جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: العدد: 19

Article
The Morphometric Analysis of Sand Dunes in the Two Governorates of Babylon and Al-Qadisiya
التحليل المورفومتري للكثبان الرملية في محافظتي بابل والقادسية

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الخلاصة

The sand suns spread in various forms in the region of study because of their influence of the dominant wind, the amount of sand, the topography of the regions, and other factors. These forms can be studied morphometrically to identify the reasons and the developments of such phenomena, the processes that have contributed to their existence, and the elements which can be measured. This represents the core of the problem of the research for programs (GIS) can construct a three-dimensional models for the location so to becomes possible to represent the topography of it in a (data model) known as (Digital Terrain) or (Elevation Model) which is referred to as (DEM) or (DIM). It is possible to use the data taken from the Digital Model in the analysis of the natural phenomena


Article
Irrational Ideas and Their Relationship with the Control Location for the University Students
الأفكار اللاعقلانية وعلاقتها بموقع الضبط لدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

The study aims at identifying (Irrational Ideas and Their Relationship with the Control Location for the University Students). The sample of the research consists of (120) male and female students chosen randomly from the colleges of the university. The researchers adopted Al-Rayhani's Standard (1987) and Al-Hilu's Standard (1989) as tools to measure the irrational ideas and the control location. The psychometric features (validity and reliability) have been measured for the two standards. To analyze the results, the researchers have used Al-Ta'I Test for one sample, Al-Ta'I Test for two independent samples, and Bergson's correlative factor. The results reveal that there are statistical variations in the mathematical and theoretical means for both standards


Article
Epithet in English and Arabic
اللقب باللغتين العربية والإنكليزية

المؤلفون: Besma Khalid بسمة خالد
الصفحات: 46-56
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الخلاصة

Epithet is a term used to characterize a person or a thing. It is a descriptive word or a phrase added to or substituted for a person’s name. The study is divided into three sections. The first two sections deal with the concept of epithet in English and Arabic respectively. Similarities and differences between English and Arabic in terms of the concept, types and uses make the third section of the paper. The most important concluding remarks arrived at are: The concept of epithet in English and Arabic is the same but its realizations are different. Western scholars have tackled epithet from different levels but Arab linguists have discussed it only from a grammatical angle. In both languages, the combination of noun and adjective is not seen as a literal relationship but rather a non-literal one. Two forms of epithet are used in Arabic whereas English utilizes a number of forms for epithet. In English, the main use of epithet is in fiction and politics. In Arabic, epithets are mostly employed for religious purposes.


Article
Meaning Enforcement by Adding Irregular Letters
تقوية المعنى بزيادة الحروف غير القياسيَّة

المؤلفون: Ashraf Adnan Hasan أشرف عدنان حسن
الصفحات: 57-67
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الخلاصة

The research deals with meaning enforcement by adding irregular letters which may join the word construction but do not follow a certain rule. Adding of these letters often functions connotatively and enforces the meaning for the addressee. The research has come up with some results: - Adding the letter (meem) in Arabic enforces the meaning whether the letter refers to singular or plural. - Adding the letter (ta') to the feminine words refers to the extremism in description, not the feminine sense. - The letter (ta') in Tagoot (tyrant) and the long vowel sound after it give an enforced meaning to the word.


Article
Contemporary Techniques in Teaching History: Needs and Requirements
التقنيات لمعاصرة في تدريس التاريخ بين الحاجة إليها ومتطلبات نجاحها

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الخلاصة

The study has been conducted in Iraq in the College of Basic Education / University of Babylon; it aims at: 1. Identifying the need for the educational techniques in teaching history in the university stage from the university instructors' point of view. 2.Identifying the requirements for the success of employing the contemporary techniques in the university stage in the College of Basic Education from the university instructors' point of view. The research depends on a sample of instructors from History Department in the College of Basic Education in the two Universities of Babylon and Al-Mustansiriya in the academic year 2013-2014. The researcher has used a questionnaire as a tool of the research after being sure of its validity and reliability. Bergson's correlative factor, the close mean, and the percentage weight have been used.


Article
The Activity of Thinking Quickening Model in the Acquisition and Emotional Intelligence for the Female Students in the First Intermediate Class in the Lesson of History
فاعلية أنموذج تسريع التفكير في التحصيل والذكاء الوجداني لدى طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة التاريخ

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الخلاصة

Because science develops progressively, it becomes essential to cope with its pace. Since the scientific progress basically depends on the intellectual abilities of the female students, the Directorate of Education should pay a great attention to those female students' abilities and identify the suitable methods for their thinking. Although the recent trends focus on the suitable strategies, methods, and approaches for teaching to make the female students' roles positive and essential in the educational process, yet the methods employed still depend on memorization and repetition


Article
Development and Pollution
التنمية والتلوث

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الخلاصة

The research deals with an important issue which is the close relationship between development and pollution. It has resulted from the rise of the modern city which depends on the industrial activity as a basic element of its existence and continuity. Hence, the research focuses on practical aspects which are cities regularization and the procedures and decisions which adopt development and protect the environment from pollution and how to utilize all the possibilities of development in the light of the developmental policies of various cities of the world

الكلمات الدلالية

Development and Pollution --- التنمية والتلوث


Article
Reasons of the Social and Economic Intimidation in the Umayyad Period (41-132 Hegira / 661-749 A.D)
دوافع الترهيب الاقتصادية والاجتماعية في العصر الأموي (41-132هـ/ 661-749م)

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الخلاصة

Intimidation has been employed by various authorities throughout the ages to terrify the opponents and restrict their power. Terminologically, there are two kinds of intimidation; the first is positive (divine) being related to the punishment particularly in the hereafter because it is the deserved consequence of the sin. Hence, it is to prevent from committing a bad deed. The second is the negative intimidation (human) which is the subject of the research. It is defined as "It is to raise a weapon to terrify people in land or sea, night or day, in city or village, male or female, strong or weak, in the realm of unbelievers or Islam


Article
The Verbal Evidence and the Demonstrative in Nahj Al-Balaga
القرائن اللفظية واسم الإشارة في نهج البلاغة

المؤلفون: Mohammad Munadhil Abbas محمد مناضل عباس
الصفحات: 133-146
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الخلاصة

The verbal evidence is one of the elements of speech which refers to the grammatical function and by which the connotative and grammatical meaning of the demonstrative in Nahj Al-Balaga is explained, not to mention the constructive and functional meanings. The aim of the study is to identify the verbal evidence and its function with the demonstratives concerning clarifying the meaning


Article
The Intellectual Abilities According to the Informational Quaternary Model for the Difficulties in Learning Mathematics for the Students in the Second Intermediate Class
القدرات العقلية على وفق الانموذج الرباعي المعلوماتي لذوي صعوبات تعلم الرياضيات لدى طلبه الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

By this model, Abu Hatab had explained the importance of information regulating in the intellectual abilities. Since the main reason for learning, particularly the academic learning, is information regulation, the researcher tries to identify the importance of information regulating in learning mathematics. The study aims at identifying (The Intellectual Abilities According to the Informational Quaternary Model for the Difficulties in Learning Mathematics for the Students in the Second Intermediate Class). The sample of the research consists of (389) male and female students from the second intermediate class. To achieve the aim, three tools have been constructed which are (the test of the informational quaternary model and the test of learning difficulties of mathematics).


Article
The Activity of the Skills of Regulation in the Acquisition of the Female Students in the Preparatory Fifth Literary Class in the Lesson of Literary Texts
فاعلية مهارات التنظيم في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة الأدب والنصوص

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الخلاصة

Some specialists point out that the lesson of literature has not developed in our schools. Teaching the literary texts is not convincing for most of the teaching methods are characterized by being classical in delivering the lessons to the students rendering them negative rather than positive listeners. Hence, the students is accustomed to blind imitation and dependence on others and loses the spirit of creativity. The researcher has found that employing modern methods among which is (the skills of regulation) may participate in solving the problem


Article
The Activity of the Concept Circles Strategy in the Acquisition of the Geographic Concepts for the Female Students in the Preparatory Fifth Literary Class
فاعلية إستراتيجية دوائر المفهوم في اكتساب المفاهيم الجغرافية لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الأدبي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Activity of the Concept Circles Strategy in the Acquisition of the Geographic Concepts for the Female Students in the Preparatory Fifth Literary Class). To achieve the aim, the following zero hypothesis has been formed: There is a difference with a statistical indicator at the level of (0.05) for the experimental group because the female students of the experimental group who have studied according to the concept circles strategy have exceeded the female students of the control group who have studied according to the ordinary method in the acquisition test of the geographical concepts


Article
The Effect of the Mind's Habits in the Reading Comprehension for the Female Students in the Preparatory Fourth Scientific Class
أثر عادات العقل في الاستيعاب القرائي لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي

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الخلاصة

The study aims at identifying (The Effect of the Mind's Habits in the Reading Comprehension for the Female Students in the Preparatory Fourth Scientific Class). To achieve the aim, the researcher has randomly chosen Al-Hawra Preparatory School which is subordinate to the General Directorate for Education in the Governorate of Babylon. In the same way, she has chosen section (A) to represent the experimental group the female students of which study the lesson of reading according to the mind's habits and section (B) to represent the control group the female students of which study the same material according to the ordinary method. The sample is (75) female students; (36) from section (A) and (39) from (B). An equivalence has been done in the following variables (age up to months, the parents' educational background, the degrees of Arabic in the midyear exam in 2013-2014).


Article
The Effect of Thomas and Robson's Strategy (PQ4R) in the Acquisition of the Female Students in the Second Intermediate Class in the Lesson of Geography
أثر إستراتيجية تومس وروبنسون (PQ4R) في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Effect of Thomas and Robson's Strategy (PQ4R) in the Acquisition of the Female Students in the Second Intermediate Class in the Lesson of Geography). To achieve the aim, the researcher has formed the following hypothesis: There is no difference with a statistical indicator at the level (0.05) between the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study geography by Thomas and Robson's Strategy (PQ4R) and the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the control group who study geography by the ordinary method. The sample consists of female students from the second intermediate classes in the intermediate and high day schools in Al-Hashmiya District which is subordinate to the Governorate of Babylon.


Article
The Effect of Karen's Model in the Acquisition of the Lesson of Islamic Arabic History for the Female Students in the Second Intermediate Class
أثر أنموذج كارين في تحصيل مادة التأريخ العربي الإسلامي لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The study aims at identifying (The Effect of Karen's Model in the Acquisition of the Lesson of Islamic Arabic History for the Female Students in the Second Intermediate Class). To achieve the aim, the researchers have chosen the following two hypotheses: 1. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study according to Karen's Model and the female students of the control group who study the same lesson by the ordinary method. 2. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the reservation degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study according to Karen's Model and the female students of the control group who study the same lesson by the ordinary method.


Article
The Effect of Thylen's Model Employment in the Acquisition of the Physical Concepts and the Improvement of scientific Thinking for the Female Students of the Second Intermediate Class
أثر استعمال أنموذج ثيلين في اكتساب المفاهيم الفيزيائية وتنمية التفكير العلمي لدى طالبات الصف الثاني متوسط

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Effect of Thylen's Model Employment in the Acquisition of the Physical Concepts and the Improvement of scientific Thinking for the Female Students of the Second Intermediate Class). To achieve the aim, the following hypotheses have been chosen: 1. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study physics according to Thylen's Model and the female students of the control group who study the same lesson by the ordinary method in acquiring the physical concepts. 2. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study physics according to Thylen's Model and the female students of the control group who study the same lesson by the ordinary method in the post-test to improve the scientific thinking.


Article
How Does Religious doctrine Affect News: A Discourse Analysis Study
كيف تؤثر العقيدة الدينية في الخبارة: دراسة تحليل الخطاب

المؤلفون: Nadia Hameed Hassoon نادية حميد حسون
الصفحات: 289-287
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الخلاصة

This paper uses discourse analysis to analyze the linguistic elements employed in how two different newspapers report on a certain event in Bahrain. This paper will address the question of what linguistic structures are employed in the two news stories to influence the perceptions of the reader in opposite directions. The two newspapers are published in countries that hold opposing views about the government in Bahrain and the protests taking place on its streets. This paper uses methods of discourse analysis such as thematic analysis, lexical cohesion, naming and macrostructure analysis to interpret how the inclination, bias and loyalties of the newspaper are being conveyed to the reader. The representation in the Saudi Gazette is mainly neutral while it excludes any information that reflects poorly on the Bahraini government or puts it in a negative light. On the other hand, the Tehran Times uses a lot of references to negative actions of the government to discredit it and make the legal amendment appear as a tool of oppression against the Bahraini protestors.


Article
The Activity of the Selected Learning Aids in the Acquisition of the Lesson of History for the Students in the First Intermediate Class
فاعلية الوسائل التعليمية المختارة في تحصيل طلاب الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة التأريخ

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Activity of the Selected Learning Aids in the Acquisition of the Lesson of History for the Students in the First Intermediate Class). The research consists of a sample of (79) first intermediate students from an intermediate school for boys in Al-Qasim District which is subordinate to the Governorate of Babylon. The researcher had specified the materials for the students which are the subjects of the first, second, and third chapters from the book (The History of Ancient Civilizations) chosen by the Ministry of Education. The researcher had prepared (121) behavioural objectives according to the content of the material and (16) ideal teaching plans. The first three levels from Bloom's Classification have been specified. The researcher has chosen a zero hypothesis with a partial experimental design for two groups; experimental and control. An equivalence between the groups has been made and an acquisition test of (40) MCQ items has been applied


Article
The Effect of the Intellectual Opposition Schemes in the Acquisition of the Biological Concepts and Their Reservation for the Preparatory Fifth Scientific Class
أثر مخططات التعارض المعرفي في اكتساب المفاهيم الإحيائية واستبقائها لدى طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Effect of the Intellectual Opposition Schemes in the Acquisition of the Biological Concepts and Their Reservation for the Preparatory Fifth Scientific Class in Biology). The experiment had started on Sunday 23.2.2014 with three lessons weekly for each group. The experiment had ended on Sunday 20.4.2014. the sample has been chosen randomly from Al-Talee'a Preparatory School for Girls in the center of the Governorate of Babylon. The sample is (102) female students. An experimental design with a partial control has been chosen for both groups: experimental and control groups


Article
Agitprop Drama in Edward Bond's
مسرح التحريض في مسرحية ادوارد بوند (انقاذ)

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الخلاصة

Because of the hard events, which the twentieth century had witnessed, many political dramatic movements appeared. It is noticeable that these movements used what is termed as "agitprop", originally employed by the Communist Party to propagate its ideas and thoughts at the beginning of the century, to instigate the audience against the corrupt political systems and the social conditions. One of the significant English dramatists who came to be known in the second half of the twentieth century is Edward Bond (1934- ). Employing agitprop drama in his plays, Bond is known for presenting shocking events and extreme violence on the stage to instigate the audience and awaken them to recognize the socio-political defects in their life. This paper aims at studying agitprop drama as employed by Edward Bond in one of his well- known plays, Saved


Article
The Activity of Employing the Cube Strategy in Improving the Synthetic Thinking for the Female Students in the Preparatory Fifth Literary Class in the Lesson of Geography
فاعلية استعمال إستراتيجية المكعب في تنمية التفكير التركيبي لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Activity of Employing the Cube Strategy in Improving the Synthetic Thinking for the Female Students in the Preparatory Fifth Literary Class in the Lesson of Geography). To achieve the aim, the following zero hypothesis has been formed: There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the female students' degrees of the experimental group who study geography by employing the cube strategy in improving the synthetic thinking and the mean of the female students' degrees of the control group who study geography by the ordinary method


Article
The Role of Moderateness in Enforcing the National Unity
دور الوسطية في تعزيز الوحدة الوطنية

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الخلاصة

Doubtlessly, the nations' commitment to their principles and doctrines is a way to achieve the historical glory. Moderateness reveals the leniency of this great religion. It has been a cause for the spread of Islam throughout the world. In Islam, moderateness means to be moderate in faith, legislations, and in ethics. The research is divided into three sections preceded by an introduction clarifying the meaning of moderateness linguistically and terminologically


Article
The Effect of the Computerized Learning Bag in the Acquisition of the Female Students of the First Intermediate Class in the Lesson of Geography
أثر الحقيبة التعليمية المحوسبة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Effect of the Computerized Learning Bag in the Acquisition of the Female Students of the First Intermediate Class in the Lesson of Geography). The research is restricted to the female students of the first intermediate class in the intermediate and preparatory day schools which are subordinate to the General Governorate of Education in the Governorate of Babylon for the scholastic year (2013-2014). The researchers have used an experimental design with a partial control for both groups: the experimental and control. The sample is (60) female students; (30) in the experimental group who study geography by the computerized learning bag and (30) in the control group who study the same material by the ordinary method. An equivalence between the two groups is made in (the midterm exam degrees, age up to months, the IQ, and the parents' educational background).


Article
The impact of the Computerized Hilda-Taba Model in the Acquisition of the Historical Concepts and Their Reservation for the Female Students in the Fifth Preparatory Literary Class
اثر انموذج هيلدا تابا المحوسب في اكتساب المفاهيم التاريخية واستبقائها لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (Effect of the Computerized Hilda-Taba Model in the Acquisition of the Historical Concepts and Their Reservation for the Female Students in the Fifth Preparatory Literary Class). To achieve the aim, the following two hypotheses have been formed: 1. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study history by using computer and the mean of the degrees of the female students of the control group who study history by the ordinary method in the acquisition of historical concepts. 2. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study history by using computer and the mean of the degrees of the female students of the control group who study history by the ordinary method in the reservation of historical concepts


Article
Mental Abilities According to the Informational Quaternary Model for the Difficulties in Hand Writing for the Second Intermediate Students
القدرات العقلية على وفق الانموذج الرباعي المعلوماتي لذوي صعوبات الكتابة اليدوية لدى طلبة الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

In the quaternary model, Abu Hatab tried to overcome the difficulties faced by other models. He assumed that the mental ability is dynamic rather than structural as claimed by the analytic trend. Abu Hatab believes that both the perfect and the distinct performances are linked so Abu Hatab clarifies the importance of regulating information in the mental abilities since regulation is the main reason of the learning difficulties particularly the academic one (reading, writing, Mathematics).


Article
Evaluating the Official Book of the Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in the Light of the ISO of Learning
تقويم مقرر نظم المعلومات الجغرافية (G.I.S) في ضوء معايير جودة التعليم

المؤلفون: Jinan Mirza Hamza جنان مرزه حمزه
الصفحات: 435-445
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الخلاصة

The curriculum is content, method, practice, situations, and activities presented to the students to achieve certain objectives in the light of the educational philosophy of the society. The curriculum is part of the educational system built for an aim and composed of many processes and relationships. One of the basic curricula in the departments of geography is the (GIS) which is considered a fruitful field to improve the students' tendencies and to develop the abilities and skills needed by man in the various situations of life. The ISO in education focuses primarily on the student and calls for complementation with the educational institutions, learning administrations, and the Ministry of Education


Article
The Aesthetic Value for the Quran Vocalization and its Employment in the Literature of the Matronly Zainab (PBUH)
جمالية الحركة القرآنية وتوظيفها في أدب العقيلة زينب (عليها السلام)

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الخلاصة

The research refers to a group of body involuntary movements of man and man's voluntary inherited and acquired movements to clarify the relationship between the body language and the spoken language which is noticed by the Holy Quran and how the Matronly Zainab (PBUH) had employed these movements in her informational revolution


Article
Biography of Al-Bara' bin Azib Al-Ansari and His Participations During the Message Era
سيرة البراء بن عازب الأنصاري ومشاركاته في عصر الرسالة

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الخلاصة

The history of the companions is considered a history of important events and issues; Al-Bara' is one the companions who accompanied the Prophet (PBUH), listened to his speeches and participated in his battles. The research passes through the biography of this important companion depending on some considerable Arabic historical resources


Article
Al-Imam Al-Hasan (PBUH) as a Quran Interpreter
الإمام الحسن المجتبى (عليه السلام) مفسراً

المؤلفون: Haitham Kudhair Abbas هيثم خضير عباس
الصفحات: 476-484
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الخلاصة

This research is a little sup from the Prophet's households' science. The Imams, though confronted with great afflictions and tribulations, actively do their roles in spreading the religious messages and reserving the Prophet's traditions. One of them is Al-Imam Al-Hasan (PBUH) who preferred to guide people to God's satisfaction and deserted the secular authority. He explained the Holy Quran narrating to people his grandfather's and his father's speeches about it


Article
Effect of Wood's Model in the Acquisition of the lesson (History of Ancient Civilizations) and its Reservation for the First Intermediate Female Students
اثر انموذج وودز في تحصيل مادة تاريخ الحضارات القديمة واستبقائها لدى طالبات الصف الاول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (Effect of Wood's Model in the Acquisition of the lesson (History of Ancient Civilizations) and its Reservation for the First Intermediate Female Students). To achieve the aim, the researchers have formed the following zero hypotheses: 1. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study (History of Ancient Civilizations) by Wood's Model and the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the control group who study the same lesson in the ordinary method. 2. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the reservation degrees of the female students of the experimental group who study (History of Ancient Civilizations) by Wood's Model and the mean of the reservation degrees of the female students of the control group who study the same lesson in the ordinary method.


Article
Considering the Origin in the Reading of Abi Mijlez Al-Sadoosi
مراعاة الأصل في قراءة أبي مِجْلَـز السدوسي

المؤلفون: Ali Nasir Galib علي ناصر غالب --- Mi'ad Uoda ميعاد عودة
الصفحات: 506-517
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الخلاصة

The research is concerned with one of the scholars in the first century of hegira. He participated in more than one of the Islamic scientific fields. He was an interpreter of the Holy Quran, a Jurisprudent scholar and a narrator of the Quran readings. He was considered sincere and reliable by most scholars. The research focuses on his participations particularly his reading of the Holy Quran.


Article
The Activity of Presseisen's Model in Decision-Making to Solve the Problems in Physics for the Students in the Fifth Scientific Class
فاعلية نموذج Presseisen في اتخاذ القرار لحل المشكلات الفيزيائية

المؤلفون: Hadi Gadfan Al-Abdellah هادي ﮔطفان العبد الله
الصفحات: 518-535
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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Activity of Presseisen's Model in Decision-Making to Solve the Problems in Physics for the Students in the Fifth Scientific Class) by examining the following zero hypothesis: There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the degrees of the experimental group students who study by Presseisen's Model and the mean of the degrees of the control group students who study by the ordinary method in decision-making to solve the problems in physics


Article
The Behavioural Disorders of the Pupils of Special Education from the Point of View of Their Teachers
الاضطرابات السلوكية لدى تلاميذ التربية الخاصة من وجهة نظر معلميهم

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الخلاصة

Special education is considered one of the important modern subjects which has gained shared interest from officials, researchers, educationalists. This is because it involves many sects of extraordinary children such as the talented, the slow learners, those having linguistic and behavioural disorders, and the mentally, audio-visually, kinetically, and behaviourally handicapped. They represent 3 to 10 % of the society. A questionnaire of (30) items has been prepared after verifying its validity by consulting specialists and experts. Its reliability has been verified by repeating it. The sample consists of (20) male and female teachers from the schools of special education in the center of the Governorate of Babylon


Article
Creative Evolution in the Image of the Bull In the Guernica Painting
الإبداعية في تطور شكل الثور في لوحة الجورنيكا

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الخلاصة

Art creates an imagined reality to make things renewed and beautified. The visual perception of things making them in various forms is related to creativity and how it moves away from reality. Art creativity originates, away from the modern philosophical movements, i.e., structuralism and what is after it, from close relationship between three main bases: the source which is the reality from which the artist creates his material; the producer who is here the artist and his skills, and the receiver who is to receive the artistic and aesthetic values


Article
The Electrical Activity of the Rectus Femoris Muscle of the Female Players in the Penta-Team of Football Ranked According to the Strength and and Speed of the Ball in the Penalty Kick
النشاط الكهربائي للعضلة المستقيمة الفخذية لدى لاعبات خماسي كرة القدم المصنفات حسب ناتج القوة وسرعة الكرة في ركلة الجزاء

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الخلاصة

The two researchers have employed the descriptive method because of its suitability with the procedures. The sample is composed of eight female players from the university team in the peta-team of football for the academic year 2013-2014. The sample represents 57% of the society which is (14) female players. To rank the sample according to the strength and speed of the ball in the penalty kick, the two researchers have done their tests in this respect. After a statistical analysis of the results, the sample is divided into two different groups. Statistical estimations have been counted for the two groups in the variables (strength and speed) and to measure the electrical activity of the rectus femoris muscle to identify the differences between them. SPSS has been used to deal with the results gained from the tests in question


Article
The Complete Growth Model of the Mind for the University Students
الإنمـوذج النمائي المُتكامل للعقـل لـدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

This research had been done in the College of Education for Human Sciences in the University of Babylon throughout the academic year 2013-2014 to gain a Ph.D degree in educational psychology. The problem of the research lies in that the students vary in their behaviour when they confront the same events and situations. When the students are motivated by one similar motivator (action), their responses (reactions) are different. This is because their minds develop differently


Article
Water Pollution in the Stream of Al-Kifl
تلوث المياه في جدول الكفل

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الخلاصة

The stream of Al-Kifl is considered an important natural source for it passes through an area famous for raising animals and planting lands with palm trees and fruits. It is also important for drinking of the inhabitants. The research deals with studying and analyzing the effect of human and agricultural wastes in the pollution of water. The research depends on collecting and analyzing five samples of water from selected areas in the stream of Al-Kifl. For each sample, there are (10) elements for the year (2014); in addition to taking pictures for some important phenomena in this area


Article
Attitudes of the Students of College of Education – Arabic Department for (Prosody) in the Morning and Evening Studies – A Comparative Study
اتجاهات طلبة كلية التربية – قسم اللغة العربية في مادة العروض في الدراسة الصباحية والمسائية (دراسة مقارنة)

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (Attitudes of the Students of College of Education – Arabic Department for (Prosody) in the Morning and Evening Studies – A Comparative Study). The research has been restricted to the second class students in the Arabic department / College of Education / The University of Al-Mustansiriya in the morning and evening studies. The researcher adopts the descriptive method and the sample is composed of (80) male and female students chosen randomly from the society of the research which involves (1250 male and female students. The tool is a standard prepared by the researcher composing of (35) items.


Article
The Activation of Previous Knowledge and Self-enquiry in the Acquisition of the Female Students of the Preparatory Stage in the Lesson of Literary Texts
فاعلية تنشيط المعرفة السابقة والتساؤل الذاتي في تحصيل طالبات المرحلة الاعدادية في مادة الأدب والنصوص

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Activation of Previous Knowledge and Self-enquiry in the Acquisition of the Female Students of the Preparatory Stage in the Lesson of Literary Text). To achieve the aim, the researcher has formed the following hypothesis: There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the degrees of the female students of the first experimental group who study literary texts by the strategy of activating previous knowledge and the mean of the degrees of the female students of the second experimental group who study literary texts by the strategy of self-enquiry and the mean of the degrees of the female students of the control group who study literary texts by the ordinary method.


Article
The Poetic Dictionary by Ibn Hani Al-Andalusi
المعجم الشعري عند ابن هاني الاندلسي

المؤلفون: Muneer Ubaid Najm The Poetic Dictionary by Ibn Hani Al-Andalusi
الصفحات: 636-656
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الخلاصة

Eulogy is one of the important poetic objectives. This is because the caliphs who were known by their wide knowledge had limitlessly encouraged poets. Having a look at the eulogies of Ibn Hani Al-Andalusi, one would find that he covered all the ranks of the society such as the caliphs and princes. This rank requires the poet to choose the sublime, expressive words that have a musical effect upon the listener. The research passes through the various poetic purposes of this poet such as elegy and love poetry. But Ibn Hani's love poetry is a little; most of it takes the form of short poetic stories in which he uses some erotic words that refer to the sensuous masculinity.


Article
Methods of Thinking and Their Dual Interference for the Male and Female Guides of the High Schools
أساليب التفكير وتداخلاتها الثنائية لدى مرشدي ومرشدات المدارس الثانوية

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الخلاصة

The researchers have employed the descriptive method to identify (Methods of Thinking and Their Dual Interference for the Male and Female Guides of the High Schools). To achieve the aims, the researchers have used the Scale of (Harrison and Bramson 1982) and the Dripper from (Muhsin 2010) which reveals five methods of thinking (synthetic thinking, ideal thinking, practical thinking, analytical thinking, and realistic thinking). Validity with its two types: explicit and logical has been achieved when exposed to two groups of (26)specialists


Article
The Emirates Alkhvajip in Iraq
الإمارات الخفاجية في العراق

المؤلفون: Thamer Kadhum Al-Khafaji ثامر كاظم الخفاجي
الصفحات: 681-702
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الخلاصة

In light of the research that I wrote about the tribe Khafajah appeared that the tribe Khafajah of Adnaniyah Arab tribes and is the belly of the sons of Aqil ibn Ka'b bin Banu 'Amir of Adnaniyah which migrated from Yemen after the collapse of the Marib Dam, and moved like other tribes to inhabit the Arabian Peninsula, is one of the Arab tribes which had a significant impact and broad authority, has this tribe came into existence since the term soccer, and has its roots extended to a depth of history and has seen many of the early times and this time and have a great attendance since migrated before Islam from Yemen to the Arabian Peninsula, and then to Iraq and the rest of Arab countries have become scattered (Aqeel and Amer) and two of the one strain Vtcathert branches and covered large tracts of land of the Arabs, and then formed a great many principalities in many Arab countries, especially in the island, Iraq was known by the stomachs of many mentioned men genealogical dictionaries tribal.


Article
The Activity of the Two Strategies of the Intellectual Map and the Self-enquiry in the Acquisition of the Female Students of the Fifth Preparatory Literary Class in the Lesson of Modern and Contemporary
فاعلية استراتيجيتي الخريطة الذهنية والتساؤل الذاتي في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي في مادة تاريخ اوربا وامريكا الحديث والمعاصر

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Activity of the Two Strategies of the Intellectual Map and the Self-enquiry in the Acquisition of the Female Students of the Fifth Preparatory Literary Class in the Lesson of Modern and Contemporary History of Europe and America). The researchers have formed the following hypotheses: 1. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the first experimental group who study the lesson of European history by the intellectual map strategy and the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the control group who study it by the ordinary method. 2. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the second experimental group who study the lesson of European history by the self-enquiry and the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the control group who study it by the ordinary method. 3. There is no difference with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the first experimental group who study the lesson of European history by the intellectual map strategy and the mean of the acquisition degrees of the female students of the second experimental group who study it by the self-enquiry strategy.

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