Table of content

Journal of Engineering

مجلة الهندسة

ISSN: 17264073
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Engineering
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

The Journal Engineering was issued in 1986. It was Stopped from 1990 – 1997 because of the economic blockade. It restarted publication after the fourth scientific engineering conference for it published the papers that were accepted in the conference.
It is a scientific engineering journal refereed by specialized and qualified professors in most of the engineering fields and those Specialists in the issued by the college of Engineering university of Baghdad .It was serenely publibued , but from 2011 it has issued of monthly for the numerous papers submitted to the journal to publish their papers in this scientific journal in addition to some of the Arabs professors because the journal is considered one of the valued journals in the Arabic homelan .
Many professions were the head editor of the journal from its first issue. The first one was prof.dr. Laith Ismail Namiq then prof.dr. Mohammed A.Alawis ,prof.dr.Ali A Al – kilidar prof.dr. Abdul-Ilah Younis and currently Prof.dr.Qais S. Ismail.

Loading...
Contact info

Jadriyah, Baghdad
Iraq
Mobile:
Email: joengbag@uobaghdad.edu.iq

Table of content: 2017 volume:23 issue:2

Article
The Impact of Legislative Factor in the Identity of Modern Residential Urban in Iraq
تأثير العامل التشريعي في هوية العمران السكني الحديث في العراق

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The Urban Residential has developed and changed in different periods of time with successive and gradual shifts, as it cast a shadow over the characterization of modern urbanism in Iraq. The semi-total absence of the governing legislation of urbanization as well as the weakness of the State's role of supervisory in addition to neglecting urban heritage contributed in offering a strange environment in relation to its traditional identity. That was increased by the pressure of the using urban environment as a result of the increasing of population as well as the growth of people’s needs. The research aims to provide an objective view for a mechanism of the application of urban legislation to monitor the implementation of the business relating to the urban structure in general and specifically the urban residential areas in order to preserve the traditional identity of the modern Iraqi city. For the purpose of treating the problem of research and to achieve its goals, the research supposes that the legislative system is based on a pyramid arrangement in its vocabulary, which is flexible in its application, and are drawn from objective reality, it can produce urban residential with local identity. The elements of the practical influential process of the legislative factor identified by the planning legislation, laws, regulations, controls and limitations, supervision and oversight. And then draw theoretical indicators which affect the urban environment, namely: proportionately, essence and appearance, construction and the sky line, the scale and size, bearings, cover-up, opening-up and containment through the study of a number of legislative irregularities in neighborhoods and residential areas that produced these indicators. For applying and testing these indicators practically, two selective neighborhoods in Al Rabeea'a District in Baghdad has been chosen and with a précised field survey the search findings are: the poverty of Urban elements, the weakness of appropriate and harmony, the predominance of appearance over substance, the aggravation of the problems of neighborhood planning and house designing. As a result, the research found the urban landscape confused mix of styles, shapes, materials and colors, foreign to local realities, that caused then the loss of the individual identity and totally one.Thus there is an urgent need to restore the identity of the Iraqi city in light of comprehensive programs to modernize the Master planning of cities, and reform the legislative system through updating old laws and filling the existed gaps, furthermore activate the monitoring role through the supervisory mechanism to ensure the mandatory application of the laws.


Article
Determine an Equation to Calculate the Annual Maintenance Cost for Public Hospitals (Al Sader City Hospital as a Case Study)
ايجاد معادلة لحساب تكلفة الصيانة السنوية للمستشفيات العامة (مستشفى مدينة الصدر حالة دراسية)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Maintenance of hospital buildings and its management are regarded as an important subject which needs attention because hospital buildings are service institutions which are very important to a society, requiring the search for the best procedure to develop maintenance in hospitals. The research is aimed to determine an equation to estimate the annual maintenance cost for public hospital. To achieve this aim, Al-Sader City Hospital maintenance system in Al-Najaf province has been studied with its main elements through survey of data, records and reports relating to maintenance during the years of the study 2008-2014 and to identify the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threat points in the current system through Swat analysis, which represents " analyzing the internal factors represented by strengths and weaknesses points and the external factors represented by opportunities and threats," [41]. On the basis of that, an equation has been obtained to estimate the cost of annual maintenance. To achieve this aim, the following issues should be taken into consideration: • Studying the actual work program of the maintenance department in Al-Sader Hospital, • Identifying the procedures used in maintenance and ways they are implemented, • Studying the maintenance records and reports, • Holding interviews with the manager of maintenance and its staff to integrate the information and • Integrating the analysis of maintenance cost by using statistical analysis system (ASA 2012). To assess the validity of the model for the annual maintenance cost, the predicted values of the equation are plotted against the actual measured (observed) values. Based on the validation data set, the coefficient of determination (R) was found to be equal to (82.5%), therefore it can be concluded that the developed equation showed moderate agreement with the actual measurements. Finally, it can be concluded from the study that, the developed equation should be applied in hospital to overcome the problems and weak points of the current system and to estimate the annual maintenance cost for hospitals based on the scientific method.


Article
Remediation of Contaminated Soil with Petroleum Industrial Wastewater
معالجة التربة الملوثة بالمخلفات النفطية

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The contamination of soil with the wastes of oil industry products that are complex mixtures of hydrocarbons increased recently due to the large development of oil industries in Iraq. This study deals with the remediation of low permeability contaminated clayey soil by using the enhanced electrokinetic technique (EK). The contaminated soil samples obtained from Thi-Qar oil refinery plant in Al-Nassyriah city, where the byproducts of refinery plant are disposed into that site. The byproduct contaminant treated as total petroleum hydrocarbons (TPH) to avoid dealing and complexity of treating the individual minerals and compounds consisting the contaminant. The initial concentrations of TPH were (702.7, 1168, 1235) ppm in the contaminated soil samples NA10, NA11, and NA12 respectively. The remediation technique includes a bench-scale experimental study by applying the enhanced electrokinetic test on the soil sample NA12 that contains the higher concentration of TPH in compared with other soil samples. A constant DC voltage gradient of 1.0 VDC/cm was applied for a period of 10 days. This technology was enhanced by using flushing solution of ethanol and deionized water, which was mixed in ratios of 30% and 70% respectively. The results of this study showed that the removal of TPH at the anode was about 15% and the concentration of TPH decreased at anode, which reflect the migration of TPH towards the cathode.


Article
The Effect of The Utilitarian Need For the High Water Tanks Towers to Sustain Life in the City
اثر الحاجة النفعية لأبراج خزانات المياه العالية على استدامة الحياة في المدينة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The service system has become a necessity of life in modern cities to be the most basic necessities of modern humans, they constitute a major base, which is based on the sustainability of life in the city and a standard measured through the degree of well-being and progress of civilized peoples and their interaction with the surrounding environment, making the services sector as a need not be an option, whenever the cities widened in population and space whenever provision of services and upgrading the quality and quantity more pressing, which made the subject of the services takes the biggest area of the trends and thinking of urban planners and those who in charge of drawing the cities policies. Considering that the processing and transfer of the water system with all its components (stations – water tanks -transmission and distribution pipelines), it is one of the most important parts of the services systems in the city. It has become a key element of the arteries of the establishment of life, but for several considerations of most important ( like storage of water and supplied with constant pressure that balanced without wobbling at the peak daytime hours with the necessary provision of water to fight fires , as well as secured it to the sectors of city in the maintenance time of the parts of the water system or the occurrence of a failure, with the need to confirm the save and generate energy factor in renewable way). For this in whole and others, the elevated water towers cornerstone of the pillars of the water system was made that can be indispensable in providing outsourcing and distribution network , and on the grounds that the case study concerning our capital Baghdad and its suffering of the water distribution and pressure intermittent problems, this research aims to clarify the idea of the elevated water tanks have become an important actor and is a part of the process and transport of the water in the city's system, and that its presence in a thoughtful siting and storage capacities and sufficient numbers will reduce the cost of the service system and its problems and provides continuously a constant pressure is to rescue the city from the overtaking problems on the network, while avoiding the problems experienced by interruptions in the water supply process, especially in the summer, which will make the water tanks as a necessary structures and essential elements of attractions for recreational activities and benchmarks functions within the city.


Article
Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Columns Subjected to Axial Load and Cyclic Lateral Load
سلوك الاعمدة الخرسانية المسلحة المعرضة لحمل محوري مع حمل جانبي ترددي

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Columns subjected to pure axial load rarely exist in practice. Reinforced concrete columns are usually subjected to combination of axial and lateral actions and deformations, caused by spatially‐complex loading patterns as during earthquakes causes lateral deflection that in turn affects the horizontal stiffness. In this study, a numerical model was developed in three-dimensional nonlinear finite element and then validated against experimental results reported in the literatures, to investigate the behavior of conventionally RC columns subjected to axial load and lateral reversal cyclic loading. To achieve this goal, numerical analysis was conducted by using finite element program ABAQUS/Explicit. The variables considered in this study were axial load index, concrete compressive strength, column aspect ratio, longitudinal and transverse reinforcement ratios. According to numerical case studies, the results revealed that axial load index and longitudinal reinforcement ratio have the most impact on the column response. Also, increasing concrete compressive strength and reducing column aspect ratio resulted in increasing strength capacity of the column. Moreover, increasing lateral confinement by transverse reinforcement at the column ends increases the flexural strength of a flexure-controlled RC columns.


Article
Sustainable Investment In Architectural Heritage Buildings (Analytical Study Of Arabic Models)
الاستثمار المستدام في مباني التراث العمراني (دراسة تحليلية لنماذج عربية)

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

Heritage is considered as the civilization and cultural wealth accumulated over the centuries, whereas architectural heritage is the physical witness of that civilization. Despite the fact that architectural heritage is the most important effort for economic development of any communit,، it suffers from deterioration and neglection especially in the Arab communities. Recently awareness has increased about the importance of investing on architectural heritage generally and sustainable investment particularly. The goal of investment process in heritage areas is to revive economic activity in addition to attempt to revive the heritage and community values. Research aims to examine the relationship between sustainable investment and architectural heritage، and this is done through the study of the three points، Architectural Heritage، Sustainable Investment In Architectural Heritage، Reviews Eight Models Of Arabic Experiences That Implemented Different Approaches For Sustainable Investment In Urban Heritage. Finally research presents conclusions from those experiments and recommendations for activating the role of sustainable investment in architectural heritage.


Article
Static Analysis of Laminated Composite Plate using New Higher Order Shear Deformation Plate Theory
التحليل السكوني للصفيحة المركبة بأستخدام نظرية قص ذات رتبة عالية جديدة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In the present work a theoretical analysis depending on the new higher order element in shear deformation theory for simply supported cross-ply laminated plate is developed. The new displacement field of the middle surface expanded as a combination of exponential and trigonometric function of thickness coordinate with the transverse displacement taken to be constant through the thickness. The governing equations are derived using Hamilton’s principle and solved using Navier solution method to obtain the deflection and stresses under uniform sinusoidal load. The effect of many design parameters such as number of laminates, aspect ratio and thickness ratio on static behavior of the laminated composite plate has been studied. The modal of the present work has been verified by comparing the results of shape functions with that were obtained by other workers. Result shows the good agreement with 3D elasticity solution and that published by other researchers.


Article
Experimental and Numerical Simulation of an Airlift Pump with Conventional and Modified Air Injection Device
تمثيل عددي لمضخة رفع هوائية باستخدام جهاز حقن تقليدي وجهاز أخر معدل

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The effect of air injection device on the performance of airlift pump used for water pumping has been studied numerically and experimentally. An airlift pump of dimensions 42mm diameter and 2200 mm length with conventional and modified air injection device was considered. A modification on conventional injection device (normal air-jacket type) was carried out by changing injection angle from 90° (for conventional) to 22.5° (for modified). Continuity and Navier-Stokes equations in turbulent regime with an appropriate two-phase flow model (VOF) and turbulent model (k-ϵ) in two dimensions axisymmetry flow were formulated and solved by using the known package FLUENT version (14.5). The numerical and experimental investigations were carried out for both conventional and unconventional air-jackets at submergence ratio of 0.75 and air mass flow rate from 0.5, 2, 10, 50 and 85 kg/hr. Comparisons between the numerical and experimental results for both injection devices were made and fair agreements were found and the main results showed that the performance and maximum efficiency of airlift pump is increased for higher mass flow rate of injected air for the tested submergence ratio using unconventional air-jacket performance with average enhancement were 9% and 10% for performance and maximum efficiency respectively.


Article
A Study on the Removal of Direct Blue 71 Dye From Textile Wastewater Produced From State Company of Cotton Industries by Electrocoagulation Using Aluminum Electrodes
دراسة ازالة الصبغة الزرقاء 71 الناتجة من مياه الصرف النسيجي للشركة العامة للصناعات القطنية بطريقة التخثير الكهربائي وباستخدام اقطاب الالمنيوم

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

The removal of direct blue 71 dye from a prepared wastewater was studied employing batch electrocoagulation (EC) cell. The electrodes of aluminum were used. The influence of process variables which include initial pH (2.0-12.0), wastewater conductivity (0.8 -12.57) mS/cm , initial dye concentration (30 -210) mg/L, electrolysis time (3-12) min, current density (10-50) mA/cm2 were studied in order to maximize the color removal from wastewater. Experimental results showed that the color removal yield increases with increasing pH until pH 6.0 after that it decreased with increasing pH. The color removal increased with increasing current density, wastewater conductivity, electrolysis time, and decreased with increasing the concentration of initial dye. The maximum color removal yield of 96.5% was obtained at pH 6.0, wastewater conductivity 9.28 mS/cm , electrolysis time 6 min ,the concentration of initial dye 6 0mg/L and current density 30 mA/cm2 .


Article
Studying the Adsorption of Lead from aqueous Solution using Local Adsorbent Material Produced from Waste Tires by Pyrolysis
دراسة امتزاز عنصر الرصاص من المحلول المائي باستخدام مادة مازة محلية ناتجة من التحلل الفيزيائي للاطارات المستهلكة

Loading...
Loading...
Abstract

In this research a local adsorbent was prepared from waste tires using two-step pyrolysis method. In the carbonization process, nitrogen gas flow rate was 0.2L/min at carbonization temperature of 500ºC for 1h. The char products were then preceded to the activation process at 850°C under carbon dioxide (CO2) activation flow rate of 0.6L/min for 3h. The activation method produced local adsorbent material with a surface area and total pore volume as high as 118.59m2/g and 0.1467cm3/g, respectively. The produced local adsorbent (activated carbon) was used for adsorption of lead from aqueous solution. The continuous fixed bed column experiments were conducted. The adsorption capacity performance of prepared activated carbons in this work was investigated. The results in this study indicated that the produced activated carbon from waste tires was an attractive adsorbent for removal of lead from aqueous solutions. The optimum values of bed height, flow rate, initial concentration and particle size were found to be 0.04m, flow rate 1L/h, initial concentration 0.5mg/L and particle diameter 0.5mm, respectively.

Table of content: volume: issue: