جدول المحتويات

مجلة مركز بابل للدراسات الانسانية

ISSN: 22272895 23130059
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: رئاسة الجامعة او مراكز
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة مركز بابل للدراسات الانسانية هي مجلة رسمية صادرة عن مركز بابل للدراسات الحضارية والتاريخية بجامعة بابل وتختص بنشر البحوث والمقالات الاكاديمية في مجالات الدراسات الانسانية والتاريخية والحضارية تنشر المجلة محلياُ بشكل نصف سنوي اي مرتين في كل عام حيث يتم تحرير المجلة من قبل فريق تحكيم علمي يعمل على تقييم البحوث المرسلة حيث ان كل بحث يتم ارساله الى ادارة المجلة يعمل خبيرين اثنين على الاقل في تقييم كل جانب من جوانبه ووفق استمارة معدة لهذا الغرض ولا نقوم بنشر اي مقالات او بحوث بدون اجازة نشر من قبل خبرائنا .
جامعة بابل
سنة الاصدار 2011
عدد الاعداد الصادرة 15 عدد
مجلة نصف سنوية

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جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 5 العدد: 2

Article
Quranic expression in the story of Mary (peace be upon her)
التعبير القرآني في قصة مريم (عليها السلام)

المؤلفون: Dr. Ahlam Fadel Abboud د. أحلام فاضل عبود
الصفحات: 2-17
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الخلاصة

There are multiple aspects of the dialogue in the story of Mary (AS) are: 1-Mary mother of dialogue with God Almighty. Angels 7 dialogue with Mary (p). 2 Zakaria dialogue with God. 8 dialogue Mary (p) with itself. 3 dialogue Mary (p) with God says of. 9-dialogue or Ghebraúalma Mariam Isa (AS) 4 speech Allah Almighty to Prophet Muhammad . 10-Mary dialogue (p) with her people. 5 Zakaria dialogue with Mary (p). 11 Assa dialogue with folk 6. dialogue with the angels Zakaria. We will discuss in a detailed search last of these aspects, God willing. In the story of Mary (AS) gloss inspired them a lesson and sermon in the consolidation of recurrence of these meanings, including: First: It concludes depending on God Almighty God may be in His help in all its affairs. Second: The cut off to the worship of one God Almighty and humbled heart God reassured him in degree Alosfia and close the Almighty said: oaz angels said: O Mary, God has chosen you and purified thee and chosen thee above the women Alim Imran / 42. Third: The Almighty God simplifies the provision for whom He wills without account, he says: kellma entered her Zakariamihrab found sustenance then said, O Mary, that I said to you this is from God, that God is alive and he wants without Hsab Imran / 37. Fourth: The mercy of God and the wide range and ability does not Aadzha everything in the heavens and the earth, and if he wants God something said to him, 'Be Creating Isa  without a father as creation before Adam  is or is not the father and the creation of Eve from a father without a mother he says: qal well God creates what He wills If he decrees a thing he says to it Be Vicu Imran / 47 and the words of the Almighty: qal also said RBC is Ali Hin and make him a sign for mankind and a mercy from us and was very Mqzia Mary / 21 and the Almighty said:  ... If he decrees a thing he says to it Be Vicu Mary / 35 Glory to God for what they describe There is no power but from God Almighty and the blessings of God on Muhammad and divine good.


Article
A Study of English Verbs of Communication in the Political and Religious Speeches
دراسة أفعال اللغة الإنجليزية في اتصال الخطابات السياسية والدينية

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الخلاصة

Communication is the main core of language as language is widely defined as a means of communication. Verbs of communication can help achieving communication by their own. The current study focuses on the verbs of communication showing its semantic features and types. It tries to find out the role of the verbs of communication in achieving communication in two linguistic discourses namely the political and the religious speeches. It also tries to find the similarities and differences between these two types of speeches in regard to the use of verbs of communication finding out whether both types of speeches use such verbs. Finally, if verbs of communication are used, the study tries to find out which types of verbs of communication are used in both political and religious speeches. The aim of the study is to describe the verbs of communication in English as used in political and religious speeches. There by, it is possible to make a comparison between these two different discourses in regard to the use of verbs of communication and to contrast them so as to find out the syntactic and semantic differences and similarities between the two discourses. To achieve aims of the study, the following procedures are followed: 1. Presenting a theoretical background about the notion of communication in general concentrating on the role of verbs of communication. 2. Finding out the role of verbs of communication in achieving communication and showing the syntactic and semantic features of verbs of communication in English. 3. Analyzing samples of political and religious speeches to correlate the syntactic and semantic features of verbs of communication used in these two discourses.


Article
Alneely And his Grammatical Efforts
النيلي وجهوده النحوية

المؤلفون: Qasim Rahim Hassan م.د. قاسم رحيم حسن
الصفحات: 18-37
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الخلاصة

The Nile was from the most famous associated with Hilla before it established and before moving on of mazied sons which excelled in the Emirate built more when they live in the Nile a large number of scientists in the study of language, grammar. The Nile before transmission built more to the island Aldbesah in the year (405 AH) rich scientists, and was a main earner for the capital of the Islamic caliphate of Kufa to science and scientists, particularly in the second century AH it has to be the highlight of this city. Known in the Nile region a large number of writers, linguists and readings () before Antqabanna more, led by prince Ali Bin mazied (Tel: 408 e) to the island Aldbesah in the year (405 AH) following the bloody conflicts between the built mazeid , and cousins built Afif Nahariualbuehian on the other hand , and was in the Emirate built mzeid than dabble in literature and reading and language before they migrate to the Nile, this area is rich with scientists and writers who have contributed to the prosperity of grammatical studies in Kufa and Baghdad, and after that the foundations of the sons of mazeid new city in Hilla in the area Gamaanakhzt linguistic studies and Alnhoihfa Hilla evolve even amounted to tidy distinct; leading to transmission of a number of scientists Hilla, who was studying in regular schools and school in Baghdad's Mustansiriya it.


Article
French military campaign in Mount Lebanon 1860-1861
الحملة العسكرية الفرنسية على جبل لبنان 1860-1861

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الخلاصة

The sectarian strife that took place in Mount Lebanon in 1860 of the most important political events suffered in the mountain in particular and the Ottoman Empire in general in the nineteenth century, and almost led to a major war is not limited to the Ottoman Empire only, but enter European countries have their particular concerns in the Orient Arab in general and Mount Lebanon in particular, and was the most prominent of those countries France. The French government believed in the strife that hit the Mount Lebanon a chance to restore its influence is strongest, particularly France pro-Egyptian control over Syria policy has weakened the position of France in Syria, especially among the children of the Catholic denominations, including the Maronite community, as well as that France has taken from its involvement in these events and the way to put pressure on the Porte to pass economic projects in the Ottoman Empire, particularly silk factories in Mount Lebanon and the Suez Canal project. Hence, this study was to shed light on the role of France in the military campaign in Mount Lebanon and the policy pursued by there to consolidate its influence in the mountain and then Syria in general. The study relied on multiple sources came to her head and documentation for the British Foreign Office documents correspondence French military campaign against Syria 1860-1861 also adopted other important sources as a message master researcher Ihsan Saeed tagged (foreign interference in Lebanon's affairs from the year 1840 to 1861) as well as the book of France's policy in the Near East researcher for the Russian Marina Pantychenkova and historical bases system of Lebanon's sectarian Researcher Mohamed Ahmed Trahina .


Article
Activity Iraqi parties after World War II 1946-1958
نشاط الأحزاب العراقية بعد الحرب العالمية الثانية 1946-1958

المؤلفون: Dr. Osama Saheb Menem م.د. اسامة صاحب منعم
الصفحات: 50-57
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الخلاصة

The outcome of the Second World War affected the change of the ruling authorities in Iraq to its policy toward the party, especially after he called guardian in his speech on 27 December 1945 to the need for the formation of political parties and freedom of the press release. And in general can be classified as political trends and ideas for the parties during this stage are as follows: First, the moderate Socialist Democratic trend represented by the National Democratic Party. Second direction is represented by the National Independence Party. Third, the conservative trend represented by the Liberal Party. Fourth: Marxist trend is represented by the National Union Party and People's Party.


Article
Cultural activities of the Christian component in Iraq from the late nineteenth century until 1939
النشاطات الثقافية للمكون المسيحي في العراق من أواخر القرن التاسع عشر حتى عام 1939

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الخلاصة

Culture is considered one of the important element in shaping the historical events as it is considered a mirror that reflects the historical facts leading to many changes in the life communities. In spite of its importance , it did not receive much attention from researchers. This study comes within the context of what we started in our MA thesis-entitled (The Christians Of Iraq And Their Role In The Modern History Of Iraq From 1921 To 1958), which involves studying the historical relics of the Christians in the political, economic and social fields.Due to the amplitude of the topics of the thesis and time constraints, we didn,t have the chance to study the cultural activity of the Iraqi Christians; hence, we find it appropriate to complete the study of their role sfforts in this area and to reflect another bright picture of Iraqs history. The time frame of the study begins with the late nineteenth century AD-because Iraq had witnessed in this period the early modern civilization of presses, newspapers magazines, theaters, schools and other cultural elements in which the Iraqi Christians played a prominent role- and sums up in 1939, where was the beginning of World War 11 and what accompanied phase of events in the history of Iraq at various levels.


Article
The Almsideh virtues Book in News of Alasdayaa Kings as a source of Alherraa city history before Islam analytical critical comparative study
كتاب المناقب المزيدية في أخبار الملوك الأسدية مصدراً لتاريخ الحيرة قبل الإسلام دراسة تحليلية نقدية مقارنة

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الخلاصة

Nouselt study to a number of conclusions were drawn according to the novel data elaborated by the Abu stay ornaments in his book (morality), which reflected the general features of reality that prevailed before the confusion of Islam, can be embodied in the following points: 1 - contributed to the study in decoding the confusion and uncertainty that accompanied the life story of Abu ornaments social survival, especially in the pivotal answer to the obvious question of what is the age of the author? Anyone who witnessed? An idea that has become unknown when the owners of translations who ignorant intentionally or otherwise find a translation of adequate and sufficient him as befits its high reputation and scientific culture accumulated, so we chose to fill the gap this, Baltae on what we were able to nail its connotations and citations historical then discussed and Astntagaha down to determine what it wants in the building dating timeline of his time, and returned to the sixth century AH / twelfth century. 2- The study confirmed the superiority of Abu stay ornaments in the field of history, which resulted in the emergence of the book (qualities Almsideh) as an important source depends on academic studies on the history of the Arabs before Islam in general and the history of confusion, especially, though not match the address with the suppositions which is supposed to focus his attention primarily on the narrative history of Hilla Almsideh, for matching and comparison between the two civilizations, and to emphasize the historical connection between nations and peoples.


Article
Alhilaly tribal relationship with the crisis Africa in the fifth century of migration
علاقة القبائل الهلالية بأزمة أفريقية في القرن الخامس للهجرة

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الخلاصة

This research study semicircular tribes relationship crisis in Africa in the fifth century, and the opinons of historians who have lived through the events of this century and the extent of documenting these events documented accurate like milk other and Marrakech and Noueiri and ibnKhaldun was to MorgibnKhaldun,s biggest contribution to being one of the most prominent Arab historians Almsamin attention to immigration semicircular to Africa also of the showed that this rsesarch Apsis sabotage, politically, economically and socially hyped as some moder historians and Orientalists ad their dependence on what it says ibnKhaldun also explained the reasons that led to the entry BaniHilal to Africa and control of kairouan in 450 AD.


Article
Unity and sovereignty in the decorative design of the Iraqi Popular carpet
الوحدة والسيادة في التصميم الزخرفي للسجاد الشعبي العراقي

المؤلفون: Dr. Safa Lutfi أ.م.د. صفا لطفي
الصفحات: 149-159
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الخلاصة

Findcarescurrentstudyunity andsovereigntyin thedecorative designofthe popularIraqiCarpetsandis located in thefourchaptersare exposedtothefirst chapterof the research problemandwhich can be summarizedby askingthe following:Is there aunity and sovereigntyinall designsdecorativecarpetIraqi popular? What are themechanismsAchtgalathma? As well as theimportance ofresearch andthe goal ofthe research andthe limits ofresearch andalso to identifythe terminology. The second chapterincludedthreesections:the first section. The historical development ofthe craft ofthe numeratorof the IraqiPeople, and thesecond topic:bilateralunity andsovereigntyinthe Arab-Islamicdecorative design WhiledevotedChapter IIIof theresearch proceduresofthe research communityandthe research sampleandsources of information gatheringand analysis ofmodels ofthe research sample, while the third chaptercontained the results ofresearch,which include:wiredesignerIraqiinhis designsimplementedon the carpetIraqi popular(folklore), the principle of sovereigntyby employingcoloritovercomesmost of themodelsinthe research sampleand thepresence ofsaturatedred colorwhichhasattributesmake him acolorcushions. As well asrecommendations and suggestionsand sources.


Article
Letters in the Works Of Contemporary Iraqi Potter Akram Naji
الحروفية في أعمال الخزاف العراقي المعاصر أكرم ناجي

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الخلاصة

Since the long ages, the human race knew writing and putting down their knowledge. Letters were the only tool that humans created to write down their language. The sound of the of the letter kept its rituals. Writing is considered the highest cultural resultant the humankind has achieved, as it stands in the top of the material clues for cultural growth and advancement. Writing, perhaps, is on the most prominent artistic tools that the Muslim artist used, as Arab Muslims took it very seriously, as mentioned in the Quran. From here came the worshiping for the Arabic letter, as it is very precise due to writing down the holy book, Quran. Furthermore, the Arabic letter has a form and religious effect. The finely-drown line was equally important to pronouncing Quran holy words. This is what pushed the Muslim artist with all his energy and imagination to do their best at. As he was writing down the Quran on papers, he excelled and made it look incredible. These reasons are what pushed the Muslims to excel the art of writing since the beginning of their history. They even put all their energy and their belongings to excel this art of fine line and letter design. They treated the letters are sign of beauty. The Arabic letters were used on mosques and religious places as a beauty symbol. This art, nowadays, is unique in our culture. All Arabic designs remark the beauty of the letter and its holy meaning. Today, it stands as a symbol of pure beauty and form. The modern artist tries to get his inspiration and employment in all kinds of arts, including pottery, the modern Iraqi pottery, to be specific.


Article
Cracking in the ceramic surface Technical and aesthetically
التصدع في السطح الخزفي تقنيا وجماليا

المؤلفون: Dr. Samer Ahmad م.د. سامر أحمد
الصفحات: 177-200
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الخلاصة

This study included disclosure of the aesthetics of cracking through the technical data varied connotations , through the case of understanding the aesthetic associated with the mentality of a potter and by evidence that carry a variety of forms connotations and elevate the significance of the aesthetic to the level of nature abstract of the surface of the ceramic is also a cracking in the surface of ceramic system of signs that carry the variety gives indications of cracking nature Mch show signs of the foot and the researcher finds that the aesthetics of contemporary ceramics in cracking the case marks the transformation of scientific research in the technical and aesthetic associated Moundz ceramic . This study also included the production of glass Rift using local materials where the body of the potter made from Tine province of Babylon " MAHAWEEL " glass of local salt (NaCl) was drafted in accordance with the mixture of glass and base Seker by four blends ranging proportion of sodium chloride ( 23.7 % to 9.7 % ) with the use of lead oxide (Pb3O4) Ksahir complementary to the base Seker . Prototypes have been formed on a potter's wheel was burning by electric furnace and an electronic scale to measure the temperature , the glass plate using spray gun , the agenda was adopted to reach the desired temperature . The results of the Aaanat (1-2 ) with a cracked surface is very large and in the form of a network of minute cracks either at the level of the glass layer did not give good results because of the high proportion of sodium at the expense of either models lead (3-4 ) with cracks were less in terms of size cracking as well as the depth of the notch inside any cracking that increasing the ratio of sodium lead to increased network faults


Article
Platonic ideal applications in the Modern European painting abstract school as a model
تطبيقات المثالية الأفلاطونية في الرسم الأوربي الحديث المدرسة التجريدية أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

Find addresses marked: (Platonic ideal applications in modern European painting -almadrsh abstract model) provide the nature of the effect of thought on the Platonic ideal orientations school abstract aesthetic that made the beauty of a goal. The contained four chapters: the first chapter interested in the methodological framework for representing the search: Find which dealt with the problem of identifying the impact of Platonic philosophy in the school abstract. The search was confined to the limits of the study of philosophy and its impact on the school and abstract pictorial analysis models for the drawings of the year (1900-1950) m. The second chapter contained two sections, taking the first section: (Platonic philosophy) by eating the views of philosophical idealism and attainable beauty ideal of absolute, while Me second section (b Schools of Modern Art) through a review of artistic movements beginner Baromantekah and Impressionism through symbolism and Alouhoshih and Cubism and Expressionism and future Dadaism and Surrealism ending with stylized promised that references poignant. The third chapter Me Platonic ideal applications in drawing global online research procedures, which included: the research community and appointed, and research methodology, research and analysis of samples amounting to (5) of the plate. Contained in Chapter IV, on the search results, and conclusions, as well as recommendations and suggestions, the researchers have come to a number of findings and conclusions, including: I worked at 1- abstract (Mondrian) to unforeseen forces through its focus on geometric shape as a form is open, and her cognitive effects of gaining character totally not partially. Figure 2 The abstract carries prescription beauty essence, what has the laws of repetition and symmetry, harmony, and Find College (sample No. 4) by stripping the shape neighborhood divisions based systems engineering, which serves as the essence and origin of the samples sensual. 3 sought to activate the abstract elements of energy to escape from the sensual, making the will is up to the interior and away from the sensual, and there is a relationship between the concept of Plato's ideal of beauty and distance from physical reality (sample No. 5). 4 The abstract painting is moving towards liberalization of the shape of the features descriptive and suggestive, on the basis that the form of pure represents the fruit of constructivism to uncover the truth absent involving abstract shapes, which prepared the way for the consecration of the authority figure pure as the carrying values affect the facts absent and concepts associated with kidney without partial . The 5-Platonic philosophy has had a deep impact on the evolution of the school abstract sculpture that everything that is related to the internal sense, and used quick brush strokes and colors and lines to create a more beautiful forms


Article
Folkloric Reading in the popular Egyptian birthdays (historical study)
قراءة فلكلورية في الموالد الشعبية المصرية (دراسة تاريخية)

المؤلفون: Raad Majid Matar رعد مطر مجيد
الصفحات: 222-240
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الخلاصة

Anthropology scholars consider that religious and magic is part of what they call the ideological format, and the format is intended Baloadlogi beliefs that explain the nature of man's relationship to the universe, practices and rituals related to these beliefs. Echelon is the ideological kind permission. Religion is defined as a liaison group of people and their participation in one doctrine and ritual transactions and homogeneous. While known religious passion as a humanitarian passion in essence, before it is a social emotion, but they do not grow and realized only if embodied in the religious body, and espoused population or humanitarian groups involved in the introduction and delivery requirements of the idea and faith, and took into account the rituals and decrees and the Bmujbat their faith, and Here we see the character of collective interdependence in the sacred area that is the essence of the religious order and the place of religion. Popular recipe as evidenced here on a form of behavior which the group involved to varying degrees. People's life and where there is always the human subject as a carrier of culture in his thinking or his feelings or his actions to the authority of the community and heritage. The idea of ​​search to include four axes include folklore of Egypt, studied the first axis bride-born spirit of Egypt, and the second axis generator and the owner is present, "read the folkloric in Coptic fairs", while the inclusion of the third axis fairs popular in Matrouh, and cared fourth axis by birth and eternal in the context of the oases celebrations . And this may be between researcher Brief People born in some regions of Egypt.


Article
The impact of the regional administrative decentralization in the promotion of democracy and human rights
أثار اللامركزية الإدارية الإقليمية في تعزيز الديمقراطية وحقوق الإنسان

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الخلاصة

It maintains administrative organization in modern states the unity and cohesion of the state, and the involvement of citizens of the regional administrative units of its subsidiaries, directly in the management of local affairs within the geographical borders, through the adoption of regional administrative decentralization style.  So most of the constitutions and administrative legislation seeks to find a balance between the central authorities of the state, local authorities and their constituent administrative units. And it has become a regional administrative decentralization style of the most important and most successful EDM administrative units in the methods of the modern state, which has led to its adoption by the majority of countries in the world, whether those nations, simple or complex. For this method relationship proportional to the question of strengthening the mechanisms or real democracy means, and to meet human rights material and moral requirements, through investigation or the completion of development and prosperity within the regional administrative unit, resulting from the systematic planning and investment is better diversified or those allocated to them from the central government resources to their own resources within the framework of the annual general budget. As it has been associated with the development of regional decentralized management style directly proportional to the evolution and complexity of the functions of the modern state, which provided it with this management style smoothness and ease the transfer of many functions of the framework of the central government to frame governments or local administrations. And it is a regional decentralized management style of one of the methods by which the distribution of the terms of reference administrative function between the central government and local councils elected in the regional administrative units of its subsidiaries, with the performance of those terms of reference by the local governments and councils elected under the supervision or control of the central government's executive branch , or that such control be imposed by the national parliament of the state, this type of control is the best and most effective because it is practiced by any of the representatives of the people by the legislature.


Article
Icons War and marketing stimuli of violence and terrorism (Vision the marketing of propaganda and psychological warfare to organize Daash)
حرب الرموز وتسويق مثيرات العنف والارهاب (رؤية في تسويق الدعاية والحرب النفسية لتنظيم داعش )

المؤلفون: Dr. Kamel Al-Kaim أ.م.د. كامل القيم
الصفحات: 258-278
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الخلاصة

There is no doubt that the war against Daash taking the media dimension hot, and attention unrivaled in the news rooms and media, and the corridors of the diplomatic, political, and rose crisis Daash from the crisis area or the state, to the cosmic space, and everyone is surprised by the mechanisms of its expansion and won for kegs and followers, although their actions and criminal behavior bloody overwhelming, and if the use of modern military force justified by the looting of arms stores in tenderness and Mosul, and the tide logistical across borders by the neighboring countries, but the big question still exists about the tactics of propaganda and psychological, and systems marketed that managed to penetrate the various regions of the world , and its attempt to build a stereotype about their state, announced by the designation (Caliphate State) that the Framework cosmic, have of course the arms of her strategy and bursts of war symbols, to earn more more followers first, and to destroy the other morale whatever governments or local community or international, so concentrated The study to answer the question about the following: ((What are the psychological and media war of symbols that are marketed Daash? How mechanisms? What are the possible recommendations, to deter and to mitigate its impact, and rein in the symbolic space which they operate? What the Iraqi media, and planned propaganda and psychological field that works?))


Article
Employ the contracts of advanced financial options to build hedge portfolio - An Empirical Study in the Iraqi banking sector
توظيف عقود الخيارات المالية المتقدمة لبناء محفظة التحوط - دراسة تطبيقية في القطاع المصرفي العراقي

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الخلاصة

Become the use of financial engineering tools and options contracts more contemporary topic in the field of financial management, there has been handled explosive growth during the last quarter of the twentieth century as a result of economic developments across the world, opening world markets and increased competition. This development coincided with the uncertainty of what will be the price of the present in the future and that leads to incur losses and exposure to risk any risk of market prices if prices moved other than what is desirable or expected. On the basis of that came this study provides a framework of knowledge and application of the nature and how to employ options contracts to hedge against price fluctuations present and future, and then get rid of the resulting losses and reduce the risk of price fluctuations, respectively, as well as its importance in the areas of speculation by investing little money for trading in financial market for the purpose of making profits due to price fluctuations. Based on the foregoing the importance of the study through the adoption of mathematical models and applied advanced, have wide uses in the field of options in the global financial markets efficient, and to try out in the Iraqi capital market, in an environment of Iraqi private banks.

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