جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 31

Article
Islam and the Previous Celestial Messages - Unity in Beliesf and the Fundamentals Of Legislation
الإسلام والرسالات السماوية السابقة - وحدة في العقيدة وأصول التشريع

المؤلفون: Rashees Kuhoos رشيد كُهُوس
الصفحات: 3-14
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الخلاصة

Celestial Messages do not contradict each other, actually, they complete each other. People who believe in one God share the same belief despite the differences in rites


Article
Taha Hussein and problematic rooting Pre-Islamic Poetry
طه حسين وإشكاليّة تأصيل الشعر الجاهليّ

المؤلفون: Mazker Naceer Al Kahtany مذكر ناصر القحطاني
الصفحات: 15-24
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الخلاصة

This paper seeks to present Taha Hussein's views concerning the origin of Jahili poetry. Indeed, his hypothesis has remained renewable despite the criticism and resentment of scholars and literary critics. Our concern is to unveil the basis of his hypothesis doubting the origin of Jahili poetry. This was made clear through various inferences that represented a turning point in the history of literature in general and Jahili poetry in particular


Article
Al-Afdhalia School in Jerusalem 586 H-1193A.D. 1390 H- 1970 A.D.
المدرسة الأفضلية في القدس 586هـ/ 1193م - 1390هـ/1970م

المؤلفون: Na'aman Atif Amru نعمان عاطف عمرو
الصفحات: 25-42
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الخلاصة

When revising the historical resources that talk about Jerusalem, we find that the oldest endowment for Moroccans in Jerusalem is the endowment of the king AL-Afdal (Noor Al-Deen Ali bin Saladin) in 1192. The neighborhood the Moroccans given includes Al-Buraq Wall (The Wailing Wall) and the areas surrounding it. Al-Afdal also built a school for the Moroccans, in Jerusalem, called Al-Afdalia school. The school were endowed to Al-Malikia clergymen. At the end of the Ottoman age, the school was turned into a residence for poor people. The troops of the Israeli occupation deconstructed the school after 1967. The school also was registered in the legal court in Jerusalem in 1267 and re-registered in 1596.


Article
The Development of the Inheritance System In Europe
تــطــور نــظــام الإرث فــي أوربــا

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الخلاصة

The researchers in heritage problems believe that heritage system in different cultures is related to the system of the family as it is the basic unit that forms the society. The development in the family leads to the development of the society. The problem of heritage is one of the oldest problems. Religions and laws paid good attention to this problem

الكلمات الدلالية

Evolution --- system --- inheritance --- Europe --- تطور، نظام ، الارث، أوربا


Article
Mental Health of 1948 Students at The Intensive Academic Program at Hebron University
الصحّة النّفسيّة لدى طلبة برنامج التعليم المُكثف لطلبة الأراضي الفلسطينية المحتلة عام 1948م في جامعة الخليل

المؤلفون: Kamil Hassan Katalo كامل حسن كتلو
الصفحات: 54-77
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الخلاصة

The study aims to reveal the reality of mental health for students, from the 1948 occupied Palestinian territories, and study in the Intensive Academic Program, and identify some mental health variables (sex, age, social status, family size, professional status, physical status, height, and weight). The study sample is chosen randomly and consists of 200 students, and Cornel new list (1986) was used, and the psychometric sufficiency was verified. The study concluded that students' symptoms of psychometric disorders were medium, and the most prominent symptoms are those related to insufficiency, then anger, sensitivity, stress, anxiety, and finally depression. As for the sex variable, the study showed differences in the following clinical dimensions: insufficiency, sensitivity, anger, and the total degree in favor of females. However, the study results have not shown differences in the other dimensions. As for age variable, the results showed differences in the dimensions of insufficiency, anxiety, anger and on the total degree in favor of students aged 21-23 years, with no differences in other dimensions. In addition, no differences were shown on all dimensions and total degree for social status variable, family size, and professional status. The results showed differences in the study dimensions relevant to anxiety, anger, stress, depression, and the total degree in favor of students who work and study, except insufficiency and sensitivity dimensions. As for the physical status (height) dimension, the study showed differences concerning anxiety and depression in favor of students who are not satisfied of their heights. No differences appeared in study dimensions relevant to insufficiency, sensitivity, anger, stress, and the total degree. As for the weight, differences were shown relating to clinical dimensions of depression, anxiety, sensitivity, stress, and the total degree in favor of students who are not satisfied with their weights. In addition to non-existence of differences in study dimensions relating to insufficiency and anger.


Article
Problematic formulation of the term in the Arab scientific lexicon
إشكالات صياغة المصطلح في المعجم العلمي العربي

المؤلفون: Zahreddine Rahmani زهر الدين رحماني
الصفحات: 78-87
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الخلاصة

Over the ages the human mastered in authored dictionaries; and in the classification and arrangement of language vocabulary, this invited him because of the need that appeared in many living languages, so produced variety linguistic dictionaries multiple shapes, sizes, curriculum, and functions, and purposes. We have come to see in our present different types of dictionaries perhaps the most famous of its « the competent dictionaries » which is limited to certain terms science and of their own without other termis belong to another science or other sciences; likeness dictionary of Linguistics or dictionary of Media or dictionary of mathematics ... etc. These dictionaries are related to cognitive field for the Arab lexicon in the overall conduct that accommodates different semantic levels


Article
Measurement and Evaluation Center at the University of shaqra (importance and tasks) from the standpoint of the leaders of the university (conceived proposal)
مركز القياس والتقويم بجامعة شقراء (الأهمية والمهام) من وجهة نظر قيادات الجامعة (تصور مقترح)

المؤلفون: Essa Faraj Azizi عيسى بن فرج العزيزي
الصفحات: 88-107
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الخلاصة

The study aimed at formulate a comprehensive framework for the operations of measurement and evaluation at the University of shaqra, and building standards and indicators for the areas of measuring students, faculty and programs, colleges and baptisms, centers and departments body performance and standards, and in the framework of this strategy is the proposal to establish a center for measurement and evaluation at the University , and the pursuit of consolidation specialized competencies relevant scientific qualification and experience needed to perform the required his roles, and then disseminate the culture of measurement and evaluation at all levels of the university students and faculty members and officials, with rooting and the stability of its practice. To achieve the aim of the study was to build scale (questionnaire) prepared by the researcher consists of four dimensions, which included the first dimension of the message and the values of Measurement and Evaluation Center, and included the second dimension on the vision and objectives of Measurement and Evaluation Center, and included the third dimension on the supervision of the Measurement and Evaluation Center, and included fourth dimension tasks sub – measurement and Evaluation centers in the colleges of the University , has formed the questionnaire (42) item, was to make sure the stability of the internal consistency of the scale using Cranach's alpha was (0.96), and to check the content validity of the study tool, and make sure that they serve the objectives of the study was presented to the group arbitrators of specialists professors. The results of the study was shown a high degree perceptions of the leaders of the university agreement about the message and the values of the Center for Measurement and Evaluation at the University of shaqra, as well as the matter with respect to the vision and objectives of Measurement and Evaluation Center, and the supervision of the Measurement and Evaluation Center, and the tasks of sub-centers in each college. The study recommended - in the light of the results of the study - to propose a center for measurement and evaluation at the University ,whose academic administrative center is supervised by certain administrative body which determines the message and values, and vision and objectives , and the Responsible for the management and supervision, and the tasks of sub-centers of measurement and evaluations in colleges.


Article
The Methodology of Linguistic Researches between Grammarians, Lexicographers and Commentaries: A Critical Research
منهجیة البحث اللغوي عند النحاة واللغویین والمفسرین: دراسة نقدیة

المؤلفون: Jawad Asgari جواد اصغری --- Adnan Tuhmasabi عدنان طهماسبی
الصفحات: 108-117
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الخلاصة

This paper aims at criticizing research methods of Muslim grammarians, lexicographers and interpreters. In this paper, it is explained that how grammarians wrongly travelled the path of linguistic researches and kept aloof from principles pertinent to research in the field of language under the influence of Aristotelian logic and mixed syntax with the science of logic, which is not compatible with the spirit of language. Then it is explained that how these researches influenced lexicographers and finally which scientific heritage was converted to the research tool of the Quran’s interpreters. In this paper, the understanding of the Quran’s interpreters of the language of this noble book is questioned. To substantiate this claim, lexical structure and grammar of Hebrew and Aramaic languages are used in this paper.


Article
The External Music of Al-Jawahiri's Poem in Al-Imam Al-Hussian's Elegy
الموسیقی الخارجية لعينية محمد مهدي الجواهري في رثاء الحسين عليه السلام

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with the manifestations of rhyme, meter, and inclusion in Al-Jawahiri's poem in Al-Imam Al-Hussian's Elegy which is considered one of his most important poems in in Al-Imam Al-Hussian's Eulogy . The poet uses different poetic devices to achieve the musicality of the poem. of Al-Jawahiri's paid a lot of attention to the musicality in the particular poem.


Article
Jihad and its role in self purification
الجهاد ودوره في تزكية النفس

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الخلاصة

This research includes the role of jihad in self-purification through explaining its concept, types and positive impact on self. This research is divided into three sections; firstly, clarified the concept of jihad and self-purification, secondly, analyzed the types of jihad in Islam, third, explained the importance of jihad and its impact on Muslim self. The research concludes that The Jihad has a role in self-purification where self-liberation from the Love of life, its field of knowing points of strengths and weaknesses in oneself. Neglecting jihad may result in humiliation and subservience muslims. Jihad will raise happiness and pleasure, jihad brings up goodness and sustenance in life and hereafter.


Article
Khalid Ahmad M AlShammari The degree of application school principals Management By Objectives and Means of Improvement
درجة تطبيق مديري المدارس للإدارة بالأهداف وسبل تحسينها

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to finding the degree of application of the principals of the management by objectives in Hafar Al-Batin governorate schools in Saudi Arabia, and ways of improvement needed for the application, and the disclosure of whether there is a statistically significant due to the variables (sex, educational qualification, years of service). To achieve the objectives of the study The questionnaire was developed Of the four divisions, which were respectively: study variables, (34) items distributed on five areas, an open question on the proposed ways to improve the range of activating the partnership between the school and the community.


Article
Ahmad Shawki and the Dramatic Structure in The Play "Majnoon Layla"
أحمد شوقي والبناء الدرامي في مسرحیة مجنون لیلی

المؤلفون: mehdi shafayi مهدي شفائي --- Nader Mohammadi نادر محمدي
الصفحات: 159-168
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الخلاصة

The play is an art either written as prose or a poem. It is written to be performed on a stage. The first theoretical attempts were in the fifth century B.C. in Greece in temples. Then, drama developed and it has many objectives but the most important are: a- purification, b-criticizing society.


Article
The Efficacy of Dynamic Geometry Software (Cabri-3D) in Teaching Spatial Geometry at High School on Geometrical Thinking and Attitude towards Mathematics
فاعلية استخدام البرمجيات الديناميكية الهندسية في تدريس الهندسة الفراغية بالمرحلة الثانوية على التفكير الهندسي والاتجاه نحو الرياضيات

المؤلفون: Hisham Barakat Hussein هشام بركات بشر حسين
الصفحات: 169-195
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الخلاصة

This research aim's to explorer the Efficacy of Dynamic Geometry Software (Cabri-3D) in Teaching Spatial Geometry at High School on Geometrical Thinking and Attitude towards Mathematics. The research used the quasi experimental methodology with sample (50) high school students that’s divided equally to experimental group and control group. The experimental group studied with (Cabri- 3D) and the control group studied with normal teaching strategies. With pretest - posttest for; (van Hiele test, Attitude toward mathematics scale, Achievement test). The result revealed that the geometric level of the sample was the third level of van Hiele levels, there are Efficacy of Dynamic Geometry Software (Cabri-3D) in Teaching Spatial Geometry at High School on Achievement Spatial geometry, but there are no Efficacy on Geometrical Thinking and Attitude towards Mathematics. Suggestion and proposal were presented


Article
Training Program for the Educational Supervisors of the Primary School In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to Develop Supervising Abilities And Their Tendency Towards Their Career in the Light Of the Vision of 2030
برنامج تدريبي للمشرفين التربويين (الموجهين) بالمرحلة الابتدائية في المملكة العربية السعودية لتنمية الكفايات الإشرافية واتجاههم نحو المهنة في ضوء رؤية 2030م

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الخلاصة

The vision of 2030 is a new stage to educational supervising, it is a modern vision with objectives of developing the human factor in the educational process. This vision aims at developing the learning processes and reinforcing the motivation to learn and work and improving the abilities of both learners and teachers


Article
The Asha'arya Doctrine.. Intellectual Reference Presence in the Thinking and Mentality of the Middle West Man During the Middle Age
العقيدة الأشعرية .. مرجعية فكرية. - الحضور في فكر وذهنية إنسان المغرب الأوسط خلال العصر الوسيط

المؤلفون: Natheer Burak نذير بـرزاق --- Kalfat Miftah خلفات مفتاح
الصفحات: 219-227
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الخلاصة

The dogma of « Al-Achariya » was of great importance to the community of the Middle Maghreb to the point that it was their preferred belief beside their « fiqh Al Maliky » and beheavour of « junidy » in the soufisme. At first, this dogma was reflected in the thinking via the personality of Al Ghazali (died 505 H) . Then, Mohamed Ben Youcef Al Sanoussi (died 895H) renovated this dogma by the books he published. He was aiming at securing the dogma of the community. I did my best to select they ideas witch illustrate the principles of the Achariya dogma. Ibn khaldoun was one of the modales witch adopted the ideas of this dogma.


Article
The City of Tainmil The Unitarian Between the Natural Fortification and the Modern One
مدينة تينمل الموحدية بين التحصين الطبيعي والمحدث

المؤلفون: Mustafa Salim مصطفى سالم
الصفحات: 228-233
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الخلاصة

The emergence of the founder of the Unitarian project –Muhammad Bin Tumert- great role in the rise of Tainmil during the sixth century for Hijra/ twelfth century A.D. according to their name, it was a gathering of tribes. This name is mentioned in the historical references in association with the name of Almahdi. The fortification in this city is considered a military and architectural structure has direct connection to natural, human, economic and political aspects of the city.


Article
The Availability of the Sufficiency of Executing the Electronic Curriculums of the Instructors of College of Education, University of Ha'el
مدى توافر كفايات تنفيذ المناهج الإلكترونية لدى أعضاء هيئة التدريس في كلية التربية بجامعة حائل

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الخلاصة

The study aimed at identifying the availability of the efficiencies of electronic curriculum implementation in the College of Education of the University of Hail Staff Members. The study followed a descriptive and analytical approach based on field study. The study population consisted of the Faculty of Education staff members (Males branch) who were at work in the second semester of the academic year (1436 ــ 1437 h). To achieve this purpose, a questionnaire composing (32) items were prepared and implemented the after measuring it's validity and reliability on a sample of (50) faculty staff members. Data has been analyzed by a number of statistical treatments included averages and standard deviations of the responses of the target respondents. The results of the study were many, but the most important ones were: the faculty staff members possesses high capacities related to computer and peripheral devices operation, equipped with the applied computer programs competencies essential to deal with electronic curriculum. As well as the staff members were highly competent in the search of electronic data base and information related to their own field of specialty. In addition to the emergence of a very high capabilities of staff members related to dealing with e-mail and knowledge requirements of the Internet connection. However, there are weaknesses in the knowledge of faculty staff members associated with the concepts of e-learning and it’s patterns which preclude them from applying the models and methods in a practical way. In light of the previous findings the researchers listed some of the recommendations and suggestions for future research related to the current study and being complementary to it.


Article
The Effect of Barman Model in Acquiring Historical Concepts and Reserving Them for the First Year Intermediate School Students
اثر انموذج (بارمان) في أكتساب المفاهيم التاريخية والاحتفاظ بها لدى طلاب الصف الاول متوسط

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الخلاصة

The study aims at assessing the effect of Barman model in acquiring historical concepts for the first year intermediate school students. The sample of the study is divided into two groups: the controlling group and the experimental one which studies history according to Barman model


Article
The psychometrics of three abboiviated versions of a personality scale prepared according to different strategies : A comparative study
دراسة مقارنة في الخصائص السيكومترية بين ثلاث استراتيجيات في اعداد الصور المختصرة لمقاييس الشخصية

المؤلفون: khalid jamal jasim خالد جمال جاسم
الصفحات: 270-292
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at comparing the psychometrics of three strategies in preparing the abbreviated versions of personality scales. To achieve this aim, irrational thinking scale prepared by Goldberg , Johnson , Eber , Hogan, Ashton, and Gough in 2006 is used. The scale consists of 110 items intended to measure 13 ideas with a five-point grading. Three abbreviated versions of the scale are prepared according to different strategies; logical strategy, factor analysis strategy, and experimental strategy respectively. Multiple measurements design is used by the researcher in applying the procedures of scale versions on a sample of 450 male and female students who are randomly selected from Baghdad University. The sample is divided into three groups with 150 students in each. The students in the three groups are exposed to the three versions but in different sequence. The psychometrics of items (discrimination power, validity, and reliability) and those of the whole scale (validity and reliability) are computed. The results achieved indicate the superiority of the second version (factor analysis strategy) in all its psychometrics over the other two versions. The second version (the experimental strategy) comes second and finally the first version (logical strategy) comes last. Accordingly, It is recommended that the second version is better to be used in preparing abbreviated versions of personality scales as it proves to be the best. According to the finding of the study, a set of conclusions, recommendations, and suggestions are put forward.


Article
Indicators of Decrease in Arabic
دَوالُّ التَّقليلِ في اللغةِ العربيّةِ

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الخلاصة

Lessing is in number and ratio. Countable things are many. In Arabic, there are many expressions used to give the meaning of number like several, few, many, and so on. Lessing in ratio is used with uncountable things


Article
Analyzing the Content of the book Arabic grammar for sixth-grade literary in the light of the functional entrance
تَحْلِيْلُ مُحْتَوى كِتَابِ قَوَاعِدِ اللغُةِ العَرَبَيّةِ للصَفِّ السَّادِسِ الأدَبِيّ فِي ضَوءِ المَدْخَلِ الوَظِيفِيّ

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to Arabic grammar book for sixth-grade literary content in the light of the functional analysis of the entrance, To achieve this goal deliberately researchers to review the literature and studies on functional entrance Wrote standard for career entrance Formation of (20) items


Article
The Features of the Realist Structure in Yosuf Al-Ani's Drama and Its Relation to The Social Context
ملامح البنية الواقعية في مسرح يوسف العاني وعلاقتها بالسياق الاجتماعي

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الخلاصة

Drama is closely related to real life and its social, political, and social changes, so that, it is a part of the real life itself. Drama in Iraq began as adopted western drama and rewriting it. Yosuf Al-Ani's drama, on the other hand, is a drama that is closely related to the problems of real life


Article
Quintuple of Ibin Duraid's Poem Muhammad Ridah Al-Nahawi Al-Hilli- Study and Investigation
تخميس المقصورة الدريدية محمد رضا النحوي الحلي (ت:1226) - دراسة وتحقيق

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الخلاصة

The present study deals with Ibin Duraid Al-Azdi's (died 321 H) quintuple poem and Muhammad Ridah Al-Nahawi Al-Hilli (died 1226 H.) who is considered one of the untraditional poets. Al- Hilli wrote a quintuple poem praising his instructor Mahdi Bahr Alulum Al-Tabataba'i (1212 H.). this poem was inspired from Ibin Duraid's poem by which he praised Ibin Mikal the governor of Al-Ahwaz during the Abbasside period


Article
Grammatical Simplification of the Oath in the Holy Quran and its Cultural Response According to Dr. Shawki Dayf
التيسير النحوي للقسم القرآني واستجابته الحضارية عند الدكتور شوقي ضيف

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الخلاصة

The goal of this research is to release facilitation of civilization and vision that have contributed to the field as the Quranic efforts, was the choice directed to the efforts of one of the flags of grammar easing who knew his place in Arab universities and Arabic language academies, does not mean only Dr. Shawki Daif who has had a clear impact in easing the movement of development grammar to include as the Qur'an, and here will be the section of Quranic and Trakiph grammatical is the appropriate application of what Asthdvinah of this research, and it included a number of important issues. First: the goals of easing grammar and vision of cultural and site Shawqi Daif where, second: concept idiomatic for the Department of Quranic and share Shawqi Daif it, third: grammatical structures of the Department of Quranic interpretation when Shawki guest, with the result that we go out to see a civilized response to Islamic teachings and intellectual assets to facilitate the understanding of grammar of the Koran to impose the cultural specificity and the need to build a knowledge generations on a firm's assets


Article
The Structure of the Satiric Poetry- Wife's Satire During the First Abbasid Period as an Example
بنية الخطاب الشعري الساخر- هجاء الزوجة في العصر العباسي الأول اختياراً

المؤلفون: Dalal Hashim Kareem دلال هاشم كريم
الصفحات: 430-439
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الخلاصة

The addressable of this research filled of semantic lading, its bench a idiomatic strength, the researcher started from another study (poetic discourse sarcastic structure- Satire wife in the first Abbasid era) optional. This study indicated fore axis: 1. Poetic image. 2. The language. 3. The style. 4. The mechanism of different from traditional artistic structure. This study reached to some results through image which was supported to the semantic level, then it tended for reasonable direction not an artistic direction, on the other hand the language was used is simple and clear way. The style was varied according to the unconscious case which felt by the poet. In the last axes we observed different form traditional artistic structure, then we moved in an opposite start as is common at the opening, mingle with the pain of separation and suffering poet himself and what he carried of hate boredom toward his wife.


Article
The Phonological and Morphological Modifications In Special Kinds of Words in Modern Phonology Lesson
التحولات الصوتية والصرفية في المنقوص والمقصور والممدود في الدرس الصوتي الحديث

المؤلفون: Hamza Khudair Effendi حمزة خضير أفندي
الصفحات: 440-455
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الخلاصة

The Present study aims at dealing with the phonological and morphological modifications in special kind of words in modern phonology lesson. the subject studies the phonetic gliding depending on modern concepts of the phonology lessen. it studies how special kinds of words are pluralized


Article
The Japanese Economic Policy Towards the Countries of South East of Asia (1978- 1951)
السياسة الاقتصادية لليابان تجاه دول جنوب شرق آسيا (1951-1978)

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الخلاصة

The Japanese foreign economic policy towards the countries of south east of Asia is an important factor of making Japan a strong economic power in Asia after the second world war. Also, it played role in essential changes in the economy of this part of the world


Article
Land Transportation Net and its Effect on Tourism in Babylon Governorate
شبكة النقل البري واثرها على النشاط السياحي في محافظة بابل

المؤلفون: Zainab Abbass Musa زينب عباس موسى
الصفحات: 478-502
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الخلاصة

Land transportations play a very important role in developing the economy. In general, land transportation is one of the factors that leads to connecting places all around the world, Hence, land transportations has direct effect on tourism because it depends on the transportation of tourists between sites. Additionally, tourism is an important economic resource


Article
Study the reality of workshops administration and ways of developing in the AL – FURATAL –AWSAT TECHNICAL University
دراسة واقع ادارة الورش في جامعة الفرات الاوسط وسبل تطويرها

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الخلاصة

The study aims to identify the reality of workshops University Euphrates management according to the " University variable as Colleges and institutes " for five field (planning, organization, implementation, supervision، continue and evaluation).Then to find ways to develop skill workshops management in universities of technical education in Iraq. The researchers has been used as approach descriptive, to achieve objectives of the study researchers used a questionnaire composed of 45 items distributed on five criteria. The study showed in the planning field the coach's ability to determine the necessary materials were significantly while it observed weakness of the coach in dealing with modern planning methods of analysis. In organization field turned out to be the coach following the attendance of the trainees highly while not intervene in the regulation of relations between the trainees enough. The implementation field has showed the coach works to raise the motivation significantly while not interested in tendencies and the needs of the trainees appropriate degree. The supervision and continue fields have showed the coach points the trainees about activities required at high degree, while the coach does not follow the social problems of the trainees enough. But the evaluation field shows that the coach motivates distinguished trainees significantly while does not evaluate their performance from time to time. The study also showed that there are statistically significant differences in the supervision and continue fields in favor of technical institutes. The study recommended that need for attention to the rehabilitation of coaches, especially new coaches and incarcerate them in the sessions inside and outside Iraq to follow up the latest scientific developments according to its competence in the field of workshop management and intensify supervision and continue fields on the trainers.


Article
The Effect of the Use of Synonyms and Antonyms in Developing Vocabulary in the Lesson of Reading Comprehension for the Second Year Intermediate School Female Pupils
أثر أسلوبي الترادف والتضاد في تنمية الثروة اللغوية في مادة المطالعة والنصوص لدى طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

current research aims to know the effect of the stylistic contrast in tandem and vocabulary development in material and reading texts with second grade students at the average, the study was conducted in Iraq - the province of Babylon. And adopted an experimental design is partially adjusted for two experimental and control group on according to the experimental method, the research community of students in the second grade average in middle and high school females within the Directorate-General for Education in the province of Babylon, select the researchers composed of three divisions of study sample second grade average in middle school Euphrates girls by two divisions pilot and one officer, noted that the number of students in the experimental group first (29) students and the number of students of the second experimental group (31 students), and the number of students of the control group (28 students), and has the selection process at random for the school and the style and the way in which studying them, researchers rewarded students between the sample and the result was that the groups are statistically equal, the researchers used statistical methods appropriate for their research procedures, namely, (unilateral variation analysis, Pearson correlation coefficient, and Chi-square, and the way Hevah( Search Results showed superiority of experimental groups that Astammelta (stylistic tandem and contrast) and the control group is statistically significant at the level of (0.05).otousel researchers in the light of the research group's conclusions and recommendations and proposals, including the results: 1- Contributed tandem approach and contrast to improve the scientific level of the students and helped Theruten linguistic development, and did not Echtsa gifted female students, but the students with low educational level also and this in turn increases the Akabbahin toward learning. 2- othbtaat current study that synonymy and stylistic antithesis of effective methods that enable the students to raise curiosity and daring by broadcasting the spirit of competition among them during the lesson. 3- hakguet climate researcher descriptive appropriate by making the learning process grainy among female students, and this made them a lesson when fellow with great emotion.


Article
The Autobiographical Poem- the Entity of Death and the Nothingness of Life (At the Attendance of Death) - Mahmood Darweesh as an Example
القصيدة السيرذاتشعرية - كينونة الموت وعدمية الحياة (في حضرة الغياب) محمود درويش أنموذجاً

المؤلفون: Awrad Muhammad اوراد محمد
الصفحات: 550-559
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الخلاصة

Literary biography represents a cultural and aesthetic genre which has been evoked by other old and modern literary styles in order to reveal past events and disclose the relation between the biography and the outside world. Since poetry is characterized by openness and attachment, biography has found a place in its ample space. Imaginative poetry has greatly adheres to narrative and produced a literary pattern characterized by individuality and uniqueness. The search identifies this as “Biography poem”. In his biography poem, the poet Mahmood Darwish has posed questions filled with adventure to delve through it to discuss its philosophical perspectives about death and nihilistic aspect of life. The researcher is seeking to dissemble the poem’s perspectives of the biography poem and its contexts of existentialist contents. It also documents details of the self and narrate its history through the poetic image in his poetic collection “in the presence of absence”.


Article
The effect biology teaching material using my skills and modernity questions discussions in achievement and the development of critical thinking among students fourth grade science
أثر تدريس مادة الاحياء بأستخدام مهارتي الحداثة وأسئلة المناقشات في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير الناقد لدى طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to: know the effect of biology teaching material using my skills modernity and discussion questions in the collection and the development of critical thinking among students of the fourth scientific.To achieve the goal the research, the researcher randomly junior Khansaa Girls chose, the same way the researcher Division chose (a), to represent the first experimental group, and the Division (b) to represent the second experimental group, and the Division (c) to represent the control group, has conducted a researcher parity between students of the two groups in the following variables: (chronological age measured in months, academic achievement for parents, degrees neighborhoods substance in the chorus for the first academic year 2015-2016 test, test scores above information, and test scores Raven intelligence SPM, and the test scores of critical thinking tribal), and then set course material that It will be examined during the duration of the experiment, and formulated behavioral objectives of the topics to be taught during the duration of the experiment.The researcher prepared plans for teaching the subjects to be taught during the duration of the experiment and offered researcher two plans Tdresitan a group of experts and specialists to learn disqualified, has been studied on their own two sets of research, during the probation period, which lasted 8 weeks, after the end of the experiment, the researcher prepared a final test kits Search neighborhoods substance, as researcher prepared a test of critical thinking, statistical methods were used to treat the following data: test Altaia, and Chi-square (Ca 2+), and Pearson correlation coefficient.Applied researcher tests after the expiration of teaching, and after analyzing the results statistically researcher found to: superiority of the two experimental groups, which Sta using my skills modernity and questions discussion on female control group studied in the traditional manner and was a difference statistically significant at the level of significance (0.05) In the light of these The result researcher recommended a number of recommendations, including: 1. The material vocabulary teaching methods in colleges of education, and colleges of basic education, and training sessions on my skills modernity and discussions include questions. 2. inform supervisors and specialists on these skills, and the involvement of teachers in training sessions, and familiarize them with steps these two skills, and how their preparation and their use in the teaching of biology. The researcher has proposed the following: 1. conducting a similar study in the current study subjects last. 2. conducting a similar study of the current study in the last stages of the study.


Article
Feminine Examples on Seeking Refuge in the Arab Islamic State An Historical Study
شواهد نسائية على الأجارَه في الدولة العربية الاسلامية. "دراسة تاريخية"

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الخلاصة

1. Al Ijara: is the safety and protection and defense of Almstagir fearful, and not bloodshed and turn fear to safety in God Bal.r first and "Alamgir" second. As for the "lease" They pay any beneficial ownership of mosquito known. 2. There is evidence Women lease before Islam, we reflected the good treatment and good manners with Almstagiran, Women and evidence after Islam, we got through it on the Prophet (Peace be upon him); and women style finger of Galilee in dealing with the infidels and Almstagiran, and other enemies of Islam. 3. differed Al Ijara women before and after Islam, the personalities, and already similar end. 4. The physical nature of the woman is not using a barrier has to provide good protection and enjoining good and forbidding wrong and reform, especially after several characters to Islam at the hands of Almjerat women after Islam. 5. safety of women is religiously permissible and the man without permission forward, argument and reasoning deviated from saying weak is not required. Because there is evidence of the Koran and the Prophet of Islam and acknowledged " Al Ijara " legally, he marched some women after the death of the Prophet (Peace be upon him);leasing and Ms. Nafisa girl Hassan (God bless them), the best proof of that. 6. protect the right one, and Monday Vojarh per woman for one or two of Almstagiran, while the Al Ijara for the whole this is a forward-only. 7. prominent terms " Al Ijara " that is characterized by Alamgir strongly protector of faith and morality, what is the use of recourse fearful Balkhaiv? It does not require masculinity Ijara, and may not be killed and betrayed Almstagir and each left the brigade Doomsday knows it. 8. This topic is proof that Islam did not take away the right of women, then return to its owner that the women's evidence.


Article
The Effect of Knowledge Contradiction in Acquiring the Chemical Concepts and Developing the Creative Thinking of the Second Intermediate Students
أثر مخططات التعارض المعرفي في اكتساب المفاهيم الكيميائية وتنمية التفكير الإبداعي لدى طلاب الصف الثاني المتوسط

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of the Knowledge Contradiction in acquiring the chemical concepts and developing the creative thinking of the second intermediate students. The experimental study began in Sunday 28th- February- 2016 two lectures a week for both the controlling group and the experimental group


Article
The Effect of Random Exciting in Acquiring Geography and Developing the Creative Thinking of the Fifth Year Literary Female Students
أثر استراتيجية الإثارة العشوائية في تحصيل مادة الجغرافية وتنمية التفكير الإبداعي لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of random exciting in acquiring geography and developing the creative thinking of the fifth year literary female students. The sample of the study consists of the students of Al-Kansa' high school in Hilla-Babel Governorate


Article
The Importance of Practical Education in the Colleges of Basic Education
التربية العملية واهميتها في كليات التربية الاساسية

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الخلاصة

The term practical education was used in 1279 in France as one of the requirements of preparation and graduation of teachers in Paris university. It was applied by the student teacher gave lectures in addition to discussing an assay or research he submitted


Article
The Effect of the Constructional Jakar Model in Acquiring the History of Europe and Developing the Creative Thinking for the Students Of the Fifth Literary Class
أثر أنموذج ياكر البنائي (CLM) في التحصيل وتنمية التفكير الإبداعي لدى طلاب الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة التأريخ الأوربي

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of the Constructional Jakar model in acquiring the history of Europe and developing creative thinking for the students of the fifth literary class. The sample of the study is chosen from Al-Jihad high school for male students.


Article
Designing a Computer Program in Art Education to Develop the Skills of Artistic Expression of the Pupils of the Sixth Primary Class
تصميم برنامج باستخدام الحاسوب في التربية الفنية لتنمية مهارات التعبير الفني لدى تلامذة الصف السادس الابتدائي

المؤلفون: Ammar Abdul Al-Hameed عمار عبد الحميد كطران
الصفحات: 685-705
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at designing a computer program in art education to develop the skills of artistic expression of the pupils of the sixth primary class. The objective of the study is to develop the skills of artistic expression of the pupils

جدول المحتويات السنة: المجلد: العدد: