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مجلة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة

ISSN: 83732222
الجامعة: جامعة ديالى
الكلية: العلوم
اللغة: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة جامعة ديالى للعلوم الصرفة مجلة علمية فصلية تصدر عن كلية العلوم في جامعة ديالى وباللغتين العربية وألأنكليزية وتهدف للمساهمة في تطوير المعرفة وذلك بنشر البحوث الأصيلة والمراجعات في مختلف العلوم الصرفة والتطبيقية، بحيث تكون سجلاّ للدراسات في هذين المجالين.

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معلومات الاتصال

admin@sciencesmag.uodiyala.edu.iq
diyalajps@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: 12 العدد: 3 - part 1

Article
New Watermark Algorithm support Based on Watermark Designing
خوارزمية علامة مائية جديدة تعتمد على تصميم العلامة المائية

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الخلاصة

In this research, embedding process is done on RGB image by comparing pixel by pixel to embed watermark. This algorithm depends on embedding style that are less effect on RGB image through analyzing watermark and finding the most dominant bit and with using new techniques depends on probability principle for embedding process to ensure less change ratio on original image to provide high quality image. Image watermark are added to all parts of image to make watermark more robust. This algorithm give an excellent result when watermark with less thickness edge and it provides high security because of several reasons first it depends on probability embedding style; second, it uses keys to select compared pixels; third it gives less effect on original image. Therefore, the attacker didn’t notice that there is watermark.


Article
Proposed combinatorial algorithms for solving Quadratic Assignment problem
خوارزمية توافقية مقترحه لحل مسائل التخصيص التربيعية

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الخلاصة

This research includes construction of combinatorial algorithms for solving the Problem, used Harmony Search algorithm in this research but added the improvement Procedures to increase the Performance of algorithm and speed up access to the optimal solution of the problem, The algorithm consists of two phases, the first phase will improve all the existing solutions in the Harmony Memory use some improvement measures is the property of Crossover existing solutions in the Harmony. Memory use some improvement measures is the property of Crossover used in genetic algorithm and also guided search to reduce the objective function, the second phase will depend on the Procedures of the Harmony search algorithm (HS) but using a new Improvise, The algorithm has proven its efficiency in solving the problem is resolved (15) standard problem from the special library of Quadratic Assignment Problem (QAPLIB), and compare the results with the local search algorithm (LS), Tabu search (TS), Simulated annealing (SA) after solving each problem (25) times and record the results of the algorithm shown open her with total access to the optimal solution (282) of the total (375) repetition of the test as the total reached the local search algorithm (2) Simulated annealing algorithm (117) and Tabu search algorithm is (174).


Article
Designing an Open Circuit Wind Tunnel for Atmospheric Boundary Layers
تصميم نفق رياح ذو دائرة مفتوحة للطبقات الجوية المحاددة

المؤلفون: Thaer Obaid Roomi ثائر عبيد رومي
الصفحات: 12-25
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الخلاصة

A standard, inexpensive open circuit wind tunnel was built to understand and study some applications that related with atmospheric boundary layers, pollution and generate electricity by wind. Its operation, efficiency, and features were tested. Air speed measurements were taken for both sides: inside and outside the tunnel and the air temperatures were measured, as well. Obstacles were put inside the tunnel to observe the air flow patterns. The relationship between the input voltage of fan and the speed of air inside the tunnel was established to calibrate different types of anemometers. Mach number was calculated for the tunnel which was about 0.02. Bernoulli principle was used to find air speed at the end of diffuser section. It was 1.38 m/s, that means this value was close to the observation value (1.5 m/s).


Article
Effect of the C7 Substituents on Chemical Shift of H7 of Cycloheptatriene
تأثير المجاميع المعوضة على ذرة الكاربون C7 على الانزياح الكيمياوي للبروتون H7 لمركبات الهبتاترايين المعوضة

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الخلاصة

This study concerns with synthesis of new cycloheptatriene compounds substituents with some electron with drawal groups such as triphenyl arsinyl, methoxide, ethoxide, acetate, phenoxide, benzoate, amino, nitro, and benzene sulphonate, and styudy the effects of these groups on the chemical shift for H7, and also investiyated the UV absorption of the synthesized compounds which show clear hyperchromic led to shift the absorption values to red shift, 1H-NMR of these compounds did not show significant chemical shift for proton H7.


Article
Estimate the Time Variable for Some Meteorological Parameters with Concentrations of Monoxide carbon for Andulas Station
حساب التغير الزمني لبعض العناصر الانوائية مع تراكيز غاز احادي اوكسيد الكاربون لمحطة الاندلس

المؤلفون: Mohammed Majeed Ahmed محمد مجيد احمد
الصفحات: 26-43
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الخلاصة

The world that surrounds us is filled with toxic substances and there are many of them naturally entirely independent of human activity, perhaps affected humans in ancient times when air pollution from fires lit in the few caves ventilation. Ever since humans began polluting in a lot of areas on the surface of the earth. Until recently, the local environmental and secondary pollution problems due to the ground's ability to absorb and purify the trace amounts of contaminants property. Manufacturing in the community and the introduction of motor vehicles of the contributing factors to the increasing problem of air pollution. At this time it is necessary to find ways to clean the air. The main air pollutants found in most urban areas, carbon monoxide, and nitrogen oxides and sulfur oxides, hydrocarbons and particulates (both solid and liquid) spread of these pollutants in the atmosphere all over the world in high enough concentrations to cause serious health problems gradually. In addition, it may be natural or caused by human activity so that the amount accounted for in the Arab world and 40% can be classified as pollutants to the initial secondary pollutants and contaminants. Usually primary pollutants are substances that are issued directly from one of the processes such as scattered ash from a volcanic eruption or the first gas carbon dioxide emitted from car exhaust or carbon dioxide from factory chimneys. Therefore, this study will focus on the relationship between temperature max and mean and relative humidity with unilateral gas dioxide and the impact of contaminated behavior of CO elements of air poker by mentioned Sabaka.mn by selecting a region characterized by density increased in the large number of cars every day and private cars that run on gasoline during working period any of the 9:00am o'clock am to noon 2:00pm, and the use of measured data by the Ministry of Environment in Andalusia station during working period in 2012. Andalus area located under the line length (440 25̀̀ 29̏̏ E) and latitude (33o 18̀̀ 8̀̀6̏̏ N). Through drawing it found that the relationship between temperature and the concentration of CO gas is an inverse relationship and the relationship between relative humidity and gas concentration of CO direct correlation.


Article
The Impact of Some physical and Chemical Properties on Numbers of Salmonella sp and E. coli Bacteria in Diwaniya River
تأثير بعض الخواص الفيزيائية والكيميائية على أنتشار بكتريا Salmonella sp & E. coli في مياه نهر الديوانية

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الخلاصة

This research has been conducted to determine the effect of environmental conditions (such as Temperature - Hardness - Salts - Turbidity - acidic - Sulfates - Dissolved oxygen - Calcium - Magnesium - TDS) on the number of bacteria Escherichia coli, Salmonella SP in Diwaniya River water. Results have shown that the PH was neutral PH values tend to basal light during the month of February and also showed dissolved oxygen few high-definition because microbiology amounts of dissolved oxygen consumption for the purpose of bio-activity and analysis of organic materials in the river water. As it turns out that Diwaniya River water hardness is very high during the study. As for the conduct bacteriological tests results have shown that the bacteria E.coli bacteria compete Salmonella sp for survival observed that the environmental conditions they are in favor of the bacteria E. coli in terms of increasing their numbers during the study season, the number of E. coli bacteria have ranged from 12000 mg / L in the second station and 700 mg / L in the first station during the month of February As for the bacteria Salmonella SP ranged numbers between 600 mg / L in the third station during month February and 0 mg / L in the first station during the month of march.


Article
Effect of Reinforcement with Kenaf Fibers on Some Mechanical Properties of Unsaturated Polyester Resin
تأثير التدعيم بالياف الكناف على بعض الخواص الميكانيكية لراتنج البولي استر غير المشبع

المؤلفون: Bushra.H.Musa بشرى حسني موسى
الصفحات: 42-53
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الخلاصة

This research was focused on study the effect of reinforcement by natural kenaf Fibers and when treated with alkali solution of sodium hydroxide with (0.5) Normality and with fiber volume fraction of 5% on the unsaturated polyester resin (UPE). Composite has been prepared by hand lay-up molding at room temperature. The results showed the strengthening of the matrix material with fibers and after treatment with alkali solution led to an increase with 67.4% of impact strength value and 9.43 % of hardness value and 34.6% of compressive strength value of composite compared with 36.4% of impact strength value and 2.37 % of hardness value and 11.47 % of compressive strength value of untreated kenaf fiber composite and pure unsaturated polyester resin due to the alkali treatment which acts on cleaning the surface from impurities and then its reflect on the value of mechanical properties of composite material.


Article
The Study of Functionalization Effect (poly aniline (PAni) and thiocarbohydrazide (TCH)) on Electrical Properties of Graphene Oxide Nanoparticles
دراسة تأثير اضافة (البولي انلين و ثايو كاربوهيدرازايد) في الخواص الكهربائية لدقائق اوكسيد الجرافين النانوية

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الخلاصة

Graphene oxide which one of carbon nano structures: its single layer (SLGO) or a few layers (FLGO, no more than ten layers) of graphite, these sheets contain many functional groups, epoxy, carboxy, carbonyl and hydroxyl groups. Graphene oxide (FLGO), grapheme oxide-poly aniline and grapheme oxide-thiocarbohydrazide have been prepared and characterized by infra red spectra, X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscope. The addition of these materials by chemical reaction to the grapheme oxide nano particles have an important role in the electrical properties of this nanomaterial which is insulator, so graphene oxide was chosen in this research for studying the electrical properties of functionalized graphene oxide. Through LCR measurements we noticed increasing in the conductivity.


Article
The Effect of Oxytocin on Sialic Acid Content of some Immune Cells in Albino Mice
تأثير هرمون الاوكسيتوسين في مستوى حامض السياليك لبعض الخلايا المناعية في الفئران البيض

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الخلاصة

Using (144) Albino male mice of two age groups (4 and 5) weeks old, were injected intraperitonealy with three concentrations of the hormone oxytocin (0.5, 1.0, 2.0) IU/ mouse, at a dose of 2.0 ml. The control group was injected o.2 ml (PBS), The results showed a significant reduction in the TSA level in serum and splenic cell homogenate after treatment with the three concentrations. The highest reduction was observed at 2.0 IU/ mouse (170.63 and 233.98 μg/ ml) for both age groups, respectively. In spleen the highest reduction was observed at the concentration 2.0 IU/ mouse (33.11 and 34.55) % of control value respectively. While the bone marrow cell homogenate showed elevated level of TSA at the concentration 1.0 IU/ mouse in four week old mice, and at the concentration 0.5 IU/ mouse in mice five weeks old. However a reduction in its level was observed at the concentration 2.0 IU/ mouse. This conclude that there is an obvious effect of oxytocin on the sialic acid content and metabolism regarding to the functions of some immune cells in both the spleen and bone marrow.


Article
Effect of Water Stress and Spraying Amino Acids Valine, Arginine in Growth and Yield of Garlic (Allium sativum L.)
تأثير الاجهاد المائي والرش بالأحماض الامينية (الفالين والارجنين) في نمو وحاصل الثوم .Allium sativum L

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الخلاصة

To study the influence of the irrigation level and the amino acids added by spraying and interaction in some properties of growth and yield of garlic plant, a field experiment was conducted at Baquba city / diyala governorate in the season 2014-2015. Experience has included the effect of three levels of irrigation (100%, 80%, and 60%) of irrigation requirements and three types of amino acids (without amino acids, Valine, arginine and 5o Valine +50 arginine) at 100 mg. L-1 added as foliar application. The experimental design was split plot in RCBD with three replications . The main plots were for irrigation levels and sub- plot for amino acids treatment .Results showed depression in plant highest and number of leaves per plant and total chlorophyll concentration and number of bullbat per bulb and bulb weight and yield at depression irrigation level from 100% to 60%. Arginine foliar application treatment achieved highest vale in most properties above. while the arginine treatment interaction with complete which gave the highest value plant highest and number of leaves per plant and total chlorophyll concentration and number of bullbat per bulb and bulb weight and yield and water use efficiency.

الكلمات الدلالية

water stress --- Valine --- Arginine --- Garlic --- الاجهاد المائي --- الفالين --- الأرجنين --- الثوم


Article
Determination of Zinc Ions in Drinking Water Distribution Systems (PVC pipes) by Spectrophotometric Method
تقدير أيونات الزنك في الأنظمة الناقلة لمياه الشرب (أنابيب بولي فنيل كلورايد) بطريقة التحليل الطيفي المرئي

المؤلفون: Fatma H Abdulla فاطمة حمدي عبدالله
الصفحات: 64-78
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الخلاصة

In this work, a method for the simultaneous spectrophotometric determination of zinc which was precipitated into deionized water that is in a commercial distribution systems PVC pipe, is proposed using UV-VIS Spectrophotometer. The method based on the reaction between the analytes Zn2+ and 2-carboxy-2-hyroxy-5-sulfoformazylbenze (Zincon) at an absorption maximum of 620nm at pH 9-10. This ligand is selective reagent. Since the complex is colored (blue), its stoichiometry can be established using visible spectrometry to measure the absorbance of solutions of known composition. The stoichiometry of the complex was determined by Job’s method and molar ratio method and found to be 1:2 (M: L). A series of synthetic solution containing different concentrations of zinc were used to check the prediction ability of the complexation. Water quality samples collected a 100cm PVC system of drinking water in three sizes from different country full with deionized water for different time.


Article
Stimulating Growth Rates and Doubling Time of Green Alga Scenedesmus. quadricauda by Using Different Culture Medium
تحفيز معدلات النمو وزمن التضاعف للطحلب الاخضر Scenedesmus quadricauda بأستعمال اوساط زرعية مختلفة

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الخلاصة

The current study included highlighting on the ability of stimulating of quality of Culture medium in growth rates and doubling time of individuals of green Scenedesmus.quadricauda under laboratory conditions. It used three agricultural media, Chu10, BG11 and Chu13 axis, as showing in methods ,and (Chu10) considered as (control) for the purpose of comparison. Absorbance standards under wavelengths adopted (540-650) nm respectively and promised cells in a manner sector browser using counting pellets slice to draw a growth curve, to calculate growth rates and determine the time replication, by conducting daily measurements and up to 25 days. The results showed that type and contents of culture medium have a clear impact on the absorbance values, number of cells and the stages of the growth curve of studied alga, and when relying on the number of cell, growth curve showed a clear difference in the extension phases of growth (logarithmic, stability and death) when development in the three used media, as it was the end of the logarithmic phase at days 5, 6 and 9 of Chu10, Chu13, BG11, and (4.4 and 2.39 and 5.37) × 106 cells / ml respectively. The phase stability continued growth in Chu10, of the day 6 to 25 (the end of the experiment), while in BG11and Chu13 was 5-12 and 9-12 days respectively, with the fluctuation in values and a significant increase in the number of cells in BG11 Chu13 media compared with Chu10, as the highest value recorded during the phase 5.25, 4.2 and 2.4 × 106 cells / ml respectively. Also the results of absorbance showed that, the values at wavelengths between them 540 – 650nm recording close to each other, and agree with the cells number, with superiority of BG11and Chu13 as well as the characteristic values of the oscillation in Chu10 media. It is worth mentioning that, the absorbance values of 540 and 650 nm, did not show death phase or (sharp decrease) in spite of the declining number of cells, paraphrase affected of its values by the components of the media and the remains of dead cells and not only the number of live and active cells. As regarding the growth rate and time replication of studied alga, results showed clear differences between the values of (Chu10) axis and the two other media during 25 days. As it recorded the highest growth rate in Chu13 reached .2.9 and less doubling time of 9.9 hours, and in BG11, was 2.22 and 511.7 hour while they were in Chu10, 1.9 and 47.9 hours, respectively.


Article
Endomorphism Ring of GZ-Regular Modules
حلقة التشاكلات للموديولات المنتظمة من النمط GZ

المؤلفون: Areej M. Abduldaim اريج مصعب عبد الدائم
الصفحات: 79-93
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الخلاصة

As a complement to the former work of GZ-regular modules, in this paper along the lines of Z-regular modules due to Zelmanowitz, we improve the study of the endomorphism ring of Z-regular modules to GZ-regular modules. We give a sufficient condition on GZ-regular module M such that S=End(M) is π-regular ring and we prove that R-module M is GZ-regular if and only if S=End(M) is π-regular ring in case that M is a projective finitely power generated R-module. Also we show that for a GZ-regular R-module M, the center of S=End(M), Cen(S), is π-regular ring. Even further if M is a GZ-regular R-module then R/ann(M) is dense in Cen(S).


Article
Flame Photometric and Molecular Absorption Determination of Metronidazole in pure form and Pharmaceutical preparations
تقدير الميترانيدازول بالمضوائية اللهبية و الامتصاصية الجزيئية بشكله النقي و مستحضراته الصيدلانية

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الخلاصة

Simple, rapid and sensitive flame atomic emission spectrophotometric method is described for the determination of trace amount of Metronidazole Benzoate in pure and its pharmaceutical preparations. The method was based on the oxidation of Metronidazole Benzoate by potassium permanganate in alkaline solution to form an intense yellow soluble product and the intensity emission measured of potassium at emission line 766 nm using flame emission spectrophotometer. Beer's law is obeyed over the concentration range of 5-45 μg/mL, and relative standard deviation RSD% were (1.645, 1.705), and detection limits were (1.844 , 1.635 μg/mL), for tablets and injections respectively. The proposed method has been successfully applied for the determination of Metronidazole Benzoate in bulk drug and pharmaceutical formulations. The common excipients and additives did not interfere in these method.


Article
Assess the effectiveness of herbicide and pesticide ICON Seveluthreyn the sand fly
تقدير فعالية مبيد أيكون Icon و سايفلوثرين Cyfluthrin على ذبابة الرمل Diptera : phlebotomidae) phlebtominae sandflies)

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الخلاصة

The results show that the effect of some chemical pesticides on males and females of some species of sand fly . Where the females are most affected when you use a pesticide Alecon icon) 10wp) concentration of 10% and pesticide Seveluthreyn cyfluthrin (10wp) concentration of 10% , where the percentage of murder 38% to 23% respectively, while males were less where the percentage reached 32% 17% and recorded the results outweigh the pesticide Alecon icon in the killing of female type p.papatas after 24 hours Ozbulgt 42% and the least in the female kind S.sifon Ozbulgt 32 %, while the use of insecticide cyfluthrin Seveluthreyn females were less Tatern Ozbulgt 22% in type p.papatas and 20% in type S.sifon. While the murder rate dropped when using pesticides themselves in the male species Alonfein male Ozbulgt within 24 hours 35% and 31 % of the pesticide icon and cyfluthrin amounted to 21% and 15% . , And the greater the length of time there is a drop in the murder rate Ozbad the passage of 48 hours the percentage of female infanticide and both types 37% and 25 % of the pesticide icon insecticide cyfluthrin the homicide rate ranged from 21% and 17%.


Article
Fertilizing oocyte married women by ICSI by the sperm of the husband and legitimacy in Iraq
تخصيب بويضات المراة المتزوجة بواسطة الحقن المجهري عن طريق الحيوانات المنوية للزوج ومشروعيتها في العراق

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الخلاصة

The study included (40) pairs of which are suffering from the problem of not having children for various reasons, where the samples were diagnosed and conduct all tests have been identified ICSI for their condition process, where the process they underwent at the Higher Institute for infertility diagnosis and techniques of assisted reproduction / Al-Nahren University in Iraq was the number of oocyte withdrawn (306) and the number of oocyte was excluded (109). the number of oocyte fattened with the sperms of the husband (197) and the number of oocyte fertilized oocyte (158) and the number of oocyte non-fertilized (39), the results showed the study, said knowledge of uranium useful oocyte in predicting the quality of fertilization and in the classification of the embryos to the steps easy to choose embryos most efficient and transferred to the womb of the mother , the average of the infertile in the operation of ICSI in Iraq is 80% , which is a very similar average in the European institutions to treat infertility , but still variance occurred in the number of pregnant woman, The recommended idea regarding the legality of ICSI is the allowance (acceptance) but it is conditional and according to the question asked .


Article
Buried Objects Detection and Segmentation Using a Semi-Automatic Technique Called Selected Peaks of Summing up Traces (SPST)
كشف وتجزئة الاجسام المدفونة بتقنية شبه اتوماتيكية تدعى اختيار اثار ملخص القمم

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الخلاصة

Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is a nondestructive geophysical technique that uses electromagnetic waves to evaluate subsurface information. This research presents package software for GPR data analysis and image processing with an algorithm for semi-automatic object detection, displaying, filtering, edges detection, histogram equalization, segmentation such as quantization and Fuzzy C-means clustering (FCM). After applying preprocessing on the image, a new technique depends on taking the Selected Peaks of Summing up Traces (SPST) have been adopted to give the very good results of buried objects detection compares with other segmentation methods. MSE and RMSE criteria were used to perform the comparison between the results. The fundamentals of GPR and software are illustrated inside with data taken by (MALÅ GPR ProEx System) at the University of Baghdad campus -college of science.


Article
Detection of Cystic Echinococcosis Antigen Concentration in Serum Patients
الكشف عن تركيز مستضد داء المشوكات الكيسي في مصل المرضى

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الخلاصة

Cystic Echinococcosis (CE) or Hydatidosis, a parasitic disease that caused by larvae of Echinococcus granulosus, is an important zoonosis endemic in large parts of the world and Iraq. Diagnosis of hydatidosis antibodies is based on immunodiagnostic methods (ELISA), along with radiological and ultrasound examinations, when treatment by chemotherapy and surgery.The objectives of the present study were to determine a specific antigen concentration -based ELISA technique for diagnosis of hydatidosis and compare it before and after surgery A total sample of 102 Iraqi subject from different hospitals were included in this study. They were distributed as 52 patients (43 females and 9 males, included the same group of patients study after 3-7 days surgery to remove hydatid cyst), and 50 persons healthy controls. Hyper immune-serum was raised against hydatid cyst fluid in rabbits. Anti-hydatid cyst IgG was purified by Ione exchange chromatography. The results show that increased circulating hydatid cyst antigen concentration before surgery 38.7μg/ml than antigen concentration after surgical removal hydatid cyst 25.7 μg/ml the difference was significant at P≤0.01. In the present study, the presence of circulating antigens in sera of hydatidosis patients by indirect ELISA[new kit] was detected hydatid cyst antigen in preoperative sera in 50 out of 52 (96.15%), the test demonstrated antigen in 48 out of 52(92.30%) postoperative sera.

الكلمات الدلالية

hydatidosis --- antigen --- serum --- داء المشوكات --- المستضد --- المصل


Article
Prevalence and Antibiogram Pattern of Bacteriuria during Pregnancy
انتشار واختبار تحسس البيلة الجرثومية للمضادات الحيوية اثناء الحمل

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الخلاصة

Numerous studies reported that symptomatic and asymptomatic bacteriuria is common in pregnant women. It may be related with serious obstetric complications. Therefore, the current study aimed to finding the prevalence of bacteriuria, bacterial profile and antibiotic resistance pattern of uropathogens. A total of 140 pregnant women were participated in this study from November 2015 to February 2016. The result revealed that the overall prevalence of bacteriuria was 47.14%, while prevalence of bacteriuria with symptomatic and asymptomatic were (43.28%) and (50.68%) respectively, which shows that there was not statistically significant differences between the two studied groups. The pregnant women with age between 15-19 years had the highest rate of bacteriuria (85.71%). The high frequent bacteriuria also was found in third trimester (56.25%) compared with first (30.43%) and second (43.40%). Escherichia coli (22.73%), Staphylococcus aureus (19.7%), and Staphylococcus epidermidis (10.61%) were the predominant isolated uropathogens. Antibacterial susceptibility test was achieved for all isolated strains by the Kirby-Bauer’s disk-diffusion method. Our result revealed that more than 90% of the isolates were resistant to cephalexin and amoxicillin/clavulanic acid. However amikacin was the most potent of all studied antibiotic 77.3% of uropathogens were sensitive to it. The resistance rates to ≥3 antimicrobial agents was 98.5% while, only 1.5% were resist to all antimicrobial tested


Article
Studying the Effect of Adding Sodium Silicate and Rock Wool to Concrete Mix on the Properties of Concrete
تأثير أضافة سيليكات الصوديوم والصوف الصخري للخلطة الخرسانية على خواص الخرسانة

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الخلاصة

This research is studying effect of adding sodium silicate to water of concrete mix with ratios (2.5%, 3.75%, 5% and 6.25%) by the weight of water concrete mix. Also study effect adding rock wool to concrete mix with ratios (2.5%, 3.75%, 5% and 6.25%) by the weight of cement. After demolding the samples and curing in water 28 days and then dried in air to be ready to test. The samples tested compressive strength and tensile strength and density, the results show increase in compressive strength and tensile strength in ratios (2.5% rock wool and 3.75% of sodium silicate) compared to reference sample, and the density of samples decrease by increase the ratios of additives rock wool and sodium silicate to concrete mix.

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