الهند نموذج التوظيف الإيجابي للتعددية المتنوعة

Abstract

Indian society is one with a social structure and political communities pluralism has delivered this cast a shadow on the political and party reality in this country later as a result of these diversities and Altadeddat whether ethnic or religious or sectarian or linguistic to be one of the success of the experiment factors in general democratization (although drawbacks and the events that occur between now and then trying to muddy the elite positive coexistence) after reaching the majority of these variations convinced that diversity and plurality requires respect for all the diversity of views and beliefs of others and the specifics. Today is the experience of parliamentary pluralism of Indian democracy is an important models for the success of the parliamentary system in one of the largest countries in the world in area and population, has laid the India system "constitutional" based on the principles of democracy, pluralism, secularism and hit, for example, the possibility of the stability of the democratic model in the State of the countries of the South, despite this collapse model in many of these countries at the time the Indian people remained despite the large size and diversity and the different fittings and components clinging to "the democratic system, which count one unit of this people guarantees struggling despite a change of political leadership and succession of parties to power through elections since more than seven centuries. The presence of social and political pluralism and cultural did not prevent the Indian people and the political leaders and elites educated work on creating a state of peaceful coexistence, which led to the construction of democratic experience is today one of the most successful experiences in the world in terms of the capacity of participation and the stability and permanence of continuity as it proved this experience that the greater the elites and the ruling leaders secured option Democrat pluralist whenever the success of the experiment and large favorable pluralism opportunities, and also demonstrated that the presence of mind of a collective population of the Indian state boasts despite between those of political and religious, economic and social diversity reflected positively "in peaceful coexistence and stability and relative experienced by the State, which was invested by the positive employment of those pluralities in favor of building her career and scientific technological, economic, political, and this employment is through the existence of constitutional and legal texts translated in practice "and through the views and behavior of the founding fathers and leaders and ruling elites and intelligentsia that contributed to the consolidation of the democratic construction. India is not ideal state certainly, but this rich experience with all bearing the word meaning open broad prospects in front of researchers in the affairs of political systems and democracy in the world to benefit from the data that experience and stand on the reasons for their success and the factors that helped it succeed in a country that was some believe that the success of democracy in which sterile issue, but the reality of the situation proved the opposite as it proved this experiment succeed in building the largest democracy outside the Western world which opens the doors wide in front of seeking to build experience democracy Afattah- countries such as Iraq example- to stand carefully "before them, and study and take lessons for the benefit of That construction.