Interaction between Kaolin and DMSO: FTIR, XRD , thermodynamic and Nano studies


Intercalation of highly polar organic compound dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) with kaolinite and the formation of interlamellar complexes has been studied, and characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Interaction was found to be dependent on the particle size of kaolin raw material. Nature of interaction achieved through the formation of hydrogen bonds between DMSO and both AlOH and Si – O surface of kaolinite. Effect of temperature on equilibrium adsorption of methylene blue (MB) from aqueous solution using kaolin and kaolin – DMSO complexes also studied, the results were analyzed by Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms. Thermodynamic parameters such as ΔG, ΔH and ΔS were calculated. Results suggested that the MB adsorption on kaolin was spontaneous and exothermic process.