Chewing lice found on aquatic birds collected from some marshes of Thi-Qar governorate-South of Iraq

Abstract

This study was performed to detect the chewing lice infested on some aquatic birds in some marshes of Thi-Qar governorate-South of Iraq during the period from December 2012 to April 2013, for this aim 76 bird specimens belonging to 4 bird species were examined for the chewing lice infestation.The results found seventeenth out of totally 76 (22.36%) birds were found to be infested with at least one chewing louse species and three different species of chewing lice were reported: Ardeicola expallidius (Blagovesshtchensky, 1940) 7.89%, Fulicoffula gallinulae (De Geer, 1778) 13.15%, Incidifrons sp. (Blagoveshtchensky, 1951) 9.21% have been recorded from Iraq for the first time. A significant differences were found among infested birds according to the lice species (P ≤ 0.05).The result revealed that the infestation by the lice on one aquatic bird different between single and double.A significant differences was found among infested birds according to the infestation type (P ≤ 0.05). No significant differences was found between male and female of infested birds. The result revealed a significant differences among infested birds according to the monthly distribution (P ≤ 0.05) and the highest infestation rates was in January 41.17%.