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مجلة جامعة تكريت للعلوم الإنسانية

ISSN: 18176798
الجامعة: جامعة تكريت
الكلية: التربية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

مجلة علمية محكمة تصدر كل شهرين عن كلية التربية
جامعة تكريت .

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معلومات الاتصال

Phone Number: +967481408058
E_mail:tikrit_university_journal@yahoo.com

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2015 المجلد: 22 العدد: 8

Article
Culture and education in Almareni Period (667-759 AH / 1269-1359m)
الثقافة و التعليم في العصرالمريني (667 - 759 هـ/1269-1359م)

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الخلاصة

Summary Praise be to Allah, and peace and blessings on Muhammad of the messengers of God be upon him, his family and his friends, companions. The far Maghreb is considered one of the countries which have gained a large share of science and knowledge and became a cultural echo the neighboring countries benefited from. This reflected the cultural and scientific development over the culture of the Rulers of Marin. Their scientific sessions which were held constantly attracting the interest of scientists and writers and their participation in these meetings, in the seventh century AH / thirteenth BC, and the political and economic stability that prevailed in the country, were important factors that led to the scientific and intellectual movement to rise up to a high level of knowledge. The scientific meetings experienced very grandeur of the era during the reign of Prince Abu Hassan Marini in the Marin State, when boards were always accompanied by senior writers, scientists. The best proof of that is when elite group of scientists accopanied him when he left Africa in the fleet that drowned. Some of those scientists were the scholar Sheikh Abu Alaba Ahmed bin Mohammed al-Zawawi, who was a specialist in the science of readings, with the Great Speaker Son of Marzouk Al-Khatib, who became a famous specialist in the probhet's speaches and Fiqh, and Great Traveler Al-Abdry, who was the most famous logician. The intellectual activity that occurred was the product of scientists, scholars and writers who contributed to the building of scientific schools, meetings, corners, and sessions of knowledge which attracted students from all over the world to learn the Moroccan culture. The spreading of the large number of schools and students residences, and the building of mosques and angles. Marin princes established and set up schools and places of student housing and shelters and the allocation of salaries to them and to their teachers led to the evolution of science and upgraded its movement to the highest levels compared with those who lead Marin before. The educational institutes were not limited only to Marin state schools, but were spread to mosques, which also had an important role in the education of students and the various sciences, including the Qur'an and Science of the most important mosques in Fass was the one called the Mosque of Villigers. Historians, among them Ibn Abi Zar', mention and say that Price Ya'goub, son of Abdul Haq, ordered the construction of a number of schools in the city of Fass and Marrakech city and of those schools School Saffarin, which was called the school Alhalfawiyeen, and after Elsafartin market transfusion it was named school Saffarin for its proximity to it. It was built in the year (679 AH / 1280 AD), which he looked after with great interest. He added big cabinets of books and a library of thousands of precious books, that brought the king of Christians Alsancho after they signed a peace treaty between the two sides in year (684 AH / 1285 AD). It had a tower and prayer performed in it and also Mamoudah school, which Prince abi Hassan Al-Marini ordered to build near Mosque of Al-Andalus, which was built since year (725 AH / 1344 AD), and Sala School which was called Talah School, built in the year (733 AH / 1333 AD)


Article
Design torrential rainstorm and its impact on water docks response using a form KINEROS well basin in the district of Shirqat - a case study
تصميم عاصفة مطرية غزيرة واثرها في استجابة الاحواض المائية باستخدام نموذج KINEROS حوض البئر في قضاء الشرقاط – دراسة حالة

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الخلاصة

Streaming Floods consider and what consequent the dangers, from the most important problems of natural environment in arid and semi-arid regions. Therefore, recent studies have focused on the development of programs and models have the ability to design rainstorms varying in intensity, sustainability and frequency and the resulting risks such as floods and sediment response of watershed. Including Kinematic model Erosion Model (KINEROS) and dynamic manner Wave Kinematics, watershed in response to runoff and erosion to a single rain storm. The problem comes in a difficult of predict the water yield for the seasonal valleys and produced sediments The research aim to attempt predict of floods and strong flooding by linking with the heavy rain storms on the region, which can be set up from the water harvesting projects and reduce the severity of the floods in wet seasons as well as reforming and restructuring land use and what suitable to use. The study area represent by Al-Bear Watershed located on left Bank from Sharqat District which is lie coordination between latitudes (35 36 22 ) and (35 31 20) to the north. and Longitudes (43 23 02) and (43 14 31) to the east. and an area of 50.29 km 2. The study relied on multi data and the most important design torrential rainstorm empirical with depth 55 mm and duration of rain 8 hours because of the lack of official data or hydrological station on the watershed, then inputted to KINEROS Model. With land cover data depending on the ETM Landsat 7, Map soils of UNESCO, DEM, and CN Curve Number. The study also relied on the most important software set such as KINEROS model that works in Arc GIS environment 10 and Erdas 9.3 software program and Global Mapper 13. To Run the Model and achieving objectives aims study. Keywords : KINEROS Model, design Storm rainfall , Water yield and Sedmintation , GIS & RS Techniqes .


Article
Marital composition of the population of the province of Maysan For a period 1987-2012
التركيب الزواجي لسكان محافظة ميسان للمده 1987-2012

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الخلاصة

Objective of the study is to identify the marital status of the population in the province of Maysan, according to four categories (married and unmarried and divorced and widowed) and highlight the geographical variation, and then seek to be understood and interpreted, depending on the population census of 1987 and 1997 data as well as the vital statistics of marriage, divorce, widowhood, and can say that the Marital Status They are marked by uncertainty linked to the economic and social conditions of the community, in addition to the traditions and customs prevailing in this society. The study revealed some important facts and spatial variation between the administrative units in the province of Maysan, the proportion of singles make up a large percentage, as well as the rise in crude marriage rate, in addition to the decline in the divorce rate for males, and the high divorce rate for females, as well as decreased the proportion of divorced in the countryside of the province.


Article
Small industries, sustainable development
دور الصناعات الصغيرة في تحقيق التنمية المستدامة بمحافظة اربيل

المؤلفون: Sirwan Aref Sadeq سيروان عارب صادق
الصفحات: 88-119
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الخلاصة

Abstract Small industry is considered one of the most important components of economical foundations which has significant role in developing the economy of the countries, whether in developed or developing countries. This kind of industry makes more than 90% of the economy of the world’s countries. These countries take this kind of industry into consideration because it is the cornerstone of development for every country and it influences the social and economic aspects. It also leads to the increase of general income and living standards. In this research, we tried to shed light on the role and influence of small industries on continuous development in Erbil governorate, and showing the outstanding obstacles these industries face, specifically allocating capital, government contribution and finding market for the products of this industry with allocating necessary infrastructure for the continuation and development of this industry. We also highlighted the role of small industry in decreasing joblessness; we relied on many governmental sources to get information and data for concluding the research.


Article
The role of imams in the preservation of public funds
دور أئمة المساجد في حفظ الاموال العامة

المؤلفون: آلاء عبد الرحمن نعمان --- ساره حميد محمد
الصفحات: 120-141
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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية

Imams of mosques --- أئمة المساجد


Article
Balta exaggeration to study Arabic and the glossary
المبالغة بالتاء في العربية دراسة ومعجم

المؤلفون: مظهور محمود عباس --- عبدالكريم عبد أحمد
الصفحات: 142-216
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الخلاصة

Exaggeration By Adding "Ta'a" In Arabic :Lexicographical Study The aim of this study is to explore one of the rules and a prominent phenomenon in Arabic language ,Known as exaggeration by the use of "Ta'a". It is common in Arabic that expressing exaggeration has its own rules Grammer,yet the study will be denoted to examin the expression of exaggeration by the addition of the alphabet "Ta'a" The alphabet "Ta'a" can even be added to the exaggeration rhymes to further reinforce the exaggeration expressions. The study falls into two sections and a conclusion.Section one tackles exaggeration in Arabic it's functions ,and the methods of using exaggeration by the addition of the alphabet "Ta'a" ,It also sheds light on its main rhymes .While section two deals with exaggeration utterances and their indications. Then follows the conclusion which sums up the study

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Mruyat down Bamahsb And jurisprudence
مرويات النزول بالمحصَّب وفقهها

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الخلاصة

commonsense and knowledge balmhasab descents Get off at Mahsb a name for the place is room between two mountains, closer to Mina from Mecca, it has different companions and scholars about the rule down Bamahsb a result of the explanations of some scientists that the descent was a special order and not the year of the ways of the pilgrimage, while disagreed with another team this reasoning, and the indication of the existence of reasoning in worship when some scientists .

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Building (verb) in the language of the Arabs
بناء ( فُعَل ) في كلام العرب

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الخلاصة

We stood on the Arab door and we research in buildings, we found rich building, more benefits, many bifurcation, busy scientists stood him carefully, treating formula semantic , accumulate sundries , and classify branches, so appear in anew form , can the reader our research, be mastered sundries, so construction is to build (verb in the words of the Arabs); as this construction is similar to witchcraft, which included colors of formulas, and spectrums of connotations, and building one, amazingly. This research is going on three topics are: the name of sex, science, and description, and under every Study occupied by three issues, free to the rest of the detective, namely: do morphological forms, causes, prevention and cashed, and its implications.

الكلمات الدلالية

فُعلّ


Article
Arabs love of faith and hatred hypocrisy - Study and analysis -
حب العرب إيمان وبغضهم نفاق - دراسة وتحليل

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الخلاصة


Article
Geopolitical dimensions of the export trade in the countries of the Gulf Cooperation Council
الأبعاد الجيوسياسية لتجارة الصادرات في أقطار مجلس التعاون الخليجي

المؤلفون: Nabhan Hornet Saadi نبهان زمبور السعدي
الصفحات: 339-365
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الخلاصة

Suffer the GCC of imbalances in the agricultural and industrial economic structures and rely on exports on primary raw materials and thus it means compromising the donations position which is one of the most important pillars of economic and political power, and this issue. has risk in time of peace and war itself either. The research aims to study and analyze the GCC's exports of geo-political perspective in order to detect the strengths and solutions to that problem and to national and national weaknesses ,and ask some of the options to achieve security.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Scientists position News reporting of the qualities inherent in the divine (Facial, hand and leg model)
موقف العلماء من الصفات الخبرية الملازمة للذات الإلهية (الوجه واليد والساق أنموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
Imam Shawkaani choices in the end rifling through (his book torrent jars) (Doctrinal study compared the Iraqi Penal Law)
اختيارات الإمام الشوكاني في حد السرقة من خلال (كتابه السيل الجرار) ( دراسة فقهية مقارنة بقانون العقوبات العراقي)

المؤلفون: شفيع سليمان حمد
الصفحات: 416-468
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الخلاصة

Crime is a social problem has many aspects, and that Islamic law has addressed all of these aspects meticulously without excess or negligence, and the crimes dealt with by the Islamic Sharia is the crime of theft, which is a vital crime is repeated in every time and place, from the prominent role of the Imam Shawkaani in Fiqh Islamic researcher chose from among Islamic schools of Islamic jurisprudence (Imam Shawkaani choices in their theft through "his book Torrent jars" doctrinal comparative study) where the researcher said Imam Shawkaani choices in a statement the issue fairly theft with revenue came in what legal sanctions enlightenment views with Iraqi jurists doctrines the people approved of the year. Therefore researcher structure search section to an introduction and five sections, and a conclusion, as stated in the first section: personal life of Imam Shawkaani, in which his name and lineage, surname, birth and upbringing In the second section definition copywriters Shawkaani (Torrent jars) and choices, and the description of the book and the statement of scientific value, and the percentage of The book to Shawkaani and the sayings of scholars in it, and the methodology of Imam Shawkaani in his book, and the methodology of Imam Shawkaani in choices, and in the third topic: the researcher theft extent in Islamic jurisprudence, and the definition of theft language and legally, and its verdict, and the wisdom of prohibition, and the conditions stay alone, then touched researcher in Section IV: to the position of the Iraqi Penal Code in the extent of theft, as the researcher in the fifth topic of Imam Shawkaani choices in the extent of theft, and was among the finale Find a set of findings and recommendations and proposals that have been reached, including the Imam Shawkaani reliance on the Quran and Sunnah and consensus, As agreed with the four schools in some issues and disagree in some of them, alone in each other, in addition to the Iraqi legalized it did not take into account the principles of Islamic law in predominantly of laws enacted by the end of theft

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
A Relevance-theoretic Study To Speech Act Of Commissives

المؤلفون: Ahmed Jumaah Sallama
الصفحات: 469-505
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الخلاصة

The current research deals with Pragmatic theory or "Relevance Theory" with reference to its relation with speech acts especially commissive verbs . This research is an attempt to clarify the term "Relevance Theory" and what it means. To understand how relevance theory works, it is necessary to take into account the role of context in distinguishing between the speaker's intention and hearer's interpretation. Consequently, Relevance theory is based on a definition of relevance and two principles of relevance: a Cognitive principle(that human cognition is geared to the maximization of relevance), and a Communicative principle(that utterances create expectations of optimal relevance). This study tries to explain the motivation for these principles and illustrate their application to variety of speech act commissives and pragmatic problems in these verbs. This paper is divided into four sections. The first one discusses the problem, aims, hypothesis, procedures, and value of the research. The second one illustrates " Austin and Searle's Speech Act Theory" its classifications and taxonomies, Indirect speech act, and what are called happy and unhappy conditions. Section three includes Relevance theory, Cognitive and Communicative principles, Relevance and act of promise, and Data analysis. Finally, the last section is devoted to the conclusions of the study.

الكلمات الدلالية


Article
أثر استخدام التدريس المستند على المحتوى على تحصيل تلاميذ الصف الخامس الابتدائي في اللغة الانكليزية

المؤلفون: وسن عدنان رشيد العسكري
الصفحات: 506-548
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الخلاصة

The Effect of using Content-based Instruction on the Achievement of 5th Primary School Pupils in English Wassan Adnan Rashid Al-Askari Methodology of Teaching English The present research aims at investigating the effect of using content- based approach on the achievement of fifth primary schools pupils in English. The population of the study consists of fifth grade female pupils at (Al-Thaqafa) primary school. The sample consisted of 64 pupils chosen randomly from the pupils of fifth primary school classes. The sample is divided into experimental and control groups. Each has 32 pupils. After achievement co-equivalence between them, an achievement test has been applied on the two groups. Results show the superiority of the experimental group over the control group in its achievement in English.

الكلمات الدلالية

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