Preparation of Carbon Nanotube by Pulse Laser Ablation of Graphite Target in Demonized Water


In the present work, carbon nanotube was synthesis by pulse laser ablation of graphite target in deionize-water. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), UV-Visible Spectrophotometer and Transmission electron Microscopy (TEM) were used to study chemical bonding, optical absorption, particle size, structure and morphology of the carbon nanotube. The FTIR absorption peaksat 2092.6 cm-1, 2150 and 1641.3 cm-1is due to the C ≡ C and C = C stretching vibration bondrepresents, which suggest the formation of carbon nanoparticles suspend in this suspension, UV absorption peaks coincide with the electronic transitions corresponding to linear hydrogen – capped polyyne (Cn+1H2), polyynes are important precursor molecular components in the formation of carbon nanotubes. The TEM show the aggregation of the carbon nanoparticles with size ranges from (9.4 – 70.5 nm), the structure and morphology of thenanotube can be observed with diameters (12.5 -25) nm andlength(500 -708.3) nm.