Table of content

Baghdad Science Journal

مجلة بغداد للعلوم

ISSN: 20788665 24117986
Publisher: Baghdad University
Faculty: Science for Women
Language: Arabic and English

This journal is Open Access

About

A Scientific and Evaluated Journal Published by the College of Science for Women, University of Baghdad
Date of First issue(2004)
No.of Issue per year(4)
No.of papers per issue (25)
No. Of issue published between 2004-2017(56) issue
This Journal publish paper in Arabic and English in area of Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics and Computer.

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Contact info

Phone Number:07800709148
E-mail: bsj@csw.uobaghdad.edu.iq
E-mail: baghdadscij@csw.uobaghdad.edu.iq
E-mail:bjs.csw@gmail.com

Table of content: 2017 volume:14 issue:2

Article
A comparative study to determine the native eye lens protein in the some types of Iraqi vertebrates
دراسة مقارنة لتحديد طبيعة بروتين عدسة العين في بعض الفقريات العراقية

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Abstract

This study showed that the lens in baloot muluki fish Chondrostoma regium is transparent, spherical shape, and solid in textures, while in the tree frog Hyla arborea savignyi, freshwater turtles Clemmys caspia caspia, white–eared bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis and brown rat Rattus norvegicus are transparent, soft and biconvex, it is very soft in white–eared bulbul. There are many significant differences have been recorded between the average weight lens and the total concentration of the protein in the lens all studied animals. Electrical migration process for lens proteins showed that there is one bundle of crystalline –α and one bundle also crystalline–β in all studied species, either crystalline–γ may represent one bundle characterized the lens proteins in baloot muluki fish, tree frog, freshwater turtles, and brown rat, while one bundle from crystalline–δ appeared in lens proteins of the white – eared bulbul.


Article
Meiobenthic Invertebrates Community Associated with Aquatic plant Ceratophyllum demersum Salamiyat irrigation canal / north Baghdad
مجتمع اللافقريات الصغيرة المصاحبة لنبات الشلنت المائي Ceratophyllum demersum في قناة السلاميات الاروائية / شمال بغداد

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Abstract

The aim of the present study is to study the meiobenthic invertebrate's community associated with the aquatic plant Ceratophyllum demersum in Al-Salamiyat irrigation canal / north Baghdad, with the chemical and physical parameters of the canal water, during the study period from September 2015 to May 2016. Two sites were chosen for sample collection, the first site (S1) at the beginning of the canal near it's connection with Tigris river, and the second site (S2) after 10 km from the first site. The chemico-physical analysis results revealed that the water temperature ranged from 10-30oC, and pH values ranged between 6.9-7.8, and the dissolved oxygen concentration and the BOD values from 7.2-9.2 mg/l, and 1.2-5.4 mg/l, respectively. The salinity values were ranged between 0.45 and 0.86 ‰, and the total suspended solids were changed 357-674mg/l. A total of 9089 individuals of meiobethic invertebrates were sorted out from C. demersum during the study perid , representing 34 species including Hydra oligactis (Hydrozoa , Cnidaria); two species of Turbellaria ( Platyhelminthes); five species of Nematoda; seven species of Rotifera; 14 species of aquatic Oligochaeta (Annelida); four Crustacea, and one species of chironomid larva species, in addition to recording one individual of Tardigrada from (S2). The highest total number of meiobenthic invertebrates of 5600 individuals were recorded at (S2), while at (S1) less number of (3489) individuals were reported. Four species were recognized as a new records for Iraqi fauna, including Hydra oligactis (Hydrozoa:Cnidaria); Macrostomum tuba (Platyhelminthes: Turbellaria(, Dero cooperi (Annelida:Oligochaeta,) and Stenocypris hislopi )Crustacea: Otracoda(.


Article
Inflammatory role of some cytokines, immunoglobulins and complement proteins in immunopathogenesis of renal failure in a sample of Diyala province patients
الدور الالتهابي لبعض الحركيات الخلوية والكلوبيولينات المناعية وبروتينات المتمم في الامراضية المناعية للفشل الكلوي في عينة من مرضى محافظة ديالى

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Abstract

This study was conducted in Diyala province for renal failure patients during the periods August 2015 - April 2016. Hundred renal failure patients were enrolled in the study after diagnosis by the consultant physician at Ibn-Sina Center for Dialysis in Baquba Teaching Hospital according to criteria adopted by the World Health Organization for diagnosis of renal failure disease. The number of males in patient’s sample was 61 (61%) and females was 39 (39%) with an age range of 10 – 88 year (44.7 ± 22.1 year). In addition, the study included 50 apparently healthy individuals and considered as a group control, in which the number of males and females was similar (25 individual), with an age range of 18 – 88 year (51.7 ± 17.3 year). The results a highly significant decrease serum level of immunoglobulins (IgG and IgM) and complement proteins (C3 and C4) in renal failure patients compared to controls (p ≤ 0.001). The results showed further a highly significant increased serum level of interleulin-18 in patients compared to controls (p ≤ 0.001). Interleukin-6 serum level was also increased in patients compared to control, but the difference was not significant (p > 0.05).


Article
Estimating of Fatty Acids, Tcopherols, Tocotrienols, Total Carotens, Study The Physiochemical Properties And Unsaponifiable Matters Extraction From Crude Red Palm Oil(1)
تقدير نسب الاحماض الدهنية و كمية Tocopherols و Tocotrienols و الكاروتينات الكلية ودراسة الخصائص الفيزيوكيميائية واستخلاص المواد غير القابلة للتصبن لزيت النخيل الاحمر الخام(1)

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Abstract

The percentage of fatty acids, quantity of tocopherols, tocotrienols, carotens and physiochemical characteristics of crude red palm oil have been evaluated, in addition to specific chemical detection of active compounds unsaponifiable matters. Results of Gas Liquid Chromatography showed:- The major fatty acids in red palm oil is palmitic (44.36%) then oleic (39.65%), linolenic (10.55%), stearic (3.56%), myristic (1.22%), arachdonic (0.24%) and palmotic (0.19%). Red palm oil contains α – β- γ- δ – Tocopherols with concentration 258 , 121 , 259, 109 m/kg oil , α – β- γ- δ – Tocotrienol with concentration 462.77 , 571.03, 619.18, 509.07 m/kg oil respectively. Total tocopherols & tocotrienols 2909.05 m/kg oil and 893.63 m/kg oil carotens. Results of physiochemical characteristics revealed that crude red palm oil contains 0.80 ± 0.13% moisture , 58.81 ± 0.24 iodin nomber, 210 ± 1.35 saponifid number, 0.417 pv, 0.7% unsaponifiable matters, 1.4684 refraction index. Specific chemical detection indicated that unsaponifiable matters contains phenols, flavonoids and sterols.


Article
The efficiency of some plant extracts for growth inhibition of Candida albicans and Trichophytonmentagrophytes
كفاءة بعض المستخلصات النباتية في تثبيط نمو Candida albicans وTrichophyton mentagrophytes

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Abstract

Plant extracts occupied a big place in diseases treatment and preserving human health because, they contain many active substances that can be exploited in the field of pharmaceutical manufacturing from natural materials. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the effect of different concentrations of plant extracts for each of Nigella sativa, Alliumsativum and Allium cepa against the fungal growth of Candida albicans that cause many skin diseases and infections to humans as well as Trichophyton mentagrophytes, which affects the hair, skin and nails. These two fungi have been isolated and diagnosed from people who have skin infection. Both fungal isolates were treated with extracts of Nigella sativa, Alliumsativum and Allium cepa, which are prepared by using the cold method of extraction. The results showed the effectiveness of Nigella sativa extract against C. albicans and T. Mentagrophytes within two weeks of incubation period. On the other hand, it has been found that the extract of Nigella sativa was more effective on C. albicans, as the rate of inhibition zone was 3.0-4.2 in diameter and 4.5-5.0 on SDA and ESDA media respectively. The results of the fungus T. mentagrophytes indicated that the inhibition zone was 3.2 -3 cm in diameter on SDA medium and 3.0- 4.2 cm on ESDA medium compared with control, as there were no inhibition zones appearance for both fungi. Moreover, the results showed that Allium sativum extract comes in second place in their effectiveness against fangal growth, whereas, the Allium cepa extract did not show any significant impact.


Article
The Effect of Variety and Gibberellic acid and Brassinolide and their Interaction on Some of The Chemical Characteristics and Total chlorophyll of the plant Dill Anethum graveolens L.
تأثيرالصنف و حامض الجبرلين والبراسينولايد وتداخلاتها في بعض الصفات الكيميائية والكلوروفيل الكلي لنبات الشبنت. Anethum graveolens L

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Abstract

The experiment was carried out to study the effect of variety and gibberellic acid in concentration (0 and 50)mg.lat-1 and BL in five concentration (0, 0.50 ,1 ,2 and 3)mg.ltr-1 and their interaction in some chemical Characteristics and total chlorophyll for Dill plant . the experiment designed according Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD) and three replicates per treatment, compared to the average using less significant difference at the level of probability (0.05) , the results showed the following:- The effect of brassinolide with it,s concentrations led to obtain a significant increase in all the studied characteristics, so the superiority of the concentration of 2 mg.L-1 of brassinolide in each of Ca, Mg,Fe, and total chlorophyll The effect of gibberellic acid with it,s two concentrations led to obtain a significant increase in all the studied characteristics and the highest in of the concentrate at 50 mg.L-1in two local and hol and varieties. The all bilateral interactions had a significant effect on all the studies characteristics with superiority of the treatment (2 from brassinolide, 50 from gibberellic acid) mg. L-1 in the ratio of Ca, Mg,Fe and total chlorophyll. The tripleinter actions led not to obtain a significant increase in all of the study of significant factors.


Article
Detection of zpx gene of Cronobacter sakazakii isolated from Clinical samples for Iraqi children under Two Years
الكشف عن جين zpx في بكتريا Cronobacter sakazakii المعزولة من عينات سريرية لاطفال عراقيين دون عمر السنتين

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Abstract

The study included 200 samples were collected from children under two years included (50 samples from each of Cerebrospinal fluid, Blood, Stool and Urine) from, (Central Children Hospital and Children's Protections Educational Hospital) The Iraqi Ministry of Health, the Department of Health Baghdad .the period from the first of 2015 September to the first of December 2015, Were obtained isolates bacterial subjected to the cultural, microscopic and biochemical examination and diagnosed to the species by using vitek2 system .The results showed there were contamination in 6.5% of clinical samples. The diagnosed colonies which gave pink color on the MacConkey agar, golden yellow color on the Trypton Soy agar and green color on the Birillent Enterobacter sakazakii agar and gave a probability of 99% in the vitek 2 and were identified as Cronobacter sakazakii. The identifcation revealed of thirteen isolates, (6) isolated from Cerebrospinal fluid samples and its contamination with percent 12%, (7) isolated from blood samples and its contamination with percent 14% and not isolated bacteria from stool and urine samples. Detection of zpx gene showed the presence of this gene in 13(100%)of isolates


Article
A study of some physical, chemical and biological properties of Slabiaat River waters in Al-Muthanna province, Iraq
دراسة بعض الخصائص الفيزيائية والكيميائية والاحيائية لمياه نهر صليبيات في محافظة المثنى، العراق

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Present study was conducted in order to assess Slabiaat water quality by measuring some physical and chemical factors of river water, the study included a choice of three stations along of Slabiaat River in Samawa city, water samples collected a monthly during the period from September 2013 August 2014. The study involved measuring the Air & water temperatures, pH, Electrical conductivity, Total dissolved solids, Dissolved oxygen, Total hardness, calcium hardness, magnesium, turbidity, and some types of bacteria in River water. The study results showed that the values of air & water temperatures have ranged between (20.1-36.6)ᵒC , (10-21.8) in Slabiaat River, respectively . pH values ranged between (6.6-8.7). Electrical conductivity in study sites record values ranged between (2625-9775) µs̷ cm. Total dissolved solids showed values are changing through months of study and between stations was highest (5500 mg/L) in S3. Dissolved oxygen values ranged between (4-7 mg/L) in Slabiaat River. Total hardness, calcium and magnesium were (690-2100), (500-1020) and (12.15-325.62) mg CaCO3/L, respectively, either turbidity values were the highest value in the river is (98) NTU, and the lowest was (12) NTU. Also,It has been identified Staphylococcus, E. coli, Vibrio, Proteus & Pseudomonas in river waters. Statistically, significant differences have emerged in all physical and chemical characteristics between months at probability (P≤ 0.05), while did not show between stations, except for calcium hardness.


Article
The Role of Sox17 Gene Expression in Early Definition of Anterior Pole of the Rabbit Embryo at Early Pre-Gastrulation Stages
دور التعبير الجيني لـ Sox17 في التحديد المبكر للقطب الأمامي في جنين الأرنب في المراحل المبكرة ما قبل المعيدية

Authors: Romia Hassoun روميا حسون
Pages: 299-310
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Abstract

The primitive streak and notochord and previously the anterior marginal crescent (AMC), anterior visceral endoderm (AVE) and the anterior hypoblast (AHB) are embryonic entities which identify main body axes and thus establish body plan in the early stages of embryonic development. All of the anterior pre-gastrulation differentiation structures are addressed terminology as anterior pre-gastrulation differentiation (APD). These structures are defined morphologically and are called in mouse (AVE), in rabbit (AMC) and in the pig (AHB). The anterior hypoblast cells of APD are higher and denser than at the opposite pole of the embryo. Moreover, the APD stretches variously between species and has different shapes in the mammalian embryos, for example, it is crescent-like shape in the rabbit and disc-like shape in the pig. In this study, the sox17 expression patterns show that the anterior pole of rabbit is differentiated genetically prior to morphological differentiation. In Situ hybridization signals of sox17 are located in AMC area at early pre-gastrulation stages before appearance of first cellular differentiation signs. This study fixes sox17 gene as one of the important genes in definition of the polarity of the mammalian embryo before appearance morphological or axial landmarks.


Article
Effect of Ferocene Concentration on the Percent Conversion and Molecular Weight of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate) Homopolymers
تأثير تركيزالفيروسين في النسبة المئوية للتحويل والوزن الجزيئي لبولي (ميثاأكريلات المثيل)المتجانس

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This research is addressing the effect of different ferrocene concentration (0.00, 2.15x10-3, 4.30x10-3, 8.60x10-3, and 12.9x10-3) on the bulk free radical polymerization of methyl methacrylate monomer in benzene using benzoyl peroxide as initiator. The polymerization was conducted at 60º C under free oxygen atmosphere. The resulting polymers were characterized by FTIR. The results were compared with the presence and absence of ferrocene at 10% conversion. The %conversion was 3.04% with no ferrocene present in the polymerization medium and its increase to 9.06 with a first lowest ferrocene concentration added, i.e. 2.15 x10-3mol/l. This was positively reflected on the poly(methyl methacrylate) molecular weight measured by viscosity technique, especially in the presence of ferrocene.


Article
Spectrophotometric determination of Metronidazole and Metronidazole benzoate via first and Second Derivative order spectroscopy
التقدير الطيفي لعقاري الميترونيدازول وبنزوات الميترونيدازول باستعمال مطيافية المشتقة الاولى والثانية

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A New Spectrophotometric Methods are improved for determination Metronidazole (MTZ) and Metronidazolebenzoate (MTZB) depending on1STand 2nd derivative spectrum of the two drugs by using ethanol as a solvent. Many techniques were proportionated with concentration (peak high to base line, peak to peak and peak area). The linearity of the methodsranged between(1-25µg.ml-1) is obtained. The results were precise and accurate throw RSD% were between (0.041-0.751%) and (0.0331-0.452%), Rec% values between (97.78, 101.87%) and (98.033-102.39%) while the LOD between (0.051-0.231 µg.ml-1) and (0.074-1.04 µg.ml-1) and LOQ between (0.170-0.770µg.ml-1) and (0.074-0.313 µg.ml-1) of (MTZ) and of (MTZB) respectively. These Methods were successfully applied to determination of (MTZ) and (MTZB) in the pharmaceutical preparatio; ns.


Article
Improvement of the technique for the solution method of Gauss Seidel
تحسين آلية الحل لطريقة كاوس سيدل (Gauss - Seidel)

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In this paper, a new approach was suggested to the method of Gauss Seidel through the controlling of equations installation before the beginning of the method in the traditional way. New structure of equations occur after the diagnosis of the variable that causes the fluctuation and the slow extract of the results, then eradicating this variable. This procedure leads to a higher accuracy and less number of steps than the old method. By using the this proposed method, there will be a possibility of solving many of divergent values equations which cannot be solved by the old style.


Article
Assessment of Water Quality and Trophic Status of Duhok Lake Dam
تقيم نوعية المياه و دليل الحالة التغذوية لبحيرة دهوك

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This study is conducted in order to, investigate the trophic state of Duhok Lake Dam located within Duhok city, Iraq. Water samples are collected seasonally from three monitored sites during 2011. The parameters used for assessing water quality and trophic status level include: water temperature, pH, EC, TDS, DO, BOD5, nutrients, Secchi disk transparency, and chlorophyll a. The results reveal that DO is above 5 mg.l-1 in all sites, BOD5 value is within permissible level for domestic uses. Water quality considered as a hard type. High sulfate concentration is recorded during the study period. Trophic state shows that water type is classified as mesotrophic during autumn season, while it is regarded as eutrophic in other seasons. TDN/TDP ratio suggests that phosphorus is a limiting factor for algal growth. Based on IWQI, the water type is classified as excellent type for irrigation purpose.


Article
Hematological Study of Infants Amoebiasis in Duhok City
دراسة بعض التغيرات الدموية لداء المتحولات الاميبية في الاطفال الرضع لمدينة دهوك

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Out of 180 children, 60 (33.3%) have Amoebiasis infection as diagnosed by direct wet smear and Saturated Salt Solution (SSS). SSS method is more significant (P=0.001) in diagnosis of the disease. Number of children infected with Amoebiasis infection is higher in infants aged 1-6 months, but without any significant difference to ages 6-12 or 12-18 months. In contrast, infants aged 18-24 months are significantly differant (P=0.01) as the infection rate is 16.6%. Gender also is seen to be reduced in significance (P= 0.001) for females aged 18-24 months. Blood profile of the involved infants has shown a significant variation (P=0. 01) for all blood profile parameters (RBC (P=0.05), WBC (P=0.001), Lymphocytes (P=0.05), Granulated WBC (P=0.05), Hb (P=0.01) and Platelets counts (P=0.001). Many medicinal regimes are dependent in the treatment of Amoebiasis, Metronidazole (Flagyl) in significant variation (P=0.01), combination of Metronidazole and Bactrim.


Article
Evaluation of Air Pollution Tolerance Index (APTI) by two species of terrestrial plants in some stations within Babylon Province, Iraq
تقدير دليل تلوث الهواء بواسطة نباتين بريين في بعض المحطات ضمن محافظة بابل، العراق

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This study deals with air pollution tolerance index (APTI) and anatomical variation in leaves of two species of terrestrial plants Ficus sp. and Conocarpus sp. that have bee commonly the separated along roadsides in many stations within Babylon province. APTI values of both species were less than 10 during study period which represented sensitivity of these plants to air pollution. There are Anatomical responses to pollution in the leaves of both studied species. Main adaptations included increased thickness of parenchyma cell walls with clear dark deposits in sections of Ficus sp. from sections of stations 2 and 4 which represent polluted stations. Conocarpus sp. main adaptation included stomata increased in density and decreased in size with high tannin cells content in heavy polluted station.


Article
Production and Extraction of Siderophores-Catecholate- from -MDR-Acinetobacter baumannii
إنتاج وإستخلاص مركبات السايدروفور- نوع الكاتيكولات- من بكتريا Acinetobacter baumannii متعددة المقاومة للمضادات الحيوية

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Siderophores are low molecular weight organic compounds produced by microorganisms growing under low iron concentration.In this study we describe the detection, production and extraction of siderophores secreted by Acinetobacter baumannii (Multiple-drug resistant ) pathogens. One hundered twenty Gram –negative non lactose fermenter bacilli isolates have been collected from three hospitals at Baghdad city over three months. Primary identification of these isolates is performed by standard diagnostic methods (biochemical tests and API 20 NE); 19 clinical isolates of A. baumannii are cultured on CHROMagar (highly selective medium for detection of MDR Acinetobacter) as well as diagnoses is documented by using Vitek 2 system. Isolates are examined towards 11 different antibiotics. High resistance is recognized for most isolates. Detection of siderophore has been done by examining the isolates on M9 minimum medium; 5 isolates (26%) are producers for siderophore, the highest producing one is isolated from sputum and chosen to extract siderophore catecholate . (Ab5S) isolate is examined on specific synthetic medium for production then siderophore molecules are extracted by ethyl acetate .Weight of dried extract is determined (115 mg/ml) and siderophore chemical nature has been assessed which appeared as catecholate.


Article
Levels of Serum Lipid profile and Kidney Function Tests in Iraqi Hypertensive Patients: Duration Effect Study
مستويات صورة الدهون واختبارات وظيفة الكلية في المرضى العراقيين المصابين بارتفاع ضغط الدم: دراسة تاثير مدة المرض

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Hypertension is one of the leading causes of the global burden of disease, which causes serious health problems. The aim of this study is to investigate the lipid profile levels in sera of Iraqi hypertensive patients by measuring Total cholesterol (TC), triglyceride (TG) and low density lipoproteins (LDL) and kidney function levels by measuring uric acid, urea and creatinine. Seventy five individuals of Iraqi adults (Males) were divided into three groups: 25 hypertensive patients with duration of disease (1-10) year (group 1), 25 hypertensive patients with duration of disease (11-30) year (group 2) and 25 normal individuals as control group (group3). The findings indicate that serum (TC, TG and LDL) levels were significantly elevated (p ≤ 0.05) compared with healthy group and the values of them were significantly higher in group 2 than in group 1.This study also shows significant positive correlations between TC and TG, LDL (p ≤0.01), (p ≤ 0.05)respectively. From collected data, a significant increase was found in the mean value of serum uric acid, urea and creatinine in hypertensive patients in two groups (1, 2) compared with control group and the levels of them were significantly higher in group2 than in group1 (p≤0.01).The results also indicate strong correlations between parameters studied of kidney function tests ( p≤ 0.01). This study has shown that lipid profile and renal function levels abnormalities are highly prevalent among Iraqi hypertensive patients and also the effect of duration of disease on parameters was studied.


Article
The Comparison Effect of Nickel (II) and Cadmium (II) Complexes with Aqueous Extract of Tecrium polium.L (Ja,adah) Plant on Hepatocellular Carcinoma Cell Line HeP2
مقارنة تأثير معقدات النيكل (II) و الكادميوم(II) مع المستخلص المائي لنبات الجُعدة على الخط الخلوي لسرطان الخلايا الكبدية (Hep2)

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Cancer stay to be one of the leading causes of death throughout the world due to a limited success to use treatments. The new synthesized metal complexes with formula: [Ni L2 (H2O)2]. 2.5 E t OH and [Cd L2]. ½ H2O Where L = Bis [ 5 – ( P – nitrophenyl ) - 4 – phenyl 1 , 2 , 4 – trazol – 3 – dithiocarbamato hydrazide ] and the aqueous extract of Teucrium polium L.(TP) plant (Ja,adahin Arabic) were examined against growth cells of hepatocellular Carcinoma cell Line ( HeP2 ). The cytotoxicity assay of cancer cell line was used for determination of inhibition rate with three concentrations; (62.5, 105 and 250 µg /200µl). The aqueous extract of TP plant induced death of cancer cells by significant elevation of the inhibition rate to 50.03% while the cytotoxic effect of Ni ( II ) complex reached 45.77% and Cadmium (II) was 35.73% at 125µg /200µl.The present study indicates that there are no significant differences between the two new complexes Nickel(II) and Cadmium(II) compared with anticancer drug Cis-pt for all doses .


Article
Synthesis of Pure Nano semiconductor Oxide ZnO with Different AgNO3 Concentrations
تحضير اكاسيد اشباه الموصلات النانويه اوكسيد الخارصين النقي واضافه تراكيز مختلفه من نترات الفضه

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Zinc oxide nanoparticles sample is prepared by the precipitation method. This method involves using zinc nitrate and urea in aqueous solution, then (AgNO3) Solution with different concentrations is added. The obtained precipitated compound is structurally characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Atomic force microscopy (AFM) and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The average particle size of nanoparticles is around 28nm in pure, the average particle size reaches 26nm with adding AgNO3 (0.05g in100ml =0.002 M) (0.1g in100ml=0.0058M), AgNO3 (0.2g in 100ml=0.01M) was 25nm. The FTIR result shows the existence of -CO, -CO2, -OH, and -NO2- groups in sample and oxides (ZnO, Ag2O).and used an atomic force microscope and microscope scanning electron to model the record.


Article
Synthesis, Characterization and Biological Activity of Schiff Bases Chelates with Mn(II),Co(II),Ni (II),Cu(II) and Hg(II)
تحضير،تشخيص والفعالية البايولوجية لمخلبيات قواعد شيف مع المنغنيز (II) الكوبلت (II)،النيكل (II)،النحاس (II)،والزئبق (II)

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In this paper, some series of new complexes of Mn(II), Co(II), Ni (II) Cu(II) and Hg(II) are prepared from the Schiff bases (L1,L2). (L1) derived from 4-aminoantipyrine and O-phenylene dia mine then (L2) derived from (L1) and 2-benzoyl benzoic acid. Structural features are obtained from their elemental microanalyses, molar conductance, IR, UV–Vis, 1H, 13CNMR spectra and magnetic susceptibility. The magnetic susceptibility and UV–Vis, IR spectral data of the ligand (L1) complexes get square–planar and tetrahedral geometries and the complexes oflig and (L2) get an octahedral geometry. Antimicrobial examinations show good results in the sharing complexes.


Article
Texture Analysis of smear of Leukemia Blood Cells after Exposing to Cold Plasma
التحليل النسيجي لمسحة خلايا دم سرطانية بعد تعريضها للبلازما الباردة

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Plasma physics and digital image processing technique (DIPT) were utilized in this research to show the effect of the cold plasma (plasma needle) on blood cells. The second order statistical features were used to study this effect. Different samples were used to reach the aim of this paper; the patients have leukemia and their leukocytes number was abnormal. By studying the results of statistical features (mean, variance, energy and entropy), it is concluded that the blood cells of the sample showed a good response to the cold plasma.


Article
Studying the Electron Energy Distribution Function (EEDF) and Electron Transport Coefficients in SF6 – He Gas Mixtures by Solving the Boltzmann Equation
دراسة دالة توزيع طاقة الإلكترونات ومعاملات النقل (الانتقال الالكترونية) في سادس فلوريد الكبريت المخلوط بالهليوم عن طريق حل معادلة بولتزمان

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The Boltzmann equation has been solved using (EEDF) package for a pure sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) gas and its mixtures with buffer Helium (He) gas to study the electron energy distribution function EEDF and then the corresponding transport coefficients for various ratios of SF6 and the mixtures. The calculations are graphically represented and discussed for the sake of comparison between the various mixtures. It is found that the various SF6 – He content mixtures have a considerable effect on EEDF and the transport coefficients of the mixtures.


Article
Electrical Dielectric Authorship of Polyvinyl-Acetate and Toluene Diisocyanate (PVA-TDI) with Manufactured Sulfonated Phenol-formaldehyde (SPF) Viscous Mass Material Composite
ايجاد العزلية الكهربائية لمكون الأسيتيت متعدد الفاينيل و تلوين داي أيسوسيانيت مع تصنيع كتلة لزجة لمادة الفينول-فورماليهايد المسلفن

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Abstract

Abstract: The electrical insulation of the manufacture sulfonated phenol-formaldehyde viscous material (product) has been studied with Polyvinyl-acetate (PVA) and toluene diisocyanate (TDI) blend has been prepared by fixing percentage by weight 3:1 and mixed with different percentages by weight of the product sulfonated phenol formaldehyde viscous mass (SPF). The Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy is done on (SPF) resin powder and prepared film of PVA-TDI-SPF viscous mass. The quality factor (Q), dissipation factor (D), parallel resistance (Rp), series resistance (Rs), parallel capacitance (Cp), series capacitance (Cs) and phase shift (ɸ) are measured. The calculated maximum dielectric constant (ε′) is 3.49x107 at sample (1) wt.1% SPF viscous mass to the weight of (PVA-TDI), the minimum dielectric constant is 1.12x106 at sample (3) wt.3% of SPF viscous mass to PVA-TDI weight. The maximum dielectric loss factor (ɛ″) is 3.68x107 at sample (1) and the minimum dielectric loss is 2.04x106 for sample (3). The maximum conductance is 1.06x10-4 S at sample (1) and minimum conductance is 6.64x10-6 at sample (3). The maximum frequency dependent ac. conductivity (σac) is 2.048 S m-1 for sample (1) and the minimum is 0.113 S m-1 at sample (3). The maximum total conductivity (σt) is 126.2 S m-1 for sample (1) and minimum (σt) is 1.129 S m-1 for sample (3). The maximum independent conductivity (σdc) is 124 S m-1 for sample (1) and minimum value is 1.015 S m-1 for sample (3). The maximum capacitive reactance (Xs) is 0.83 MΩ at sample (5) wt.5% SPF viscous mass to PVA-TDI weight and the minimum is 0.14 MΩ for sample (3).


Article
Analysis and Study of the Effect of Atmospheric Turbulence on Laser weapon in Iraq
تحليل ودراسة تأثير الاضطرابات الجوية على سلاح الليزر في العراق

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Abstract

One of the most important challenges facing the development of laser weapons is represented by the attenuation of the laser beam as it passed through the layers of atmosphere. This paper presents a theoretical study to simulate the effect of turbulence attenuation and calculates the decrease of laser power in Iraq. The refractive index structure C_n^2 is very important parameter to measure the strength of the atmospheric turbulence, which is affected by microclimate conditions, propagation path, season and time in the day. The results of measurements and predictions are based on the Kolmogorov turbulence theory. It was demonstrated by simulations that the laser weapons in Iraq were severely affected due to the large change in temperatures, the limited effective range of laser weapon to a few kilometers as a result of high attenuation and the middle of stratosphere considered as a homogeneous and a suitable area for the work of laser weapons, so be a favorite area of fighter aircraft.


Article
Human Computer Interface for Wheelchair Movement
تداخل الانسان والحاسوب من اجل حركة الكرسي المتحرك

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Abstract

This paper aims to develop a technique for helping disabled people elderly with physical disability, such as those who are unable to move hands and cannot speak howover, by using a computer vision; real time video and interaction between human and computer where these combinations provide a promising solution to assist the disabled people. The main objective of the work is to design a project as a wheelchair which contains two wheel drives. This project is based on real time video for detecting and tracking human face. The proposed design is multi speed based on pulse width modulation(PWM), technique. This project is a fast response to detect and track face direction with four operations movement (left, right, forward and stop). These operations are based on a code written in MATLAB environment and Arduino IDE environment. The proposed system uses an ATmega328microcontroller (Arduino UNO board).

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