The Adequateness of Glycemic Control in Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract

A survey study of 166 patients with type 2 diabetes on medical treatment was investigated for inadequate glycemic control. The study carried out at the outpatient clinic in Al–Hindeya general hospitalover a period of five months. The study aims to find the proportion of glycemic control in type 2 diabetes patients and the factors associated with inadequate control. Fasting blood glucose and glycosylated hemoglobin were used to assess glycemic control. Patients, socio-demographic characters were collected to evaluate the factors related to inadequate control. An HbA1c level of 7% and more was used as an indicator of inadequate control. We found 78.3% of the patients had HbA1c level ≥7%. In the multivariate analysis, female gender (P≤ 0.042), overweight (P≤ 0.005), illiterate (P≤ 0.002), and treatment with insulin (P≤ 0.03) were significantly associated with poor glycemic control.