جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية الفقه

ISSN: 19957971
الجامعة: جامعة الكوفة
الكلية: الفقه
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

تعنى مجلة كلية الفقه بنشر البحوث العلمية الرصينة ذات العلاقة بمختلف العلوم الاسلامية واللغة العربية والتاريخ ومختلف الاختصاصات الانسانية والتي لم تنشر او تقدم للنشر سابقاوهي مجلة علمية فصلية تصدرها كلية الفقه-جامعة الكوفة تاريخ اول عدد صدر سنة 2005عدد الاعداد التي تصدر في السنة2

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معلومات الاتصال

E-mail: fqh@uokufa.edu.iq

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2011 المجلد: العدد: 12

Article
محاولات التيسير النحوي عند المُحْدَثين الجواري والمخزومي أنموذجا

المؤلفون: د. انتصار راضي عليوي
الصفحات: 1-21
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الخلاصة

This study deals with investigates the simplification ideas of Al-Jawary and Al-Makhzoomy. I stated the ideas of both, with measurements and comparisons between what they presented about simplified ideas.
My study depends on a descriptive method, from one hand, and an analytical comparative one, on the other.
This study is of a preface and four investigations, and a conclusion. And because cases of simplification before Al-Jawary and Al-Makhzoomy were existing, I dealt, in my preface, with the beginnings of simplifications, prior to them,
The first investigation is titled The Idea of Simplification between Al-Jawary and Al-Makhzoomy, and the second is entitled syntax and the subject, the third is entitled the sentence, while the fourth is entitled the verb.
My conclusion involves
1) the idea of simplification as seen by Al-Jawary, is more restricted than it is seen by Al-Makhzoomy.
2) Al-Jawary considers syntax more characteristic than specifications of simplification, while Al-Makhzoomy considers studying (sentence) is worth to be uttered for simplification.
3) Al-Jawary's dealing is less extensive than Al-Makhzoom's dealing.
4) Al-Jawary links all analyses, interpretations when simplifying the grammatical thought, with meanings of syntax without mentioning convincing This study deals with investigates the simplification ideas of Al-Jawary and Al-Makhzoomy. I stated the ideas of both, with measurements and comparisons between what they presented about simplified ideas.
My study depends on a descriptive method, from one hand, and an analytical comparative one, on the other.
This study is of a preface and four investigations, and a conclusion. And because cases of simplification before Al-Jawary and Al-Makhzoomy were existing, I dealt, in my preface, with the beginnings of simplifications, prior to them,
The first investigation is titled The Idea of Simplification between Al-Jawary and Al-Makhzoomy, and the second is entitled syntax and the subject, the third is entitled the sentence, while the fourth is entitled the verb.
My conclusion involves
1) the idea of simplification as seen by Al-Jawary, is more restricted than it is seen by Al-Makhzoomy.
2) Al-Jawary considers syntax more characteristic than specifications of simplification, while Al-Makhzoomy considers studying (sentence) is worth to be uttered for simplification.
3) Al-Jawary's dealing is less extensive than Al-Makhzoom's dealing.
4) Al-Jawary links all analyses, interpretations when simplifying the grammatical thought, with meanings of syntax without mentioning convincing linguistic interpretation, while Al-Makhzoomy concentrates on meaning of syntax with further additions as linguistic interpretations.


Article
لغة الشعر عند الشاعر صالح الظالمي

المؤلفون: شيماء عبد الحسين إبراهيم
الصفحات: 22-62
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الخلاصة


After throwing IiJhts on the research of the Linguistic phenomena in saIeh AL – dhaIimy poetry , we concIts that are cIarified by the foIIowing :
1. the usage of the Quranic terms with his poetry , and that couId be due to the reIigious environment where he Iived .
2. the usage of the ancient terms , due to his wide and deep experience , his Iinguistic education and been affected by the pre – IsIamic poetry , as apoet he had coIIected between the ancient and the new .
3. the usage of the contemporary terms and the predominance of the easiness and cIearness , the western Iitereture , in addition to the deveIopment of Literature and poetry which add its new quaIities to the Language .
4. the great number of synonyms in his poetry , and that couId be according to the poets ppsychoIogicaI conditions that made him use terms Iike (( DuJa = Darkness and Nar = fire)) to radium he refered to synonyms to obtain baIance , in his poetic text , between the objective need and the verbaI foration , that on the term IeveI .
5. On the sentence IeveI , the poet used the request styIes as ( vocative styIe , introgtive , order or , ooth … etc . ) where it concern on the connection artiIes LW . W and aw = or , thumah = then ) where he used them to serre the purposes . these styIes fuIfiIIed rhetoricaI purposes to hive another significan ce .





Article
استدلال الأصوليين بسيرة العقلاءعرض ومناقشة

المؤلفون: ثريا عبد الناصرالرماحي
الصفحات: 63-82
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الخلاصة

ملخص البحث
تبين من خلال البحث أهمية الاستدلال بالسيرة العقلائية في المباحث الاصولية ، بوصفها الدليل المعتبر على حجية اهم امارتين في اصول الفقه وهما خبر الواحد والظواهر ، وان الاستدلال بالسيرة العقلائية يحتاج إلى القطع باربع مقدمات منهجية لكي يصح الاستدلال بها ، وهي إثبات أصل وجود هذه السيرة بين العقلاء بما هم عقلاء ، و حجية هذه السيرة عند الموالي العرفية ، و ان لا يكون هناك مانع من اتحاد مسلك الشارع مع مسلك العقلاء في العمل بالسيرة العقلائية ، واثبات عدم ردع الشارع عن هذه السيرة ولا تكفي الآيات والراويات الناهية عن العمل بالظن للردع عن السيرة فلابد ان يتناسب الردع مع المردوع عنه في القوة .
Abstract
There are some differences the in the evidence between the common conduct of thinking mankind members and the conduct of Sharia legislators, and one of it is the act of infallible Imam or not , because the conduct of thinking mankind members needs the legal proof ,but the behavior of legislators does not need to this proof.
Obviously the common tradition is not absolute evidence and there is no way to depend on the most certain amount of it .
Scholars of Jurisprudence origins took the common tradition as an evidence in the many researches like the researches of evidences and practical judicial origins , and the significance of judicial basics appears as a guide which the evidence of two most important proofs in Jurisprudence basics depends on it ,i.e., the primary meaning of words and the prophetic and Imami traditions Hadith which is narrated by just one narrator of tradition


Article
الرثاء في شعر الشيخ أحمد الدجيلي

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الخلاصة

الخلاصة
إن الشاعر جسد من موضوع الرثاء أفكارا تتصل بالحياة وتتصل بما بعد الحياة، وركز على المعاني الإسلامية وفضح الأخلاق المنحرفة، ولم تكن رؤيته تتضمن دلالة الانكسار مهما كانت الواقعة التي يصفها مأساوية كواقعة الطف مثلا، لان رؤيته إلى الموت تنبع من جدلية (الموت في سبيل الحق هو الحياة بعينها) على أن شعره لم يخلُ من بعض اللمسات العاطفية التي كانت محطّ استراحة للانتقال من فكرة إلى أخرى.
Abstract

Briefly , the poet took from Elegy thoughts that are related to the earthly life and the after life , he concentrated on the Islamic meanings and disclosed the corrupted morals ,his vision did not include the defeat significance whatever the event he described was tragedy like the Battle of Karballa , for example ,because his vision of death came from the dialectic of ( death for right is the life itself ).To be known that his poetry has some emotional features that were a relaxation point to move from one idea to another .


Article
زرارة بن أعين ومروياته في كتاب الكافي- دراسة تحليلية –

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الخلاصة

Abstaract
The school of Ahlu Bait ( the prophets house hold ) devoted
Itself, since its rise ,to par paring qualified Characters who are
Characterised with Sincetific maturity as well as the Sincetific abilities which gualifies them to represent this school all over the Islamic world Countries.
This group was programmed perfectly in a way that makes it able to face the Creativity in their field . One of the most noticeable men of this group is Zurara Bin Aeyun AL-shaibani who is one of the greatest shill men in their jurisprudence , Hadeeth and Knowledge . He was characterized with many features which gualified him to reach the greatness. The Mamgni said about him (( All of thos who Studied Hajography that he was very great and was of an elevated Status that made him rliable )).
In addition ,he left a lot of Jurisprudential ,literary and intellectual works which was memorized by the History through the ages.


Article
المُلك والسياسة في رؤية ابن الطقطقى من خلال كتابه الفخري في الآداب السلطانية والدول الإسلامية

المؤلفون: زهير يوسف عليوي
الصفحات: 146-181
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الخلاصة

مستخلص البحث
اهتم عدد كبير من مؤرخينا العرب المسلمين بدراسة مفهوم الملك والسياسة والأمور السلطانية والأحكام ،وقد وضعوا نظريات وأسسا أصبحت فيما بعد الأساس لدراسة النظم الإدارية والسياسية للدول وهي حتى يومنا هذا تتبوء أهمية كبيرة في الدراسات التاريخية وخصوصا تلك التي تناولت أمور الدول وأسباب سقوطها ولعل أهم من اختص في مثل هذه الدراسات مؤرخون عظماء ما زالت نظرياتهم تؤخذ بعين الاعتبار حتى يومنا هذا ، مثل : إبن خلدون والماوردي وابن الطقطقي وغيرهم.
يمثل البحث محاولة لتوضيح أهمية النظم السياسية عند المؤرخين العرب واقتصر الحديث عن ابن الطقطقي ، لأنه يعد من أهم المفكرين والمنظرين السياسيين في الأمور السلطانية ،وقد توصل البحث الى أن فلسفته أكدت أن نجاح الدول يتوقف على نجاح سياساتها واختيار ملوكها وطبائع أولئك الملوك تجاه رعيتهم ، فكان ذا نظر ثاقب في وصف طبائع الملوك وشروط الملك الناجح، وأنواع السياسات وتدبير شؤون الدول بما ينسجم مع تلك السياسات .
Abstract
Many of our Arab Moslem historians paid so much attention to study ownership, policy, 'sultanic' issues, and they established basis and theories which became later on the principles for studying administration and political regulations of different states, and they still have great significance in the historical studies, especially the ones correlated to issues of states, and the reasons of their fall. Many great historians, like Ibn Khaldun, Almawirdy and Ibn Al-Taqtaqy and others, paid special attention to such issues, and their theories are still taken into account.
Ibn Al-Taqtaqy, in particular, is one of the most important authors who dedicated his efforts to study rules and issues of power of governing (sultanic issues) as well as the issues of the Islamic states. His honorary book on the rules and the literatures of power of governing (sultanic literatures), included the provisions that the king and the subjects should stick to, and the provisions and of policy and headship and the Islamic states. Ibn Al-Taqtaqy aimed at making sultans and princes aware of the political and administration issues, and governing issues. He dealt in the first chapter of his book with the issues of ruling and the royal policies, and the characteristics of the king, and what he must do for the prosperity of his subjects, and what they had to do in return.
This is what provoked studying the concept of ruling and policy, and the point of view put forth by Ibn Al-Taqtaqy about these two terms. And this study confines to talking about those two terms owing to their importance in the administration and political issues. In addition, he explained in details what concerned them in the first chapter of his book, and he explained those concepts and what the king's duties are towards his subjects, his characteristics, what is unpleasant in his habits and natures. Ibn Al-Taqtaqy also explained that the reasons behind falling of states result from weak kings undertaking tasks of ruling, which he considered the main reason of fall of those states. Finally, he explained kinds of policies and their philosophy, and their effects in the life of those states.
This study consists of three researches and a conclusion. The first research deals with the life of Ibn Al-Taqtaqy and his method in writing history, and the Islamic rules and the ruling (Sultanic) issues. The second research deals with Ibn Al-Taqtaqy's concept of the king and the provisions he should acquire to be qualified for ruling, and his duties towards his subjects, while the third research deals with Ibn Al-Taqtaqy's point of view of policy and the provisions and theories he had put about them, and their effects in the policies of the Islamic states. Finally, comes the conclusion including results of the study.
This study is an attempt to clarify the importance of the political systems as seen by the Arab historian, and it confines to talking about Ibn Al-Taqtaqy being one of the most important thinkers and political theorists who dealt with the power of governing (sultanic) issues. It was found, through study, that Ibn Al-Taqtaqy's philosophy considered success of states because of success of their policies and the way of choosing their kings, and their natures and characteristics towards their subjects. He did have shrewd insight in describing the king's characteristics and the provisions of the successful king and his policies of managing the issues of states on the grounds of those policies.


Article
المضامين الوطنية في شعر مرتضى فرج الله (1912ـ 1984)*

المؤلفون: مصعب مكي عبد زبيبة --- د عليّ الخالديّ
الصفحات: 182-208
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الخلاصة

الخلاصة:
أثرت الأحداث السياسية المفصلية التي زامنت حياة الشاعر مرتضى فرج الله (1912ـ 1984) للميلاد في اتجاهه الشعري، فنمت عنده النزعة الوطنية في أدبه. وجاء شعره السياسيّ ـ في أغلبه ـ شعرا متفائلا يحاول أن ينبعث من ركام الهزائم والانتكاسات بالأمل، ويزرع في نفوس الشعب الثقة بالمستقبل.
ويرفض في شعره أشكال الظلم وان اتخذ صور القانون والعدالة المزيفة، إذ يرفض القانون الذي يطبق على الضعفاء ويترك ذوي السطوة يتمادون في ظلمهم.
وكان يجهر بالهجاء السياسيّ الذي يعري الحكام المستبدين، فيصفهم بأكثر النعوت قساوة من أجل إسقاطهم وإزالة ما بنوه من هيبة ورهبة في نفوس الناس.
ولقد آمن بأن الشعر قادر على إشعال أتون الثورة في النفوس، بما تحمّله من عبء (الهم الجمعي) الذي اختصرته (أنا) الشاعر. وعمل على تفعيل الثورة في النفوس الخاملة، ورسمَ لهم طريق الخلاص بكلماته، التي تتغنّى بأمجاد الماضي، وتترقّب المستقبل، من أجل التحرّر من قيود الانهزام الداخليّ والخارجيّ.

Patriotic contents in the poetry of Murtadha Faraj Allah 1912-1984
The decisive Political events coincided with the life of the poet Murtadha Faraj Allah 1912-1984 influnced his poetric attitude; subsequently grew and enhaned his patric feelings in his literature.
His poetry – at the most- came an optimistic tryiny to create hope aming the disasters and break – downs, and he refused through his poetry all kinds of injustice, through pictured as legal or lawful un- faith fully. He frankly opposed and publicly denounced the Tyrant Dictatars naming them the most worst names in order to bring their fall and collapse of all their Terror and injustice. He believed that poetry can and is able to break the fire of revolution as they bear the mass – toil.
He worked to activate the revolution inside humble spirits, golfing and praising the Gold Era of Arab – Islam for building a better and ahappier future to be fully liberated from their pessimistic attitude from insideor outside.

الكلمات الدلالية

حب الوطن --- الرفض --- الهجاء السياسي --- الثورة

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