Biological effect of alcohol extracts for oils of Cypress Cupressus sempervirens L. in the life performance of southern cowpea beetle Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae).

Abstract

The effect of alcohol extracts twigs and cones (male and female) Cypress lime oils on different phases of southern cowpea beetle Callosobruchus maculatus F. (Coleoptera:Chrysomelidae) was carried out. The results showed the efficiency of both oils with significant effects on immature stages and adult emergence. The Cypress cones extract oil was more effective than twigs oil extracts in activity in all treatments numbers. The rates of productivity and first generation (F1) reduction reached 34.96% and 87.22% respectively at 1.5% concentration compare with Cypress twigs oil extracts which reached 66.22% and 81.58% respectively. The all oil concentrations that used in this study did not all effect on the germination rates ranged between 80.00- 90.00% The superiority of the alcoholic extract oil cones cypress lime to reduce the percentage of the damage amounted to 31.11% as compared to alcohol oil extracts of its twigs and control treatment, which amounted to 44.66% and 99.66 - 99.33%, respectively and found significant differences in the ratios in the attraction and repellency responses. The Cypress twigs oil in different concentrations showed a superior repellency effect on insect. The highest average of individuals repellency reached 7.00 and 8.00 rates 70.00 and 80.00% with attractant rates13.30 and 20.30 % as it balance rates reached -33.00 and -60.00% after 15 and 30 minutes of treating reached maximum at 1.5%, while Cypress cones oil showed significant attractant effect, the concentration 1.5% recorded highest rates of attractant, the average of individuals attractant reached 5.00 and 7.66% rates 50.00 and 76.60% and repellent rates 13.30 and 16.60% as it balance rates reached + 36.67 and + 60.00 % after 15 and 30 minutes of treating .