جدول المحتويات

مجلة كلية التربية الأساسية للعلوم التربوية والإنسانية

ISSN: 23043717
الجامعة: جامعة بابل
الكلية: التربية الاساسية
اللغة: Arabic

This journal is Open Access

حول المجلة

المجلة تهتم بالبحوث العلمية في المجالات التربوية والإنسانية، وهي مجلة فصلية تصدر كل ٣ أشهر، وصدر أول عدد في عام ٢٠٠٩م، تخضع البحوث المنشورة إلى تقويم علمي من قبل مختصين في مجال البحث المراد نشره قبل عملية النشر.

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معلومات الاتصال

mcbe_babylon@yahoo.com
07801733667

جدول المحتويات السنة: 2017 المجلد: العدد: 33

Article
Some Modern Linguistic Methods of Teaching Arabic Grammar Rules
من الطرائق اللسانية الحديثة لتدريس قواعد اللغة العربية

المؤلفون: Zine El Abidine Slimane زين العابدين سليمان
الصفحات: 3-11
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الخلاصة

The research paper explores some of the modern linguistic methods which play an effective role in simplifying Arabic grammar rules facilitating them to students, and enabling their proces of understanding them and making them comprehensible. But before that, it is going to provide a definition to both concepts of “methods” and “teaching”. Finally It concludes by suggesting some procedural steps for teaching Arabic grammar rules. This research project is organized as follows: 1. Methods and Teaching: Definition and Identification - The concept of Methods. - The concept of Teaching. 2. Some Modern Linguistic Methods of Teaching Arabic Grammar Rules. 3. Procedural Steps for Teaching Arabic Grammar Rules.


Article
The Degree of the Faculty in the Official Jordanian Universities, Members of the Educational Skills of Communication from the Point of View of Graduate Students
درجة ممارسة أعضاء هيئة التدريس في الجامعات الأردنية الرسمية لمهارات الاتصال التربوي من وجهة نظر طلبة الدراسات العليا

المؤلفون: Hammam Samir Hamadneh هُمام سمير حمادنة
الصفحات: 12-30
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الخلاصة

This Study Aims to Identify the Degree of Practicing the Skills of Educational Communication by the Faculty Members in the Official Jordanian Universities, from the Perspectives of Graduates, and the Disclosure of the Impact of each Sex, The College and the University in Determining this Degree. The Study Sample is Selected by Randomly Stratified Method from the Original Study Population with (%5) of which Number is (968) Students. A Questionnaires used Consisting of (51) Items, Spread Over Five Areas. The Findings showed that the Degree of Practicing the Skills by the Faculty Members in the Official Jordanian Universities (Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing) is Large, while they Practice the Skill of guidance and mentoring moderately. The findings also showed a Statistically Significant Differences Related to Sex in Favor of the (Female), as well as due to the Variable of the University for the Benefit of the (University of Jordan), and the findings also showed no statistically Significant Differences due to the Variable of The College.


Article
The Image of the Praised in Arkala Al-Kalbi's Poetry (Hassan Bin Numair Bin Ijil)
صورة الممدوح في شعر عرقلة الكلبي (حسان بن نُمير بن عجل)

المؤلفون: Najeyyeh Fayez Al-Hamood نجية فايز الحمود
الصفحات: 31-47
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الخلاصة

This research attempts to draw an image of Mamdouh in Arqalah Al-Kalbi's poetry,one of the overwhelmed poets of the Ayyubid dynasty, who had strong connections with the Ayyubids. They liked gathering and mingling with him, including notably Salah Adin. Then, the poet praised them, glorified their heroism, and elevated their qualities whether they were liberality, generosity or courage. He also urged the Ayyubids to fight the Crusaders. After that, he marked the issue of the religious conflict of that era, which represents their motivation to defend Islam and unite the Islam nation. It's been noticed that Arqalah's poetry was characterized to be tender, moderate in using artistc


Article
The Revival of the Muslims After the First Crusade After Regaining Al-Raha (1144 A.D.- 540 H.)
نهضة المسلمين بعد الحملة الصليبية الأولى باسترجاع الرها سنة (540هـ /1144م)

المؤلفون: Azrar Leela أزرار ليلة
الصفحات: 48-58
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الخلاصة

The crusade society in Al-Sham in general and in the Kingdom of Jerusalem in particular consisted of different rates which differ in their traditions and rites. Most of the western Europeans got back to Europe after the crusade and the ones who remained formed an aristocratic elite that govern the eastern Europeans


Article
The reasons for the poor and weak line dictation with the basic second grade primary school students in Jerusalem mixed for the Study of the Arabic language
أسباب رداءة الخط وضعف الاملاء لدى طلبة الصف الثاني الأساسي في مدرسة القدس الاساسية المختلطة لمبحث لغتنا العربية

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الخلاصة

Investigated the current study the causes of poor quality of line with the basic second grade students in Jerusalem Elementary School mixed for the Study of the Arabic language, and the study sample consisted of four students from the second grade students were randomly selected were submitted test them after Oharnahm keep an appointment and prepare for this exam, and to achieve the goal of the study the researchers conducting observation and testing on the sample that was selected researchers have observed the deterioration of the line when some students through homework Home and assigning them inside the classroom solving worksheets within the same group and through their writing when solving the questions on the blackboard and to check the veracity of the tool used by the researcher were presented to three arbitrators specialists from the faculty of the research topic members, but the stability of the tool was used data collection strategies commitment to design Search the case study will resort to several sources to gather the necessary data for this study, "which is known trinity," and will include sources of documents and data from interviews


Article
Behavioral problems among primary school pupils who attend school at an early age
المشكلات السلوكية لدى تلاميذ المرحلة الابتدائية الذين التحقوا بالمدرسة في سن مبكرة

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الخلاصة

This present study aimed at recognizing the level and the aspects of behavioral problems among pupils who attend the school at an early age (before school age). In order to reach the two researchers choose the intentional sample of 140 pupils of both sexes from primary schools in Mostaganem west Algeria, applied them the list of behavioral problems amended for Peterson& Quay after confirmation of reliability and validity


Article
Tradition and modernity in the Arab Monetary talk
التراث والحداثة في النقد العربي الحدیث

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الخلاصة

Modern intellectual tendencies, permeated by literature, art and architecture alike, unleashed modern Arab architectural experiments that tended toward the West rather than stepping down to institutionalization ... in other words, they were unable to express or draw any of the intellectual and aesthetic values that Represented by the Arab heritage in all its dimensions, characteristics and characteristics


Article
The Extent of Using Performance-Based Evaluaton Techniques by Computer Female Teacheers at Dawadmi Governorate
درجة استخدام معلمات الحاسب الآلي في محافظة الدوادمي لأساليب التقويم القائم على الأداء

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الخلاصة

The current study aimed to identify the extent of using performance-based evaluation techniques by computer female teachers at Dawadmi governorate. Also, the study aimed to identify the differences betwen the teachers’ use of performance-based evaluation techniques attributable to the variables of the number of training courses, education, and number of experience years. The researcher used the describtive analytical approach. The study used the observation card to collect data from the participants. The observation card consisted of (31) items distributed on (3) fields which are the prepation of performance-based evaluation techniques and tools, the application of performance-based evaluation techniques, and evaluation results and feedback. The research population consisted of all computer female teachers in the public intermediate and secondary schools at Dawadmi governorate which amounted to (100) teachers. The research sample comprised (51) teachers that are randomly selected in the simple manner.


Article
The Diplomatic Role of Algeria in the Conflict Between Tripoli and The United States of America 1801- 1795 A.D.
دور الدبلوماسية الجزائرية في الصراع الطرابلسي الأمريكي 1795–1801م

المؤلفون: Adeeda Al-Sharif عديدة الشارف
الصفحات: 103-118
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الخلاصة

The ideology of diplomacy shaped an effective element in Algeria that was related with various foreign countries, such as the United States of America and West of Tripoli. The international conditions happened between 1795 – 1801, contributed to the increase of Arabic relationships with other foreign nations. Throughout that period, some countries faced permanent peace, but others confronted with wars like Tripoli. During the treaty of Intimacy existed between the USA and the Country of Tripoli in 1795, the USA could possibly join the official relations with Maghribian countries; but the USA found difficulties to save these signed treaties with West of Tripoli


Article
The Function of the Accusatives in Tafseer Al-Bahr Al-Muheet and their Role in Understanding the Verses of the Holly Quran
دلالة المنصوبات في تفسير البحر المحيط ودورها في فهم آيات الکتاب الحکيم

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الخلاصة

Arabic language is a vast sea with a rich repository, that no one can reach to it, unless with fruitful and continuous efforts. Those who approached to this sea, turned into a realiable scientific source and trained the researchers whom with remarkable ambition, crossed the path of growth and development of Arabic language. The result of their works was the strength of this language and the extension of the exact meanings. One of the most influential intellectuals and thinkers was Abu Hayan Al andalousy. His boundless knowledge motivated the writer of this article to analyze his syntactic ideas in his book “El Bahar El Mouheet”, and investigate theinfluence of former syntactic theories on Abu Hayan’s works. Due to the extent of Abu Hayan’s syntactic theories and ideas, the authors of the article have mentioned just some of his viewpoints and opinions. First, in the present article there is an overview of Abu Hayan’s life and his eminent scientific position, and then the authors analyzed the Sets up ,which concludes object and semi objects--proclamation, exceptions, requesting—and their meaning realm in the book “El Bahar El Mouheet”. in the end of the article the authors explained, the role of “Sets up” in the comprehension of the verses of Qur'an.


Article
The Centralism of Translation in the Islamic History
مركزية الترجمة في تاريخ المسلمين

المؤلفون: Muhammad Bin Ayad محمد بنعياد
الصفحات: 133-143
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الخلاصة

The story of Muslims today is the story of regaining the leadership and fighting the dependency to imperialism. The question is "is there any hope to regain the leadership position for this nation


Article
The Conditions of Interpretation in the Holy Sunna
ضوابط التأويل في السنة النبوية

المؤلفون: Abdul Hafeedh Al-Abdalawi عبد الحفيظ العبدلاوي
الصفحات: 133-143
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الخلاصة

The study of the conditions of Interpretation in the texts of the Holy spirit takes a stand on the origins and the truth of the all the speeches of the profit (peace be upon him and his holy household


Article
The Development of Learning Techniques of The Acoustic Handicaps and Their Role in Developing Their Academic Achievement in The Educational Institutions of Saudi Arabia (A Comparative Study in the Light of The Experience of Some Countries)
تطور تقنيات التعليم للمعاقين سمعيا ودورها في تحسين التحصيل الاكاديمي بمؤسسات التعليم السعودي (دراسة مقارنة في ضوء تجارب بعض الدول)

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الخلاصة

Learning Techniques are very important to people of special needs which treated many problems that block the process of learning. These techniques are designed with consideration to their learning needs.


Article
Ihsan Abass and the Investigation of the Poetic Heritage (The Collection of Al-Senobari)
إحسان عباس وتحقيق التراث الشعري (ديوان الصنوبري أنموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

The topic of this research is about an Ihsan Abbas, may god have mercy on him, and his efforts in the custodian of Arabic heritage and culture. Ihsan Abbas is recognized as a premier figure of Arabic studies and has tremendous efforts in this field. His efforts are very significant and important ranging from the custodian of poetry to the custodian of Arabic literature. However, in my study I will focus on his custodian of poetry especially Divan Al Sonawbary. This research focuses on two main aspects.the first part talks about the heritage and culture and their importance. Then I talked about the word custodian, its definition and importance. After that I talked about Ihsan Abbas life. In the second part I talked about the Ihsan Abbas’s rules in the custodian of Divan Al Sonawbary and to demonstrate his significant efforts which reflected a very special and clever thinking and methodology. In the study we adopted a critical descriptive approach.


Article
Death in Contemporary Poems (Amal Donqol)
دلالة الموت فی شعر أمل دنقل

المؤلفون: Ramazan Rezaei رمضان رضائی
الصفحات: 208-219
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الخلاصة

The problem of death is a phenomenon that we see it in Arabic poems clearly. Poets have paid attention to this phenomenon as an important field and considered it as a means for escaping from sorrow and grief. They also have imagined it as a tool for identifying the death that surrounded the society. The intellectual man is confronted hopelessness pain hn contemporary period because he has divulged the secret of Arabic civilization mirage. Also all of the poets are the mirror of nation and they are the first people who struggle with troubles. Amal Donqol relied on the problem of Arabs desting and according to his opinion, death is a serious experience and does,t have painful dramatic dimension which has taken root on his painful illness. This approaches in poet,s life have surrounded the painful memories which shaked poet,s entity such as the death of soldiers and citizens and human massacre of compatriotics. From the viewpoint of poet death has manifested in three dimensions. Body death, nature and value. This artice explains the influence of death problem in Amal poem and the writer has used descriptive – analgtical method


Article
Females' Practice of Sports - A Comparative Study: Juristic Rules and Law
ممارسة المرأة للرياضة - دراسة مقارنة بالأحكام الشرعية والقوانين المنظمة لها

المؤلفون: Bukbus Muhammad Lameen بوكبوس محمد لمين
الصفحات: 220-225
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الخلاصة

Sports does not mean moving the body in a certain way without a goal, instead, it has goals such as developing the body and the mind, in addition to the social relations. Accordingly, sports have an educational goal which is to develop the individual to be an active member in the society


Article
The Ideal Teacher in the Educational Ideology of the Scholars in the Western Islamic World Ibm Abi Zaid Al-Kayrawani As an Example
المدرس النموذج في الفكر التربوي لدى علماء الغرب الإسلامي - ابن أبي زيد القيرواني أنموذجاً -

المؤلفون: Abdul Lateef Talwan عبد اللطيف تلوان
الصفحات: 226-233
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الخلاصة

The researcher in the Arabic Heritage finds many educational examples some of which are related to one of the geniuses in the Islamic history whose work still alive


Article
One of Razi’s criticisms on interpretation of Kafie (Marfouat as a sample)
من اعتراضات الرضي علی النّحاة في شرح الکافیة (مرفوعات نموذجاً)

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الخلاصة

It goes without saying that syntax is the basis and fundamental part of Arabic language. A number of scientists such as Khalil, Sibouye ,Kasayie, Akhfash , Mobarrad and many others have made lots of efforts and have compiled some comprehensive books in this field of study. One of the most remarkable books in this field is ‘Razi’s interpretation on Kafie’ which has been compiled by the great scientist ‘ Razi Astarabadi’. In this book, he comes to criticize the syntactical points in the book ‘Alkafiet fi alnahve’ via giving some logical and reasonable documents. The present article tries to scrutinize those faults and criticized impressions through interpretive-analytical method of research. The article also attempts to analyze those critical viewpoints based on the concepts and theories of previous scientists, and sophisticated writers of syntax by focusing on Razi’s impressions and his language competence in accepting or rejecting ideas. The findings of the present study indicates that Razi has not merely sufficed the old points and ideas, but he also tries to give priorities for ideas by offering scientific and logical documents. In addition, Razi has some unique impressions that reveal his strong syntactic knowledge.


Article
The values systems of Bejaia society through the book Onwan Adiraya to Ghobrini (d. 704h)
المنظومة القيمية للمجتمع البجائي من خلال كتاب عنوان الدراية للغبريني (704ه) (الأصول والمظاهر)

المؤلفون: ZAHOUA AZIBI زهوة أعزيبي
الصفحات: 247-255
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الخلاصة

The values systems, are considered one of important criteria which greatly contributes in evaluating, and building the individual’s personality, and it is scientifically important in providing about the social values and their roles. The Bejaia society is unique in his culture. Infact the population is governed by values most of which are taken from the islamic laws. these values are reflected in the wide littérature production in the domains of philosophy, jurusprudence, sophism and intellectual. this affected highly the Yemenite individual in his behaviour. شكلت الشريعة الاسلامية الملامح العامة للمنظومة القيمية للمجتمع البجائي خلال النصف الثاني من القرن السابع وبداية القرن الثامن الهجريين، مستدلين على ذلك بالإنتاج الأدبي والفلسفي والفقهي والصوفي والفكري لعلماء بجاية، والمنعكس جليا على التفكير والسلوك. حيث صاغت النخبة العالمة البجائية العناوين الرئيسية والعريضة لمختلف التوجهات القيمية للمجتمع آنذاك عن طريق مسارب؛ تمثلت في مجالس الدرس والتذكير والوعظ في العديد من مساجد وجوامع ورباطات وحوانيت، نشروا فيها التفكير السليم والسلوك القويم، هذا بالإضافة إلى خطتي القضاء والفتوى فعُدّتا السبيل العملي لتطبيق وتفعيل القيم في المجتمع. واعتُبِر سلوك فقهائها ومتصوفتها منبرا لترسيخ المثل والأخلاق السامية، وليس من المبالغة أن نقول إن المجتمع البجائي هو مجتمع صوفي، أين اعتُبِرت الكرامة الصوفية إحدى المعالم التي جذبت المجتمع نحو الحركة الصوفية، حيث استخدم الولي الكرامة كأداة للدعوة والإصلاح، فتراوحت هذه الكرامات من تكثير الطعام والتعامل مع الجن وقصص الشفاعة والغفران و... . The book by Ghobrini died in 704H illustrates well the life written of bejaia people during that period. The diversity and widness of. this book allows us to know more about life in the Bejaia society during the year 7H/13 AC.


Article
A Proposed form to overcome Scientific Production Challenges in Saudi Emerging universities
تصور مقترح للتغلب على تحديات الإنتاج العلمي في الجامعات السعودية الناشئة

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الخلاصة

The current study aimed to identify the challenges facing the Scientific production of the faculty members in the emerging Saudi universities from their viewpoint, as well as showing the significance statistical differences of the study sample viewpoint towards these challenges due to the variables of university, gender, specialization, then developing a proposal to overcome these challenges. The researcher used the descriptive analytical method and the questionnaire as a tool that was applied on a random study sample consists of 25% of the faculty members in three emerging Saudi Universities including: Northern Border University, Shaqra University, and Bisha University. The study had concluded several results, the most important of them; the challenges facing the Scientific production in the emerging universities came with (high) rate, where the challenges related to the university came first, followed by the challenges related to the society, then the challenges related to the Scientific production publishing, and finally the challenges related to the faculty members. The study also showed that there are no significant statistically differences among the study sample viewpoints due to the variables: university, gender, and specialization. Then the study presented a proposed form to support the Scientific production in the emerging universities and overcome the challenges facing them, then recommended of adopting this proposal.


Article
The Degree of Sensing Job Burnout and its Relation with the Teaching Performance of Arabic Language Teachers at the Secondary Level in Jordan (Assessment Study)
درجة الإحساس بالاحتراق الوظيفي وعلاقته بالأداء التدريسي لمعلمي اللغة العربية في المرحلة الثانوية في الأردن (دراسة تقويمية)

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الخلاصة

The study aimed to identify the degree of sensing job burnout and its relation with the teaching performance of Arabic language teachers at the secondary level in Jordan. The study sample consisted of (140) male and female teachers of Zarqa First Directorate of Education. To apply the study, the researcher prepared the study tools represented in a questionnaire of the job burnout of teachers and a questionnaire of their teaching performance. The study results indicates that the degree of sensing the job burnout of Arabic language teachers at the secondary level in Jordan was medium, there are differences in the degree of sensing job burnout in favor of females, there are no differences among teachers according to the variable of the scientific qualification, there are differences in the teaching experience in favor of (10 years and more), and there is an inverse statistically significant relationship between the degree of sensing the job burnout of Arabic language teachers and their teaching performance. In light of the results, the study reached to several recommendations and suggestions.


Article
The Effect of Using Jirlack and Ely's Model in the Achievement of the Female Students of the Fourth Scientific Year in Biology and Developing Critical Thinking
أثر استخدام انموذج جيرلاك وأيلي في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في مادة الأحياء وتنمية التفكير الناقد لديهن

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of using Jirlack and Ely's pattern in the achievement of the female students of the fourth scientific year in biology and developing critical thinking. The sample of the study is divided into two groups: the controlling group and the experimental one.


Article
Positive Thinking and its Relation to Age, Gender, Level of Learning And Career Success of the Educational Counselors
التفكير الايجابي وعلاقته بالعمر والجنس والتأهيل والنجاح المهني لدى المرشدين التربويين

المؤلفون: Abbas Shimran Shahad عباس شمران شهد
الصفحات: 316-335
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing positive thinking and its relation to age, gender, level of learning and career success of the educational counselors. The researcher built a scale of positive thinking depending on Hamfrize's theory, 2004. The scale of career success by Shahad 2006 is adopted in the study.


Article
The Concept of Omitting and Implication According to Al-Bakooly In His Kashif Almushkilat and Idah Al-Me'edilat
مفهوم الحذف والتقدير عند الباقولي (ت:543ه) في كتابه كشف المشكلات وإيضاح المعضلات - دراسة تأصيلية

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الخلاصة

Omitting is used widely in Arabic as it makes speech easier. The language of the Holly Quran is Arabic and every word mentioned for a purpose


Article
The Effect of (Selective Thinking) in Acquiring Historical Concepts For the Female Students of the First Intermediate School In Ancient History
اثر انموذج (التفكير الانتقائي) في اكتساب المفاهيم التاريخية لدى طالبات الصف الاول متوسط والاحتفاظ بها في مادة تاريخ الحضارات القديمة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of selective thinking in acquiring historical concepts for the female students of the first intermediate school in ancient history


Article
Puzzles and Riddles: Comparison Between Ibn Hisham's Studies Grammatical Puzzles
الأحاجي والألغاز موازنة بين تحقيقي كتاب ابن هشام (الألغاز النحوية)

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الخلاصة

Arab interested t in this art (riddles and puzzles) which has been associated in social lives, before and after Islam, which were used in their lives in various occasions, and it was in the form of puzzles Single poetry and prose, it began when Arab scholars such as Ibn Qutaiba, Ibn Duraid, Zamakhshari and Sakhaawi, and who wrote a Ibn Hisham Ansari, nickname, the book on behalf of (the puzzles of Ibn Hisham in the grammar), this book received attention, which verified three times, and now we balance between the first two versions achieved by Asaad Khudair in 1973, and the other by Muwaffaq Fawzi algebra in 1985. There was a lack of annotations and comments between the two versions , and a lack of information and descriptions in manuscript approved in the verification, as well as that the Prosecutor changed the achieved text. He deleted the introduction, and increased lines of puzzles, without giving a statement persuasive reasons for this, we stood on all these differences between researches, and we recorded Our observations on them, to get benefits by the scholars


Article
Personality and its Representations in Hanna Mina's Novel ( Remains of Pictures)
الشخصية وتمثلاتها في رواية (بقايا صور) للروائي حنا مينه

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الخلاصة

The study titled: personal Tmtheladtha in the novel remains of pictures of the writer novelist Hanna Mina, which is at the forefront and to pave the Study of first and Study of a second and a conclusion of research and the list of sources and references, the address search came as follows: Boot (definitions entrance): profile in the language and terminology and the Koran, and personal concept, personal philosophically, and personal dimensions: first, the physical dimension (physiological): second: the social dimension, Third: the psychological dimension, and the first section came on several topics, including: the first axis: bilateral attendance, second axle: personal relationship component narrative, came topic The second, entitled: personal sections: First, the central character, second: high profile, surface profile Thirdly, and then conclusion of the search, and a list of sources and references, and a summary in English and Arabic


Article
The Effect of Composing the Poetic Texts of Arabic Reading Lesson in Helping Memorization and Rapid Reading of the Third Primary School Pupils
أثر تلحين النصوص الشعرية لمادة القراءة العربية في التحفيظ وسرعة القراءة عند تلاميذ الصف الثالث الابتدائي

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of composing the poetic texts of Arabic reading lesson in helping memorization and rapid reading of the third primary school pupils


Article
Maqamat al-Arifin at Ibn Sina
مقامـــات العــارفين عند ابن سينا

المؤلفون: Mehdi Taha Mekki مهدي طه مكي
الصفحات: 413-420
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الخلاصة

The doctrine of Sufism in the knowledge of his way and has a very, and it means serenity, and the end, it is the knowledge of God Almighty. And talk about serenity means to prepare the heart of the fairway and his spirit to be the object of Knowledge Scout inspirational. But how is this setting? It is a set of rules and fees, imposed by the Senate over their hands, and these are the rules and fees Palmqamat conditions. The place: Fmanah shrine slave between the hands of God Almighty, which is held in acts of worship and Majahdat disruption to God Almighty. The case: it responds to the meaning of the heart is not deliberately gain Valohawwal divine talents and shrines gains.

الكلمات الدلالية

Atawaih --- trust --- will --- conviction --- asceticism --- التوبة --- التوكل --- الارادة --- القناعة --- الزهد


Article
Pre-service Teachers' Reflection on Reflective thinking in Teacher Education: A Study in Babylon
رأي معلمو ما قبل الخدمة حول التفكير التأملي في تعليم المعلم: دراسة في بابل

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الخلاصة

Reflective thinking is essential to identifying, analyzing, and solving the complex problems and challenges teachers face in their profession. Teacher educators need to pay particular attention to the way they construct learning experiences to foster the capabilities and attributes that distinguish reflective teachers (Larrivee,2010).This study reports a research work that examined 51 pre-service teachers regarding their perception about reflection after they completed their four years programme. Majority of pre-service teachers reported reflection as an important activity in improving their teaching performance, discovering their strengths and weakness, providing measures for innovation in education. The focus of use reflection was mainly related to teaching tasks only. The responses also indicated that they want to reflect with others and in groups and considered writing about the reflection as little more than moderately useful. They reflect on assigned themes more than on unassigned themes. The study has implications for curriculum planners, teacher educators, and pre-service teachers themselves too.


Article
أثر استخدام استراتيجية التدريس التبادلي في تحصيل وميل طالبات الصف الثاني المتوسط نحو مادة الاحياء

المؤلفون: Suhad Majeed Abdul Ameer سهاد مجيد عبد الامير
الصفحات: 432-449
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الخلاصة

The study aims at the effect of using teaching Exchange strategy in Acquiring Biology for the second intermediate female students. The sample of the study consists of the female students of the second year of Al-Rabab intermediate school for the academic year 2014-2015.


Article
Specifications in the Great Collective Invocation
وَسَائِلُ التَّخْصِيص فِي نَصِّ الزِّيَارَةِ الجَامِعَةِ الكَبِيرَةِ

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الخلاصة

Specification indicates the exceptionality of the person. The house hold of the prophet (peace be upon them) are distinguished with their exceptionality which appears in the text of the invocation. The specification in the text of the great invocation is expressed by some grammatical and linguistic device


Article
The Effect of Paulia Strategy in Reading Comprehension for the Fifth Literary Year of High School Students
أثر استراتيجية بوليا في الاستيعاب القرائي عند طلاب الصف الخامس الأدبي في مادة المطالعة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of Paulia strategy in reading comprehension for the fifth literary year of high school students. To fulfill the aims of the study, Al-Faiha'ai high school for male students have been chosen to be the sample of the study. Group A represents the experimental group and group B represents the controlling one.


Article
The Aesthetic Image of the Metonymy in the poetry of Ibn Lankak, (b. 360 A.H.)
جماليات الصورة الكنائية في شعر ابن لَنْكَك(ت360ه)

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الخلاصة

Undoubtedly, many poets have treated unjustly and did not pay attention to them from one of the researchers, probably due to the lack of famous poets, or the lack of resources that deal with their poetry; and one of these poets is (Ibn Lankak Al-Basri), his life is distinguished by varied kinds of culture and literature and poetry, he portrays his period events in an accurate depiction, and wrote down through his poetry marvelous poetic meanings, and he was considered one of the poets of insurgency epoch, and what aroused our attention perhaps is the expressed image of metonymy about the bitter life reality when the poet lived and his rebel viewpoint, and for that the researchers sought to study that and named the research as (The Aesthetic Image of the Metonymy in the poetry of Ibn Lankak, b. 360 A.H.) And the search is organized by three demands, while the preface is stated for the poet's life, then touched it to the beauty and image statement and metaphor in language and terminology, and no doubt that beauty is an incentive for the same to show emotion and gives them pleasure and a sense of regularity and harmony, exemplified by the metonymy image and the demands of the search of the three, the first was requirement: metonymy for prescribed. The second requirement: its title was the metaphor for the adjective, and the third demand is about the metonymy for all proportion, and comes to the conclusion which records the most important findings of the research.


Article
Developing the Psychological Skills in the Holy Quran
تنمية المواهب النفسية في القرآن الكريم

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الخلاصة

The idea of psychological development is demonstrated through personal development by fighting the temptations of life. The person should know that, there will be many constraints in this path, that must be abstained and there are many solutions for these constraints. For example obsession is anxieties which is caused by unwanted thoughts that dominate the mind, if it is easy it goes away without treatment, but if the fear is deep then it will require treatment, because it will bring many other diseases. Islamic laws has given Human being, development in all of its physical and moral aspects such as worship. One its most important forms is self- purification then piety, prayer, fasting and charity. Also the personality in one of the psychological development's form in the Qur'an. Each person has the ability of self-development ability, he doesn't need wealth or effort but he needs self confidence, determination and willpower.

الكلمات الدلالية

Development --- Psychological --- talents --- تنمية --- موهبة --- النفس


Article
The Effect of Bransford and Stein's Model in Acquiring European History and Developing the Critical Thinking of the Fifth Literary Female Students
اثر انموذج برانسفورد وشتاين في تحصيل مادة التاريخ الاوربي وتنمية التفكير الناقد لدى طالبات الصف الخامس الادبي

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of Bransford and Stein's pattern in acquiring European history and developing the critical thinking of the fifth literary female students


Article
Art direction for a book reading Arabic for sixth grade as a standard of quality from the perspective of teachers in the province of Babylon and its parameters The Artistic Editing of the Arabic Reading Textbook Of the Sixth Primary Class as a Scale of ISO from The Teachers of Babylon Governorate's Point of View
الإخراج الفني لكتاب القراءة العربية للصف السادس الابتدائي كمعيار للجودة من وجهة نظر معلمي محافظة بابل ومعلماتها

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الخلاصة

the study was conducted in Iraq/ Babylon University/ College of basic education and aims to know art direction of Arabic reading book for sixth grade as a standard of quality from the perspective of teachers in Babil province and its parameters and the importance of the textbook as it reflects the genuine expression of the curriculum developed by the conscious field experience to suit its concepts in any level, environmental requirements, and the requirements of society and subjects include movement of the times and the growth of life and is an expression of the modern trend in education which focuses on preparing the learner for life to maintain and build His psychologically, physically, spiritually and emotionally adopted researcher descriptive study was prepared by researcher identification consisting of (26) and after confirmation of sincerity and persistence of distributed to a sample of teachers in Babil province and has numbered parameters (55) teachers who taught reading in sixth grade and use appropriate statistical methods, the researcher concluded that reading books for sixth grade was marked by the adoption and application of quality standards and the technical output standards adopted TQM. attraction and provides


Article
Irony in The Cask of Amontillado by Edgar Allan Poe and “A Good Man is Hard to Find by Mary Flannery O'Connor
المفارقة في القصتين "راقود الامونتلادو" و"من الصعب العثور على الرجل الصالح"

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الخلاصة

The main aim of this paper is to bring out the irony in the two selected stories of Edgar Allan Poe “ The Cask of Amontillado” and Mary Flannery O’Conner “A Good Man is Hard to find“. Irony in any story depends on the author’s tone and attitude toward his specific situation . In this paper ,situational, dramatic and verbal ironies ”are discussed. Situational irony depends upon a discrepancy between how characters see a situation and the true nature of the situation. While in the dramatic irony readers knows something which characters in the story do not. The Third type is verbal irony it can occur through dialogue, when the character says something but he means another thing.Also the difference between sarcasm and irony will be explained.


Article
The Book (Al-Dibaj) that was attributed to Abi Ubaida A study in achieving the attribution
كتاب (الديباج) المنسوب إلى أبي عبيدة دراسة في تحقيق النسبة

المؤلفون: Ali Muhsen Badi علي محسن بادي
الصفحات: 579-611
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الخلاصة

Abi Ubaida Bin Al-Muthana Al-Timimi has a prominent place in our Islamic and Arabic heritage for several reasons, including the progress of his time and the large number of his works in various sciences, so it was said that the total number of his books more than two hundred books. most of his books were missing except few of them. Ancient resources reported that one of his works was a book entitled Al-Dibaj. The book was published based on a unique pictorial manuscript which had unknown title as well as author. In this research we dealt with the evidence that enable, Us to achieve the attribution of the unknown manuscript and we found out that it didn’t represent the original book Al-Dibaj, but it was another book written in a century after the death of the author of the book Al-Dibaj

الكلمات الدلالية

Book Al-Dibaj --- Abu Ubaida --- كتاب الديباج، أبي عبيدة


Article
Manifestations of over taking on agricultural land in the province of Najaf and environmental effects
مظاهر التجاوز على الأراضي الزراعية في محافظة النجف وآثارها البيئية

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الخلاصة

Najaf, like the province has seen of Iraq's provinces expanded demographically significant on the expense of agricultural land, whether it is expanding at random or non-random, and these abuses have increased dramatically in recent years due to the country's ongoing political deterioration and the economic and social, and when he went through the wars Directly influenced all aspects of the state, on the basis of what it has become a transgressor of them in the districts and the areas of the province of Najaf spaces, The study showed the size of those excesses and manifestations and the reasons underlying it, Including population growth and the high rate of population density per unit area as well as their effects of The low systematic planning and the lack of the state's role in monitoring cases of abuse, particularly the agricultural Tabu and agricultural contracts


Article
The Effect of Teaching By Using Duit Model in Acquiring Historical Concepts for the First Intermediate Students
فاعلية التدريس بإنموذج ديوت (Duit) في اكتساب المفاهيم التأريخية لدى طلاب الصف الاول المتوسط في مادة التأريخ

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at the effect of teaching by using Duit model in acquiring historical concepts for the first intermediate students


Article
The Meaning of the Rhetorical Questions and their Effect in the Harmony Of the Quranic Text
معاني الاستفهام البلاغية وأثرها في انسجام النص القرآني سورة هود أنموذجاً

المؤلفون: Ahmed Jasim Muslim أحمد جاسم مسلم
الصفحات: 659-670
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الخلاصة

This research tries to introduce a special vision about the relationship between rhetoric and text linguistics; as well as the impact of the different rhetoric investigations; the research focused on the question style, which is one of the investigations of semantics in Arabic rhetoric; and this style effects on unison of Quranic text, the study of rhetorical purposes that goes out of its question and its importance in the unison of Hud Surat as important semantic relationships which share with other relationships to reveal the required unison script in this precious Surat. The research was included three parts; the first part spoke about the question style of the Holy Quran in general; the second part explained the concept of unison text as criterion of text linguistics criteria; the third part was an application study on Hud Surat which tried to reveal the effect of the meanings of rhetorical question in the unison of the precious Surat.


Article
The Original and Unoriginal Stillness In Arabic
السكون الأصلي والعارض في العربية

المؤلفون: Ahmed Kadhim Amash أحمد كاظم عماش
الصفحات: 671-682
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at studying the stillness in Arabic and its relation to vocalization as they together define the meaning of the words. The previous studies did not give the stillness its weight and they did not focus on the linguistic and acoustic value of the stillness and they did not refer whether it is original or not which is the aim of the present study


Article
The Significance of the Successive Overlapping Writing Styles in Nahj Al-Balagha
دلالة تلاحق الأساليب الإنشائية المتشابكة في نهج البلاغة

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الخلاصة

The Nahj book, the Koran is the spokesman, and the light shining after the Koran, it is a sea abundant heavy; so I went togrammar studies, linguistic and literary NHL him And tangles was not apopular topic by an independent perse, but rather one of its synonyms commonly overlap, and overlap, is: is entering something in something, shows a new thing, it was not apparent before this overlap. It is clear to us from this entanglement stylistic high culture, high-end and rhetoric obvious and eloquence owned Alamam peace be upon him, expressed in a range to use these interlocking methods,Again and all order only, and once an order and is an order, and this goes back to the place and appropriate, which wask organized for him.And methods interlocking, are: a nesting methods among them selves and mixing uniformly and compatible, in one phrase ovqrh one, leading this overlap is very disclose the text, and the depth of the significance, and be tangles of two types: the first: the complexity of an entrepreneur, and the other:the complexity of unstructured


Article
The Effect of the Creativity Ladder Strategy in Comprehending the Literary Texts And The Performance of the Second Intermediate Students
أثر استراتيجية سلم الابداع في فهم النصوص الادبية والأداء التعبيري لدى طلاب الثاني المتوسط في مادة المطالعة والنصوص

المؤلفون: Saif Tarik Al-Isawi سيف طارق العيساوي
الصفحات: 695-713
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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of the creativity ladder strategy in comprehending the literary texts and the performance of the second intermediate students. The sample of the study consists of (65) students divided into two groups: the controlling group and the experimental one.


Article
The Level of Skills of Developing Innovative Thinking for the Teachers of Arabic in the Preparatory Schools
مستوى امتلاك مدرّسي اللغة العربية في المرحلة الإعدادية في مهارات تنمية التفكير الابتكاري

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the level of skills of developing innovative thinking for the teachers of Arabic in the preparatory schools. The sample of the study consist of (205) teachers of directorate of Education od Al-Hashimiya


Article
Effect of the Japanese yodai strategy in the collection of fourth-grade students in the scientific Arabic grammar
أثر استراتيجية يوايدي اليابانية في تحصيل طالبات الصف الرابع العلمي في قواعد اللغة العربية

المؤلفون: Zaid Bader Mohammad Al-attar زيد بدر محمد العطار
الصفحات: 733-750
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الخلاصة

Aimed at the current research is to identify the impact of the impact of the Japanese yodai strategy in the collection of students fourth grade science in the Arabic language rules and achieve the goal of the research, coined the researcher two assumptions Cefreeten Mlaimtin to search and chose determined experimentally a partial restraint, rewarded researcher between the two sets of research in a number of variables, and then determine scientific material and formulation of behavioral objectives and prepare daily lesson plans, promising researcher test in Arabic grammar be of (40) items of the test type of multi, make sure researcher of sincerity and persistence, and at the end of the application of the experiment, which lasted an entire semester, dish researcher language test rules Arab dimensional, and to learn significance of differences between the mean scores of the two groups used the Find researcher Altaia test for two independent samples in the statistical data processing, and the results showed the superiority of the experimental group to the control group in the collection


Article
The Legal Organization of the International Deposition Documents
التنظيم القانوني لشهادات الإيداع الدولية

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الخلاصة

The Iraqi stock market is in need to all the known means that help to develop this market by means of increasing the foreign investments as it appears nowadays what is called the international deposition documents which issued by stock market via Deposition banks


Article
The Armens in the service of the Fatimid State (1073- 1162 A.D./ 468-558 A.D.)
الأرمن في خدمة الدولة الفاطمية (468-558هـ/1073-1162م)

المؤلفون: Mahmood Shakir Misha'an محمود شاكر مشعان
الصفحات: 768-783
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الخلاصة

The Fatimid state played an important role in the Islamic history. Egypt was the center of the Fatimid state which dealt with the different groups of people in Egypt wisely. Accordingly, the Armens were in conformity with the state policy and they serve in different areas like politics, economy, management, social and science. This cooperation between the Armens and the Fatimids is the result of the wise policy of the Fatimids towards the Armens


Article
The Effect of the Opposite Purpose Method in Decreasing the Existential Anxiety of the Old aged Residing in Governmental Houses
أثر أسلوب القصد المعاكس في خفض القلق الوجودي لدى عيِّنـة من المُسنِّيـن المقيميـن في دور الدولة

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الخلاصة

The present study aims at assessing the effect of the Opposite purpose method in decreasing the existential anxiety of the population of the study as it consists of the old aged residing in governmental houses in Basra and Baghdad which consists of (131) individuals in 2015. The sample of the study consists of (20) individuals


Article
Investigating Iraqi EFL Learners’ Comprehension of Some Senses of the Word ‘Sight’
البحث في استيعاب الطلبة العراقيين الدارسين اللغة الأنكليزية لغة أجنبية للمعاني المختلفة لكلمة "نظر"

المؤلفون: Shahla Abdul-kadhim Hadi صلاح عبد الكاظم هادي
الصفحات: 799-807
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الخلاصة

In light of cognitive semantics, meaning extension in a language is actually a reflection of its natives’ modes of thinking. The different ways of thinking set different correlations between the word’s referent and both the interlocutors’ inner world and the outside world and hence produce distinct senses for that word. It is then essential for the EFL learners to acquire the natives’ modes of thinking in order to be able of getting the list of meanings related to each lexical item in the target language. After reviewing the conceptual process involved in meaning construction, the researcher tries to investigate EFL learners’ comprehension of some senses of the word ‘sight’ in a set of sentences. The qualitative analysis of the subjects’ responses shows that the non-native like thinking which involves un-natural conceptual decoding, shift in domains, and miscorrelation are the main causes of the subjects’ poor comprehension.


Article
The Influence of Arabic on Indian Language: Historically and Linguistically
أثر اللغة العربية في اللغه الهندية: تاريخياً ولغوياً

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الخلاصة

Having talked with many people from India when we studied there from 2007 till 2014, we were often fascinated by words that sounded Arabic in origin. When asking about the meaning, they were indeed Arabic. And I could detect more words in the few Hindi Bollywood movies that I have seen as well. Historically speaking, Arabic has been used in India almost exclusively by its Muslim population, and has been a key force in delineating and shaping Indian Muslim identity. This is not surprising, for it is generally acknowledged that the Arabic language has a predominantly sacred character outside the Arabic speaking Middle East. A thorough study of Indian history suggests that India's first substantial contact with the Arabic language came when the Arab Muslims settled in the western Indian province of Sind. Subsequently, the Arabic language continued to flourish further under the patronage of the Mughal rulers in India. In the Islamic epochs, the usage of Arabic was liturgical. But after the independence of India, non-sacred Arabic gained momentum. However, the functional manifestation of the language in the subcontinent has great historical significance and has not been systematically explored. To this end, this paper presents an attempt to analyze the processes and extent of development and uses of Arabic in India since its arrival in the eighth century through the twentieth indicating career prospects in the days to come, in as much as they bring into sharper focus the scriptural face of Indian Arabic


Article
Methods of social response to the deviation as an aspect of criminal justice A theoretical study
آليات الرد الإجتماعي على الإنحراف كمظهر للعدالة الجنائية - دراسة نظرية

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الخلاصة

The law has been linked in its inception and development to the concept of justice. It is the proper application of the law that enriches the concept of justice and strengthens its existence. On the contrary, the abuse of law leaves a wide gap between it and the realization of the demand for justice which helps to obtain manifestations of social deviation. To take a fair and effective social reaction to the realization of the right and to restore balance to society through justice procedures carried out by criminal justice systems and institutions. The establishment of criminal justice systems to strengthen the rule of law is of great importance in the fight against delinquency and crime


Article
The effectiveness of an educational program in the written expression creativity of students at middle school
فاعلية برنامج تعليمي على وفق الأنشطة اللغوية لتنمية مهارات التعبير الإبداعي لدى طالبات المرحلة الإعدادية في مادة التعبير الكتابي

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الخلاصة

The current research aims to find out the effectiveness of an educational program in the written expression creativity among students of the fifth grade science. The research sample consisted of 64 females students fromAlKhansaahigh School for Girls, which were selected at random. The Researchers tools used in the research consisted of two methods, the first wasa test in written expression, and the second was to build a program for creative skills of written expression. To analyze the results of the research,the searchers used the Pearson correlation coefficient and the (t) test for two independent samples as statistical means. They found that the performance in written expression creativity of the experimental group, which studied the educational program, was higherthan the control group

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