Purification of Red Wasp Vespa orientalis and Yellow Wasp Polistes olivaceaus Toxin and Estemating Some of its Biological Characteristics

Abstract

This study included the collecting of 390 gland toxicity of the Red Wasp Vespa orientalis and 418 gland toxicity of yellow wasp Polistes olivaceaus from different areas of Baghdad city. It was classified depending on taxonomic keys in order to diagnose and identify the general characteristics of each species, and then extract gland toxicity to get poison. The poison was purified by gel filtration throw Sephacryl S-200 obtain three peaks of proteins. The activity of lysis and clotting was estimated for peaks separate P1, P2 and P3 for wasp red toxin, the lysis activity of separate P1 was 98% of the poison origin activity and the clotting time was 47.3 minutes, while when estimating the activity of lysis and clotting for peaks separate P1, P2 and P3 for wasp yellow toxin, the lysis activity of separate P2 was 91% of the poison origin activity and the clotting time was 43.8 minutes.The molecular weight of P1 and P2 wasp was 22387 and 22382 Da respectively by using the gel filtration Sephacryl S-200, while the carbohydrates content were 60.057 and 44.460 mg/ ml respectively, The percentage of iron was 0.88 and 0.44 ppm respectively, the optimum pH of lysis and clotting activity for P1 and P2 was 6.5, and noted that they stable at range 6-7.5 and 5.5 -8 respectively, the optimum temperature of lysis and clotting activity for P1 and P2 was 35oC, and noted that they stable at 35oC for 30 minutes.