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مجلة مركز بابل للدراسات الانسانية

ISSN: 22272895 23130059
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة مركز بابل للدراسات الانسانية هي مجلة رسمية صادرة عن مركز بابل للدراسات الحضارية والتاريخية بجامعة بابل وتختص بنشر البحوث والمقالات الاكاديمية في مجالات الدراسات الانسانية والتاريخية والحضارية تنشر المجلة محلياُ بشكل نصف سنوي اي مرتين في كل عام حيث يتم تحرير المجلة من قبل فريق تحكيم علمي يعمل على تقييم البحوث المرسلة حيث ان كل بحث يتم ارساله الى ادارة المجلة يعمل خبيرين اثنين على الاقل في تقييم كل جانب من جوانبه ووفق استمارة معدة لهذا الغرض ولا نقوم بنشر اي مقالات او بحوث بدون اجازة نشر من قبل خبرائنا .
جامعة بابل
سنة الاصدار 2011
عدد الاعداد الصادرة 15 عدد
مجلة نصف سنوية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 4 العدد: 3

Article
The concept of human rights in Islamic thought
مفهوم حقوق الإنسان في الفكر الإسلامي

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الخلاصة

Studies and processors legal, social, political and economic issue of human rights and development have raised, as well as contact with those studies of issues such as recognition of human rights and the extent observed in the various communities, according to community growth and development of the primitive uncivilized to civil civilized, and then the emergence and growth of constitutional and political institutions that address These rights or provide them. The issue of human rights and the issue of vehicle multidimensional interventions, differ in religious and civil, political, cultural and social aspects, so it became the subject of attention of many disciplines and specialties. Islamic thought and found himself the process of rooting for Human Rights and codified and displays Quranic texts and their interpretation, and the development of Islamic teachings and systems in all these areas, in order to save human rights and the maintenance of the violation. So we we will discuss in this paper the concept of human rights in Islam through the premise (that the human rights situation in the Islamic thought is a former human rights in the international covenants and conventions) and we will try to prove or deny this hypothesis through three sections, the first, the concept of the right language and idiomatically, Second, is the historical rooting for Human Rights in Islam, and the third, it is the human rights sections in Islam, and which they can grope the general framework of human rights and the Islamic concept.


Article
Evaluating the performance of Iraqi EFL undergraduates in Writing Reading Comprehension Précis
تقييم أداء الطلاب الجامعيين EFL العراقي في الكتابة القراءة الاستيعابية التلخيصية

المؤلفون: Ahmed A .Hamza
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

The study aims at evaluating the performance of the grammatical and lexical abilities of Iraqi EFL undergraduates in writing précis for reading comprehension passages . (64) male and female second- year students from English Dep. College of Education-of Babylon University were chosen as the sample of the study during the academic year (2012-2013). A written test form was constructed to be the tool for the research study. The test form consisted of an unseen passage followed by a question to write a précis for the presented passage. The testees were provided with instructions to determine the starting and the end points of the précis. The testees were required to mention the steps to be followed to write their précis including the key words of the ideas to be included in their précis, their grammatical devices used in formulating their précis and their own vocabulary used the précis. The respodents showed low frequency use of the grammatical devices for reduction which indicates that the testees were not adequately trained to utlize their grammatical knowledge in such a productive peice of writing whereby garmmar is utilized to compress sentences for reduction. The respondents also showed low succeeeded scores in using cohesive devices to join the sentences of the required precis due to The inability of the testees to utilze their grammatical knowledge to choose the correct conjunction to join sentences and misunderstanding the ideas in the presented passage which causes the inability to discover the shared meaning among them when joining is done accordingly. Above all, the respondents showed very low succeeded results in utlizing their vocabulary store to achieve word economy which clearly indicates that the testees have poor vocabulary store that makes them less felixable to express the ideas of the presented passage in their own words.


Article
Readability of the Iraqi press in the middle of academic specialist A field study in the readability of Iraqi newspapers favorite for Teachers Faculty of media at the University of Baghdad as a model
مقروئية الصحافة العراقية في الوسط الأكاديمي المتخصص دراسة ميدانية في مقروئية الصحف العراقية المفضلة لدى تدريسيي كلية الإعلام في جامعة بغداد أنموذجا

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الخلاصة

The research Moduamkaroih press which is one of the important issues in the light of the new communication environment, and subjected Find a sample of academics, media specialists in the Faculty of Information, University of Baghdad to investigate Tfdilathmuaraúhm and attitudes and entrances to raise the profile of the Iraqi press and increase Mkaroitha from their point of view. Research was divided into three areas: the first dealt with the methodological framework of the research, and the second was the introduction of readability in light of new media, and the third dedicated to the study of the field. It Ibrzastnajat Find Mayati: - Local newspapers are still occupies the priority of Ahtmamatalambhothin in readability compared to Arab and international newspapers, and is still the world's press does not enjoy only a small percentage of the interest and readability. - The reality of the new communication including an abundance of connectivity options and numerous media has an impact on the extent of irregular readability of the printed press. - The newspapers favored by the respondents characterized as newspapers represent large institutions. - Variation of respondents in determining the amount of the importance of the form of the newspaper of their favorite Some of them see as a very important (48.21%) for the marketing of printed under the dominance of visual elements, including the form over substance in fact communication of the new, and others felt that it is important because they believe the importance of form and content in marketing printed. - The shape of the newspapers preferred to respondents was accepted by the majority of respondents, but did not reach the level that would bring him the strength of competition in the communication space. - See the majority of their newspapers Alambhothinon favorite colors used with messages resolvability in a scientific and professional, enabling it to support the contents, and to achieve other objectives resolvability. - Non-Investment favorite newspapers to respondents all sizes and functions, including titles to achieve those objectives newspapers persuasive and influential aesthetic, self-focusing on the function of those jobs, and this is what indicates the deficiencies in its professional journalist. - Respondents gave priority to the photo in terms of (types of favorite photos with messages resolvability) for featured Alatsalaholaguenaih and influential aesthetic, giving importance to close the rest of the kinds of images that can be used resolvability messages. - The majority of newspapers respondents preferred to give priority in the use of images depending on the degree importance of the subject in order to achieve the purposes of the multiple ones Takdah, explanatory, persuasive, splash, especially as it was unique in the dissemination of those images are used, while the focus of some newspapers preferred to respondents in the use of the images on the function and aesthetic directorial then of important parts in the design and output newspapers. - Each page of the newspapers favorite, although the proportion differed preference and priority, of interest to some readers, the majority of respondents would prefer more than one page from the pages of their newspapers favorite. - Iraqi newspapers that are still giving a press release priority, and that the press is still lacking in investigative journalism and investigative journalism. - Preferences respondents indicate they are interested in more than one type of topics, with priority given to issues of political and cultural subjects and social issues, which requires the Iraqi press to reconsider the priorities of the subjects published by the press to meet the interests of various social circles. - Still Iraqi newspapers, according to the answers of respondents, give priority to the issues of political activity the press, and often only cover the topics of cultural and social issues and religious subjects in some press materials in the inside pages, as well as topics other scientific, environmental and technical not received only attention slightly to the absence of the press specialist in Iraqi newspapers. - The dominant feature of the favorite themes Iraqi newspapers to respondents is the hallmark of news, opinion and then feature according to the answers of respondents, which indicates that the Iraqi newspapers did not adapt to the limits of conflict and competition with the rest of the other means of communication in the communication of the new reality. - Indicates divergence of views of respondents about grooming predominant in the contents of their newspapers favorite and get Alastmalten mental and emotional on the priority and Bnsptin percentage points close to each other and the emergence of swaying intimidation by (10.44%), that some arts press, especially the news and reports that must be characterized by ethics press has been overtaken by emotional grooming via a one using colors and sizes and formulations descriptive titles that indicate the opinion and suggestion and verbal affirmations and other inferences grooming emotional, and this is what marks the palaces in the professional side of some newspapers. - Demonstrate the answers respondents that the Iraqi press gives priority in its news coverage and press releases to local affairs, while they focus on coverage of Arab and International Affairs at events large and very important, which confirms that they are heading to the reader Iraqi, nor can be attractive to the reader Arab and foreign.


Article
Rebuild audio pronunciations Alaogarrita the light of legends Ugarit
اعادة بناء التلفظ الصوتي الاوغاريتي على ضوء الاساطير الاوغاريتية

المؤلفون: Imad Hamad Abdul أ.م عماد حماد عبد
الصفحات: 65-72
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الخلاصة

The oral composition of is one of the most distinctive aspects of the language in the formulation of the stories that have been passed down girls verbally before they are recorded in writing. There is no direct evidence, of course, in the form of the novel and the nature of which is supposed to be out of the texts adopted by the researcher to apply the theory of authorship Cfahialy the basis of re-installing and building sound the groups, which have been extrapolated based on the sound of comparison used in achieving the voices of Semitic languages Including the Hebrew language, which was standard in comparison .olthakik those that have been relying on the text contained in cutting Alagarata story Agaht, keratosis, curses, according to the cuneiform texts (KTU 1.17, 24CTAVI29, CTA17 I CTA20B 7-8 CTA 22 B 8, (ID IID IIID into groups of editorial idioms through which show Almnburh where audio clips, which help to determine the presence of Naber in Ugarit language and prove its existence will result to confirm the priority of this language Hebrew language being laid in a lot of linguistic techniques used in the construction of the Hebrew phrase in the Book of Job In Other trips. The search is over to a number of conclusions in addition to the above.


Article
Sufi dance movements and symbolic dance " Mawlawi as a model "
الرقص الصوفي ورمزية الحركات الراقصة " المولوية أنموذجاً "

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الخلاصة

The mysticism of the Islamic curriculum that can not realize its significance and beliefs and the foundations of its ways in which they can reach the general concepts or special for this approach, just by entering to it and flagrante out or in other words, do not realize mysticism does not know his secrets, but Sophie, so the studies or literature by looking at the mysticism is only a simple nuggets looking at phenomena and some beliefs, traditions and style, because the basis of the work of Sufism is the spirit with the courtyard of the body, liking and Wanderer and access to the divine presence can be achieved only through work and diligence worship and good deeds and fine tune the human psyche and away from materialism sides of this world mortal, then the aspirant has achieved to be earned on the State of the Union and the courtyard in the Creator, from here, the mystic up the philosophy of mysticism to the maximum cases of human existence, which cast a shadow over his actions and moves and style, what movements and dances Sufi performed by mystics through their councils, but expressive movements on the status of Autism, which up to the Sufis, which reflect the symbolism of which are characterized by, and it seems this is clear and evident in the dances mysticism Sufis, who founded the movement and the development of rules and great mystic poet Rumi or the so-called (Mawlawi).


Article
Al- hilla citizen role in the Iraqi revolution of 1920
دور الحليين في الثورة العراقية سنة 1920

المؤلفون: Star Nuri al-Aboudi ستار نوري العبودي
الصفحات: 96-112
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الخلاصة

who trace the studies that written on the 1920 Revolution in Iraq, if they thought the census Arab Research and Studies, articles and non-Arab, which I wrote about that revolution, he will find a great deal in it, hundreds exceeded that of thousands of research, books, articles, letters and scientific thesis , inside Iraq and beyond. And dealt with those written subjects, the revolution of a different political and intellectual, social and economic angles and so on, and our subject here relates to a specific angle of the corners that many of the revolution, which angles on the participation of hilla citizin of pan residents Brigade Hilla, or what is now called (b Babil province) and not the city of Hilla ( the county seat) only, in that task revolution, whether it's through the national political forces during any of the political parties and organizations based glorified or through social organizations of the tribe in the countryside, led by tribal leaders who are within the geographical area of ​​the brigade of Hilla.


Article
Budget of the Ministry of Education in the Republican era Study in the development raised 1958-1968
موازنة وزارة المعارف في العهد الجمهوري دراسة في أثارها التنموية 1958-1968

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الخلاصة

The formation of the Iraqi state helped in the emergence of an administrative system to regulate the affairs of the social, economic and political state certified in the delivery of core projects on public financial budget to adopt and develop every enterprise operating multiple terms of reference, increased allocations with two first defense and second education because of the importance of rehabilitation of specialized cadres in various State departments, various education and its institutions is the base engine of the state, by the following cases and increase its budget a manner that achieves the objectives of the educational plan, Budget rose from simple numbers that reached the increase in allocations for more than three-fold.


Article
Al-Sayyed Mohammad Hussein Fadl allah His life and attitudes of the Lebanese issue
السيد محمد حسين فضل الله حياته ومواقفه من القضية اللبنانية

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الخلاصة

Thinkers study represents an important and essential element for understanding the history of peoples because of their relationship to various political, economic and social fields, the fact that some of these characters has visions of intellectual and political awareness and dimension "ideologically", which represents some of the times of the Islamic political order form. Historical studies have addressed a number of thinkers who have an important role in the making of events, Mr. Mohammed Hussein Fadlallah and represents one of those who have contributed to some of the political, social and intellectual aspects, both in Lebanon, or on the Arab and Islamic levels, who shot to fame two dramatically as man Tawhid and rapprochement between sects, has this historical Sayed Mohammad Hussein study Fadlallah was being a modern Islamic thinkers, who has been to several campaigns aimed at maiming and challenge the intellectual and doctrinal views, and spread the appeal even in his political positions, for reasons ranging from underdevelopment of civilization, and bigotry , or the fear of the spread of thought jurisprudential enlightened based on community and debt service, hence the choice came to study this character, trying to highlight and reveal many of these personal aspects, whether from birth and the first inception in Najaf, and the subsequent later study in their possession, then his to Lebanon, the birthplace of his ancestors and stability there, the highlights later on the Lebanese arena reference religiously significant this ideological views and doctrinal task of witnessing her near and far, in addition to confirming the necessity of adhering to Islamic values, which is the weapon of deterrence generally all the challenges that threaten the unity of Muslims, as well as the what is known personal Fadlallah's call to unity floor and away from racism and sectarianism, and that was a key motivation for choosing the subject of our study, as well as for his production of intellectual and opinions that have not been studied independent academic in the field of history, as well as the legacy of generations of great scientific wealth represented in different and various religious and doctrinal, historical, philosophical, poetic and social fields.


Article
Political Thought For equality advocates Movement in England (1645-1649)
الفكر السياسي لحركة أنصار المساواة في انكلترا (1645-1649)

المؤلفون: Younis Abbas Nimaha يونس عباس نعمة
الصفحات: 205-221
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الخلاصة

Counting controversy popular facilities of the civil war in English, the most important aspects of an affair and importance, as describes the first appearance of public opinion in the political process, and the size of the writings of dialectical intellectual was great, eating moral and theological ideas and apply them to rule, explained the disadvantages discussed constitutions and made the arguments pro and con of religious tolerance, and attacked or defended the government of the church and taking their relationship to the civil power, demanded some form of civil liberty or denied, and has a lot of controversy on the belief that the political and social institutions does not justify its existence, but they protect individual interests and safeguard civil rights, and ensure co-existence in the light of religious tolerance and can to say that this debate on the image of publications, was the first experience of Europe in general and England witnessed particularly in popular political.


Article
General economic conditions in Algeria under French administration 1830-1962 and attempts to search for oil before independence
الأوضاع الاقتصادية العامة للجزائر في ظل الإدارة الفرنسية 1830-1962 ومحاولات البحث عن النفط قبل الاستقلال

المؤلفون: Osama saheb Monem أسامة صاحب منعم
الصفحات: 222-249
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt that the French occupation for Algeria, which lasted 132 years, long-term effects affected all aspects of Algerian life, perhaps the most important economic aspects of this study was to shed light on that side before Algerian independence in with a focus on oil as an economic lifeline for countries in the twentieth century. In this sense devoted the first section to clarify the economic life in Algeria, which was based on agriculture, primarily unchanged similar condition all the Arab States of the Ottoman state, and that the French occupation a settlement nature came painted the first two sectors advanced sector occurs continued settlers French, and the Gaza Algerian farmers which knew Sustenance economy, with surrounding drivers to find that situation, as well as the most important section that displays how the control of the French Algerian trade sector through the control of the Algerian domestic market and export capital to France through the monopoly of the Algerian trade. At another level, this topic has focused review of the French efforts in reducing the handicraft industries Algerian, and to make Algeria the French market for jewelry, as well as the sufficiency only extractive industry for the Algerian raw materials and exported to France


Article
Hilla management in the Abbasid era 495-656 AH / 1101-1258 AD
إدارة الحلة في العصر العبـــاسي 495- 656هـ/ 1101-1258 م

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الخلاصة

This research is an attempt to study the conditions of Hilla administrative since it established year 495 AH / 1101 AD until the end of the Abbasid era in 656 AH / 1258, Since Hilla is one of the Important Iraq cities that contributed to the political, social and economic events and had a big role in weakening the Seljuk power in Iraq, and that the reason of building it was politically and administratively represented in the desire of its founder Prince charity bin Mansour Mazeedi in maintaining its influence and achieve its goal of secession from the Seljuk State, when he saw suitable conditions because of the large number of funds and preoccupation with the sultans of the Seljuks in the ongoing disputes; for that he established Hilla and taken home to the emirate in 495 AH / 1101 AD


Article
Al Nima and their intellectual impact on the two centuries seventh and eighth AH
آل نما وآثرهم الفكري في القرنين السابع والثامن الهجريين

المؤلفون: Majid Abd Zaid al-Khazraji ماجد عبد زيد الخزرجي
الصفحات: 297-306
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الخلاصة

We can not address any personal scientific or family of families known that her sons famous with science without the knowledge of the environment in which he grew up as the environmentally significant impact in the personal world and even families who became her sons famous science. It was to the environment of Hilla impact in the formation of personal scholars of grew, as it was a center of intellectual radiation centers, especially in doctrinal and literary studies, despite there were no schools where but it made to the Muslim world and its history Orient men were qualified and high culture in the areas of Islamic thought, enough to surf the researcher science works, writings touching and with very clearly the importance of the city from the point of intellectual and jurisprudence in particular, and the difficulty of understanding that science and they do not realize, but the perfection of the mind , the highlight of the scientists and scholars of Hilla is intelligence subtle and thought piercing , so more people came out to see them at the time, This is what God blessed the Almighty on this spot of land that grace, as printed by the nature of university life itself, so the number raied of seminars and research councils and discussion, and even in the general councils dominated by conversation science and literature on any kind of any conversation kinds.


Article
Kingdom of Lydia (687 546 BC) History and civilization
مملكة ليديا ( 687 ـ 546 ق.م ) تاريخها وحضارتها

المؤلفون: Eiman Lafta Hussein إيمان لفته حسين
الصفحات: 307-323
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الخلاصة

The importance of this research in the study of the Kingdom of Lydia history and culture in a period of the seventh century BC that the Greek kingdom, which emerged in Asia Minor, specifically in the western Anatolia and took control of the roads leading to the coast of the Aegean Sea are thus represented a confluence of Greek civilization with the civilizations of the Near East Point in ancient Asia Minor From this point of this study came to the topic.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: