جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: العدد: 21

Article
The Style of Ahmed Matar's Political Poetry / A Critical View
اسلوب شعر احمد مطر السیاسی رؤیة نقدیة

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الخلاصة

Ahmed Matar is classified as a poet of political resistance and has a special style which differentiates him from others. He is influenced by the Holy Quran and its constructions and vocabularies such as the narrative style which is the tool by which the poet clarifies his aim which is to show the problem of his society. Another aspect is the satire which the poet used as a weapon to fight the corrupt governmental authorities. Although Ahmed Matar is a poet of free verse, he restricts himself to the rhyme in most of the times because of the effect of the rhyme on the listeners.


Article
The scientific research obstacles from the faculty members’ viewpoint at the Humanitarian Colleges of Alquds University
معوقات البحث العلمي من وجهة نظر أعضاء الهيئة التدريسية في الكليات الإنسانية لجامعة القدس

المؤلفون: Omar Rimawi عمر الريماوي --- Fuad Kourd فؤاد كردي
الصفحات: 24-36
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the scientific research obstacles from the faculty members’ view point at the Humanitarian Colleges of Alquds University. A scientific research obstacles questionnaire consisting of (45) items has been used to collect data from a stratified random sample, numbered (63), member. The results of the study showed no statistically significant differences in the averages of the scientific research obstacles according to professional rank, years of experience, and the number of researches, while the differences were statistically significant to the nature of the work, for the benefit of academic work, the study developed a set of recommendations.


Article
Social Criticism
النقد الاجــتماعي

المؤلفون: Hallab Noor Al-Huda حلاب نور الهدى
الصفحات: 37-48
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الخلاصة

Literature has always been closely connected to specific social institutions for in the primitive societies it cannot be distinguished between poetry, work, amusement, magic or any rituals. This affirms that the call for directing literature socially dates back to previous era before the 19th century of hegira. But the calls were ideas which are not methodized so my attempt is to follow up the stages of development of this idea which has later on become an independent critical method.


Article
Aesthetic of Articulation in poetry`s Albahae Zoheir
مصطفی وهبي التّل، مقلّد وطالب لشاعر الإیراني؛ الحکیم الخیّام (دراسة مقارنة)

المؤلفون: Ali Sayadani علي صیاداني --- Mahi Shifaee مهدي شفائي
الصفحات: 49-59
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الخلاصة

AlbahaeZoheir in self poetryproceed with description of elegances Egypt and its perspectives.Territoryof hejaz for him remind and revive past reminiscent.Her love don`t know mark to Egypt and description its elegances.At the same reason ` he utilize to embellishpoetry`method and Artic images of types imagery Such as:Metaphor` Allegory`Simil`Squib.Her aims toexhibit emotions and her experiment for grandstand. This article proceed with study poetry `method and analaysis of articulationandAesthetic


Article
The Future Perspective of the Arab Gulf Governmental Systems under the Influence of the Internal Security Changes: Challenges and Solutions
مستقبل الأنظمة الخليجية في ظل المتغيرات الأمنية الداخلية:التحديات والحلول

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الخلاصة

Because of the geopolitical and geostrategic importance of the Arab Gulf countries and the availability of the energy sources, the decision-makers, politicians, investors, capital-holders, and owners of across-continents companies have focused on them. This region has become an essential axis in the international conflict among the great powers


Article
The Change in Pronunciation with the Change of Synonyms / An Apllied Study in the Sura of Al-Hujurat
تغيير الدلالة الصوتيَّة بتغيير المترادفات دراسة تطبيقيَّة في سورة الحجرات

المؤلفون: Azza Adnan Ahmed Ezzat عزّة عدنان احمد عزت
الصفحات: 68-80
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الخلاصة

The research tackles the change in the pronunciation of the synonyms because of the context in a Quranic text (Sura of Al-Hujurat). The synonyms are the ones that change in the linguistic text without changing or extensively affecting the general meaning. But rhetoric is achieved only through selecting a suitable synonym for the context because each synonym has a different connotation. Thus, the change in the pronunciation does not affect its lexical meaning only but its derivative form too. It may also lead to its grammatical role which certainly results in changing its meaning.


Article
The Abbasid Poetry and How it Tackles the Prophet's Household's Opponents and Repudiates Them
التعرض لخصوم آل البيت (عليهم السلام) والبراءة منهم في الشعر العباسي

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الخلاصة

The attitudes of some of the Abbasid poets towards the prophet's household (peace be upon them) led to more strict attitudes taken from their advocates who believe in their superiority and their deserving of the caliphate.


Article
Al-Hussein bin Al-Natnazi Al-Asbahani (died in 497 or 499 hegira) and his Book (Al-Kalas or the Constitution of Arabic)
الحسين بن إبراهيم النّطْنَزيّ الأصبهانيّ (ت 497 أو 499هـ) وكِتابُهُ (كتاب الخلاص أو دستور اللغة العربية)

المؤلفون: Ahmed Hadi Zaidan أحمد هادي زيدان
الصفحات: 104-115
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الخلاصة

The manuscript of (Al-Kalas Book or the Constitution of Arabic) has not gained the due attention of the Arabic linguistic studies. His author has not been tackled by an independent study that passes through his personality with all its intellectual and linguistic aspects although the author and his manuscript have mentioned in various books . This study falls into two parts; the first involves the biography of the author whereas the second is about his status, the men who had been influenced by him, his literary works whether verse or prose, and his death.


Article
Estimation of Water Needs for the Agricultural Crops PEstimation of Water Needs for the Agricultural Crops Planted in the District of Al-Qurnalanted in the District of Al-Qurna
تقدير الإحتياجات المائية للمحاصيل الحقلية المزروعة في قضاء القرنة

المؤلفون: Ibraheem Ali Al-Isawi ابراهيم علي العيساوي
الصفحات: 116-143
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الخلاصة

Estimation of the water needs for the agricultural crops is considered one of the modern geographical studies which gains an important attention. It is an essential factor in the designing of the irrigation projects depending on the expansion of the network required to transmit water and the suitable method for irrigation specially when water resources are limited in the areas of high economic value and in the dried and semidried districts.


Article
Constructing References in the Holy Quran Bibliography References – Notes References as Samples
بناء العتبات في القرآن الكريم عتبة الفهرسة - عتبة الحواشي (الهوامش) أنموذجا

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الخلاصة

This paper leads us to trace other references which are important to enrich the literary text with a documentary function that informs of its entity. The writer documents the items or the titles which he has tackled in the texts putting these notes to guide the reader.


Article
The Constructive View in Mahmood Darweesh's Poem "Thursday: Genesis"
نسق الرؤيا البنيوية في قصيدة محمود درويش (الخميس: تكوين)

المؤلفون: Mosa Kabuth Al-Qaisi موسى خابط القيسي
الصفحات: 150-156
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الخلاصة

Contemporary critics may agree that the poet Mahmood Darweesh's products occupy the first place in the world of contemporary poetry as far as quantity, depth and view are concerned. The causes may be attributed to the poet's various cultural resources and his talent.


Article
Design of the City of Hilla and its Architectural Development 495-738 hegira / 1101-1337 A.D
تخطيط مدينة الحلة وتطورها العمراني 495-738هـ/1101-1337م

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الخلاصة

The paper tackles the design of the city of Hilla and its architectural development from its establishment up to the end of the Mongolian era in Iraq. Al-Hilla had witnessed throughout this period noticeable expansion in its administrative institutions and its architecture, not to mention its religious and commercial importance. The study is divided into two parts; the first involves the historical roots of the city and the cause for its name whereas the second studies the design of the city and its architectural development.


Article
The Topographic Forms in the Basin of Al-Mathir Valley
الإشكال الأرضية في حوض وادي المعاذر

المؤلفون: Qasim Yousif Sheteet قاسم يوسف شتيت
الصفحات: 167-187
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الخلاصة

Al-Mathir valley is considered one of the Western Hill valleys lying in the city of Al-Ramadi which is subordinated to the Governorate of Al- Anbar in west north of Al-Razzaza Lake. The natural features vary in their effect on the formation of topographic forms such as the geological factors of the region


Article
The Historical Roots of the Sabians ( Mandaeans)
الـجـذور الـتـأريـخـيـة للـصابئة المندائيين

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الخلاصة

The variety of religions and ethnicities in Iraq is one of the boons bestowed by God. This may be the cause for making Iraq a pioneer in the scientific, literary, and artistic fields and a major station for the important scholars, artists, philosophers, doctors, and others. This is why the study of the Sabians is part of the historical study Iraq for they inhabited the south of the country for thousands of years. Despite their small n umber and the difficult circumstances, they have an effective value in the Iraqi society.


Article
The Books Titled (Assemblies), Their Effects on Scholars and Their Scientific Value
الامالي والمجالس في اثار الدارسين وقيمتها العلمية

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الخلاصة

The paper has come up with the fact that (Assemblies) are considered important books of heritage. They began to appear in the 12th century of Hegira. They involve some debates and discussions held in a specific place of the mosque or in a house of one of the scholars. These debates tackle poetry, weird vocabularies, history, grammar. Morphology, rhetoric, and criticism. These debates are important because they may contain many issues like verses or narratives which are not mentioned in other books


Article
References in the Book of Al-Amali
الاسناد في كتب الامالي

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الخلاصة

The paper has come up with the fact that references in the Book of Al-Amali has not been mentioned in one form; it is a long reference in the historical and literary items whereas it is very short via one narrator in verses without criticism and comment. The connected reference is mentioned in the news related to poets up to the poet himself or his close narrator. The reference in poetry appeared in the late part of the 3rd and the beginning of the 4th centuries. Reference means the series of narrators who have transmitted the narrative from its origin.


Article
Stress and Unstress in the Readings of the Holy Quran for the Late Companions of Basrah
التَّشْدِيدُ والتَّخفيفُ في القراءات القرآنيَّة للتابعيِّين البصريِّين

المؤلفون: Salah Kadhim Dawood صلاح كاظم داود
الصفحات: 217-226
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الخلاصة

The Quran readings are an indispensible field for the linguistic studies, phonologically, morphologically, grammatically and connotatively. This field opens up a wide space for studying the dominant Arabic dialects before the Holy Quran was sent down. These readings have gained a great deal of attention from the old and recent scholars specially those who are interested in understanding the constitution of the Moslems and learning their religion.


Article
The Speech Act of Threatening in English and Arabic with Reference to the Glorious Qur'an
الفعل الكلامي للتهديد في اللغتين الانكليزية والعربية مع الاشارة الى القران الكريم

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الخلاصة

This study (The Speech Act of Threatening in English and Arabic with Reference to the Glorious Qur'an) tries to answer the following questions: What are the kinds of the speech act of threatening in English?, What are the felicity conditions of this act?, How do Arab linguists and rhetoricians deal with such act?, and in which way threat in the Glorious Qur'an is characterized in terms of the Speech Act Theory?


Article
The Reference of the Legendary Heritage in Rushdi Al-Amel's Poetry
مرجعية الارث الاسطوري في شعر رشدي العامل

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الخلاصة

This paper aims at showing the extent of Al-Amel's ability to make use of the heritage, especially the legendary heritage which is regarded as a spring where poets draw from to strengthen their memory and motivate their talents. This communication with the legend is invulnerable evidence against those who accuse and object to Rushdi AL-Amel's Poetry. From this, it has been found that the poet uses the legend because of its being analogous or identical to his personal history. In addition, it includes positive aspects and carries powerful ideas with rich indications. With conscious choice, the poet employs many legends since he finds that they represent or refer to general and common suffering.


Article
Analysis of the Spatial Variety in the Distribution Of the Inhabitants of Al-Mahaweel District
تحليل التباين المكاني في توزيع سكان قضاء المحاويل 1987-2010م

المؤلفون: Sa'ad Abdul RAzaq Muhsin سعد عبد الرزاق محسن
الصفحات: 260-281
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الخلاصة

The study of the inhabitants distribution is related to geography because it is connected to the place and people and their demographic movement. accordingly, the researchers in inhabitant geography took in consideration the problems of such subject by applying statistical tools in analyzing the space relations of the distribution and their relation with geographic environment (nature and people) to find results to explain such distribution.


Article
The Concept of Nature in The Lyrical Poetry of Andalusia
الطبيعة الجامدة في الموشحات الاندلسية

المؤلفون: Sahira Elewee Hussain ساهرة عليوي حسين
الصفحات: 282-285
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الخلاصة

The poetry of Andalusia is distinguished by describing nature which was the muse of the poets because nature is related to human soul. It was not just a space but it was a psychological state and it presented how the poet felt of that nature.


Article
Mercy: One of the Characteristics of Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) as a Leader: Analytic Study
الرحمة: من سجايا الشخصية القيادية لنبينا الكريم محمد (صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم) - دراسة تحليلية

المؤلفون: Zaynab Ali Abid زينب علي عبد
الصفحات: 286-297
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الخلاصة

Leadership is very difficult for it demands experience. The more the leader is experienced the more he is successful in his mission. The leader have to be firm and strong to be followed. Prophet Mohammad did not study how to be a leader and he was never known as a leader. His soldiers obeyed him although he was not stiff or firm with them they did so because of their belief in his message. Prophet Mohammad was so merciful with the hypocrites who were trying to do some damage in his army and he said (Mohammad does not kill his followers). He found excuses to those who committed mistakes and by this he gave lessons in merciful leadership. He was not merciful to his followers only but to his enemies as well especially to the prisoners of war and he ordered his followers not to hurt a woman, a child ,nor an old man.


Article
Investigating Iraqi EFL Learners' Awareness of English Ambiguous Sentences
مدى وعي المتدربين العرقيين للجمل الغامضة في اللغة الانكليزية

المؤلفون: Ahmed Jundi Ali احمد جندي علي
الصفحات: 298-316
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الخلاصة

This research is devoted to study the ambiguity in modern Standard English.By definition, ambiguity is a linguistic phenomenon in which a given text has more than one meaning or interpretation. Thus, this study aims at theoretically investigating the types of ambiguity and practically studying the Iraqi EFL learners' performance in dealing with ambiguous texts by means of a specialized test designed for this purpose. It is hypothesized that Iraqi EFL learners face difficulties in dealing with these sentences in both recognition and production levels. The test includes two questions, each with 25 items (see appendix). Results show that, at the recognition level (question 1), most Iraqi EFL learners (53.12%) fail in recognizing the ambiguous sentences, whereas at the recognition level the percentage of learners unable to disambiguate the given sentences increased to reach (58.24%) including the avoided items which are considered as incorrect in both first and second questions. The findings arrived at support the above mentioned hypothesis. The study ends with some of the recommendations for EFL teachers and learners and the way they encounter such sentences in spoken and written English.


Article
The Effect of Brisly Pattern in the Acquisition of The Female Students of First Year Intermediate
أثر إنموذج برسلي في تحصيل طالبات الصف الأول المتوسط في تدريس مادة الجغرافية العامة

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الخلاصة

There are different educational patterns in teaching have been applied around the world but they have not been applied in Iraq yet. The traditional methods of teaching that depend on memorizing are still applied in teaching geography in Iraq. Also the teachers are not interested in using new methods and patterns of teaching geography


Article
Observance in Arabic grammar - Concept, Astalahaa, extrapolated
المراعاة في النحو العربي - مفهومها، اصطلاحها، استقراؤها

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الخلاصة

This paper attempts to shed light on a single (consideration), to provide a clear picture of it, it looks at the concept of language and idiomatically, and displays the words expressed by grammarians about the concept of observance, and shows the extent of the relationship between the observance of pregnancy latter fact is the closest to the concept of consideration, then tracing the search concept historically ranging from books early grammarians, and goes on to track down the modernists, then ends by mentioning the motives that led to the observance, and displays through the views of grammarians and words which, revealing the importance of them, and the extent of its presence in their works on grammar level.


Article
The British Strategy in Iraq
الإستراتيجية البريطانية إزاء العراق

المؤلفون: Sattar Jabbar Al-Jabiri ستار جبار الجابري
الصفحات: 354-368
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الخلاصة

Britain was the strongest nation during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries till the earliest part of the twentieth century. Britain played an important role.


Article
The Journey of Al-Imam Al-Hussain (peace be upon him) From Mecca to Iraq
رحلة الإمام الحسين (عليه السلام) من مكة المكرمة إلى العراق - دراسة تاريخية جغرافية

المؤلفون: Wijdan Fareeq Enad وجدان فريق عناد
الصفحات: 369-378
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الخلاصة

The rout that Al-Imam Al-Hussian took in his journey to Iraq is the same rout to Iraq known even before Islam which is called Al- Heerah – Mecca rout. Some sources mention this rout as the rout that the Islamic Arabic army took during the Orthodox Caliphs' reign throughout liberation wars. It is called Al-Kuffa- Mecca rout after the establishment of Al-Kuffa. During the Umayyad period, Al-Imam Al-Hussain (peace be upon him) took this rout when he left Mecca to Iraq. During the Abbasid period, this rout was the rout of pilgrims to Mecca.


Article
Vision methodology for Kulayni (329 ah) to al-Kafi Book
رؤية منهجية للكليني (ت 329هـ) في كتاب الكافي

المؤلفون: Mackie Khalil Hammoud مكي خليل حمود
الصفحات: 379-392
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الخلاصة

This research highlights the encyclopedia Alhdithip confidence Islam Mohammed bin Jacob Kulayni (329 e) because of their importance in the field of modern because it is the second source of Islamic legislation, as well as in the lead in the overall show shaper and mysterious and utter the words of Almighty God of the Koran, then this book saved us words and deeds of the Prophet and reports (r). But this book is a way of classifying and dividing the researcher can control through authoring and search method that was prevalent in the era of the period, and can also Alastvad of former eras in the maturation of thought and cultural movement in those stages.


Article
The Strategies of post-Knowledge: A Theoretical Vision of Acquiring Grammatical Concepts
استراتيجيات ما وراء المعرفة رؤية نظرية في عملية اكتساب المفاهيم النحوية

المؤلفون: Mushrik Muhammad Medlol مشرق محمد مجول
الصفحات: 393-408
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الخلاصة

The theoretical background helps the researcher to find a scientific research that have aims and hypotheses lead to results. This background is considered the base of the research and gives an idea about the problem of the research. Accordingly, the present study is divided into three chapters: the first deals with the strategies that follow knowledge, the second is about the strategies used in study. The third is about the process of acquiring grammatical concepts.


Article
Enrollment of Iraq in the Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC) in 1972
انضمام العراق إلى منظمة الدول العربية المصدرة للنفط (أوابك) 1972

المؤلفون: Usama Sahib Muni'm أسامة صاحب منعم
الصفحات: 409-417
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الخلاصة

Petroleum has an undeniable importance and benefits that urged people to make use of it. The Area of Arab Gulf is blessed with great deal of this fortune which urged the strong European countries to control the area and to control this fortune consequently


Article
The Climactic Change and its Effects on Man's Health and Comfort
التغير المناخي وآثاره على صحة وراحة الإنسان

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الخلاصة

This study is interested in studying the relation between the climactic changes and human health all around the world. The combination of gasses of the earth atmosphere is changing because of the accumulation of the gasses that detaining heat which in turn effect the global climate. The study at hand depends on the available data of the changes of temperature and their effect on the bio-climactic comfort that human could feel under the continuous increase in temperature in addition to the increase in the percentage of deaths and illnesses as a result to the increase in temperature


Article
The Relation Between Fertility and Labour Behaviour: an Anthropological Study in Al-Hilla City
الخصوبة وعلاقتها بالسلوك الانجابي - دراسة انثروبولوجية في مدينة الحلة

المؤلفون: Salwan Fawzi سلوان فوزي عبد
الصفحات: 436-455
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الخلاصة

The present study deals with the relation between fertility and labour behaviour: an anthropological study in Al-Hilla city and the most important cultural determinants that effect fertility and labour behaviour. The research studies the effect of these determinants through studying three elements: the ideas and beliefs labour behaviour, feelings towards having kids and the social behaviour towards labour behaviour. The relation between religion and fertility is also discussed.


Article
The Waste Site in Al-Sayahiya and its Effect on The Neighbouring Areas
موقع الطمر في الصياحية وأثره على المناطق المجاورة

المؤلفون: Kifaya Hasan Maitham كفاية حسن ميثم الياسري
الصفحات: 456-467
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الخلاصة

It is very important to establish an office of environmental improvement because of the urgent need to environmental improvement, and the bad conditions caused by wars. The purpose behind establishing such an office is to treat some pollution caused by waste materials and the food refuse and the refuse of slaughter


Article
The Effect of The Six Hats Strategy in Developing Deductive Thinking in Teaching Geography for the Female Students of the Fourth Literary Class
أثر استراتيجية القبعات الست في تنمية التفكير الاستدلالي لدى طالبات الصف الرابع الأدبي في مادة الجغرافية

المؤلفون: Fatima Muhammad Alawi فاطمة محمد علاوي
الصفحات: 468-507
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الخلاصة

The research aims at Assessing the effect of the Six hats strategy in developing the deductive thinking in teaching geography for the female students of the fourth literary class. To fulfill the aims of the study, a sample of fourth literary year students have been chosen from Sumer secondary school in Baghdad/ Al-Rusafa. The sample has been divided into two groups: experimental and controlling


Article
Studying Enjoining What is Good and Forbidding What is Evil In the Jurisprudence of the Prophet's Household (peace be upon them)
دراسة الأمر بالمعروف والنهي عن المنكر في فقه أهل البيت (ع)-القسم الأول (دراسة استدلالية)

المؤلفون: Hashim Hamood هاشم حمود
الصفحات: 508-524
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الخلاصة

Enjoining what is good and forbidding what is evil is one of the most important doctrines in Islam. When God sends His prophet (peace be upon him), He ordered them to convey this doctrine leading people to the good as this doctrine leads to fight injustice


Article
The Spanish Colonies in Africa
المستعمرات الإسبانية في أفريقيا

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الخلاصة

Spain is considered the first European countries that made geographical discoveries. there were several aims behind these discoveries one of them is fighting Islam and Muslims after they drove Muslims out of Spain in 1492. In addition to the factor of economy, Spain after the Portuguese were the first countries colonized Africa. These colonies were in the north and the west of Africa


Article
The Difficulties Facing the Educational Guidance In Secondary Schools from the Educational Guides' - Point of View
معوقات الإرشاد التربوي في المدارس الثانوية من وجهة نظر المرشدين التربويين

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الخلاصة

The field of education is one of the most important fields that play role in human lives. This field has its own problems and such as the problems that face the educational guidance. The Educational guide aims at helping the learner by finding solutions to the learner's problems and helping him to achieve the psychological and social accommodation


Article
The Political Conditions of Damascus During Ahmad Ibn Tolon's Reign (883-877 A.C. / 27-264H)
دمشق في عهد احمد بن طولون دراسة في أحوالها السياسية (264–27.ه/877-883م)

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الخلاصة

In spite of losing its importance as the capitol of the Islamic state since the fall of the Umayyad family, Damascus played an important role in many political events all through the Abbasid period. Because of ite geographical and economical importance, Damascus remained an important political center that attracting different forces that appeared in Al-Sham or came from the west or the east. Accordingly, Ahmad Ibn Tolon came to Damascus immediately after controlling Egypt to join it to his growing state. The stand of the people of Damascus with Ibn Tolon in his struggle against Talha Al-Muawafaq Al-Abbasi was clear evidence to the importance of Damascus in directing the political events and it also showed the hatred of the people of Damascus to the Abbasid


Article
The Kildanian-Persian Relations in the Neo-Babylonian Age (626-539 B.C.)
العلاقات الكلدية الفارسية في العصر البابلي الحديث (626-539ق.م)

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الخلاصة

The Kildanian-Persian relation is considered a turning point for both empires.The Babylonian king Nabublassar made use of this relation to sustain his political power and to have the Persians' help to destroy the Assyrian Empire. Accordingly, Nabublassar began to send statues of Elam's gods to Elam at the beginning of his reign and encouraged the Median Ki-Akhssar to assault Ashur


Article
The Use of Lewla (If not) in the Holly Quran
دلالة (لولا) في الاستعمال القرآني

المؤلفون: Emad Fadhil Abid عماد فاضل عبد
الصفحات: 586-599
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الخلاصة

The present paper studies the meaning and the use of lewla (if not) depending on the opinions of grammarians and linguists. And then the study deals with the of the explanations of some Quran verses in which (if not) appeared.


Article
The Effectiveness of Metagognitive Strategy in the achievement of fifth literary Female students in History
فاعلية إستراتيجية ما وراء المعرفة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي في مادة التاريخ

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الخلاصة

This research aims at knowing the effectiveness of Meta cognitive in the achievement of Fifth literary (Femal) Students in History. The experimental design has been used to achieve this aim. The experiment has lasted one course for the academic year 2014 – 2015 at Al – Muntaha preparatory school in Al – Khalis district. The sample of this study is (85) , (43) students of the control group and (42) of the experimental group


Article
Eulogies in praise of Al-Imam Ali (peace be upon him)
مديح الإمام علي (عليه السلام) في الشعر العباسي

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الخلاصة

The prophet's household (peace be upon them) have been praised greatly in the Abbasid poetry. Many Abbasid poets praised the prophet's household (peace be upon them) by talking about their characters and deeds which were taken as lessons by Muslims especially the lessons taken from Al-Imam Ali (peace be upon him). He is the person mostly praised by poets and he is taken as a model because his deeds have positive effects and for other reasons which will be mentioned in the research


Article
NEUROLINGUISTICS
عليم اللغة العصبي

المؤلفون: Rusul Dawood Salman رسل داود سلمان
الصفحات: 644-650
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الخلاصة

Neurolinguistics is a branch of linguistics which studies the basis in human nervous system for the language development and use . it aims to construct a model of brain’s control through the various processes of life. This field can be performed in different activities whether in speaking, listening , reading or signing , it also attempts to investigate the language use . As neurolinguistics is a branch of psycholinguistics , So, it fouces on what happen in the human mind when people speak or listen. There are tow activities which can be considered the core of psycholinguistics: speech production and comprehension. But sometimes there is an ambiguity may arise in speech production (this may due to obstacles in the speech organs) and comprehension (default in the mind) this may be caused the damaging in specific Parts of the brain. This research tries to reveal the deficits in the human’s brain which causes the language disabilities for people

الكلمات الدلالية

NEUROLINGUISTICS --- عليم اللغة العصبي


Article
Rhetorical irony in hair Blend Haidari
المفارقة البلاغية في شعر بلند الحيدري

المؤلفون: Safa Al-Din Ahmad Fadel صفاء الدين أحمد فاضل
الصفحات: 651-676
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الخلاصة

The difference. The searchers interested in it because it thought technique, and it refers to user’s qualifications and artistic mode. Poet. It depends on many styles to draw the way of art. In Baland Al-Haidary’s poet there many poetic and eloquence style and in its poet and his poet has images depends on difference eloquence, and increase from poetic energy , and his use to difference eloquence of ( Semele , metaphor and personification ) it refers to his attesting knowledge and his ability poetic

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