جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية الفقه

ISSN: 19957971
الجامعة: جامعة الكوفة
الكلية: الفقه
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تعنى مجلة كلية الفقه بنشر البحوث العلمية الرصينة ذات العلاقة بمختلف العلوم الاسلامية واللغة العربية والتاريخ ومختلف الاختصاصات الانسانية والتي لم تنشر او تقدم للنشر سابقاوهي مجلة علمية فصلية تصدرها كلية الفقه-جامعة الكوفة تاريخ اول عدد صدر سنة 2005عدد الاعداد التي تصدر في السنة2

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معلومات الاتصال

E-mail: fqh@uokufa.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: العدد: 14

Article
(مدخل في:التَّفسير التّحليلي المقارن)(سورة البقرة بين الفخر الرازي والسّيد السبزوراي أنموذجاً)

المؤلفون: . مشكور كاظم العوادي
الصفحات: 1-114
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الخلاصة

Holy Najaf is a an Islamic city which has a great significant in history and civilisation. It is famous of its mosques and religious schools. Since departed by ash-sheikh at-Tousi in 448 A. H., it has been the covering the world with its cultural and intellectual light and supplying it with whatsoever useful and beneficial. Najaf is the inherent of Old Kufa as the leading figure of civilisation. Hence, it becomes the sight attracting of all Muslims who visit it in delegations that rarely leave it.
Najaf is also a literary environment that has embraced poets and literary men to the extent that poetry has been a distinctive feature of Najaf. This has been a consequence of a scientific movement that expanded for centuries. Therefore, poets were many and poetry was so much that poets were strongly competing for privilege. Among those poets was Riyadh Sheer Ali, the famous writer.
He lived in this scientific and intellectual environment wherein he became well-qualified and creative poet and well-known writer. The environment refined his poetic abilities and developed his intellect and widened his mind . He left a great poetic heritage most of which was unfortunately lost and only a little was found in newspapers and some books. His poetry did not only make him pioneer among his peers but also told us so much about minute details of his life, especially his agony farer from his Home and family.
Besides, much has been found in his poetry concerning many aspects of life and behaviour, human activity, and rich scenes and images of the society he lived in. this encourages me to study this poet as I find him a scientific research of a literary study .



Article
تحقيق الحق في مسائل المشتقتأليف العلامة الشيخ عبد الهادي شليلة(ت1333هـ/1915م)

المؤلفون: د. عادل عباس هويدي النصراوي
الصفحات: 115-147
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الخلاصة

تناول البحث مسألة المشتق, وهو من الموضوعات التي اجتمع عليها النحويون والأصوليون, وأنواعه ثلاثة هي :

الاشتقاق الصغير والاشتقاق الكبير والاشتقاق الأكبر, غير أن المؤلف قد اقتصر في دراسته على الاشتقاق الصغير لأنه مما يخص عمل الأصوليين كما يرى, في حين كان الاشتقاقان الكبير والأكبر من اختصاص (فقه اللغة), فعرف المشتق وبين اختلاف العلماء فيه من حيث الزمن, و ارجع أصل المشتقات إلى اسم المصدر خلافا لعلماء النحو من البصريين القائلين بأصالة المصدر والكوفيين القائلين بأصالة الفعل, وكذلك خالف بعض علماء مدرسة النجف الأصولية الحديثة القائلين بأصالة الجذر اللغوي. وكتب هذا البحث سنة 1316هـ .

The research question is derived, one of the topics that met by grammarians and purists, and three types are:
Derivation to the small , large and biggest, is that the author has been limited in his study on derivation of little small in relation to the work of fundamentalists as seen, while the tow Derivation, large and biggest of the jurisdiction (Philology), for defining the derivative and the difference the scholars in terms of time, and go back out of derivatives to the name of source as opposed to scientists in Basra who say the visual authenticity of the source and authenticity of Al-kufien those who say the act, and also violates some scholars for Najaf school to modern fundamentalism, those who say the root of linguistic authenticity. He wrote this paper in 1316 AH.


Article
Mind Reading ABOUT INFLUENCE toward for EACHPERSON and SOCIETY
الإرجاءقراءة في آثاره الفكرية على الفرد والمجتمع

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الخلاصة


Marji'a (those who delay things to the Day of Judgment) emerged because of the dispute over the murder of Othman bin Affaan in 35 A. H. when people then were divided into two groups, one is for and the other is against. Marji'a had a neutral stand to support neither. They were so called because they believed both groups but delay things to the Day of Judgment and ask Allah to forgive both.
As a body, Marji'a is of two divisions. Pure Marji'a wich includes five sects: Thuobaniya, Yunisiya, Ubeidiya, Tominiya, and Ghassaniya. The other division is the Impure Marji'a which is of two kinds Qadariya (Fatal), including Gheilaniya, Shammariya, Shabibiya, Salihiya, and Khalidiya, and Jabriya, including Jahmiya and Mureiyasiya.
Their ideas spread over different countries and regions such as Biladushsam, Iraq, Khurasan, and the illuminated City of the Prophet Muhammad. Their ideas were concerned with Faith and the non-Faith or Kufr (disbelief); they have no clear and frank ideas about other topics. For them faith is a hearty affair, i.e. to know Allah by heart. Some of them said that faith is to believe in Allah by both heart and tongue; tongue is then the second pillar of faith; and work is not included in faith and not of its pillars.
Unbelievers are those who are stated so by the consensus of the Islamic nation and the unbeliever is the only one who will be immortal in Hell. A believer, for them, will be immortal in Hell even if he does deadly sins (kaba'ir) as he still believes in Allah.
Imamate is not among the basic beliefs of Islam; any well-qualified one might be Imam even if he was not from Qureish.
Allah's promise will be fulfilled but not necessarily His threat because Allah recompenses good deeds by His virtue and unfulfilling promises is a deficiency that does not suit Him. Punishment is just and Allah is free to punish or to forgive; unfulfilling threat is not a deficiency anyhow.
Imams of Ahlul-Beit (peace be upon them) stood against the ideas of Marji'a and they severely fought delaying and awaiting because it implies moral deterioration and deserting values as Marji'a claim that man is a believer the moment he heartily believes in Allah and confesses his belief by tongue only; thus no need for work or anything else


Article
The emergence of theology uses and motives
نشأة علــم الكــلام أسبابه ودوافعه

المؤلفون: د. رزاق حسين الموسوي
الصفحات: 218-237
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الخلاصة

Theology of prestige among Investigation Islamic philosophical thought, and between the dogmas of science on the other. Researchers have found in Islamic philosophy, Islamic philosophy include the detective following:
First, Islamic philosophy, represented by philosophers of Islam Calfarabi (d. 339 AH), Ibn Sina (d. 427 AH), Ibn Baja (d. 455 AH) and Abu-Barakat al-Baghdadi (d. 577 AH) and Ibn Tufail (d. 581 AH) and Ibn Rushd (d. 595 AH) and Canadian (died in 874 AH) and Sadr al-Din Shirazi (d. 1059 AH) It was their intention to reconcile philosophy and religion.
Second: the Study of Mysticism, which deals with the spiritual side in the canon.
Third: The Study of Theology, one of the main detective in the science of law, and will focus here on the Search

Identify the science of speech and reason and the reason named its inception, and his appearance, to get to the main objective of the

Search of reaching the founder and creator of theology.

Knew theology at the beginning of its inception, and his definition of all the assets of the defense of religion, as defined by Al-Farabi

(D. 339 AH): Iktdr industry by supporting the rights on the opinions and actions stated by commendable

The author of the faith, and that which goes against counterfeiting hearsay.

It then became known later period, as defined by a group of scientists a more detailed definition: they said that

Theology: ((flag when looking for the same God and His attributes, conditions and possibilities of the principle and the resurrection,

And related heaven and hell, and Aserat and balance, and reward and punishment)).

If we look at these two types of definitions of defense or the defense and set out and researcher on the origins of religion, we find that Imam Ali (AS) may be addressed in the sermon has touched on these and this is clear, including the impeccable can not reply but recalcitrant that the founder of theology is the Imam of the faithful (as peace) by what appeared to us of the levels of research in the science of speech, or levels of defense doctrine and the principles of religion, the establishment of the arguments and evidence, or what seemed to us from the search results in the issue of creation of the Koran and presented it, as well as Afadath science that made his students or disciples disciples imams of the doctrines or schools Kalmatzlh and Ash'aris. And our final prayer is that all praise be to Allah, prayer and peace be upon Muhammad and publish.


Article
ظاهرة التطرف الديني دراسة في الأسباب والآثار

المؤلفون: د.كريم شاتي السراجي
الصفحات: 238-257
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الخلاصة

Abstract

The religious extremism became a phenomena that attract the attention of so many people due to its religious social political and economic effects hence the researchers tried hardly to study this phenomena that refuses to define its motives and to treat it objectively
Due to the subject importance , the researcher deal with it within two parts :
The first one is devoted to study the religious extremism , it includes two topics ; The first one the ignorance of Islam and its essence , the ignorance of reading the religious texts. The second topic is in entitled oppression and deprivation , it also includes two topics the eternal oppression and deprivation that is represented by the governments and the systems , and the external oppression and deprivation which is represented by the western domination .

According to my doctrine the previous topics are considered as the most important reasons that resulted in the religious extremism ,so the research is restricted to them.


Article
ما وجّه على التوهّمِ في الصّرفِ العربيّ

المؤلفون: د. شكران حمد شلاكه المالكي
الصفحات: 258-297
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الخلاصة


Abstract :
This research tackles " The sense of supposition (fancy) in Arabic Morphology . And he reason behind the choice of this topic is its variety of issues . The research is started with an introduction that shows the meaning of supposition while the body is divided into : the additional letters , spatial (outer) silent consonant sounds , the origin , the stop , the merging , the plural name , the cause , the substituted letters and the sources . Finally , the research is ended with the conclusion which sums up the major findings of the study .


Article
التمكُّن الدِّلالي للفرائد القرآنيّة

المؤلفون: د شكيب غازي بصري الحلفي
الصفحات: 298-334
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الخلاصة

This study is one of thousand attempts that had dealt with thee holy Quran to serve it,firstly ,and to curry favor with his Allmighty God Second,hence,to Select This Phenomenon is an attempt,by the researcher,to understand one of the charecteristics of the Quraic text lnimitability.the study had been based on five hypotheses wich represnted an approack to resolve the study problem. The semantic ability of the Quranic The resources on wich the study depeds aea vavied,started with the interpretation books,theS linguistical books with their semantic whtgere they were phonetic ,morflogic or grammatical,in addition to the scientific resources of the pure specialization such as medicine,psychology,music,…etc,wich the researcher to explaine mang of the quranic uses that have on explaine in the books of interetion.


Article
رمي الجمرات منذ قديم الدهر إلى حديثه

المؤلفون: حيدر شوكان سعيد السلطاني
الصفحات: 374-400
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الخلاصة

Abstract
Hajj is a worship ordinance with the most great benefit in the doctrinal, political, social and educational field, hence it became necessary to write about its ceremonies to form a reference for all Moslems.
Moslems are still increase in number and that means an increase in the number of those who go to Mecca to do the ceremonies of Hajj which involved modern ways of transporation and residence. This made the Saudi government did its best to get use of the modern civilizations in all different fields to reduce crowd by a number of procedures and projects such as building new storeys for Al-Masgid Al-Haram, Al-Masa'n and Al-Jamarat, widening Al-Masa'a, putting a certain numbers of hajjis for each Islamic country and moving the butcheries of minna and prevent butcher.
These changes need a jurisprudential opinion because they had not been dealt with by the previous jurist, rather there different opinions and menation that are scattered in the books of hadith and jurisprudences, so they must be collected and re – arranged, so we decided to study this subject.
This study concludes a set of results such as:
1- Al-Masaa widening is a subjective suspicion and the reference is those who have experience.
2- Al-Jamarat passed the rough different stage since the era of prophet Ibraheem (p.u.h) to the Saudi reign, the purpose is the stone position for the land and the case is still ambiguous.

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