Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

Loading...
Contact info

Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
Mobile:
Email: joengbag@uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2015 volume:21 issue:5

Article
A Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm with System Reduction and Restoration for Rapid and Reliable Power Flow Solution of Power Systems
الحل السريع والموثوق لسريان الحمل الكهربائي بأستخدام الخوارزمية الجينية ذات التشفير الحقيقي مع أختزال الشبكة وأعادتها

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The paper presents a highly accurate power flow solution, reducing the possibility of ending at local minima, by using Real-Coded Genetic Algorithm (RCGA) with system reduction and restoration. The proposed method (RCGA) is modified to reduce the total computing time by reducing the system in size to that of the generator buses, which, for any realistic system, will be smaller in number, and the load buses are eliminated. Then solving the power flow problem for the generator buses only by real-coded GA to calculate the voltage phase angles, whereas the voltage magnitudes are specified resulted in reduced computation time for the solution. Then the system is restored by calculating the voltages of the load buses in terms of the calculated voltages of the generator buses, after a derivation of equations for calculating the voltages of the load busbars. The proposed method was demonstrated on 14-bus IEEE test systems and the practical system 362-busbar IRAQI NATIONAL GRID (ING). The proposed method has reliable convergence, a highly accurate solution and less computing time for on-line applications. The method can conveniently be applied for on-line analysis and planning studies of large power systems.


Article
Use of non-Conventional Material to Remove Cu+2 ions from Aqueous Solutions using Chemical Coagulation
استخدام المواد غير التقليدية لإزالة ايونات النحاس من المحاليل المائية بطريقة التخثير الكيميائي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Coagulation - flocculation are basic chemical engineering method in the treatment of metal-bearing industrial wastewater because it removes colloidal particles, some soluble compounds and very fine solid suspensions initially present in the wastewater by destabilization and formation of flocs. This research was conducted to study the feasibility of using natural coagulant such as okra and mallow and chemical coagulant such as alum for removing Cu and increase the removal efficiency and reduce the turbidity of treated water. Fourier transform Infrared (FTIR) was carried out for okra and mallow before and after coagulant to determine their type of functional groups. Carbonyl and hydroxyl functional groups on the surface of okra and mallow were the major groups responsible for coagulation process. By using alum (conventional coagulants), okra and mallow (as a primary coagulant or in combination with the other two primary coagulants) and by the jar testing, the optimum pH-value and dose of the coagulants were determined. The results indicated that the optimal pH values were 6.7, 8 and 6 for alum, okra and mallow, respectively. Mathematical modeling show significant results (sig.<0.05) for the % Cu removal (dependent variable) with respect to coagulant dose (independent variable) for the okra as a primary coagulant, alum with okra and alum with mallow as binary coagulants and alum, okra and mallow as ternary coagulants .


Article
Brackish Water Desalination Coupled With Wastewater Treatment and Electricity Generation
تحلية المياه المالحة مقترنة بمعالجة مياه المخلفات وتوليد الطاقة الكهربائية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

A new bio-electrochemical system was proposed for simultaneous removal of organic matters and salinity from actual domestic wastewater and synthetically prepared saline water, respectively. The performance of a three-chambered microbial osmotic fuel cell (MOFC) provided with forward osmosis (FO) membrane and cation exchange membrane (CEM) was evaluated with respect to the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal from wastewater, electricity generation, and desalination of saline water. The MOFC wasinoculated with activated sludge and fueled with actual domestic wastewater. Results revealed that maximum removal efficiency of COD from wastewater, TDS removal efficiency from saline water, power density, and current density were 96%, 90%, 30.02 mW/m2, and 107.20 mA/m2, respectively.


Article
Resistance to Moisture Damage of Recycled Asphalt Concrete Pavement
مقاومة الضرر بالرطوبة لرصفة الخرسانة الاسفلتية المعاد تدويرها

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Recycled asphalt concrete mixture are prepared, artificially aged and processed in the laboratory to maintain the homogeneity of recycled asphalt concrete mixture gradation, and bitumen content. The loose asphalt concrete mix was subjected to cycle of accelerated aging, (short –term aging) and the compacted mix was subjected to (long -term aging) as per Super-pave procedure. Twenty four Specimens were constructed at optimum asphalt content according to Marshall Method. Recycled mixture was prepared from aged asphalt concrete using recycling agent (soft asphalt cement blended with silica fumes) by (1.5%) weight of mixture as recycling agent content. The effect of recycling agent on aging after recycling process behavior of asphalt concrete was determine. Aged specimens after recycling process were prepared by subjecting the recycled asphalt concrete to accelerated aging and tested for resistance to moisture damage. The improvement in the resistance to moisture damage of aged mixture after recycling with (soft asphalt cement blended with silica fumes) was 76.17% as compared to the corresponding aged mixture before recycling process. The ITS for unconditioned specimens for aged after recycling process mixture was less than reference by 67.1%, and less than that of aged before recycling process mixtures by 64.1%.


Article
Experimental Study of the Thermal Performance of Flat Plate Solar Collectors Array by Different Connection Configurations
دراسة تجريبية للأداء الحراري لمصفوفة من المجمعات الشمسية المسطحة ذات اشكال ربط مختلفة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The current research illustrates experimentally the effect of series and parallel connection (Z-I Configurations) of flat plate water solar collectors array on the thermal performance of closed loop solar heating system. The study includes the effect of changing the water flow rate on the thermal efficiency. The results show that, the collector's efficiency in series connection is higher than the parallel connection within flow rate level less than (100) ℓ/hr. Moreover, the collector efficiency in parallel connection of (I-Configurations) is more than the (Z- Configurations) with increasing the water flow rate .The maximum daily efficiency for parallel (I-Configurations) and (Z- Configurations) are (55%) and (51%) at water flow rate (150) ℓ/ hr. It was also noted that the thermal stratification of storage tank in case of series connection is higher than that of parallel connection. Also, when the flow rate increases, the thermal stratification of storage tank reduces.


Article
Strength Improvement of Clay Soil by Using Stone Powder
تحسين قوة التربة الطينية باستعمال مسحوق الحجارة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Soil stabilization with stone powder is a good solution for the construction of subgrade for road way and railway lines, especially under the platforms and mostly in transition zones between embankments and rigid structures, where the mechanical properties of supporting soils are very influential. Stone powder often has a unique composition which justifies the need for research to study the feasibility of using this stone powder type for ground improvement applications. This paper presents results from a comprehensive laboratory study carried out to investigate the feasibility of using stone powder for improvement of engineering properties of clays. The stone powder contains bassanite (CaSO4. ½ H2O), and Calcite (CaCO3). Three percentages are used for stone powder (1%, 3% and 5%) by dry weight of clay. Several tests are made to investigate the soil behavior after adding the stone powder (Atterberg limits, Standard Proctor density, Grain size distribution, Specific gravity, Unconfined Compressive test, and California bearing ratio test). Unconfined Compressive tests conducted at different curing. The samples are tested under both soaked and unsoaked condition. Chemical tests and X-ray diffraction analyses are also carried out. Stone powder reacts with clay producing decreasing in plasticity and The curves of grain size distribution are shifted to the coarse side as the stone powder percentage increase; the soil becomes more granular, and also with higher strength.


Article
On Gradient Descent Localization in 3-D Wireless Sensor Networks

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Localization is an essential demand in wireless sensor networks (WSNs). It relies on several types of measurements. This paper focuses on positioning in 3-D space using time-of-arrival- (TOA-) based distance measurements between the target node and a number of anchor nodes. Central localization is assumed and either RF, acoustic or UWB signals are used for distance measurements. This problem is treated by using iterative gradient descent (GD), and an iterative GD-based algorithm for localization of moving sensors in a WSN has been proposed. To localize a node in 3-D space, at least four anchors are needed. In this work, however, five anchors are used to get better accuracy. In GD localization of a moving sensor, the algorithm can get trapped in a local minimum causing the track to deviate from the true path, thereby impairing real-time localization. The proposed algorithm is based on systematically replacing anchor nodes to avoid local minima positions. The idea is to form all possible combinations of five-anchor sets from a set of available anchor nodes (larger than five), and to segment the true path. Iterating through each segment, the sets of anchors that could draw the track to a local minimum are discarded and replaced with possible others to maintain the right track.


Article
Cooling Load Calculations For Typical Iraqi Roof And Wall Constructions Using Ashrae's RTS Method
حسابات حمل التبريد لتركيبات سقوف وجدران نموذجية عراقية باستخدام نظرية RTS لاشري

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The present work is an attempt to develop design data for an Iraqi roof and wall constructions using the latest ASHRAE Radiant Time Series (RTS) cooling load calculation method. The work involves calculation of cooling load theoretically by introducing the design data for Iraq, and verifies the results experimentally by field measurements. Technical specifications of Iraqi construction materials are used to derive the conduction time factors that needed in RTS method calculations. Special software published by Oklahoma state university is used to extract the conduction factors according to the technical specifications of Iraqi construction materials. Good agreement between the average theoretical and measured cooling load is obtained and the difference between them does not exceed 9.3%.


Article
Using Spatial Videos, Google Earthtm and Geographic Information System to Dynamically Monitor Built Environment Changes In a Challenging Environment: Baghdad, Iraq.
استخدام الفيديو المكاني، برنامج جوجل ايرث ونظام المعلومات الجغرافية لرصد التغييرات الحيوية للبيئة الحضرية في بيئة مليئة بالتحديات: بغداد، العراق.

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Urban expansion and its environmental and safety effects are one of the critical information needed for future development planning, safety considerations and environmental management. This work used two methods to monitor urban expansion and it's environmental and safety effects, the first is based on Google Maps for the years 2002 and 2010, and the second was the usage of spatial videos for the year 2013. Although the usage of satellite images is critical to know and investigate the general situation and the total effects of the expansion on a large piece of area, but the Spatial videos do a very detailed fine scale investigation, site conditions regarding both environmental and safety cannot be easily distinguished from satellite images .Another advantage of spatial videos is new houses can be recognized and separated visually even if they are attached or derived from one house. This article shows that the working conditions for the workers do not comply with the standards especially their health and safety procedures. Also the municipality services are at the lowest level because of all the debris left in the street , lack of regulation and law enforcement that protect the health of neighborhood residents.

Table of content: volume: issue: