Effectiveness of an Instructional Program concerning Knowledge on clients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome in Liver and Digestive Disease Hospital at Baghdad City

Abstract

Background: Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a highly prevalent gastrointestinal disorder characterized by abdominal pain with diarrhea and/or constipation and defecation with mucus. The etiology of IBS has not been definitively established., The IBS remains a condition that can seriously compromise an individual s’ quality of life. Objective: The present study aims to identify the effectiveness of an Instructional Program concerning Knowledge on clients with Irritable Bowel Syndrome .Methodology: A quasi-experimental design study conducted in Liver and Digestive Disease Hospital at Baghdad City from the period of January ,13th 2015 to October, 1st 2015, the study sample consist of 60 clients have IBS, divided into two groups (30) case and (30) control groups.The study instrument was composed of three parts which as socio- demographic information was included 5 items; (age group, gender, marital status, level of education, occupational), and second parts deals medical history which include(4) items BMI, The duration of developing IBS, type of IBS, diseases, smoking and alcohol drinking, other chronic diseases and factors affecting disease). part three consist of 5 domains concerned to clients knowledge toward the IBS which include (definition, causes and symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment plan which include (dietary change, drug therapy, psycho therapy, herbal therapy, and flow up). The data have been analyzed through the application of: descriptive analysis (frequency, percentages; mean of scores; and the inferential analysis that include: Analysis of variance, and the researcher used the SPSS version 21 to analysis of data.Results: the findings revealed that the 56% of the case group were females at age 33-37 years old, 56% were married at institute & collage graduated, 66.6% of the case group have government employment, 40% of them have IBS from 1-3 years , 50% of the case group have diarrhea prodromal , high percent of them not Smoker, and the results revealed that their effectiveness of instructional program on IBS clients at P≤ 0.05 level.Conclusion: the study concluded that the program applied by the researchers was a clear impact on improving the knowledge of clients relating to the definition and symptoms and how to control the disease through the pretest and posttest of the program.Recommendation: the study recommends to increase health awareness among people through the implementation of courses and lectures in coordination with the Ministries of Health and Education and Higher Education in order to control the causes of disease and reduce symptoms of IBS.