Study of the Density of Crustacean Zooplankton and Some Environmental Factors Inside and Outside the Cages Breeding Fish in the Tigris River (Al Rashidiya area) Baghdad

Abstract

Two orders of zooblankton,were studied Cladocera and Copepeda in two classes Calanoida and Cyclopoda, where it was studied inside floating cages and for breeding fish placed in the Tigris River in the Rashidiya area. Has been study The population density of zooplankton groups and measure some chemical and physical characters, was studie where she collected samples of zooplankton and water from two locations of cages (inside the cages, after 100m from cages). The study was conducted within six months from January to the end of June 2014 during which there was study of the Wallace pH, water temperature, biological oxygen demand and dissolved oxygen, as to the zooplankton study the species disappeared inside cages of fish and existed after 100 meters from the cages also the different between the individual through the month study the highest range in June reached to 16.55 individual/ liter and the lowest range record in January reached to 6.60 individual/ liter, in addition to having changes in the physical and chemical factors, where the high water temperature ranged to 32C˚ where the density of three zooplankton in this range is 16.10 per individual/ liter and the low range record in January amounted to 10C˚ and three phytoplankton density are 6.50 per individual/ liter and highest rate of pH recorded in April to 8.02 and the lowest rate was recorded in May reached to 7.42 also recorded the density of phytoplankton in this rate between 9.02 and 7.46 individual/ liter, respectively. Also ranged dissolved oxygen values in the water has highest rate recorded in March amounted to 7.70 mg/L, while the three phytoplankton density reached to 12.14 individual/ liter, and its lowest rate was recorded in May to 5.95 mg/L and density of the three individual phytoplankton to 7.46 per individual/ liter. The value of the BOD has shown highest in February reached to 6.50 mg/L and lower rate in April reached to 4.20 mg/L and recorded phytoplankton density during these rates between 8.61 and 9.02 individual/ liter, respectively.