The Role of Self- Confidence Effectiveness for English Language Learners


Abstract Self-confidence is an important factor in the learning of any second language. Psychological and social (Traditions and culture) phenomenon are very important and should be considered in studying self-confidence. Forty two students (26 females and 16 males) in the English department, College of Arts, University of Kufa, have been subjected to a self-confidence questionnaire. Answers of questionnaire’s statements reflect the level of self-confidence (A, B, C, and D). A and B represent lack of self-confidence while C and D represent good self-confidence. Data of self-confidence questionnaire has been analyzed by many statistical methods (ANOVA, Histograms, and Estimated Marginal Means). ANOVA test shows significant differences among statements and in two kinds of answers. Histograms show that most of students have good self-confidence and their problems are with speaking to others especially their professors and classmates and also being afraid and embarrassed of doing mistakes. Estimated Marginal Means curves show that males have high self-confidence than females, and females show high lack of self-confidence in speaking English to their professors and classmates. Females show high worrying and fearing from speaking English in public, while they show great carful to their grade and they are competitive. These problems of females students are related to traditional concepts of society. Special teaching methods must be used to encourage and urge students in English language to speak English and to make them acquire complete learning in English language and overcome the psychological and social obstacles.