جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: العدد: 25

Article
The Activity of a Strategy in the Development of optimism in the Third Intermediate Students
فعالية إستراتيجية في تنمية سمة التفاؤل لدى تلاميذ سنة الثالثة ثانوي

المؤلفون: Ainou Abdullah عينو عبد الله
الصفحات: 3-17
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الخلاصة

This study aims at identifying (The activity of a strategy in the Development of optimism in the Third Intermediate Students in the city of Saida); the students having a declining level of optimism according to the results of Sigma Scale for optimism. After applying a strategy prepared by the researcher to improve optimism and after using the T-test, the results show a variation with a statistical indication at the dimensional scale


Article
Moral Thinking Levels and their Relationship with Decision Making for the Students of the Jordanian University
مستويات التفكير الأخلاقي وعلاقتها باتخاذ القرار لدى طلبة الجامعة الأردنية

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الخلاصة

This study aims at identifying the Moral Thinking Levels and the ability of decision making for the Students of the Jordanian University and identifying the relationship between Moral Thinking Levels and Decision Making and the variations with a statistical indication according to the variables of (genre, college, academic year)


Article
The Range of Practicing of the Students of Applied Education in the Colleges of Education in the Palestinian Universities for the Skills of Active Teaching from the Point of View of the Supervisors
درجة ممارسة طلاب التربية العملية في كليات التربية بالجامعات الفلسطينية لمهارات التدريس الفعال من وجهة نظر المشرفين

المؤلفون: Shadi Jamal Abu Haltam . شادي جمال أبو حلتم
الصفحات: 42-61
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الخلاصة

This study aims at identifying (The Range of Practicing of the Students of Applied Education in the Colleges of Education in the Palestinian Universities for the Skills of Active Teaching and its relationship with the university as a variable). The society and the sample of the research consist of the supervisors of Applied Education in the Colleges of Education in the Palestinian Universities who are (42) in number taken from five Palestinian universities. The researcher has made a list of the active teaching skills and then transformed it into a questionnaire to be applied to the sample of the study. The results showed that the Range of Practicing of the Students of Applied Education for the Skills of Active Teaching is medium with a mathematical average (3.07). The results also showed that there are variations with a statistical indication attributed to the university variable and in favour of Al-Najah and Al-Kaleel Universities.


Article
The effectiveness and education services, diagnosis and counseling programs in autistic children institutions
فاعلية برامج وخدمات التعليم والتشخيص والارشاد في مؤسسات اطفال التوحد

المؤلفون: Ahmed Al Ghurair Nile احمد نايل الغرير
الصفحات: 62-79
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to verify the effectiveness and education services, diagnosis and extension programs in autistic children institutions in Jordan and included a study population of all institutions were selected six of them at random sample of the study, the researcher used a list of 54 paragraph represent the dimensions of education, diagnosis and guidance, and which have earned a high degree of honesty and consistency. And concluded that the results that he did not show statistically significant differences between autistic children institutions in the dimensions of education, diagnosis and counseling differences at the significance level (0.05), and in the examination of those differences between the programs in the private sector and civil society institutions were observed statistically significant differences in post-educational services for institutions the private sector at the level of significance (0.02).


Article
The Political Situation which had led to the Establishment of Al-Agaliba State in the West Arab Land (132 H – 184 H / 750 – 800)
الواقع السياسي الذي أدى لقيام دولة الأغالبة في المغرب (132هـ -184هـ/750م-800م)

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الخلاصة

This research shows the political and military situation of Morocco in the first Abbasid era which had led to the Establishment of Al-Agaliba State in the Middle West Arab Land with the support of the Abbasid Caliph Harun Al-Rashid to be a strong barrier in front of the mini- states which got independence from the Abbasid State because these states had a doctrine to eliminate the Abbasid State.


Article
Call the characters and historical events in the poetry of Ahmad Matar
استدعاء الشخصیات والأحداث التاریخیة في أشعار أحمد مطر

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الخلاصة

Ahmad Matar is one of the most prominent poets of contemporary politicians. It is best to call the characters and events mentioned in his hair. The case dates back to inform deep poet of the heritage and talk. Ahmed Matar different personalities and events may be invoked in a different time, linked to what is happening at the present time. Poet tries linked to the Arab reality. Ahmad Matar raises political issues that have taken place in the Arab and Muslim countries since ancient times until now, it puts Martyrs heritage and contemporary in through his poems to compares them with what is happening on the ground in Arab societies or leaves the reader to have left such a comparison.


Article
Views and Opinions of Teachers and Administrators in the General Education Towards Enrolling of the Abnormal Children in the Ordinary Primary School in Al-Kaleel Region
اتجاهات وآراء المدرسين والإداريين في التعليم العام نحو إدماج الأطفال غير العاديين في المدارس الإبتدائية العادية في منطقة الخليل

المؤلفون: Abdel Nasir Al-Suwaiti عبد الناصر السويطي
الصفحات: 114-132
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الخلاصة

The study aims at identifying the (Views and Opinions of Teachers and Administrators in the General Education Towards Enrolling of the Abnormal Children in the Ordinary Primary School in the Education Directorate of South Al-Kaleel. The sample consists of (110) teachers and administrators. The study has employed the tool of questionnaire which involves (26) items divided into three groups. The study indicates that the most acceptable disability in the public schools is the light and the middle and that the opinions of teachers towards enrolling are positive. There is also no variation among teachers and administrators towards mixing the handicapped with the normal students. There is no variations attributed to the gender or experience of the teacher or the administrator concerning mixing


Article
The Common Areas between the Romantic and the Sophistic Literatures
المحاور المشتركة بين الأدبين الرومانسي والعرفاني

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الخلاصة

This research deals with the common themes between the Romantic and the Sophistic Literatures which range from constructionism and symbolism because the advocates of the constructive approach look at the literary text as a self-dependent linguistic entity and they then analyze the text according to its words, sentences, constructions, figures of speech and poetic images. The constructive approach focuses on the text away from the author, society and environment for the corner stone of the constructive criticism is analysis. The poem is not a group of verse lines but it is constructed from levels which are (connotative, phonetic, morphological, grammatical, and lexicological levels).


Article
Indications of Argument of the Black Poets up to the End of the Second Abbasid Era
معطيات الواقع الحجاجية عند الشعراء السود حتى نهاية العصر العباسي الثاني

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الخلاصة

Argument is considered one of the modern developed sciences which works with various tools to convince the other. It has become known that the indications of argument which are divided into situations, facts, and hypotheses are among the most important tools and ways of conviction. Some poets are different from the others by their colour which causes for them a sort of a psychological complex for they tried to defend themselves using tools taken from reality whether this defence is related to their colour or other issues.


Article
Effect of the Reference Map in the Acquisition of History for the First Intermediate Female-students
أثر الخريطة الدلالية في تحصيل مادة التاريخ لدى طالبات الاول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying the (Effect of the Reference Map in the Acquisition of History for the First Intermediate Female-students). To achieve the aim, the researcher has put the following hypothesis: There is no variations with a statistical indication at the level (0.05) between the mean of the marks of the female students of the experimental group who study history using the reference map and the mean of the marks of the female students of the control group who study history using the ordinary method


Article
Imagination in the Arabic Poetry – Poetry of Immigrants as a Sample
الخيال في الشعر العربي - الشعر المهجري إنموذجاً

المؤلفون: Zainab Abdel Kareem زينب عبد الكريم
الصفحات: 172-183
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الخلاصة

Poetry is considered an indispensible, important element or even an indicator for the civilization of nations. Imagination is an important part which forms the poetic image or the image which is far away from reality or even an image which is not found in the living reality. Imagination has the ability to bring closer or to push farther


Article
Vitality of Using Teaching Toys in the Acquisition and Learning Grammar for the Fifth Primary Class Female-pupils
فاعلية استخدام الألعاب التعليمية في تعلم القواعد النحوية وأثرها في تحصيل تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

The grammatical rules are considered one of the most important problems in learning a language. This problem is attributed to the method of teaching more than the rules themselves for the method has a vital role in learning of the pupils. Pupils' weakness in the Arabic grammar was and is still an obstacle although there are a lot of academic studies which have tried to limit or lessen this problem. Arabic grammar is important because it grammatizes the pupils' tongues and makes them familiar with the correct words and constructions


Article
Poetic Diction in Ibn Al-Faridh – "Behaviour Organization" as a Sample Poem
لغة الشعر عند ابن الفارض، قصيدة (نظم السلوك) أنموذجاً

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الخلاصة

This research deals with the poetic diction in Ibn Al-Faridh's poem "Behaviour Organization". Ibn Al-Faridh is one of the greatest sophist poets and his printed divan is a source for the divine knowledge. His poem "Behaviour Organization" is one of the best divine love anthem. The research consists of three sections and an introduction. The introduction involves a brief biography of Ibn Al-Faridh. The first section deals with the words which are dominant in his poetry. The second deals with how the poet constructs a poetic line whereas the third deals with the rhythm and musicality of the poem. The results are shown in the conclusion.


Article
Vitality of Teaching Natural Geography Depending on Outside Reading in the Acquisition and Development of the Inference Thinking for the Fifth Literary Class Female-students
فاعلية تدريس الجغرافية الطبيعية باعتماد القراءات الخارجية في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير ألاستدلالي لدى طالبات الخامس الأدبي

المؤلفون: Ala' Ibraheem Ruzooki علاء إبراهيم رزوقي
الصفحات: 218-240
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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying the (Vitality of Teaching Natural Geography Depending on Outside Reading in the Acquisition and Development of the Inference Thinking for the Fifth Literary Class Female-students).


Article
Separation Anxiety and its Relationship with the Parental Attitude for the Children with Behavioural Disorder and Their Normal Counterparts
قلق الانفصال وعلاقته بالاتجاهات الوالدية لدى الأطفال المضطربين سلوكيا وأقرانهم العاديين

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying the relationship between the separation anxiety and the parental attitudes and also the differences in this relationship between the behaviourally disordered children and their normal counterparts. The researcher has followed the descriptive, comparative method which has been applied on a sample randomly chosen which consists of (308) male and female pupils in the fifth primary class from the schools of the center of Babylon Governorate for the scholastic year (2014-20150. The researcher has employed a foreign scale for the separation anxiety prepared by (Mendiz, 2014) and (Al-Mawla Scale, 2003) for the parental attitudes after extracting validity and reliability


Article
Studying the Cuneiform Texts from the Old Babylonian Age Lect. Waleed Sa'adi Muhamad
دراسة لنصوص مسمارية من العصر البابلي القديم

المؤلفون: Waleed Sa'adi Muhamad وليد سعدي محمد
الصفحات: 255-268
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الخلاصة

The present study deals with five cuneiform texts related to the reign of the king Reem-Seen the first (1763-1821) B.C. This king is the fourteenth of the kings of Larsa


Article
Assessing the Text Book Of Arabic Grammar for the First Intermediate School According to the ISO Standards From the Teachers' Of Arabic Language
تقويم كتاب قواعد اللغة العربية للصف الاول متوسط وفق معايير الجودة الشاملة من وجهة نظر مدرسي اللغة العربية ومدرساتها

المؤلفون: Farah Hufdi Hassan Al-laban فرح حفظي حسن اللبان
الصفحات: 269-292
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الخلاصة

The Aim of the present study is to Assess the text book of Arabic grammar for the first intermediate school according to the ISO standards from the teachers' of Arabic language point of view. The sample of the study consists of (137) teachers of Arabic language of the intermediate schools in the centre of Babylon government


Article
The Effect of the Strategies of Maps of Thinking and Gardens of Ideas in the Achievement of the Female Students of the Fifth Literary Grade In Literature
اثر استراتيجيتي خرائط التفكير وحدائق الافكار في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس الادبيّ في مادة الادب والنصوص

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study is to assessing the the effect of the strategies of maps of thinking and gardens of ideas in the achievement of the female students of the fifth literary grade in literature. To fulfill the aims of the study, an achievement test has been conducted and applied to a sample of (60) students of Badr Al-Kubra school for female students in Baghdad for the academic year (2014-2015).


Article
The Educational Values in the Texts of the Operetta
القيم التربوية الفنية في نصوص الاوبريت المدرسي

المؤلفون: Ragad Hameed Majeed رغد حميد مجيد
الصفحات: 309-324
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الخلاصة

The modern education focuses on different activities that effect the individual and lead to define the ways of living and to adapt with his social environment. Since human beings have certain values and traditions, education should take these traditions and values in consideration.


Article
The Motivation of the Students to Join the Department of Arabic Language and its Relation to their Achievement
دافعية الطلبة نحو الالتحاق بقسم اللغة العربية وعلاقتها بتحصيلهم الدراسي

المؤلفون: Jo'other Hamza Kadim جؤذر حمزة كاظم الفتلاوي
الصفحات: 325-339
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الخلاصة

The aim of the study is to assess the relation between the motivation of the students to join the department of Arabic language and their achievement. The sample of the study consists of (26) students from the first year, (36) students from the second, (31) students from the third and (25) students from the fourth year


Article
The Effect of Using the Caricature in Teaching Sciences For the Female Students of the Fifth Primary Class
أثر أستعمال الرسوم الكاريكاتيرية في الميل نحو مادة العلوم لدى تلميذات الصف الخامس الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study is to evaluate the use of the caricature in teaching sciences for the female students of the fifth year of intermediate school. To fulfill the aim of the study, a sample of fifth year female students of the fifth year of intermediate school has been chosen to teach them sciences by using the caricature.


Article
The Relation between the Goals of Achievements and the Encompassing of the Experience of Babylon University Students And the Students of the Islamic University
توجهات اهداف الانجاز وعلاقتها بالانفتاح على الخبرة لدى طلبة جامعة بابل والجامعة الاسلامية

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study is to assess the relation between goals of achievements and the encompassing the experience of Babylon university students and the students of the Islamic University according to Costa and McCrae scale. The sample of the study consists of (350) students of Babylon university and the Islamic University


Article
The Objections of Ibn Al-Hajib to Grammarians in his Book Sharih Al-Mukadama Al-Kafya fi Elm Al-I'irab
اعتراضات ابن الحاجب (ت 646هـ) على النحويين في كتابه شرح المقدّمة الكافية في علم الإعراب

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الخلاصة

Ibn Al-Hajib is a scientist who studies jurisdiction and Arabic language. He is considered an encyclopedic scientist. His book Sharih Al-Mukadama Al-Kafya fi Elm Al-I'irab is considered one of the most important books in Arabic Grammar. The present study focuses on Ibn Al-Hajib's objections to other grammarians


Article
The Theory of the Implied Specializations- A Study of the Origins and The Concept
نظرية الاختصاصات الضمنية - دراسة في النشأة والمفهوم

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الخلاصة

The theory of the contained specializations is one of the results of Aristo's the doctrine of ends which says that things change and develop for good ends. This theory is used in the American law in the verdicts of the federal court especially in (McColtish against Marriland) case in 1819 as this verdict put an end to the dispute between the theologians and law men in using this doctrine


Article
Evaluating the Efficiency of the Grains to the Needs Of Babylon Governorate for the period (2009-2014)
تقييم كفاية محاصيل الحبوب للاحتياجات الغذائية في محافظة بابل للمدة (2009-2014)

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الخلاصة

The grains like (wheat, barley, rice, and corns) are very important to the human body because they give (1918) calorie, (64.8) grams of proteins, and (9.2) grams of fats, accordingly, they are planted widely. The highest production of these grains was in 2014 as it was (8514) and (4632) Acres to wheat and barley respectively for the period between (2009- 2014), while the highest production of rice and corns was in 2013 as it was (2828), and (7981) acres respectively. This amount of production appeared to be insufficient to the consumption because of the increase in population


Article
Suggested Program Depends on Exercises to Develop Writing Skills in the Primary School
برنامج مقترح يعتمد تمارين إثرائية لتعليم مهارات التعبير الكتابي في المدرسة الابتدائية

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الخلاصة

The research aims at constructing a suggested program depends on exercises to develop writing skills in intermediate school. The program includes eight suggested subjects. The program is constructed depending on the actual needs of the pupils of the fifth year of intermediate school


Article
The Thresholds of the Generative Structuralism And its Rise
عتبات البنيوية التكوينية ونقاط انطلاقها

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الخلاصة

Goldman was interested in sociology, psychology, and philosophy and he rewrote some ideas to be suitable to his argumentative Marxist ideas. In his (generative structural method), he presents innovative reading to literature and other types of writings. This method depends on revealing the relation between the mental structure for some social group and the total structure that defines the literary work ,accordingly, the literary work is not the outcome of the individual but it is the outcome of the group to which the creative person belong


Article
Self-expression and its Relation to the Skills of Social Communication for the Students of Babylon University
الإفصاح عن الذات وعلاقته بمهارات التواصل الاجتماعي لدى طلبة جامعة بابل

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the relation between self- articulation and the skills of social communication of the students of Babylon university. Self- articulation scale by (Jasim 1994) is adopted in this study in addition to Rijio scale (1986) after applying some changes. The sample of the study consists of (350) students of Babylon university


Article
The Non-Derivational Grammatical Structures in Arabic Language
الأساليب النحوية غير المتصرفة في العربية

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الخلاصة

Arabic language has some non-derivational grammatical structures that deliver certain meaning such as interrogation, warning, praise, dispraise, exclamation, …etc.


Article
The Geomorphology of the Valleys of The East Side of Al-Idaim Lake
جيومورفولوجية أحواض ووديان الجزء الشرقي لبحيرة العظيم

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الخلاصة

This study aims at the geomorphology of the area between the crosscut circles (34.350-34.500) north and longitudes (44.25-44.40) east as too many geomorphologic processes and the causes of these changes and the new earth forms after the changes took place. Also the research studies the effects of these changes in the present and the future. The study comes to a conclusion that the effects of the climate changes are the most important factor leads to the changes of the surface of the earth in that area.


Article
Evaluating the Skills of Reading the Historical Map of the Students of History Department in the College of Education for Human Sciences
تقويم مهارة قراءة الخريطة التاريخية لدى طلبة قسم التاريخ في كلية التربية للعلوم الإنسانية

المؤلفون: Shayma'a Hamza Kadim شيماء حمزة كاظم
الصفحات: 521-540
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الخلاصة

The aim of this study is to develop the skills of reading the historical map of the students of the fourth year of History Department in the College of Education for Human Sciences/ University of Babylon. The sample of the study consists of (78) students (24) males and (54) females.


Article
The Effect of CASE's Model in the Achievement of the Female Students in Physics of the Second Year Intermediate School
أثر انموذج كيس CASE في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط وميلهن نحو مادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of CASE's Model in the achievement of the female students in physics of the second year intermediate school. The experimental study began on Sunday (16th-2-2016), tow lectures a week to each group, the experimental and the controlling, and ended on Tuesday (5th-5-2015).


Article
Constructing a Suggested Program to Develop Spelling of Primary School Pupils in the Light of the Problems Identified by the Educational Teachers and Supervisors
بناء برنامج مقترح لتعليم الإملاء لدى تلاميذ المرحلة الابتدائية في ضوء المشكلات التي يراها المعلمون والمشرفون التربويون

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at constructing a suggested program to develop spelling of intermediate school pupils in consideration to the problems identified by the teachers. The sample consisted of (270) teachers of Babylon governorate


Article
The Effects of Inquesting the Text in the Achievement Of Literature for the Female Students of the Scientific Fifth Year
أثر مهارات استنطاق النص في التحصيل والتذوق الأدبي لمادة الأدب والنصوص لدى طالبات الخامس العلمي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at assessing the effects of inquesting the text in the achievement of Literature of the female students of the scientific fifth year. The fulfill the aim of the study, two groups of scientific fifth year female students join the study and they have been divided into two groups, the experimental group and the controlling one


Article
The Systematic Thinking of the Distinguished Headmasters of the High Schools and their Ordinary Counterparts
التفكير المنظومي لدى مدراء المدارس الاعدادية المتميزين ونظرائهم العاديين

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الخلاصة

The problem of the study arises from the scarcity of the studies that deal with the concept of systematic thinking of the distinguished headmasters of the high schools and the normal ones in Babylon governorate and other governorates


Article
Assessing the Text Book of Geography of the First Year Intermediate School in the Light of the American Standards
تقويم محتوى كتاب مبادئ الجغرافية العامة للصف الأول متوسط في ضوء معايير ضمان جودة التعليم الأمريكية

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الخلاصة

The present research aims at assessing the text book of geography of the first year intermediate school in the light of the American standards. The research studies the text book of geography, the thirty second edition (2013) for the Academic year (2014-2015) but the (introduction, index, exercises, and pictures have been excluded from the study, accordingly, there are only (68) pages have been subjected to the study


Article
فاعلية استعمال منحى STSE في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة علم الأحياء واتجاهاتهن نحو البيئة

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الخلاصة

The aim of the study is to assess the reliability of STSE method in the achievement of the female students of the scientific fourth year in biology. The sample of the study consists of the students of the scientific fourth year of Al-Masu'udi High School for female students. The sample of the study is divided into two groups, the controlling group and the experimental one


Article
Neurotic Anorexia in Teenagers
فرط – فقدان الشهية العصبي لدى المراهقين

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الخلاصة

The present research aims at assessing the level of neurotic anorexia in teenagers relating to the differences between males and females


Article
he Skills of the Critical Thinking in the Exercises of the Physics Text Books of the Intermediate School (An Analytic Study)
مهــــــارات التفكيـــر الناقـــد المتضمنـــة في أسئلة كتـــب الفيزيـــاء للمرحلـــة المتوسطـــة (دراسة تحليلية)

المؤلفون: Firas Hazim Hadi فراس حازم هادي
الصفحات: 651-660
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الخلاصة

The research aims at assessing the skills of the critical thinking in the exercises of the physics text books of the intermediate school


Article
Constructing Formal Thinking Test in Physics for the Students of Fifth Scientific Year
بناء اختبار مهارات التفكير الشكلي لدى طلاب الصف الخامس العلمي في مادة الفيزياء

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الخلاصة

The research aims at constructing form thinking test in physics for the students of. The sample of the study consists of (400) students chosen of (8) schools form the centre of Al-Qdisya governorate for the academic year (2014-2015).


Article
The Effect of Jordan's Model in the Achievement of the Female Students of the Second year of Intermediate School In Arabic Grammar
أثر أنموذج جوردن في تحصيل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط في مادة قواعد اللغة العربية

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الخلاصة

The researcher has tried Jordan's model to assess the achievement of the female students of the second year of the intermediate school in Arabic grammar. The sample of the study has been divided into two groups the experimental group and the controlling one.


Article
Assessing the Performance of Iraqi EFL University Students in Using Marginal Prepositions
المشاكل التي تواجه طلبة الجامعات العراقية الدارسين للغات الأجنبية في استخدام حروف الجر الهامشية

الصفحات: 697-703
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الخلاصة

Marginal prepositions are words function as prepositions but their form is that of words belong to other word classes such as verbs or adjectives. The problem of this study rises when the Iraqi EFL university students fail to recognize the marginal prepositions, in the same time, they fail to recognize which marginal preposition should be used in a certain context for they are unfamiliar to most of this type of prepositions.


Article
Effect of the Imported Agricultural Crops (Hereditary Modified) on the Spread of Cancer Spacial Distribution in Iraq
تأثير المنتجات الزراعية المستوردة (المعدلة وراثيا) على أنتشار مرض السرطان التوزيع المكاني في العراق

المؤلفون: Ammar Mohammed Zakaria عمار محمد زكريا
الصفحات: 704-717
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الخلاصة

The final quarter of the last century had witnessed a great progress in the applications of the hereditary engineering. Transonic animals had appeared for the first time. These are the animals to which genes from ancient creatures had been transferred. The mating was for genetic improvement which had previously happened between members of the same kind because there had been barriers which were difficult to penetrate. But scientists were able recently to skip over those barriers so new creatures which nature was not previously familiar with were created. This research tries to find out the relationship between the consummation of the hereditarily modified crops and the spread of cancer

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: