politics and social affairs like: medicine, astronomy, mathematics and philosophy , it was not only encouraging from caliphates but by all community categories people in Baghdad, Basrah and Kufa and all parts of Islamic Empire that led to overwhelming the spirit of coexistence and forgiveness between Muslims and Ahll Aldimmis. The translation has become a revolution had a great effect on different cultural , literature and scientific levels and posed a bridge between different cultured and heritages , the translation include the "word" that helped in interaction between ideas and believes and conversation with other live languages, cultural exchange, literature grant, scientific participation, and it’s the one that conserve the international culture from loss and extinction, so translation has become a means for spreading cultures, embosoming of cultures and meeting instead of confliction or diverging. We have concentrated in the third section on the effect of the "Baghdadi Wisdom House" in enhancing the coexistence and religious forgiveness between Muslims and invectives. We have concluded that: the conceptual cross-fertilization between Muslims and Ahll Aldimmis , through work and participation life between them, plus to forgiveness in intellect and belief, all that led to overwhelming of spirit of coexistence and religious forgiveness between Muslims and invectives from all other different religions


Article
The Book of al-Asnam "Idols" by Ibn al-Kalbi – A Historical, Analytic Study
كتاب الأصنام لابن الكلبي - دراسة تاريخية تحليلية

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الخلاصة

Idols for the Arabs before the holy prophetic message had an effect on their religious beliefs and daily life. Because the subject is important, this research attempts to study the book of al-Asnam "Idols" by Ibn al-Kalbi being the historian to whom all the historians and researchers resort when they talk about the social and religious aspects of the Arabs; in addition to the fact that the book of al-Asnam is considered one of the most famous resources that clarifies idolatry and its rituals for the Arabs in the Arabian Peninsula and sometimes outside it particularly in Yemen, al-Sham, and Iraq. The contents of the study are taken from the book of al-Asnam; the items of the study are divided according to their arrangement in the book. Objectivity is considered in the arrangement of the idols so the idols of Asaf and Naala are found in the legendry narrative and the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is mentioned in an Israeli narrative to have presented al-Uzza a ewe. Moreover, the study includes the procedure of Ibn al-Kalbi in his book which depends on the oral narrative, the Holy Quran, and the poets. The study further illustrates the repetition in his procedure and the contradiction in his narratives.


Article
Al-Jahiz' al-Bukala "Misers"- Analytic View
بخيل الجاحظ - رؤية تحليلية في مؤلفه "البخلاء" (البُخل – الشح – التقتير)

المؤلفون: Zainab abdel kareem زينب عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 75-86
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الخلاصة

This research is a serious attempt to probe the thought of Al-Jahiz and read his implied opinions and ideas. He either expressed them explicitly or implicitly, told a story of social critic, author, philosopher and wise man, who wished his society to be better and purer, and to live typically. So, that Arabian thinker and Mu’tazili writer told accurately about many matters. For instance, he wrote a book about “The Misers”, in which he told many stories about misery and misers, and he analyzed that disadvantage feature and considered it accidental and not proper for the Arabs who were well-known for their generosity, openhandedness, courage and sacrifice. In all his writings, he rested on Quran, Prophetic Tradition and Arabic poetry and prose. Rarely could any nation have an author or a writer like Al-Jahiz, who had an intellectual system enriching the Arabian culture by social reaction, affection and influence among various cultures.


Article
Submission to the Holy Quran is a Way to Unite the Nation
الاعتصام بكتاب الله تعالى سبيل لوحدة الأمة

المؤلفون: Haitham Kudhair Abbas هيثم خضير عباس
الصفحات: 87-97
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الخلاصة

Allah had sent the Holy Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) a messenger to the whole people to show them the right way, establish a system of all aspects of life according to the Holy Creator, and prepare a generation to achieve this mission after his death. The prophet was able to make a change in this world, eliminate all the corruption at the time, and create an absolutely unique generation the right manner and tradition of which will never be repeated. The reason for this change was not but the resort to the Holy Quran and the total submission to it.


Article
-Sultan Kudabenda – His Biography and Way to the Throne of Mongolian Sultanate (703-716 Hegira / 1303-1316 A.D.)
السلطان خدابندا (اولجايتو) - سيرته وتوليـــه عرش السلطـــة المغولية (703-716هـ/ 1303-1316م)

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الخلاصة

This research attempts to study the biography of the Mongolian Sultan Kudabenda (Ulgiato) and his way to the throne of the Mongolian Sultanate (703-716 Hegira / 1303-1316 A.D.; the eighth Mongolian kings who governed the Mongolian Nation to which Iraq was one of its states since its occupation by the Mongols in 656 Hegira / 1258 A.D.) by Hulagu. Sultan Kudabenda (Ulgiato) had a great role in the political and other events which Iraq had witnessed throughout his reign. This is why this subject has been chosen to tackle his childhood, upbringing, and attributes; in addition to his way to the throne of the sultanate. Sultan Kudabenda (Ulgiato) was able to keep the Mongolian Nation stable in Persia and Iraq. He was also able to control the riots in many parts of his country. He collected the Islamic scholars and made long debates; then he chose the Shiite doctrine due to the active role of the scholar al-Hasan bin Yousif bin al-Muttahar al-Hilli and declared it as the official doctrine of the state. This step was very bold because no previous Mongolian king did it so Shiism was in its golden age.


Article
Types of Simple Sentences in Some Sellected English and Arabic Short Stories: A Contrastive Study
انواع الجمل البسيطة في بعض القصص القصيرة العربية والانكليزية المختارة - دراسة مقارنة

المؤلفون: Lihadh Abdul Ameer Mubarak لحاظ عبد الامير مبارك
الصفحات: 109-120
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الخلاصة

There are many differences and similarities in all structures of simple sentence: (definitions, elements, basic types and patterns). The present study is an attempt to show a syntactic, semantic, and of simple sentence in both English and Arabic to show the similarities and differences between the two languages in relation to this topic


Article
Effect of the Employment of the Branched Questions on the Acquisition and Reservation of Geography for the Second Intermediate Students
أثر استعمال الأسئلة المتشعبة في التحصيل والاحتفاظ لدى طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The modern era witnesses a great intellectual development in all aspects so it is not accepted that the function of school is just to supply the students with numerous facts. It becomes clear that knowledge cannot be limited and taught to the students in a limited period. Hence, it becomes needful that students must be able to teach themselves continuously in response to the necessities and requirements of the era. This requires a rearrangement of knowledge in specific classes that affect the life of students and reflect the various challenges in all aspects of life. These challenges and changes surely affect the educational systems. Accordingly, the modern societies face a difficult challenge in the educational field.


Article
Mixed Education and Quality Standard in the University Teaching (A Theoretical Study)
التعلم المزيج وضمان الجودة في التدريس الجامعي (دراسة نظرية)

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الخلاصة

Educationalists look continuously for the best ways and techniques to provide an interactive educational environment that encourages students to exchange opinions and experiences. With the advent of the internet and the use of information technology and modern communication, distant learning develops and came to be called electronic learning which focuses on the use of developed technology in the educational process to convert the traditional classrooms into virtual classrooms. Recently, a lot of educationalists were so enthusiastic to E. learning to the extent that they ask for the elimination of the traditional classrooms using the virtual classrooms instead.


Article
Readability (Levels – Factors Affecting it – Difficulties of Application)
المقروئية (مستوياتها –العوامل المؤثرة فيها – صعوبات تطبيقها)

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الخلاصة

The first recorded attempts in what is called readability is done by the religious teachers aiming at simplifying religious books' learning. They focused on the study of the word and concept to recognize the common and popular words (Yunis, 1975, p. 142). Arabic heritage contains a lot about writing and writers. This heritage appeared at the end of the first century of hegira ( 7th century A.D.) and the beginning of the second century of hegira. Since then, ideas gathered and rhetoric was found; the rhetorical rule "For each situation, there is a proper speech" probably referred to an aspect in readability (Yunis, 1975, p. 36). The Telmodians were interested in readability when they studied words and concepts aiming at differentiating meanings from their writing to Telmods. Educationalists were then interested in words and began to study the elements of difficulty in children's reading from a long time.


Article
The Role of Arab Muslim Scholars in Astronomic Geography
دور العلماء العرب المسلمين في الجغرافيا الفلكية

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الخلاصة

Muslims were interested in astronomic geography، which became the basis for the Arab geography، a branch of geography based mostly on the mathematical methods in order to connect astronomic geography to prayer، fasting and pilgrimage . Muslim scholars drew this kind of geography from the Indian doctrine of mathematic geography through Persia and from the Greek doctrine through Serians. One of those who has been affected by the book of Betlimous and followed the astronomic approach in their writings of geography Muhammad bin Musa al-Khwarizmi who is unique in some of his researches in which he did not imitate anyone and his amendment of Betlimous' astronomical tables. His book Image of the Earth is the most famous book in astronomic geography and the most influential for the coming geographists.


Article
Evaluation of Student-teachers' Performance in Arabic Department / College of Basic Education from the Point of View of the Educational Supervisors in the University of Babylon
تقويم اداء مطبقي قسم اللغة العربية/ كلية التربية الاساسية من وجهة نظر المشرفين التربويين في جامعة بابل

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الخلاصة

In all stages, teaching process has recently required the teacher to have various skills to cope with the quick developments which the world witnesses in all fields including the educational one. Preparing students by supplying them with knowledge and methods of teaching is insufficient if it is not accompanied by performing skills because a teacher with a defect in performance is unable to achieve the educational aims regardless of his knowledge. This what the modern approaches have focused on in preparing students. Many studies in the educational application have proved that the student teacher is poor in his specialty, plan-making, and treatment of situations inside the class.


Article
Comprehensibility of What is Read is my Strategy - Leed and the Repetitive Communication as a Sample
فهم المقروء- استراتيجيتي (ليد والاتصال المتكرر) أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Reading has doubtlessly an importance being one of the main skills by which language communication and intellectual growth for learners are achieved. But there are some impediments that hinder reading from having its suitable position because students and teachers still look at it as entertainment and a way to pass time. This leads to depreciation of reading and its aim. Unfortunately, for a long time, it became popular in the educationalists' minds that a good reader is the one who is able to pronounce written words and phrases well so they forgot that recognizing words and pronunciation, though an essential skill, are a means to an aim, not an aim in itself. The new concept of reading looks at it as two connected processes; the first is a mechanic one while the second is a mental one by which meaning is illustrated. Comprehension is still the main aim of reading.


Article
Finding out the Cohesive Devices Most Frequently Used by Iraqi EFL University Students in Their Monthly Examination Sheets
ايجاد ادوات الربط التي تستخدم كثيرا من قبل طلاب الجامعات العراقية من المتعلمين للغة الانكليزية في اجوبتهم للامتحانات الشهرية

المؤلفون: Lihadh Abdul Ameer Mubarak لحاظ عبد الامير مبارك
الصفحات: 225-234
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الخلاصة

Cohesion is necessary in both spoken and written English.Speakers and writers use a variety of cohesive devices to link or clarify the relationships among ideas. A cohesive text is created in many different ways. In Cohesion in English, M.A.K. Halliday and Ruqaiya Hasan identify five general categories of cohesive devices that create coherence in texts: reference, ellipsis, substitution, lexical cohesion and conjunction. Cohesive devices are used to keep the meaning clear and to express it more economically


Article
Gleams of the Attributes of the Holy Prophet (pbuh) in the Holy Quran
شذرات من أوصاف الرسول الأكرم محمد صلى الله عليه وآله في القرآن الكريم

المؤلفون: Mahdi Muhammad Jawad مهدي محمد جواد
الصفحات: 235-250
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الخلاصة

Researchers and scholars of Islamic nation have been interested in writing and studying the personality of the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) from all aspects. This research is an attempt to tackle some gleams of the prophet's attributes which Allah mentions in the Holy Quran. The prophet is described in the Holy Quran with some descriptions that cover all merits and virtues. It is sure that all what is said about the prophet is lower than the divine description


Article
The Impact of Realization Activators in Reading Comprehension for the Second Intermediate Students in the Reading Lesson
أثر منشطات الادراك في الاستيعاب القرائي لدى طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة المطالعة

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الخلاصة

It is observable that reading lesson in our educational institutions is clearly poor because the students are unable to comprehend what they read. They still have in mind the traditional concept of reading being to convert the written symbols into spoken pronunciations and connect words to form sentences without realizing, analyzing, criticizing, and getting use of these symbols in solving their everyday life. This traditional concept of reading is deeply-rooted by the teachers themselves because they look at the reading lesson as a rest-time away from burden of other lessons.


Article
The interior developments of the soviet union 1918-1939
التطورات الداخلية في الاتحاد السوفييتي 1918 – 1939م

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الخلاصة

The Soviet Union had a lot of events of internal political, economic and social during the period 1918-1939,the form of the political regime had changed, which ruled Tsarist Russia for a long time, and appeared new ideology was socialism that brought the concepts and principles of political, economic and social caused a radical change in Russian society and spread its effects to the rest of the regions of the world and the Soviet Union has become a major international power. And this research for the study of these developments and their impact on Soviet society in various field especially when it was not looking independent scientific study. The research found a number of conclusions to the most important success of the Russian Revolution and reform measures taken large, was the preparation of a new constitution in July 1918 as the text of the Constitution of the Soviet Union on Russia to be a socialist state, federal Soviet Republic.


Article
Tolerance in the Grammatical Devices for the explainers of Nahj al-Balaga "The Way to Rhetoric"
الاحتمال في الأدوات النحوية عند شراح نهج البلاغة

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الخلاصة

Tolerance linguistically means acceptance of a difficult matter and be patient; terminologically means inability to realize the two extremes of a matter and the mind remains hesitant to recognize the relation between them. The researcher does not intend to expand in explaining the meaning of tolerance which the previous researchers have elaborated. Two important aspects are mentioned to realize the meaning of tolerance in grammar; the first is the presence of many terms that refer to tolerance and the second is the dispute upon evaluating the effect of tolerance on the lesson of Arabic grammar.


Article
Effect of Approach Employed According to Brain Control in Learning the Skills of Simple Assault for the Female Students in Fencing
تأثير المنهج المتبع وفق السيطرة الدماغية في تعلم مهارات الهجوم البسيط لدى الطالبات بالمبارزة

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الخلاصة

The problem of the research is centralized in answering the following questions: 1- What is the type of brain control for the third class female students in the lesson of fencing? 2- What is the effect of the approach followed according to the brain control in learning the skills of simple attack in fencing? The aim of this research is to: 1- Identify the type of brain control for the third class female students at the Faculty of Physical Education / Diyala in the lesson of fencing. 2- Identify of the approach employed depending on the brain control in learning the skills of simple attack for female students in fencing. The two researchers used the experimental method to the suit the problem of the research. The research community was the third stage female students in the academic year 2011 - 2012 whose number was (63) students; the research sample was 42 students divided into three experimental groups at a rate of (12) students per group distributed according to the types of brain control.


Article
The Quranic Readings of Yasin Sura – A Grammatical Study
القراءات القرآنية في سورة ياسين - "دراسة نحوية"

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الخلاصة

The Quranic readings have got a great attention from the linguists and grammarians because they are considered an essential source of Arabic linguistically and grammatically. It is also the richest source in supporting the linguistic studies being the pure shelter to which the grammarians resort to give the grammatical examples for they consider it their typical model to show the various grammatical aspects.


Article
The Islamic Culture for Children and the Role of Familial Upbringing in Enhancing it Under the Contemporary Challenges – A Field Study
الثقافة الإسلامية لدى الأبناء ودور التنشئة الأسرية في تعزيزها في ظل التحديات الراهنة - دراسة ميدانية -

المؤلفون: Dhahir Mohsen Hani ظاهر محسن هاني
الصفحات: 346-368
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الخلاصة

This research aims at identifying the nature of Islamic culture and the importance of the familial upbringing in enhancing the Islamic culture and the main challenges that face it. To achieve these aims, the researcher has made a questionnaire for this subject. This questionnaire has been applied to a sample consisting of some 305 male and female teachers in the University of Babylon chosen randomly to represent the variables of the research. It is revealed from the results of the research that the familial upbringing contributes in enhancing the Islamic culture despite the challenges that face it.


Article
The Effect of Using the Learning Course of Over Cognitive Strategy to Develop Reading Comprehension and the Achievement of Biology at the Second Grade Female Pupils in the Intermediate School
اثر استخدام استراتيجية دورة التعلم فوق المعرفية لتنمية الفهم القرائي والتحصيل في مادة الاحياء لدى طالبات الصف الثاني متوسط

المؤلفون: Batool Mohammed Jassim بتول محمد جاسم
الصفحات: 369-388
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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the impact of using the learning course of over cognitive strategy to develop reading comprehension and the achievement of biology at the second grade female pupils in the intermediate school. In order to verify the aim of the research, formulate the following two hypotheses: 1-There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group pupils who studied in a strategy of over cognitive learning course and the average score for the control group pupils who studied in a traditional way in the scale of reading comprehension. 2-There is no statistically significant difference at the level of significance (0.05) between the average scores of the experimental group pupils who studied in a strategy of the over cognitive learning course and the average score for the control group pupils who studied in a traditional way in the achievement test.


Article
Psychological Alienation in the University Students
الاغتراب النفسي لدى طلبة الجامعة

المؤلفون: Rasha Muhammad Alwan رشا محمد علوان
الصفحات: 389-404
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الخلاصة

University learning faces the problem of psychological alienation in the students. Psychological alienation is defined as "a psychological condition in which the person feels that he is isolated from his society or a relative separation from his self, his society or both". Learning deepens alienation because it leads students to face dominance, loss, and isolation. Students suffer from a lot of psychological conflicts and distraction so they resort to smoking, drinking, believing in superstitions, and making superficial relationships with others. It is important to study alienation because of its high ratio which leads to the migration of Arabian intelligent minds for political, economic, and educational reasons.


Article
Role of Tinko Abdul Rahman in the Formation of the Malaysian Union in 1963
دور تنكو عبد الرحمن في تشكيل اتحاد ماليزيا عام 1963

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الخلاصة

The research deals with an important subject in the modern and contemporary history during the reign of the Malaysian prime minister Tinko Abdel Rahman (1957-1970) who is the first prime minister in Malaysia and who exerted great effort in getting its independence from Britain on August 31, 1957. Tinko worked to unite Malaysia when he was able to get the independence of the western states which are (Perlis, Kida, Kelantan, Pinang, and others) putting them under the name the Malaya Union. He became the first prime minister after getting the independence from Britain so he joined the east of Malaysia and Singapore on September 16, 1963. The country came to be known as Malaysia but it was before called Malaya


Article
Gleams from the Life of Sayid Abu al-Qasim al- Khoei (1899-1992)
شذرات من حياة السيد ابو القاسم الخوئي (1899-1992)

المؤلفون: Ilham Hamza Mansi الهام حمزة منسي
الصفحات: 424-450
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الخلاصة

Sayid Abu al-Qasim al-Khoei is the head of al-Hawza in Najaf and the great Imam of Shiite. He wrote in religious doctrines, fundamentalism, and jurisprudence. His various writings played a major role in raising awareness of the religious community in which he lived. This research studies the personality of this great Imam. It is divided into three sections preceded by an introduction shedding light upon the major stations of his life.


Article
The Rhetorical Devices in the Light of Consistency in the Holy Quran
الأشكال البديعيّة في ضوء الانسجام في القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

Terminologically, consistency is the cohesion achieved by semantic devices in the first place. It is represented by the deep level of the text which presents an illustration for the cohesive devices among the structures which are seemingly inconsistent on the surface level. It has an abstractive semantic nature shown by relationships reflected by the linguistic elements of the text. This type of cohesion is what is called consistency. It is opposite to symmetry which focuses on the connectives in the form of the text.


Article
Impact of Non-Standard Varieties and Other Languages in Arabic Media
أثر اللهجات العربية غير القياسية في الاعلام

المؤلفون: Hasanein Hasan Shaheed حسنين حسن شهيد
الصفحات: 482-489
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الخلاصة

Research shows risks which have been occurred to modern Arabic media language (print, audio, and visual media) from entering different Arabic varieties and foreign languages to it, especially in the last two decades. Work focuses on visual media more than other types of media, because it has a significant effect on recipient viewers in particular among kids, teenager and young adults (irrespective of sex), as they are more up to it than the rest of the other age groups, and as they are more exposed to visual media than the audio one. Kids, teenagers and young are only hear songs and religious sermons, and they show less interest in print only except for reading fashion vogue


Article
Assumptions of the Female Science Teachers of the Attributes of the Teacher of Science in the Primary Schools in the Light of Quality Standards
تصورات معلمات العلوم لسمات معلم العلوم في المدارس الابتدائية في ضوء معايير الجودة الشاملة

المؤلفون: Nisreen hamza al-Sultani نسرين حمزة السلطاني
الصفحات: 490-509
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الخلاصة

This study aims at identifying of the assumptions of the female science teachers of the attributes of the teacher of science in the primary schools in the center of Babylon Governorate in the light of quality standards; the problem lies in the following question: What are the assumptions of the female science teachers of the attributes of the teacher of science in the primary schools in the light of quality standards? To achieve the aim, the study is done on a sample of (80) female teachers in the primary schools in the center of the Governorate of Babylon. A questionnaire has been given to them including four points: the personal attributes of the teacher, class interaction for the pupils, class control, and learning activities.


Article
The Compensation of the Illegal Detention ( A Comparative Study)
التعويض عن التوقيف الباطل (دراسة مقارنة)

المؤلفون: Luma Amir Mahmood لمى عامر محمود
الصفحات: 510-551
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الخلاصة

Liberty is a precious thing that can be clearly felt when it is restricted. It is concerned with the dignity of the individual and represents a source of value to him. The restriction upon liberty is only justified in case of public interest of the whole community. The development of a society is measured on the basis of its protection of liberty and freedom given to its members and the guarantees that are given to the individuals according to the legislation. The individual's arrest is one of the important issues that is related to the rights and liberties. It is one of the most dangerous procedures in the investigation that threatens the personal liberty which is considered a natural right that gives him the right of movement. According to the international charters, conventions, and constitutions, it is prohibited to restrict liberty except for the cases that legislations permit.


Article
Evaluating the Range of Practice of the Teaching Staff Members of the College of Basic Education for the Principles of Active Teaching
تقويم مدى ممارسة اعضاء هيئة التدريس في كلية التربية الاساسية لمبادئ التعليم الفعال

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الخلاصة

The development in societies has led to the development in the educational thought which has in itself led to the development of the idea about the teacher and his roles. He is no longer a transmitter of knowledge to the learners or a connecter between the scholastic book and the learners' minds. Teachers are revealed to have new important roles as organizers for the educational process and supporters of the students for self-learning. Active teaching depends on the personality of the teacher, knowledge of his teaching material, and skills which he teaches. He must also have the ability to give information and help the students precisely acquire the various learning skills to be useful to themselves and the society. Hence, this research is important because it identifies the active teaching in the College of Basic Education and how the students get benefit from acquiring the skills of teaching.


Article
Unpublished Cuneiform Letters from the Ancient Babylonian Era
رسائل مسمارية غير منشورة من العصر البابلي القديم

المؤلفون: Saad Salman Fahd سعد سلمان فهد
الصفحات: 563-578
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الخلاصة

Nations are proud of the cultural achievements which they introduce to the humanity as a whole. These cultural achievements vary depending on the cultural depth of this or that country. Mesopotamia comes at the head of the countries in its civilization which it introduces to other countries. The subject which deals with the letters from the ancient Babylonian era is considered one of the most important subjects because of its richness in information that supplies the researchers with a scientific material that clarifies some of social, economic, and political aspects of that era. Moreover, the letters contain many nouns and verbs that shed light upon the grammar of their language. Thus, three letters were chosen from that era in Abu Antik.


Article
Creative Evolution In The Form Of A Bull In The Painting Guernica
الإبداعية في تطور شكل الثور في لوحة الجورنيكا

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الخلاصة

Innovates Art whole images or two to affect the space visible and embodied forms function and signs of aesthetic, and this implies that delve into the midst of the structures formalism to represent this Mahsusat visual iconic based on creativity (artistic) and the extent of updating it fact or repudiated in the formulations for the production of artistic effects with meanings and connotations aesthetic . It is because of artistic creativity _ away from any philosophical currents of modern structural and beyond _ in the nature of the relationship between Tsahria three main pillars are: - Upstream: a fact which draws him Artist article. - Product: here, a performance artist and Njaath and footwork. - Receiver: It is the future of aesthetic and artistic values. This invites controversy tracing subject and object, it has formed a dialectic of subject and object location and unit membership stimulating creativity and supportive of the development of the structure of the art form. If we look at the form of the bull in Guernica (Picasso), to show us that the system of art in its development stage successive shipped with the artist (Picasso) in order to innovate in response to the call of his mind, an honorable and humanity as a whole. And it became aware of the aesthetic and psychological studies to monitor creativity (artistic creativity) as a field a knowledge in the field of art as well as in some other fields of knowledge.


Article
Proving by One Hadeeth
الاحتجاج بحديث الآحاد

المؤلفون: Haitham Kudhair Abbas هيثم خضير عباس
الصفحات: 599-609
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الخلاصة

It is of mercy that Allah had sent the prophet Muhammad (pbuh) with the right religion and guidance and given him the Holy Quran as a constitution to enlighten the way for the nation. He also made His messenger an illustrator for the Book. The messenger had made the task in the best way so he details the general aspect of the Quran, limits, and restricts some other aspects. He may clarify what the Quran had not mentioned depending on his task being a messenger instructing the nation to the righteousness. To achieve this, he employs speeches addressing his companions, deeds clarifying his intentions, or his contentment for a speech or a deed made by his companions. These three practices from the prophet are what is termed to be al-Sunna or the Prophetic Hadeeth.


Article
Impact of Learning Collections in the Acquisition of the Fifth Primary Class Pupils in Science
اثر المجمعات التعليمية في تحصيل تلاميذ الصف الخامس الابتدائي في مادة العلوم

المؤلفون: Mahdi Muhammad Jawad مهدي محمد جواد
الصفحات: 610-641
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الخلاصة

The aim of the research is to identify the impact of learning collections in the acquisition of the fifth primary class pupils in science. The researcher has prepared (112) behavioural aims involving specific subjects in the experiment. He has also prepared teaching plans for those subjects. To verify the aim of the research and its hypothesis, the researcher has prepared an acquisition test containing (38) MCQ items of three choices; the stability, reliability, difficulty, and differentiating factors are verified. After doing the experiment, the test has been applied. Data have been gained and statistically analyzed to verify the exactness of the zero-hypothesis.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: