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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@sciencesmag.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajps@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 11 العدد: 2

Article
Physiochemical and histological studies on the effect of some pollutants on fish and water of El-Garraf river
دراسات فيزيوكيمائية ونسجية على تاثير بعض الملوثات على اسماك ومياه نهر الغراف

المؤلفون: Amany Mohammed Jasim اماني محمد جاسم
الصفحات: 1-16
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الخلاصة

This observation designed to measure some physiochemical parameters in samples of fresh water selected from El-Garraf river (one branch of Tigris river at Al –Kout city) to evaluate water quality and fish safety for human consumption.Samples were collected from three area of the river. pH, temperature, Biological Oxygen Demand (BOD)and the concentration of ammonia, nitrate, nitrite, Lead, Cadmium and mercury were also measured. Ninteen fish (Cyprinus carpio) were also collected from the similar areas of the river, specimens of gills, liver, kidney, gonads and intestine were taken for macropathlogical and histological studies.The results of physiochemical parameters of the present study were within the normal range of EPA standard of the rivers,the concentration of ammonia, nitrate and nitrite were above the permissible level based on WHO safety of the rivers ,the obtained results of heavy metals indicated that water of river also polluted with Pb and Cd. Gross findings showed many abnormal alteration in gills and gonads of some fish studied.Several histological changes was also observed in gills represented by thickness of lamella, congestion and presence of area of hyperplasia with accumulation of mucus. Hepatic blood vessels of some fish showed dilation and haemorrhage as well as presence of necrosis and inflammatory cells within the blood vessels. Histopathological findings of intestine of some fish reavled degenerative and necrotic area of some lining mucosal epithelium and sloughing of the lining epithelium.


Article
Study Quinolones resistant in pseudomonas aeruginosa
دراسة مقاومة بكتريا Pseudomonas aeruginosa لمضادات الكوينولونات

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الخلاصة

Study included (100) isolate of P.aeruginosa and identification From different sample including Wound ,burn , Urine , Otitis media and throut infection . The sensitivity of these isolate were tested against eight type of quionlones antibiotic .the result appear peracentage of resistance (44%) for ciprofloxacin and (55.3%) for Norfloxacin and (60%)for Levofloxacin and (50%) isolate resistant E norfloxacin and (7%) resistant ofloxacin and all isolate resist Naldasic acid . The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) was determined for isolate resist of Ciprofloxacin ,Ofloxacin and Enorfloxacin by test ing disces method sensitive . and (MIC ) valus for them between (8) µgml and (512)µgml . The result of Gel electroph orph es appear ed some isolated quinolones resist contented asingle plasmid bandand tow plasmid band . using poly merase chain reaction to determinated resistance gene qnrA & qnr B inP.aeruginosa.. qnr A gene is more diffusion between P.aeruginosa isolates .

الكلمات الدلالية

P.aeruginosa --- Quinolones --- qnrA


Article
The Relationship between Rainfall and Soil Moisture
العلاقة بين تساقط الامطار ورطوبة التربة

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الخلاصة

Soil Water content plays an important role in global hydrological cycles and regional climate of development weather patterns, plus its take part on production of precipitation and climate change. The aim of this research is to find out, influence of Rainfall on Soil Water Content in Iraq during 31 years at months (October, November, December, January, February, March, April and May). Work was carried out with the monthly data of temperature and soil water content taken from (ECMWF), specifically model (ERA-Interim) for the period from 1979 to 2009 through the use of statistical techniques such as simple linear regression and correlation coefficient. The results showed that the highest value of the total rainfall recorded in Mosul at March, while in Basrah and Baghdad has recorded the greatest value to the total rainfall at January, and the variability in Rutba at November and February. Pearson test showed there is an moderate to high positive relationship in (Baghdad, Basrah) at months (November, December, January and February), Except Basrah there are no linear relationship at November , when rainfall increasing will be increase the volumetric soil water content and this is evident from the values slope and values of the correlation coefficient. In the months (October, March, April and May), there is no linear relationship between volumetric soil water content and total rainfall. But in Mosul and Rutba has recorded the highest values of the correlation coefficients were of medium to high valuesfor all months, except March in Mosul and (November , May) in Rutba, there is no linear relationship. volumetric soil water content depends on the amount of rainfall and the intensity of evaporation as well as the nomination, since the heavy rainfall may cause significant increase in the volumetric soil water content and extends this effect to the months that followed, therefore, the heavy rainfall helps to recharge ground water and increase the flow of running water.


Article
Study The Electric Quadrupole Transition Strengths [M(E2)]2 In 18Ar And 20Ca Nuclei By Using Internal Conversion Coefficient
دراسة قوى الانتقال لرباعي القطب الكهربائي 2[(M(E2] في نويدات 18Ar و 20Ca بأستخدام معامل التحول الداخلي

المؤلفون: Hussein A. Jan Miran حسين علي جان ميران
الصفحات: 17-26
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الخلاصة

The theoretical internal conversion coefficient values were used to study The reduced transition probability B(E2)w.u.↓ produced by pure electric quadrupole emission in even –even isotopes of 18Ar and 20Ca which have been calculated and plotted as a function for neutron number (N) by using life times of 21+ first excited state and the γ0- relative intensity. the B(E2)w.u.↓ values are converted to [M(E2)]2w.u.↓ values and then, the present [M(E2)]2w.u.↓ values are compared with previous study results.


Article
Effect of amount of amonia on Optical Properties of Nano (ZnS) Film prepared by CBD Technique
تأثير كمية الأمونيا على الخواص البصرية لغشاء (ZnS) النانوي المحضر بأستخدام تقنية الترسيب بالحمام الكيميائي(CBD)

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الخلاصة

The research includes the study of the effect of the amount of ammonia (2, 5 and 8) ml on the optical properties of the membrane zinc sulfide (ZnS) nanoscale . Nanofilms attended using a chemical bath deposition method . The included optical properties: transmittance , absorbance , reflectivity , absorption coefficient , refractive index , extinction coefficient , the optical energy gap and the dielectric constant partially real and imaginary . It has been observed that increasing the amount of ammonia led to increased values of forbidden energy gap , has been prepared all models in concentration (0.05 M) and temperature (70 OC) and the time of deposition (30 min) where these conditions are optimal conditions for obtained on nanofilm by (CBD ) . It was to increase the amount of ammonia , clear effect on the thickness of the film were obtained on nanofilm in thickness (100nm) when the amount of ammonia (8ml). Was also noted that increase of ammonia may change clearly the rest of the optical properties.


Article
Solving matching Stable Marriage and Salesman Algorithm to find in Employment agents

المؤلفون: Sura Mahmood Abdullah
الصفحات: 27-43
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الخلاصة

The important of stable matching theory is to find the suitable of two sets of data, one of these methods called Stable married problem, and its applied to find best match of set based on other one. The proposal of the paper is find best matches of each sets of employers agent for both companies and individual, then compares which the items have closest rank and give the best rank using one of the heuristic algorithm of AI called Traveling Salesman algorithm. The results shows the best suitor matched for both sets during implemented in employment agents.


Article
Biological study of Proteus mirabilis isolated from different clinical sources in AL-Mqdadia city
دراسة بكتريولوجية لبكتريا Proteus mirabilis المعزولة من اصابات سريرية مختلفة في مدينة المقدادية

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الخلاصة

Two hundred twenty five samples were included (100 samples – Otitis media, 92 burning infection and 33 wound infection) of the patient in Al-Muqdadia – Diyala Governorate for the period November 2012- March, 2013. The results of bacteriological testing on blood agar, MacConky agar, and diagnose by microscope test, biochemical tests and certainty test by the use of api 20 E showed that 37 Isolates belong to P. mirabilis. Virulence factors were investigated by the isolates understudy. The study reveals that isolates were able to produce Haemolycine and Urease enzyme and the formation of Swarming phenomenon with rate 100%. Concerning Biofilm the study reveals that the isolates were able to form Biofilm, by using ELSA method 72.97%, Tube method 67.56% and Congo red method 5.4%. The ability to produce β-lactamase enzymes were investigated. The results showed that P. mirabilis were able to produce β-lactamase enzymes with 91.89%, while production of Extended Spectrum β-lactamase 56.75%. This bacteria produced Metalo β-lactamase enzymes 13.51%. The results induct that Proteus mirabilis had resistance to the antibiotics: Nitrofuration, Cefotaxime, Ampicillin, Cefalothin, Ceftazidime, Trimethoprim with the rates 100%, 100%, 100%, 91.9%, 97.3% and 91.9% respectively. Whereas the ability of the resistance to other antibiotics was less. They were: Tobramycin, Clavulanic acid, Amoxicillin, Gentamycin 81%, 81% and 83.8% respectively. The isolates were more sensitive to Amikacin 43.2%. The best two antibiotics to deal with P. mirabilis were Imipenem and Ciprofloxacin with resistance rate 16.2% and 10.8% respectively. The results revealed isolates with multi-resistance type; these isolates were divided into two groups depending on the number of antibiotics which isolates resisted. The first group included (9) isolates 24.32% which showed resistance to (4- 8) antibiotics whereas the second group which included (28) isolates 75.67% which resisted to (9- 12) antibiotics. The results showed that the second group was the supporter.


Article
Hiding the Text in Image of Variable Size
اخفاء نص في صوره ذات حجم متغير

المؤلفون: Abdullah .H. Muhammad عبدالله حمود محمد
الصفحات: 44-55
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الخلاصة

Steganography is the art and science of hiding information into digital media for the purpose of identification, annotation, and copyright. In a way that prevents the outside observer from recognizing the present of hiding information. In the current research, a design and implementation for image's Steganography system based on Least Significant Bits mechanism was presented and discussed. The performance of the hiding text system was considered up to 1-bits, 2-bits. 4-bits hiding rate. A new adaptive Least-Significant Bit method was suggested, implemented and tested, that based on the idea of the substitution criteria. The result have indicating a good hiding performance.


Article
Estimation Monthly Mean, Temperature using Correlation Formula in different provinces in Iraq
تقدير المتوسط الشهري لدرجة الحرارة باستخدام صيغ الأرتباط في محافظات مختلفة في العراق

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الخلاصة

In this study, we proposed a simple models to estimate monthly mean temperature using long term measured data for 9 meteorological stations in Iraq. The models based on fourth order polynomial degree correlation formula, the coefficients of the models were determined by considering root mean square error (RMSE), Modeling index (d) and correlation coefficient(r). There are seen that the models have a good agreement with long term measured data. The proposed models would be useful for farmers and agriculture applications, also can be implemented to other region in Iraq.


Article
Preparation of some Azo compound by using DOWEX form ( Strong H+ ) Resin as catalyst
تحضير بعض مركبات الازو باستعمال الراتنج الحامضي ديواكس نوع (50W X8 , 200-400 DOWEX SO3H ) كعامل مساعد

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الخلاصة

Some azo compounds have been prepared using the corresponding primary aromatic amines and sodium nitrite in the presence of DOWEX-H+ as catalyst in stead of the conventional acidic media in cold medium , all the prepared azo compounds were identified spectroscopic ally by IR spectroscopy , 1H NMR , 13C NMR and C H N analysis for some of the prepared compound .


Article
Synthesis of Some New Mannich Bases Containing Acetylenic Amines Derived from Piperazine
تحضير بعض قواعد مانخ الجديدة والمحتوية على أمينات أستلينية مشتقة من الببرازين

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الخلاصة

In regard to the biological effectiveness of the piperazine and the acetylenic compounds derived from the secondary amines such as piperidine and morpholine. These acetylenic amines are very important class compounds for their pharmacological properties such as activity, low toxicity and fast absorption by body. More over these compounds are electron rich and easy to bond with protein receptor. A number of pharmacologically important acetylenic amines derived from piperazine with expected activity as oxotremorine antagonist have been synthesized through Mannich reaction(1). The compounds prepared by reaction of substituted propynes and butynes with substituted piperazine and paraformaldehyde in the presence of cuprous chloride as a catalyst. All the prepared compounds are characterized by elemental analysis, physical data and spectroscopic methods (IR, H1-NMR), and physical and spectral data were tabulated showed in tables (1-3).


Article
The Study of Hormons and Biochemical in the Women with Poly cystic Ovary Syndrome in Diyala Conservation
دراسة هرمونية و كيمو حيوية في عدد من النساء المصابات بمتلازمة تكيس المبايض في محافظة ديالى

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الخلاصة

This study has taken change occurred in some biochemical characteristics and their relation with the blood components which take place to women infected with Poly Cystic Ovary Syndrome in Diyala governorate which was considered as gynecology that effect apparently the infected ones and some side effects could accompany this kind of chronic disease like Hypertention ,Diabetes ,Dislipdimia in the body and some time cardiac- arteries. This study carried out in infertility center in the AL-Batool Teaching hospital for women and children in Diyala governorate from20-8-2013 to 10-12-2013, and 67 case were followed up of women who suffering from PCOS and compared with the control group which included 63 healthy case that have been made sure that they were free from chronic diseases , heart diseases , Thyroid disease , diabetes and hypertension . Hormones concentration was measured for women who infected and non- infected with syndrome including Prolactin , Triiodothyronine ,Thyroxine and Thyroid stimulating hormones . it was noted that level of Prolactin concentration was significant increased in women with syndrome as compared with non- infected . while that level Triiodothyronine and Thyroxine hormones didn't note any significant increase in it's measurement in women with syndrome. Total Cholesterol and Triglycerides concentration was also measured that significantly increased in the women with syndrome compared with it's concentration in non- infected women .


Article
Study of Urban Heat Island Phenomena for Baghdad City using Landsat- 7 ETM+ Data
دراسة ظاهرة الجزيرة الحرارية الحضرية في مدينة بغداد بأستخدام بيانات القمر الصناعي لاندسات-7 (+ETM)

المؤلفون: Alaa M. Al-Lami علاء مطر اللامي
الصفحات: 82-98
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الخلاصة

Urban areas have well documented effects on climate, such as the urban heat island effect, reduction of wind speeds, enhanced turbulence and boundary layer heights, and changes in cloud cover and precipitation. The objective of the present work is to study the Urban Heat Island in Baghdad city, by finding out the spatial variation of four indicators, Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI), soil adjusted vegetation index (SAVI), Leaf Area Index (LAI) and Land Surface Temperature (LST) using Landsat-7 ETM+ imagery. Land use/ Land cover map for the study area were retrieved using supervised classification by ERDAS(9.1) software. This paper classifies Baghdad city area as five type of land built up area with trees, built up area without trees, water area, low vegetation and high vegetation. The results shows that the maximum difference of land surface temperature between the built-up and the surrounding area reach to 11.97 oC. The maximum value of the land surface temperature appeared in the built-up area without trees in the downtown of the city (29.96 oC ),while the water and high vegetation area show 17.93 oC of minimum land surface temperature values. The result of the spatial analysis of the NDVI, LAI and SAVI indicated that there is a negative correlation with the built-up area and positive correlation with vegetation area.


Article
Physiological study of Haemostatic Disorder of Haemophilia Patients
دراسة فسلجية للأتزان الدموي في مرضى نزف الدم الوراثي

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الخلاصة

The study included a total of 44 venous blood sample of male patients with Haemophilia collected at Albatol educational hospital / Baquba and child protection hospital / Baghdad for the period from January to April of 2012 to investigate the effect of Haemophilia on blood clotting time parameter: Prothrombine time (PT), activated Partial Thromboplastin time (aPTT) and FVIII activity, and to detect the type of Haemophilia. Statistical analysis showed no significant differences in (PT) of the patients when compared with normal value of the assay, this test reflects the efficiency and normal concentration of the extrinsic pathway clotting factors which made in liver, an indication that the cause of the disease may be due to a deficiency or dysfunction of the intrinsic pathway of the blood coagulation cascade. These results were confirmed by decreased values of the partial Thromboplastin time (aPTT) in patients when balanced with normal values of the measurement, which reflects decline in the effectiveness of the coagulation factors of the internal pathway of blood coagulation cascade which include the factors FVIII, FIX, FX, FXI and FXII. Factor VIII activity test revealed that most Haemophilial patients in the study have a significant decline in FVIII blood-clotting activity which was ranged between 0.46% - 30% of normal values of activity. Which indicate that all the patients in this study suffering of Haemophilia type A with different degree of severity, The disorder was sub typed to acute type in 77.78% (34 cases, FVIII level less than 1% of normal), 17.78% moderate (8 cases, FVIII level 1-5% of normal) and 4.44% of milled (2 cases, FVIII level more than 5% but less than 40% of normal).


Article
EVALUATION OF SEROPREVALENCE OF HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS IgG ANTIBODY IN BAQUBA CITY BY USING ELISA TECHNIQUE
تحديد انتشار فايرس الهربس سبرولوجية بالكشف عن الاجسام المناعية Log في مدينة بعقوبة بأستعمال تقنية الاليزا

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الخلاصة

Herpes simplex virus infection is a viral infection caused by herpes simplex virus , which infect the skin and mucous membrane , which is of two types (HSV-1 & HSV-2) , type one is the common infection , both sex are affected , type-1(labial) most commonly seen in childhood and type-2 (genital) in adulthood which is sexually transmitted. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the seroprevalance of herpes simplex virus infection among Iraqi population. A cross sectional study , in which (398) persons (200) healthy volunteers and (198) with different skin disease (except HSV infections) were included , during the period from the first of January to the first of Jullay 2013 in Baquba city and outpatient clinic of Baquba Teaching Hospital , their ages ranged from (1-60) years , they were (187) males and (154) females . Blood samples were taken from all persons , to identify the IgG antibody for the herpes simplex virus type 1 and 2 ,by using ELISA technique in Baquba city . Certain data regarding sex , address, education and occupation were recorded .The study showed that (315) (79.09%) of evaluated persons were positive for anti-herpes simplex virus IgG antibody with (P<0.001) and more prevalent in females (40.4%) than males (38.69%) , predominantly in age group (21-40 years )(39.6%) , with a significant differences (P<0.001) and more prevalent in civilized and those of low education levels (P<0.001) . Also the HSV-1 antibody was more prevalent (56.51%) than HSV-2 (43.45%) , without significant value . It was concluded that (79.09%) of general population were seropostive for HSV- antibody , more in females than males and HSV type-1 was more prevalent than HSV type-2 .

الكلمات الدلالية

Herpes simplex virus --- IgG --- ELISA Technique --- فايروس الحلأ --- IgG --- تقنية اليزا


Article
Effect of Foliar Nutrition of Potassium and Chelated Iron in Vegetative Growth Traits of Corn (Zea mays L.) under Drip Irrigation System
أثرالتغذية الورقية بالبوتاسيوم والحديدالمخلبي في صفات النمو الخضري للذرة الصفراء (.Zea mays L) تحت نظام الري بالتنقيط

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الخلاصة

Afield experiment was conducted to study effect of foliar nutrition of potassium and chalated iron in vegetative growth of corn( Zea mays L.) under drip irrigation system.Random Complet Block Design was used in factor experiment with three replications. Spraying four concentrations of potassium(0,1000,2000,3000) mg.l-¹ and four concentrations of chelated Iron (0,50,100,200)mg.l-¹. The result showed that the suitable K- foliar nutrition treatment was 3000mg.l-¹ which caused significant differences in plant height , number of leaves,stem dimeter, leave area and dry matter of green growth .So using Fe-foliar nutrition treatment was 50mg.l-¹ caused significant differences in plant height and number of leaves and100mg.l-¹ caused significant differences in leaves area,stem dimeter and dry matter of green growth, While 200mg.l-¹ caused low of all traits because negative effect of iron ،Interaction between potassium and iron K3000 * Fe100 was significant effect in stem dimeter, leave area and dry matter of and K decresed high level of Fe monitor form.


Article
Detection of Helicobacter pylori specific IgG antibodies and serum magnesium ions in type two diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients
الكشف عن الاجسام المضادة IgG لبكتريا بوابات المعدة الحلزونية و آيونات المغنسيوم في مصل مرضى السكر من النوع الثاني

المؤلفون: Mohammed yawoz nooruldeen محمد ياوز نورالدين
الصفحات: 109-118
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الخلاصة

The aims of this study were :A) to evaluate the seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection among adult type-2 diabetes mellitus patients in Kirkuk city by using an immunochromatography method. B) To investigate the probable association of serum magnesium ions (Mg+2) with Helicobacter pylori infection in the patients. One-hundred twenty five diabetic patients were evaluated (53 males and 72 females), their age ranged between 21 and 83 years. Anti- H. pylori IgG antibody was assessed serologically by using immunochromatography method. All patients' serum magnesium ions were estimated. Helicobacter pylori infection was diagnosed in 85 diabetic patient (68%), 47 males (55.2%) and 38 females (44.7%). A significant relationship between H. pylori seropositivity and serum magnesium ions (p<0.01) was noticed. We concluded that high serum magnesium ions level associated with high risk of infection with H. pylori. Diabetic patients are more prone to acquire H. pylori infection.


Article
Histological study of tubular system and collecting tubules inkidney of rats in prenatal stages (Rattus rattus norvegicus Albinus)
دراسة نسيجية على الجهاز النبيبي والنبيبات الجامعة في كلية الجرذان في مرحلة قبل الولادة (Rattus rattus norvegicus Albinus)

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الخلاصة

The aim of our study to provide a more complete quantitive description of the histomorphology of the tubular system and collecting tubules in kidney of rat during prenatal development. The developmental study of tubular system and collecting tubules has been done in the rat fetuses, which including detection the timing of appearance of metanephros collecting tubules. The study revealed that the differentiation and development of the collecting tubules in metanephros began in the rat at 14 day from pregnancy. Also the histological examination showed at the end of pregnancy the tubular system and collecting tubules visible in medulla and less degree in cortex of kidney with clear renal pyramids and well developed long sharp pointed papillae.

الكلمات الدلالية

histology --- tubules --- rat --- prenatal --- نسيجي --- جرذان --- انابيب --- قبل الولادة


Article
Spectral properties of the Helmholtz problem with spectral parameter Dependent conditions
الخواص الطيفية لمسالة هلمهولتز مع وجود المعلمة الطيفية في الشروط الحدودية

المؤلفون: Haythab A. shahad هيذب عبود شهد
الصفحات: 130-149
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الخلاصة

We consider Helmholtz problems containing a spectral parameter both in the equation and in the boundary conditions. we prove that the system of corresponding eigen functions forms an orthonormal basis in some adequate Hilbert spaces. The oscillation properties as completeness, minimality and basic properties are investigated for the eigenfunction of the Helmholtz operator equation in the triple of adequate Hilbert spaces. Asymptotic formula for eigenvalue and eigenfunction are deduced.


Article
Synthesis and biological activity evalution of some new 1,3 –oxazine and 1,3 –thiazinederivedfrom (5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazole-2-thiol)
تحضير وتقييم الفعالية البايولوجية لبعض مشتقات الجديدة لمركبات 1,3اوكسازين و 1,3ثايازينالمشتقة من (5-امينو 1,3,4ثايادايازول-2- ثايول)

المؤلفون: Reem.S.Najem ريم سهيل نجم
الصفحات: 150-165
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الخلاصة

The thiosemicarbazid was reacted with carbon disulfide .the result of their reaction was 5- amino 1,3,4 thiadiazol [1] .then the resulted compound was retreated with acetic anhydride to optain 5- mercapto 1,3,4 thiadiazol-2-yl acetamaied [2] to synthese 5 amino 1,3.4 thiadiazole-2- thiol [3]. This compound was allowed to react with aromatic aldehyde in precense of sodium hydroxide the resulted of the reaction -5- (2- amino-4-methyl thio1,3,4 thiadiazol (2H) yl -6- (1,3) oxazine 1,3 thiazine(4-6)(7-12)through reaction with urea and thio urea .the chemical structures of the products were characterized by (FT-IR) and (1H-NMR) (10,11) and melting points apparatus.

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