Numerical Investigation Using Harmonic and Transient Analysis To Rotor Dynamics


The rotor dynamics generally deals with vibration of rotating structures. For designing rotors of a high speeds, basically its important to take into account the rotor dynamics characteristics. The modeling features for rotor and bearings support flexibility are described in this paper, by taking these characteristics of rotor dynamics features into standard Finite Element Approach (FEA) model. Transient and harmonic analysis procedures have been found by ANSYS, the idea has been presented to deal with critical speed calculation. This papers shows how elements BEAM188 and COMBI214 are used to represent the shaft and bearings, the dynamic stiffness and damping coefficients of journal bearings as a matrices have been found with the variation of rotation speed of the rotor which are vary with eccentricity of journal with bearings and this eccentricity is a function of Sommerfeld number, the first critical speed analysis has been done from Campbell diagram, the critical speed it is the speed at which resonance case happen, the unbalance response analysis has been done with changing the unbalance mass then finding the maximum response of the rotor for each unbalance mass case, by Campbell diagram plot recognizing the stability of the system and find the line of un stability, above and down this line the system is stable and if speed lies on this line the system is unstable, the main reason of analysis of rotor dynamics is to help Engineers to characterize the lateral dynamics characteristics of a given design with Campbell diagram plot, can find the critical speed, the unbalance response and the system stability .