جدول المحتويات

مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@sciencesmag.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajps@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2014 المجلد: 10 العدد: 3 - part 2

Article
Group Theory And Neighborhood Building
نظریة الزمر و انشاء الجوارات

المؤلفون: Arbah Sultan ارباح سلطان
الصفحات: 1-13
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الخلاصة

There are many applications of the optimal solution problems such as the traveling salesman problem (TSP) and the location pickup and delivery problem (LPDP ) , the group theory is widely used to solve such problems where the solution space of these problems become larger and larger as the nodes of the problem increase and the searching begin by constructing a neighborhood of the known solution and then lock for the optimal solution in this neighborhood and in the other neighborhood if these neighborhood are communicated , but if they are non-communicated the searching will stuck in one neighborhood and will never find the optimal solution if it was in another neighborhood . For this the searching in this case was began in 1999 see [1] . In this research we will study the constructing neighborhood using template strategy under the action of a conjugation classes of n-cycles and under the action of subgroups of Sn and their transition matrices. And using conjugation strategy under the sylow p-subgroup of S p and discuss their transition matrices.


Article
Detection of Antibiotic Sensitivity against Escherichia coli causing diarrhea in children below five years in Diyala governorate
التحري عن الحساسیة الدوائیة لبكتریا الاشریشیا القولونیة المسببة للإسھال بین الأطفال دون الخامسة من العمر في محافظة دیالى

المؤلفون: Rafah Oday Hussain رفاه عدي حسین
الصفحات: 1-12
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الخلاصة

This study was conducted for the period 01/01/2012 to 31/12/2012 in Albatool teaching hospital children & maternity in Baqubah city. 200isolates of Escherichia colifrom child stool were examined against 13 antibiotics, the isolatedbacteria showed resistant to more than one antibiotic, which gives high resistant to two antibiotics, (Penicillin, Erythromycin) which it was (37.5 % - 35 %) respectively, on the other hand the isolated bacteria showed a high sensitivity to the (Gentamycin, Amoxicillin) showed(%44-%43.5) respectively. The infection percentage in males was more than in females (57.5% - 42.5%) respectively, the age groups (1month – 6months) and (7months – 12months) was the highly percentage of infection which it was (44% - 34%) respectively, on the other hand the infection percentage in summer and spring was higher compared with other seasons (53% -20.5) respectively, as well as the infection in the villages was more than in the cites (64.5% - 35.5%).


Article
Effect of ray on direct allowed transitions of CdO thin films doped by Mg and deposited by chemical spray pyrolysis technique
تأثیر أشعة كاما على الانتقالات الالكترونیھ المباشرة لأغشیة CdO المشوبة بالمغنیسیوم والمحضرة بتقنیة الرش الكیمیائي

المؤلفون: Majed Hameed Hassoni ماجد حمید حسوني
الصفحات: 13-22
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الخلاصة

Thin films of CdO and CdO doped with Mg have been prepared using spray pyrolysis technique. Transmission and absorption spectra have been recorded to these films. The as deposited thin films were exposed to - rays. We have studied the transmission, absorptions and absorption coefficient as a function of photon energy before and after irradiation. It was found that the forbidden energy gap decreases after irradiation for the direct allowed transitions.


Article
Synthesis and spectroscopic studies of some Azetidin-2-one derivatives from Benzidine and S-Benzylthioglycolic acid via Schiff base
تحضير و دراسة طيفيه لبعض مشتقات الازتدين-2-اون من البنزدين وحامض بنزيلثايوكلايكولنك من خلال مشتقات قواعد شف

المؤلفون: Mustafa Y.Jamal --- Saadon A. Aowda
الصفحات: 14-31
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الخلاصة

A series of four membered ring of azetidin-2-one (11-20) have been synthesized via Schiff bases(1-10) by reaction of different aromatic aldehyde with un substantiated benzidine in absolute ethanol and two or three droop glacial acetic acid then reflux for (2-3) hours . Schiff bases then reacted with S-Benzylthioglycolic in the presence of triethylamine with phosphorusoxychloride using dry methylene dichloride under inert nitrogen atmosphere at 0 ˚C. to give us the corresponding azetidin-2-one. The structural of these compounds were monitored and confirmed by using TLC , spectroscopic tools as IR ,1H NMR, and Elemental analysis.

الكلمات الدلالية

Imines --- Schiff bases --- Benzidine --- β-lactam --- Four member ring --- Staudinger reaction --- Ketene


Article
Effect of Thickness on the Structural Parameters of (NiO) films Prepared by the Chemical Spray Pyrolysis
تأثیر السمك على الخصائص التركیبیة لأغشیة NiO المحضرة بطریقة التحلل الكیمیائي الحراري

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الخلاصة

In this research; The effect of thickness on the structural parameters of oxide nickel thin films (NiO) prepared by the chemical spray pyrolysis and deposited on the glass substrates heated at (400oC).where the prepared thin films have a different thickness (140, 180, 240, 280, 333) nm. The study showed that; the increase in thickness changed the structural parameters values are changed for the prepared thin films.


Article
Calculation the Effective atomic number , electron density, Half value layer and mean free path of Iron, Copper and Silver
حساب العدد الذري الموثر والكثافة الالكترونیة وسمك النصف ومعدل المسار الحر للنحاس و الحدید والفضة

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الخلاصة

Effective atomic number (Zeff) ,electron densities (Nel) , half value layer(HVL) and mean free path (mfp) has been determined with the help of semi-empirical relations for Iron, Copper and Silver at energy range 0.36 to 1.33MeV .The study proved the coincidence of the experimental and theoretical values of effective atomic number while the electron densities and mean free path are found nearly remain constant as a function of energy.


Article
STUDY THE DIMINISH ABILITY OF THE Calvatia craniformis FUNGUS AGAINST CERTAIN KINDS OF PATHOGENIC FUNGI Candida sp. ,Trichophyton sp. &Aspergillus sp.
دراسة القدرة التثبیطیة لفطر Calvatia craniformis ضد عدد من الفطریات الممرضة .Aspergillus sp.،Candida sp. ،Trichophyton sp

المؤلفون: Diyar Sqban Alwan دیار صكبان علوان
الصفحات: 35-42
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الخلاصة

This experiment has carried out to study the possibility of influence of different concentrations prepared from dry fungus powder of Calvatia craniformis to reduce the growth of some pathogenis fungi Candida sp., Trichophyton sp. & Aspergillus sp. As the growth rate of pathogenic fungi decreased for treatment comparison .The concentration of 1.5% prepared from dry fungus powder Calvatia cranifurmis has gave the best result in resistance to pathogenic fungi. The diameter growth rate on pathogenic fungi Candida sp., Trichophyton sp. & Aspergillus sp.growing on the media center containing the 1.5% rate was( 1, 0.8 ,0.3 ) cm with reduce ration (84% , 84% , 54% ) respectively compared to that of the diameter growth rate of pathogenic fungus (5 , 6.3 , 5.7)cm with reduce ration |(0%) respectively


Article
Palynology and Mineralogy Study of Gypsiferous Soil, Center of Iraq
دراسة بالینولوجیة و معدنیة للترب الجبسیة وسط العراق

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الخلاصة

This study deals with gypsiferous soil and its ability to reserve organic matter. Nine samples from sedimentary sequence depth of 320 cm from the site southeast of Al-Tharthar lack were analyzed. Samples were collected from the "Mutawakkil terrace", one of the terraces of Tigris River resulting from the seasonal flooding of river and increase its elevations in pluvial periods during Pleistocene. Muttawakkil terrace is one of oldest river terraces a modern gravel deposits belonging to the Pleistocene. Sediments of the area consists of sedimentary deposits envelope with gypsum, soil is considered immature. Gypsum soils were spread in this region and percentage of gypsum from 11-90%, this is indicate of dry climate.Palynological analysis showed a varied in different levels like: Quercus, Taxodiacea, Graminea, Pine, Palme, composite . Mineralogical study showed the existence of gypsum, quartz, feldspar, calcite, and dolomite. Also mudstone minerals were occurs with palygorskite was the dominant among other minerals. Illite, montmorillonite, kaolinite and chlorite, transmission electron microscope technology indicated three type of palygorskite formations: first, transformation of montmorillonite, second continuous growth of palygorskite into woven forms which indicates its neoformation and third, it consisted of different thickness of losses single small fibrous which indicated it's detrital.


Article
Authentication using Hidden Encrypted Barcode
التحقق من الموثوقیة باستخدام الباركود المشفر المخفي

المؤلفون: Sana Ahmed Kadhom سناء احمد كاظم
الصفحات: 44-53
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الخلاصة

Barcode is used to determine not only the price of the product but also to protect companies’ rights by preventing copycat. Encryption, in the other hand, is used to make the information unreadable and not forgeable. It is used in trading and political mails also it is used in banks for money transfer. The authentication in this research was built for persons who work in security companies and governmental institutes, but for simplicity access to students’ identification cards they were used in implementations. In this research student’s information were encrypted then converted into barcode, this barcode was added to student’s identification card as a hidden watermark. The barcode will be used for verifying authenticity.


Article
The Effect of Some Parameter morphologies for Poly (vinyl alcohol) fiber by electrospum method
تأثیر بعض معلمات الطبغرافیة لبولي فنایل الكحول المحضرة بطریقة الغزل الكھربائي

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الخلاصة

The present work is study some parameters which affected on the fiber formation of polymer (PVA), nanofibers have been prepared by using an electrospinning method, by using different concentration and the applied voltage and the gap length were changed. It was observed that the fiber diameter change with the applied voltages influence , the polymer concentration and the distance change between the electrodes.


Article
Ionic strength estimation from electric conductivity and studying of effect dielectric constant on electric conductivity for Sodium sulfate
تقدیر القوة الأیونیة بطریقة التوصیل الكھربائي ودراسة تأثیر ثابت العزل الكھربائي على التوصیلیة الكھربائیة لكبریتات الصودیوم

المؤلفون: Amir –F-Dawood –AL-Niaimi عامر فاضل داود
الصفحات: 63-75
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الخلاصة

The relation between electrical conductivity (cond) and ionic strength (I) in aqueous solutions for,Na2SO4, has been studied at 25 ◦C, at various concentrations (0.01- 1M ) and various dielectric constant. The ionic strength was calculated from the measurements of the electrical conductivity. The Factors (F) of these electrolytes have been obtained to certain limits of the concentration from equation ( I = F . Cond) .By this method ,we can calculate the ionic strength directly by measuring the conductivity for any unknown sample. This relationship gives more accurate results with a simple and easy method. The ionic strength values obtained from the suggested mathematical relationship was substituted in Debye-Huckle equation to determine activity coefficient (γ±). The results were similar if compared with those calculated from the general law I=½∑Zi2Ci. The electrical conductivity is increased with increasing of ionic strength and dielectric constant :


Article
Effect of Nigella sativa seeds on the concentration of some plasma proteins
تأثیر بذور الحبة السوداء على تركیز بعض بروتینات بلازما الدم

المؤلفون: NAJDAT ALI AL –KADHI نجدت علي شفیق
الصفحات: 65-80
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الخلاصة

The study was designed to investigate the effect of Nigella sativa seeds as crude and oil form on the concentration of some plasma proteins. forty eight male female volunteers (20-35) years old in Kirkuk city were included in the experiment .Twenty four of them received orally crude Nigella Sativa seeds 2gm/ day for six weeks. The other twenty four volunteers were received orally Nigella Sativa oil (NSO) 10ml/ day for six weeks. Blood were collected by vein puncture at the beginning of the treatment and considered as control and then at the end of second , fourth and sixth weeks of treatment and considered as treated groups . The serum were separated by centrifugation .Tests were carried out for measuring some serum proteins. Statistically significant differences between group means for control and treated values were identified with the use of analysis of variance (F-test). Results revealed that treatment of female volunteers by NSO increased the concentration of serum globulin and total protein at the end of fourth and sixth weeks of treatment significantly(p≤0.05) .The treatment of male volunteers by NSO increased the concentration of serum globulin and total protein at the end of sixth week of treatment significantly(p≤0.05). Treatment of volunteers with crude Nigella Sativa seeds increased the concentration of serum albumin in females at the end of the second and fourth weeks significantly(p<0.05) . Concentration of serum globulin and total protein in both sexes significantly increased(p<0.05) at the end of second week and continued to the end of the experiment. The globulin to albumin decrease significantly (p≤0.05) compared to control in both sexes with both types of treatment during different periods of treatment resulting from the increment of globulin levels. It is concluded that the treatment of volunteers with Nigella Sativa seeds as crude and oil fraction revealed to have a significant effect on serum proteins specially globulin and total protein during different periods . The crude form possesses more potent effect than oil fraction to in crease serum protein levels .


Article
Construction of Membrane Selective Electrodes for determination of Mebeverine Hydrochloride Drug
بناء أقطاب انتقائیة غشائیة للتقدیر الكمي لعقار المیبفرین ھیدروكلورید

المؤلفون: Muthana Saeed Ali مثنى سعید علي
الصفحات: 76-87
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الخلاصة

This research includes the determination of Mebeverine Hydrochloride (ME) drug by using potentiometric method.by construction of liquid membrane selective electrodes of Mebeverine Hydrochloride using Sodium tetraphenyl borate (NaTPB) and Phospho Molybdic acid (PMA) as active substance and TBP as aplasticizer and poly vinyl chloride (PVC) as matrix for all electrodes .The results showed that the slope of Mebeverine Hydrochloride electrodes that constructed from NaTPB and PMA were 29.7 mv/decade and 30.5 mv/decade at pH range between 4.5-6.5 respectively ,The linear range was from (10-5 10-1)M, detection limit 3.6001x10-7M and 6.1845x10-7 M, the response time was (14-78) Sec. and (20-65) Sec. and life time 30 and 34 days for Mebeverine Hydrochloride electrodes respectively.The research also includes measurement of the selectivity of electrodes in presence of interference, Kpot values were less than 1 for all ions.The Mebeverine Hydrochloride electrodes were applied for the determination of active ingredient in Mebeverine Hydrochloride pharmaceutical preparation (Samaptaline Tablets) using direct and standard addition methods


Article
Study the Sputtering of Au atoms Irradiated by Ar , Kr and Xe Ions
دراسة الترذذ الحاصل لذرات الذھب عند تشعیعھا بایونات الاركون والكربتون والزینون

المؤلفون: Buthainah Abdul-Munem Ibrahim
الصفحات: 81-87
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الخلاصة

The theoretical study of Sputtering for gold atoms irradiated by normal incidence of Ar , Kr and Xe ions depend on energy and atomic number (Z1) of ions and atomic number (Z2) of the target , the essential dependence of sputtering is the nuclear stopping power . The Sputtering yield of Au atoms irradiated by Xe ions are larger than that of other bombarding ions. It was found that the sputtering yield of Au atoms increased up to 300 keV for Kr ions and 400 keV for Xe ions , after that , the sputtering yield is decreased , on the other hand , sputtering of Au atoms decreased for 100-1000 keV of Ar ions , this results depend on deposited nuclear energy ( nuclear stopping power ), which in turn depends on the masses of bombarding the ions and the target . It was also found that sputtering yield is directly proportional to the ratio (Z1/Z2) at constat incident ions energy for the same target. This study is the tool to indicate what are the energy and kind of irradiated ions used for getting the required sputtering yield of gold atoms to apply for different technological uses .


Article
Neutron yield for (70Zn) by bombarding of alpha particles
الحصیلة النیوترونیة لـ 70Zn بواسطة قصفھا بجسیمات ألفا

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الخلاصة

The objectives of this research were to calculate the cross sections of 73Ge(n,α)70Zn reaction by inverse reaction, the stopping powers for α-particle with (Zn) element and n-Yield. The Q-value and threshold energies for (α,n) Reaction have been calculated for (Zn) element were ( -3.908642931MeV) and (4.13237799MeV) respectively for the neutron emission from 70Zn which was bombard by α-particle . In order to get the mathematical equation that represents the cross sections as a function of α-particle energy , the computer program (Mat-lab version 7.6) was used. The cross section of 70Zn(α,n)73Ge reaction have been plotted in fin steps from (6.2-9.0) MeV of alpha particle energy by P.H.Stelson , F.K.Mc. . We observed that the high probability to produce 70Zn by bombarding 73Ge with fast neutron (4.6983)MeV and semi empirical formula. These cross sections together with the stopping powers were calculated from the Zeigler formula were used to calculate the n-yield for reaction .


Article
Study of Structural and Optical Properties of Ni(1-x) Znx O Thin Films Prepared by Chemical Spray Pyrolysis Method
دراسة الخصائص التركيبية والبصرية لأغشية Ni(1-x) Znx O المحضرة بطريقة التحلل الكيميائي الحراري

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الخلاصة

Pure NiO and NiO doped with Zn with volume percentage doping of (2, 4, 6 and 8 %) have been prepared by chemical spray pyrolysis method on glass substrates at a temperature of (370 ºC). The effect of Zn doping on structural and optical properties has been investigated. XRD results showed that all the films were polycrystalline in nature and had a cubic structure with preferred orientation along (111) plane for all doping percentages except the films of 4% doping percentage where the preferred orientation was along the (200) plane. It was found that doping with Zn led to decrease in the intensity of (111) peak, while the average grain size increases as Zn concentration increases. In order to study the optical properties, the absorbance and transmittance spectra have been recorded in the wavelength range of (300-900) nm. The optical energy gap for allowed direct electronic transition was calculated using Tauc equation and it is found to be (3.59 eV) for undoped NiO thin films. However, the increase in doping percentage causes an increase in the value of the energy gap and it reaches (3.75 eV) for the doping percentage of (8%). These values were in good agreement with the values of energy gap obtained by taking the values of energy correspond to the peak of the first derivative of absorbance with respect to energy versus energy curve. In order to investigate the behavior of refractive index as a function of wavelength, two empirical models have been adopted namely Cauchy’s and Sellmeier’s equations. The static refractive indices for all samples were calculated using these models.


Article
Emergence of Extended spectrum β - Lactamases (ESβL) in clinical Isolates of Klebsiella Pneumoniae in Baghdad
إنتشار إنزیمات البیتالاكتامیز الواسعة الطیف في عزلات بكتریا Klebsiella Pneuomoniae السریریة في بغداد

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الخلاصة

The spread of Gram- negative bacteria with plasmid-born Extendend- Spectrum β -Lactamases (ESβLs) had become aworldwide problem, that enzymes confer resistance to penicillin,cephalosporin the first, second and third generations and aztreonam via hydrolysis of the antibiotic ,that sample collected from urine and sputum sample .five isolates from fortyfour of Klebsiella pneumoniae was production ESβL (11.36%). Tested for susceptibility using Disk diffusion method ,and determination of (MIC)by standard agar dilution method ,and phenotypic detection of ESβL by using disc approximation method.


Article
Morphological and Histopathological effect of Dexamethasoe on the Embryo of white Mus musculus mice
التأثيرات المظهرية والمرضية النسجية لعقار الديكساميثازون على اجنة الفئران البيض

المؤلفون: Sundus M. Tayfur سندس محمد طيفور عبدالعزيز
الصفحات: 103-116
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الخلاصة

The present study was designed to demonstrate the Histopathological and congenital malformation effects caused by Dexamethasone drug in the liver of the Swiss mice Mus musculus. In this study (30) pregnant mice were used with weight ranged (25±2) gm , and were divided into two groups, the first group was injected once each two days ,compared to the control group , which was injected normal saline (0.9% NaCl) .The pregnant mice were injected intrapretonialy at organogenesis stage of embryonic development starting from the 10th to 18th day of pregnancy . The used dose was Therapeutic at concentrations of (0.002 mg/kg). Significant decrease in size and yellowish in color was found in the embryos compared to the control, malformation of embryos was observed in the head, as Cranial flexure The abnormalities also included tail aquiline and cured tail at treated concentration. Histological and congenital malformation in embryos of treated mothers included degenerated cells and the presence of macrophage in the treated group once each two days, Inflammation of bile ducts with central vein dilation with liver congestion at the treated doses compared to the control.


Article
Synthesis and Spectral Study of Mixed Ligand Complexes of N, N-bis(4- nitro phenyl) Malonyl Dihydrazide and 1, 10-Phenanthroline with Cr(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II) Ions
تحضیر ودراسة طیفیة لبعض معقدات العناصر الإنتقالیة مع مزیج N،N-بس (4-نایتروفنیل) مالونیل ثنائي ھیدرازید و 10،1-فینانثرولین

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الخلاصة

Tetradentate macrocyclic ligand (L) having nitrogen and oxygen atoms was prepared by condensation of the diethyl malonate with 4-nitro phenyl hydrazine in ethanol. An ethanolic solution of ligand (L) and an ethanolic solution of 1, 10-phenanthroline were reacted with ethanolic solution of metal salts to give complexes with the general formula [M(L)(phen)]X, where L=N,N-bis(4-nitro phenyl) malonyl dihydrazide, phen= 1,10-phenanthroline and M= Cr(III), Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II), Zn(II) and Cd(II). The resulting product was solid, which have been characterized using FT-IR and UV-Vis spectroscopy. Elemental analysis have been performed using C.H.N and atomic absorption technique, the magnetic susceptibility and the conductivity have also, been measured. From these measurements, mixed structures of the complexes were proposed to be octahedral geometry and to study the coordination behavior and spectral.


Article
Epidemiological to savory cutaneous Leishmaniasis In Diyala Governorate
مسح وبائي لداء الليشمانيا الجلدية في محافظة ديالى

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الخلاصة

In this study 394 cases of cutaneous Leishmaniasis distributed among the districts in clouding Jalawla , Banisaad , Baladroz , Baquba , Alodeim and Deliabass . Fron 4th April /2010 to 30March-2011.The results shows that the infection get to result high percentage of infection in December as if the number 68 cases and percentage 27.40% at pre all of different sub-districts in Diyala the way as through signatory houses large stage in infective of cutaneous Leishmaniasis if get to infected number , they are breeding the animals in their houses . The number of cases reached 245 cases and the percentage 40.3%.

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: