The Effect of (TWA) Strategy in Acquiring Rhetorical Concepts for Fifth Year Literary Students in Holy Karbala


AbstractThis study aims at knowing the effect of using ( TWA ) strategy in acquiring rhetorical concepts for fifth year literary students . To achieve this aim the following hypothesis is postulated : ( there is no statistically significant difference on the level 0.05 , between the mean scores of the experimental group subjects who studied rhetoric using ( TWA ) strategy and that of the control group who studied the same material using the traditional way ) .The researchers utilized the partial control experimental design , post – test two groups design . They randomly selected ( Abdullah Bin Abbass secondary school for boys ) which have two sections of ( 60 ) students . Each group has ( 30 ) students .The researchers matched the two groups in terms of (Age counted by months , their achievement in Arabic language in the previous year , their scores in Raven lQ test and their parents achievement ) . Using the following statistical means (pearson correlation coefficient Sperman _ Brown correction formula,distinction coefficient , difficulty coefficient formula, T_ Test for two independent samples , and X2) .To measure the students acquisition , the researchers utilized a test of acquiring rhetorical concepts which consisted of (25 )multiple choice items and (5)matching items .The test was submitted to a Jury of experts to achieve its validity and to analyze its items and reliability. The test was conducted on a sample of (100)fifth year literary students at al_Abbas and al_ Mubahala secondary schools for boys belonging to Education General Directorate of Holy Karbala ( 50 students in each school ) . After analyzing the results of students statistically ,it is found that all items were valid with a correlation coefficient of (0.88) which is very good .After the end of the experiment (which lasted for six weeks ),the test was conducted on the two groups , using T_test for two independent samples the statistical analyses have revealed that there is a statistical significant diffrerence between between the mean scores of the two groups (in acquiring rhetorical concepts )on the the benefit of the experimental group who were taught rhetorics using (TWA ) strategy . In the light of the results ,it is concluded that the above mentioned strategy has great effects in acquiring rhetorical concepts .The researchers recommended to use a variety of teaching methods in Arabic Language material especially the rhetorics and application as well as using strategies that may help creative thinking such as (TWA) for other grades who were taught other Arabic language fields or areas .