Physical and Electrical Study of Different Carbone Nanomaterials as Modifying Material for SPCE

Abstract

In this work was prepared three different types of modified screen printed carbon electrode (SPCEs) with drops casted method, the used carbone nanomaterials were the MWCNT, functionalized –MWCNT (f-MWCNT) and After several experiments were made to find an appropriate ratio to make good GOT/f-MWCNT nanocomposite, and found the suspension mixture (1:1) from GOT/f-MWCNT (f-MWCNT-GOT). The electrical and physical properties were performed with cyclic voltammeter technique, and studied the maximum current response, the effective surface area, effect of the pH value and the determination of active surface area for MWCNT-SPCE , f-MWCNT-SPCE and f-MWCNT-GOT/SPCE as (0.04 cm2), (0.119 cm2) and (0.115 cm2) respectively, the surface coverage concentration ( Γ) of the material on each area was calculated and was 9.447×10-10, 9.449×10-10 and 9.3×10-10 mol cm–2 ,for MWCNT ,f-MWCNT and f-MWCNT-GOT respectively, The values of Γ for all three types of electrodes were almost the same and no noticeable difference. These electrodes were used to study the electrochemical behavior of organic compound which consisting an amide functional group, these group founded in huge spectrum of pesticide and medicine compounds etc. the penicillin antibiotic drug family has a β-lactam group (Azetidine-2-one) group. Therefore it was expected to show hydrolysis with opening of the four membered ring azetidine-2-one, in a H+/1ē process. In this work used ampicillin antibiotic AMP. The cyclic voltammetry investigation was shown the signals of anodic peak current were higher than the cathodic current signals Ipa/Ipc≠ 1, which indicated an irreversible electrode reaction, with differential pulse voltammetry was studded the limit of detection (LOD), the modification of SPCE with the f-MWCNT-GOT show the best result than the other two carbone nanomaterial MWCNT and f-MWCNT.