جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2016 المجلد: العدد: 29

Article
Stress in the school sphere: concept, sources and coping strategies
الضغط النفسي في المجال المدرسي: المفهوم والمصادر واستراتيجيات المواجهة

المؤلفون: Soulef Mecheri سلاف مشري
الصفحات: 3-16
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الخلاصة

The psychological stress is a part of the nature of modern life, who associated with increased pressure as a result of the rapid and successive changes in all fields, which makes the individual facing a lot of challenges in order to achieve its objectives and meet its needs, so the scientists and researchers were interested in study the stress in different disciplines In view of its negative effects on the individual and society at large, and growing interest to mental health, especially in school field. So it should define this concept and the disclosure the most important sources in the academic field and disclosure the effective strategies to coping


Article
The Relative Contribution and Explanation for the Role of Educational Area in the Educational Transitions as Entrance to Achieve Knowledge Society in Special Education Schools in Palestine
الإسهام النسبي والتنبؤ التفسيري لدور المنطقة التعليمية في التحولات التربوية كمدخل لتحقيق مجتمع المعرفة في مدارس التعليم الخاص في فلسطين

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to determine the value of the relative contribution and explanation prediction for the role of educational area in the educational transitions as entrance to achieve knowledge society in special education schools in Palestine, and to achieve this goal is the use of descriptive analytical method for the study of the relationship between the variables of the study were selected sample of principals and teachers of special education schools an estimated 190 people, randomly selected class, was the application of educational transformations questionnaire prepared by (Hammad & Qatrawi), regression analysis verification of the study hypotheses style, and it was the results of the study school areas that the (Gaza, Middle and South) has been able to contribute to (73.4%) in the educational transformation after cognitive, and (53.7%) in the educational transformation after creative, and (33.3% ) in the educational transformation of the security after school, and (23.7%) in the educational transformation after technical, and (18.3%) after the democratic changes in education.


Article
Comparisonsbetween Balladeof Showqi and Ballade ofAlhosri Alghiravani
الموازنة بین دالیة شوقي ودالیة الحصري القَیرواني ونقد بعض آراء الدکتور زکي مبارك

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الخلاصة

Compareisa kindofliterary criticism. The man who compares between the two poet's poemsis able to have good describe in indexes of this poets. Comparison is very important because of illustrate that who of these two poetshave more ability than another poet and have more skilled for demonstrating of emotions. In This Article we compare between Ballade of Showqi andBallade ofLahore Alghiravaniaccordingly that this two Ballades have remarkably reflection in literarycircles. the conclusions showing that Showqi more ability in the depict of mania of lover and so Lahore more ability in the comment of DreamLoverand in the select of words Showqi is better than Alhosri and also Al Hosri conquest showqi in the Rhetoric square. Other result showing that two poets are enable in the creation of interesting technical images. So that we cannot see the technical imaging in the poems of this poetsbutrarely.We clarify all of the bove andmentioned the power and swoon of this two poets. Also critic in the some of thestatements of Doctor ZakiMobark an also saying the true though


Article
Algerian - Moroccan relations At the time of lEmir Abdelkader Eljazairy and Sultan Abd el rahman Elmaghriby (1832-1847)
العلاقات الجزائرية المغربية على عهد الأمير عبد القادر الجزائري والسلطان عبد الرحمان المغربي (َ1832-1847م)

المؤلفون: Ben Sifi Azzedin بن سيفي عزالدين
الصفحات: 49-58
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الخلاصة

At the time of lEmir Abdelkader and Sultan Abd el rahman; the Algerian-Morrocan relations have gone through varying periods in terms of attraction and repulsion. At the beginning, the relationship was based on support and cooperation but soon afterwards, there was a foreign intervention especially by the French. Hence, hostility, cunning and deception all became the basis of this relationship. In fact, it combined between two countries which share the same history, language, religion, blood and other numerous links such as neighbourliness and affinity... As France had a long experience in colonization and separation between the nations, it worked hard to disconnect these relationships so as it can reach its colonial goals in the Maghreb Arabe


Article
A Comparative Study Between Arabic and Persian Literature in Martyrdom and Resistance
دراسة مقارنة في الشهادة والمقاومة بین الادبین العربي والفارسي

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الخلاصة

Martyrdom and resistance are mentioned in Both Arabic and Persian literature. The research aims at studying some poems about martyrdom chosen from both Arabic and Persian literature


Article
Studying resistance symbolism in IbrahimTuqan poetry
دراسة مقاومة للرمزية في شعر إبراهيم طوقان

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الخلاصة

Doubtlessly, Ebrahim Touqan is the national and popular poet of Palestinian. He combatted with his revolutionary poetry. So that the resistance poets and poetry school were built under the influence of his political views and struggle. Resistance poetry of IbrahimTuqan is full of different symbols. Symbols that the poet has used with their beauty and in this way, he has put a greater impact on the reader. Symbols such as Alghraeb, Alkhatab, Alhol, Elnour, Alouyun, Alaasir, Alghiaheb, Alnajm, Alamut, Kokab, Alqabr, Alnaqous, Alazan, Alnaar and so on. Analysis of symbols used in the poems of IbrahimTuqan represents one of the characteristics of resistance poetry in which case the symbolism can be considered as a sign of resistance poetry.


Article
The Methodology of The Academic Researches in Religious Studies
المنهجية العلمية للبحوث الجامعية في علوم الشريعة

المؤلفون: Rasheed Kohus رشيد كُهُوس
الصفحات: 83-93
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الخلاصة

Academic researchers are the basis of knowledge. In the Islamic world researches were the foundation to build powerful Islamic nation through the different ages. basically, most of the modern discoveries based on researches and discoveries of the Islamic scientists


Article
The Methodology of The Academic Researches in Religious Studies
المنهجية العلمية للبحوث الجامعية في علوم الشريعة

المؤلفون: Rasheed Kohus رشيد كُهُوس
الصفحات: 83-93
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الخلاصة

Academic researchers are the basis of knowledge. In the Islamic world researches were the foundation to build powerful Islamic nation through the different ages. basically, most of the modern discoveries based on researches and discoveries of the Islamic scientists


Article
Ahmad Bin Saeed the Founder of the Albu Saeedya the Modern State in Oman
أحمد بن سعيد مؤسس الدولة البوسعيدية المعاصرة في عمان

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الخلاصة

Ahmad Bin Saeed played an important role in the foundation of the the modern State in Oman after he had united the tribes when he was appointed a governor "wali" of the desert


Article
The semiotics of the black color and Ádīb Kamāl al-Dīn’s poem itʼs implication in (the case study of "The Letter and the Crow"’s poetry book)
سيميائيّة اللون الأسود ودلالاته في شعر أديب كمال الدين (ديوان "الحرف والغراب" أنموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

The black color is considered as an important part of artistic portraiture in poetry’ and each poet for recognizing of his asateric word’ has his special experience. Ádīb Kamāl al-Dīn’ the contemporary poet’ achieves a special experiment in this case and specially in using of the black color. The semiotics of black color and the available implications in it that has seen in his poetry book’ convince us to examine this complicated and ambiguous word’ generally and seperatelly. The poet’ incessantly’ doesn’t employ the black color for implying to external implications. In most of the time‚ he hints to the hidden implication by black color‚ that it’s perception is not possible without contemplating in his poetic texture. This research is important‚ because it examines the profundity of the words which implicate the black color in this poetry book. So it is considered as a new research. And the discovery of these allegorical implications for understanding the poet’s thoughts is essential. This research has used an analytical‚ statistical method to examine Ádīb Kamāl al-Dīn’s attitude toward the black color and the hidden symbolization of that. When we have examined the black color in "The Letter and the Crow"’s poetry book. We find out that the black in his book stands in the first place‚ and the concepts and the meanings which the poet has used in black color are completely negative. so‚ this color in his point of view implies the death‚ the fear‚ the darkness‚ the pessimism‚ the sorrow and disappointment.


Article
Rain fall change in the west bank-Palestine
تغير الأمطار في الضفة الغربية – فلسطين

المؤلفون: Mustafa Rashed Jarrar مصطفى راشد جرار
الصفحات: 112-132
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الخلاصة

There are many stable geographic factors control the change and the fluctuation of the rainfall in west bank in particular and generally in Palestine, which lead to a locational distribution for the rain fall. The most eminent factors are location and terrains, there are also changeable climatic factors which are basically joined with the coming troughs movements through the Mediterranean sea which joined with the middle front and depend on the frequencies of the jet polar current and change it's movement toward the south in winter. Therefore, the study aimed to give a detailed picture for the fluctuation and changes of rainfall and determine their directions in the west bank. The study showed a large increase in the fluctuation and change in the west bank. the highest standard deviation was 135.5 ml per year in jenin station. On the other hand, the highest Coefficient of Variation change was%30.7 per a year in the same station. The study showed that the general direction of the rainfall in the studied stations is being decreased.


Article
The Meaning in Context in the Functional Direction - According to Michal Haliday
سياق الحال في الاتجاهِ الوظيفيِّ - مايكل هاليداي "أنموذجا"

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الخلاصة

The functional direction is one of the linguistic trends which has pragmatic view to language aims at revealing the real human behavior. This view helped to identify the meaning of the text. A word may have different meanings in the dictionary but the context identify the required meaning


Article
The Text Consistency of the Second Speech of the Representative of Holy Jurists in the 14th Shaban 1435 H- 13th- June-2014
التماسك النّصّي في الخطبة الثانية لممثل المرجعيّة الرشيدة في يوم 14/شعبان لسنة 1435هـ الموافق /13/6/ 2014م

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الخلاصة

The consistency of the text is one of the fundamental subjects in linguistics which studies the text a linguistic unit. The study aims at applying this concept on the second speech of the representative of Holy Jurists Abdul Mahdi Al-Karbalai'I


Article
The Personalization Of Power And Its Relation To The Dark Triad Of Personality For Students Of College Law-University Of AL-Qadisiyah
شخصنة السلطة وعلاقتها بالثالوث المظلم في الشخصية لدى طلبة كلية القانون

المؤلفون: Ahmed abd Al-Kadhim أحمد عبد الكاظم جوني
الصفحات: 157-177
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الخلاصة

The research aims at defining The personalization of power and its relationship to The Dark Triad of personality For Students of College Law - University of Qadisiyah. And the number of the respondents (200) students were chosen random manner. To measure this goal has been to build the personalization of power scale, which is in its final form (22) items, and build dark of personality scale, which is in its final form (24) items extracted for each of the instruments the terms of validity and reliability and the use of appropriate statistical methods. She search results that the students of college of Law - University of Qadisiyah not have the personalization of power, and there is a difference is statistically significant in the personalization of power in accordance with the type variable (male, female) The results also showed that the students of college of Law have narcissism, and there is no difference in the dark triad of personality according to the type variable. The research found that there are correlation between the personalization of power and the dark triad of personality. concluded Find a set of recommendations and proposals..


Article
GEOGROPHICAL AIALAYSIS IN THE EFFECENCY OF RICE AGRICULTUR in KHMAS
تحليل جغرافي لكفاءة زراعة الرز في ناحية غماس

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الخلاصة

The agriculture ofrice in khamas section consider from the present agricnhurial activates whicgh take advanced places in the level of al shamaya town. Advanced places in the level of shamaya town. This agrriculture activity formed special region to grovice in geniral. in addition to growddofferint kind of from product (wheat – barley) this project show the effect of the natural element. of humun in (Al-nahyah) on rice agricuture which spread in the study region.al last the project able to reaeh to analaysis the effacenciy of rice agricalar through depend on the income of the local raw matrial and the trade in come

الكلمات الدلالية

cultivation --- rice --- Ghammas --- زراعة، الرز، غماس


Article
Assessing the Effect of Using A Practice Program in Developing Geographical Mapping Skills in the Achievement of the Departments of Geography Students in Iraqi Universities
اثر استعمال برنامج تدريبي في تنمية مهارات الخرائط الجغرافية في التحصيل والاستبقاء لدى طلبة اقسام الجغرافية في الجامعات العراقية في مادة الخرائط الجغرافية

المؤلفون: Kareem Obais كريم عبيس ابو حليل
الصفحات: 196-223
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of using a practice program in developing geographical mapping skills in the achievement of the departments of geography students in Iraqi universities


Article
Abbreviation and Giving Details in Quran Explanatory, Rhetorical, Stylistic in An (Alfatiha, Albakara, Al-Emran, and AlNisa'a Surahs) Asst. Prof. Ph.D. Duraid Musa Dakhil Al-Araji
ظاهِرَةُ الإجْمالِ والتّفصِيلِ فِي الخِطابِ القُرْآنِيِّ (الفاتحة، البقرة، آلعمران، النساء) أنموذجاً - دراسة تفسيرية بلاغية أسلوبية –

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at studying abbreviation and giving details in Quran. The study is limited to Alfatiha, Albakara, Al-Emran, and AlNisa'a surahs


Article
The Effect of McFarland's Strategy in the Acquisition and the Literary Taste of the Literary Texts Material for the Students in the Fourth Literary Class
أثر استراتيجية مكفر لاند في التحصيل والتذوق الأدبي في مادة الأدب والنصوص لطلاب الصف الرابع الأدبي

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الخلاصة

The research aims at identifying (The Effect of McFarland's Strategy in the Acquisition and the Literary Taste of the Literary Texts Material for the Students in the Fourth Literary Class). The researcher has adopted the experimental method for it suits the procedures of the research. To achieve the aims of the current research, the researcher has formulated the following two zero.


Article
Aligned chromatography (concentrated blacks and whites marginalization) in messages bigeye (T. 255 e)
الانحياز اللوني (مركزة السود وتهميش البيض) في رسائل الجاحظ (ت255ه)

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الخلاصة

This paper tries to shed light on its President of the topics that runs the cultural criticism and is aligned chromatography, taking the board bigeye of issuance of his communications anatomical material to detect the fingerprints of this Almngol cultural pattern in Arab culture structure since ancient times, and summed up the central idea, which is struggling search for provable and indigenization that bigeye may Nasr black sweat on the white race, and labored for the sake of opposing cultural pattern-based and work to undermine him and beat him and Thishamh fully, and sought to overthrow the equation rooted in the Arab and Islamic civilization since ancient times, from the White concentrated black and marginalization of the black concentrated White and the marginalization of the starting point in that of individual consciousness and memory and self-responsive to Onsagahma and strength and thus the bigeye one of the first intellectuals in the Arab civilization who Zaweloa kind of been a conscious or unconscious cultural criticism, via smart attempt aimed at destabilizing the general situation and resolving the equation list and undermine the firm cultural pattern in Arab culture, which extremism in the suppression of the black race and the contempt and Ghali in Tsaad white race and veneration for him


Article
Assessing the Effect of Loud Thinking in the Achievement and Developing Para-Knowledge Skills in History for the First Year Intermediate School Students
أثر استراتيجية التفكير بصوتً عال في التحصيل وتنمية مهارات ما وراء المعرفة في مادة التاريخ لطلاب الصف الاول المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of loud thinking in the achievement and developing para-knowledge skills in history for the first year intermediate school students. The sample of the study consists of (64) students divided into two groups (32) students each. Two test have been applied the first is an achievement test, and the second in a diagnostic one


Article
Kuwait- Sudia Arabia Relations Development Between (1961-1976)
تطور العلاقـــــــات الكــويتيــــــة السعـــوديـــــــــة 1961-1976م

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الخلاصة

Kuwait- Sudia Arabia relations is worth to be studied because they have an important role in figuring out the policies of both countries


Article
Assessing the Effect of the Round House Strategy for the Fifth Year Female Students of Literary Branch in Rhetorical Studies
أثر استعمال استراتيجية شكل البيت الدائري في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة البلاغة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of the round house strategy for the fifth year female students of literary branch in rhetorical studies


Article
The Effect of Karrin's Pattern in Changing the Mathematical Erroneous Concepts Of the Second Year Intermediate School Students
أثر أنموذج كارين في تعديل الفهم الخاطئ للمفاهيم الرياضية عند طلاب الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of Karrin's pattern in changing the mathematical erroneous concepts of the second year intermediate school students


Article
The Effect of Using(4 MAT) Model in acquiring biological concepts and their retention in female students of Second Intermediate Class
أثر استعمال انموذج الفورمات في اكتساب المفاهيم الإحيائية واستبقائها لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to know the effect of using 4 MAT model in acquiring the biological concepts and its retention in female students of second intermediate class in biology subject. The experiment started on Sunday 22/2/2015 with two classes a week for each group. I have taught both groups in the second term of academic year (2014 – 2015). The experiment ended on Wednesday 22 / 4 / 2015. The sample of the research had been chosen randomly represented by (Fidha Intermediate School for Girls) in the center of Babylon governorate. The number of the sample is (83) students and the experimental design with partial control was chosen for two equivalent groups: experimental and control. The number of experimental was (42) female students، were teaching according to 4 MAT model and a control group of (41) students were teaching according to traditional method. Both groups were equal statistically in some variations such as time age، intelligence test، previous acquiring، testing the previous information and the education of the parents. (240) behavioral aims had been formed for learning material concerning the behavioral aims، that included the last three chapters seventh، eighth and ninth of biology book for second intermediate class. (16) study plans had been prepared and the tool of the research had been constructed represented by testing acquiring the biological concepts consists of (66) test items and it was a multiple test with four options. The test applied on both groups and two weeks later of the test، it was done again on the sample of the research to know the extent of retention the biological concepts in students and the results had been treated statistically. It appeared the superiority of experimental group who study according to 4 MAT model upon the students of control group who study according to traditional method. So، from the results، we recommend that the teachers of biology should recognize the modern methods and styles and to use them in teaching and including the material of teaching method in colleges of education and basic education.


Article
Spatial analysis of economic, social, health and demographic variables affecting fetal deaths in the province of Babylon, for the period
التحليل المكاني للمتغيرات الاقتصادية والاجتماعية والصحية والديموغرافية المؤثرة في وفيات الاجنة في محافظة بابل للمدة

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الخلاصة

This research is to show the image of the relationship between economic, social, health and demographic variables and fetal deaths in the province of Babylon, for the period (2006-2015) represented miscarriages and abortions dead and childbirth. The researcher has adopted a set of statistical methods to analyze the phenomenon, which is (at the rate of fetal deaths) and resorted to the field study, with a random sample adopted (1%) chose (2456) family of sample society. Showed results that the total fetal deaths in the study area was (13636) for the duration of the specific (2006-2015) has been characterized by heterogeneous and the oscillation between the administrative units of the Year (2015) have revealed research on increasing male mortality in most of the years of study on female mortality either fetal deaths according to the old height has been shown at the beginning of three months, the first of pregnancy, and less increase of more advanced months of pregnancy, as the results showed that the independent variables (mother's education level, age of the mother, and the spacing between the birth and the birth of the other) with significant correlation with the incidence and mortality of embryos relationship in the family.


Article
أثر استراتيجية (سلم المفهوم) في تحصيل طلاب الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة البلاغة والتطبيق
The impact of the strategy (Concept Ladder) in the collection of fifth-grade students in the literary material Rhetoric and practice

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الخلاصة

This study aims at investigating the effect of (concept sequencing) strategy on the achievement of the fifth literary grade in (Eloquence and Application). Intentionally, the researcher selected (Al- Shaheed Abbas Kadhim Murad) preparatory for his experiment to take place. By using the random drawing method, the researcher chose group (A) to be the experimental group to whom the strategy was applied, and group (B) to be the control group whose members were taught by the traditional method.The sample consisted of (52) students, (27) students in the experimental group, and (25) students in the control group.


Article
The Impact of Gemorphical Processes in Forming The Aspects of The Earth Surface in Babylon Governorate By Using Geographic Information Systems GIS
أثر العمليات الجيومورفية في تشكيل مظاهر سطح الارض في محافظة بابل باستعمال نظم المعلومات الجغرافية GIS

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الخلاصة

The Algiomorvih studies of studies that rely on natural conditions, which constitute the basic components of these studies so represent a natural geographic ingredient compromise dynamically to any area of control in type Algiomorvih processes prevailing severity or weakness of these operations, the operation started or completed by a certain Giomorvih factors as the process becomes Algiomorvih poignant by what play to a change in the surface of the Earth forms through the influence of natural factors of the study area and control the emergence of these landforms, for this, the ground manifestations and processes that contributed to the formation of these different manifestations of an important source of information upon which many of the studies, the area The study was characterized by the diversity of its units Algiomorvih there have been many Algiomorvih origin forms Alriha and water


Article
الثقة الانفعالية لدى طلبة الجامعة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing The Emotional Confidence of the university students and the differences in Emotional Confidence levels of the university students according the variables: gender, specializations, and stage (second, fourth).


Article
The impact of active participation in the expressive performance discussion with the students of the fourth grade science strategy
أثر استراتيجية المناقشة النشطة في الأداء التعبيري لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to identify the impact of active participation in the expressive performance discussion with the students of the fourth grade scientific strategy To achieve this, the researchers adopted a determined experimentally, coined the researchers seventy behaviorally target of the topics that will be examined during the duration of the experiment and prepared daily plans for the teaching of the two sets of research, duration of the experiment lasted an entire semester and resulted in the search results outweigh the students in the experimental group students group in expressive performance


Article
Self-efficacy Academic and perceived students of College of Basic Education to University of Babylon
الكفاءة الذاتية الأكاديمية المُدركة لدى طلبة كلية التربية الأساسية في جامعة بابل

المؤلفون: Hawra'a Abbas Kirmash حوراء عباس كرماش
الصفحات: 527-544
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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the level of self-efficacy and academic students perceived the College of Basic Education at the University of Babylon, and to identify the level of self-efficacy and academic students perceived the College of Basic Education at the University of Babylon, according to the sex variable (male- females). There are significant differences in the level of self-efficacy and academic perceived between male and female students differentials in favor of the students. From these results researcher appeared a number of recommendations and proposal.


Article
The impact of Maaszano model in the acquisition of ecological concepts And the development of critical thinking among fifth-grade science students
اثر أنموذج مارازانو في اكتساب المفاهيم الاحيائية وتنمية التفكير الناقد لدى طلاب الصف الخامس العلمي

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الخلاصة

The current research aimed to identify the impact of effect Marazano model: 1- acquire biological concepts acquring for students of a fifth-grade science (bio) in biology. 2-thinking Nakda the fifth-grade science students Development (bio) in Biology. I use the experimental design (with a partial seizure) sets unequal experimental and control group was selected sample randomly from the research community and numbered (63) male and extracted (86) and a key subsidiary and understood (120) behaviorally target was to prepare (60) paragraph test to test the acquisition of concepts and (75) items in the test of critical thinking has been preparing (24) study plan for the two groups was applied experience in the second semester of the academic year (2015-2016) and over (8) weeks، amounting to acquire the correlation coefficient after correction (91.0) and the correlation coefficient to think about (86.0).


Article
Cultural formats in the novel (Valium Ten)
الانساق الثقافية في رواية (فاليوم عشرة)

المؤلفون: Zena Hamza Shaker زينة حمزة شاكر
الصفحات: 560-569
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الخلاصة

Find sheds light on the cultural margins in the lives of the Iraqi investors in the life of the Iraqi modeling bottom of the image of the Iraqi ache through setbacks and crises that touched Iraqi self in conflict with each other at times and with a series of self altogether


Article
Spatial Analysis of Juvenile Crimes in The Al Muthanna Province Astudy in Crime Geography
التحليل المكاني لجرائم الاحداث في محافظة المثنى "دراسة في جغرافية الجريمة"

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الخلاصة

Juveniles are considered fundamental in any society as they form the main supporting power for the labor. They provide a wide base in the society building and any defect among them would lead to defect with in the society structure. As the Juveniles do not have a sufficient physiological and mental stability and balance, they need to be given an extra care especially when they are exposed to social, economic and intellectual pressures that might lead them to drift among criminate world، This issue applies upon Juveniles in Muthanna province that is still suffering from an economical deteriorating seen through unemployment and poverty in addition to the social factor stress that negatively affected the Juveniles behavior among this study place and pushed the to commit crimes in which to reach (714) crimes.


Article
Knowledge economy skills of biology teachers at the secondary stage in the light of some variables
مهارات الاقتصاد المعرفي لدى مدرسي علم الأحياء في المرحلة الثانوية في ضوء بعض المتغيرات

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الخلاصة

The research aims to identify the availability of knowledge economy skills of biology teachers at the secondary stage, and to achieve the aim of the research، the researcher formulated the following questions: Do you elevate the skills of the knowledge economy of biology teachers at the secondary stage to the level of proficiency (80%)? Are these skills vary according to sex، depending on years of experience or qualification, or depending on the school stage at which they study؟


Article
The effect of using style thrills in the collection of non-performing students in the fifth grade science neighborhoods substance and the development of scientific thinking to them
أثر استخدام أسلوب الاثارة غير المنتظمة في تحصيل طالبات الصف الخامس العلمي في مادة الاحياء وتنمية التفكير العلمي لديهن

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الخلاصة

It aims current research to identify the "impact of the use thrills style irregular in the collection of students fifth grade science in biology material and the development of scientific thinking to have" opted researcher randomly (junior Revolution Girls) located in Hilla، center، of the province of Babylon، and chose Division (b) to represent the groupthe trial of a number of her students (37 students) and Division (a) to represent the control also of a number of her students group (36) and conducted a researcher equivalence between female groups in the following variables (chronological age of the students measured in months، educational attainment of the parents، grades the end of the course in the subject of biology، test the previous information in the subject of Biology، the test of scientific thinking and identified scientific article last four chapters (IV، V، VI، VII) of the biology textbook for fifth grade science bio، (i 4.2014) has been formulating behavioral objectives of Article educational as numbered (165) behaviorally target، and the researcher built a collection tested b (50) checksums paragraph of multiple choice with four alternatives either second tool has represented tested scientific thinking، which consisted of six sections. The first section consists of I، II، III and IV of seven paragraphs and section fifth and sixth of the six paragraphs. As used researcher statistical methods following a Altaia test for two independent samples، and a box (Ca 2) and equation Pearson coefficient Spearman correlation equation coefficient of difficulty، excellence and offset the effectiveness of false alternatives and when statistical data processing results showed the superiority of students who have studied according excitement irregular style of the experimental group (random thrills) on students who studied in the control group according to the conventional method in the routine test collection and scientific thinking


Article
Bahrain between British and Iranian Occupations allegations unit independence in 1971
البحرين بين الاحتلال البريطاني والادعاءات الإيرانية حتى نيل الاستقلال عام 1971 م

المؤلفون: Ahmed Younis Zuid احمد يونس زويد الجشعمي
الصفحات: 623-642
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الخلاصة

But Iran has sought several time to confirm the claims ownership of Bahrain, prompting recent governors respond to these allegations because they are not based on any evidence or legal arguments, and across the shah Reza Pahlavi (1925-1941) for its ambitions in Bahrain and encouraged Iranians immigrate to it. The shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi (1941-1979) was no less anticipation than the previous year, as it was considered Bahrain's fourteenth province in Iran, he said that Bahrain was separated from the country by Britain and must be returned to Iran. As a result, block by the people of Bahrain to the allegations to maintain its Arabism with all the intensity and determination of Iran notified to the approval of the Bahrain gained independence 14 August 1971, and its entry into the league of Arab states and the Organization of the United Nations in the same year.


Article
Evaluate the reality of the overall quality of education in the colleges of the sections of the history department at universities (Euphrates) from the viewpoint faculty members according to the standards (Deming)
تقويم واقع ادارة الجودة الشاملة في كليات التربية لأقسام التاريخ بجامعات (الفرات الاوسط) من وجه نظر اعضاء الهيئة التدريسية على وفق معاير (ديمنج)

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to assess the reality of TQM in the Faculties of Education for the sections of the history department from the viewpoint of faculty members according Deming standards and used researcher descriptive method (survey) included research sample (100) of pedagogy and the lesson of the departments of history at the universities of the Middle Euphrates and 33% of the research community and the researcher used a list of criteria of total quality management, which consists of modular vertebra (14) and the results showed. The quality standards for the departments of history was higher than the arithmetic mean and there is no statistically significant differences in the management of quality standards from the standpoint of Altdresen belonging to experience differences (years of service), it has got not rely on grades students criteria have a basis for evaluating the permanent improvement of educational services provided by the college setting goals Fixed to improve the number of students and provide them with expertise on the higher echelons of evaluating quality standards.


Article
Bilateral of Chastity and Boldness in the Dryer Spinning Jahili Poetry - Antara a model.
ثنائية العفة والجرأة في الشعر الجاهلي - عنترة نموذجاً -

المؤلفون: Wissam Hussein Jasim وسام حسين جاسم العبيدي
الصفحات: 659-679
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الخلاصة

The research shows the dualities in the theoretically concept as the idea of taking in the critical thinking speak with some clarification of the concept; with the statement of the transformation of the concept varied in the embrace of Western schools, note that conceptually was their presence in the field of human thought in general, whether in thought, moral or religious thought or political thought. Etc., also between some of the brevity of the nature of the handling and interest cash school and others. It is then stopped by a promontory this bilateral visibility remarkably in the dryer, one of the senior poet’s Jahili era, namely Antara Bin Shaddad, indicating in those evidence - different purposes cited the evidence. The psychological impact of social that moves the conscience of the poet, hence the impact on the poetic creativity which saved it generations. Research was after the meeting of the article, to be consistent in the introduction to clear the importance of the subject, paving the first review of the concept of dualities. A second booting offers something of the brevity of the concepts of chastity and boldness and their impact on the lives of the Antara Bin Shaddad, then the sequence of research in applied images of the dryer Antara generates for various purposes of hair, reflected bilateral chastity and boldness. Beyond doubt of the denial of the phenomenon of the functional which characterized the dryer one of the poems poets in the pre-Islamic poetry, including confirms the value intellectual and cultural greatly substantialized and the literature of that era, hence the conclusion finally the core results will appear for researcher.


Article
Building event in the poetry of Muhammad Ali al-Khafaji - read in the office (margin progresses)
بناء الحدث في شعر محمد علي الخفاجي - قراءة في ديوان (الهامش يتقدم)

المؤلفون: Maha Mahdi Wahid مـــها مـــهـدي وحـــيـد
الصفحات: 680-695
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الخلاصة

Event set of regular or scattered in time and facts, and those facts are gaining particularity and distinctiveness through Toalleha in time in a certain way, which is the most important narrative elements can not be found without a story that happened to him the form of organized conflict and emotions in a tissue-compatib


Article
Deformation of Aesthetic Values in Pop Art
تقويض القيم الجمالية في الفن الشعبي

المؤلفون: zainab ridha Hamody زينب رضا حمودي
الصفحات: 696-713
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الخلاصة

This thesis studies (Deformation of Aesthetic Values in Pop Art), which is included four chapters, the first chapter is devoted to (statement of the research problem, aims, and importance of the study, and the need for it, ,and its limits, and explaining the terms contained in the title and their definition).The second chapter representing the theoretical framework, The third chapter is devoted to the procedures, Chapter IV will include search results, conclusions, and recommendations, and proposals.


Article
Denote assertion in Surat decoration style
دلالة أسلوب التوكيد في سورة الزخرف

المؤلفون: Entessar AL-Sharaa انتصار خلف سلمان الشرع
الصفحات: 714-738
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الخلاصة

Varied methods of discourse in the Koran, and of these methods style assertion, which has had a significant role in showing doctrinal issues and persuade stubborn and hostile. And I have chosen to study Surat decoration of the diversity of methods in which the emphasis Portal had followed the descriptive analytical method grammar rhetorical emphasis display positions, in terms of sentences and vocabulary, as well as in terms of rhetorical purposes, have also been counting assertion in Sura positions

الكلمات الدلالية

Emphasis --- Surat Al-zkhruf --- التوكيد، سورة الزخرف


Article
The impact of thinking strategy in reverse in the collection of geography and the development of creative thinking The fifth grade students
أثر استراتيجية التفكير بالمقلوب في تحصيل مادة الجغرافية وتنمية التفكير الابداعي لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي

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الخلاصة

It aims current research to identify the "Impact of thinking upside down in the collection of geographical material and the development of creative thinking among students fifth grade literary strategy" and chose the researcher Qsidia (junior Khansa) located in Hilla center of the province of Babylon, and chose the Division of (a) to represent the experimental group of a number of her students (25) students, and (b) to represent the control group of the number of female students. (25) The researcher conducted a parity between the students of the two groups in the following variables (age of female students calculated in months, The researcher prepared (115) behavioral goals for the topics to be studied during the trial period and prepared daily plans to teach the two research groups. The researcher prepared a test of the results after 50 of the test paragraphs. The test was applied on Sunday 10/1/2016. Khair Allah to measure the ability of creative thinking, has been testing the application before starting the experiment in on Wednesday 14/10/2015 after the end of the experiment on Tuesday, 5/1/2016 also used the researcher statistical methods the following: test Altaia for two independent samples, and Chi-square (Ca 2) , Pearson correlation coefficient, and the coefficient of Spearman, the equation of the difficulty factor swans Discriminate, and the effectiveness of the equation wrong alternatives, and after analyzing the results statistically significant researcher found to exceed the experimental group studied according to the thinking upside down on the control group studied the way the usual strategy.


Article
Calendar mapping second row when the average student in the geographic scale material skills
تقويم مهارات مقياس رسم الخرائط عند طلبة صف الثاني المتوسط في مادة الجغرافية

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الخلاصة

The existence of difficulties in teaching the skills scale mapping weaken the effectiveness of the mapping scale skills and is represented in the weak capacity of some teachers of geography to raise students' interest vitality and continued mapping so as to not having the required capacity of the skills needed to teach skills


Article
Political relations German - Russian 1870-1877
العلاقات السياسية الالمانية – الروسية 1870-1877م

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الخلاصة

Gained the Balkans a major international importance because of its strategic location and the complexity of national and religious composition, and became this region of the areas of the bitter conflict between the Ottoman Empire major European countries since the mid-fourteenth century, this conflict was resolved in favor of the Ottomans at the end of the sixteenth century, and created conditions experienced by the Ottoman Empire and the poor economic and financial positions adequate opportunity to compete with European countries, especially Russia and Austria-Hungary, to expand its political influence in the Balkan Peninsula, as well as that the growing nationalism of the Balkan peoples for liberation from Ottoman domination

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: