The Political Conditions of Damascus During Ahmad Ibn Tolon's Reign (883-877 A.C. / 27-264H)

Abstract

In spite of losing its importance as the capitol of the Islamic state since the fall of the Umayyad family, Damascus played an important role in many political events all through the Abbasid period. Because of ite geographical and economical importance, Damascus remained an important political center that attracting different forces that appeared in Al-Sham or came from the west or the east. Accordingly, Ahmad Ibn Tolon came to Damascus immediately after controlling Egypt to join it to his growing state. The stand of the people of Damascus with Ibn Tolon in his struggle against Talha Al-Muawafaq Al-Abbasi was clear evidence to the importance of Damascus in directing the political events and it also showed the hatred of the people of Damascus to the Abbasid