The Penalty of Civil Responsibility for Using Compensatory Medical Equipment


Medicine has witnessed a tremendous progress because many previous irremediable diseases have been treated. Surgeons have been making open-heart surgeries, difficult brain operations, and transplantation of heart, kidney and other organs. Medicine like other branches of science is progressing. If there is a disagreement between law and religion about human organ transplantation for it involves the use of organs of a living or dead person by another who is sick. There is also risk of the life of the donator so the scientific progress has found alternatives for the living organs which are artificial alternatives such as artificial heart and kidney. There is no risk now in sacrificing or harming a life to save another because keeping one healthy, non-defective person in the society is better than making two persons suffer certain defects such as kidney transplantation in which the function of one kidney is lesser than that of the two kidneys in the human body. The subject of the thesis is concerned with two responsibilities; the responsibility of the producer of the artificial alternatives who is not an ordinary producer because his job requires high technology and preciseness for it is connected with a man's life. Losing a person's life because of a defect in a compensative device cannot be compensated; opposite to any other product the defect of which can be repaired. The responsibility may be extended to the physician who lays the compensative device. The surgeon here may do another operation besides the organ transplantation so mistakes may be committed whether common or technical; grand or slight; and deliberately or carelessly. Thus, the physician holds the civil responsibility whether contractually or delinquently according to the circumstances. The device processor may not be a physician so craftsmanship is mixed here with selling like selling other things such as medical classes or earphones.