Real-Time PCR for direct detection of Clostridium perfringens from horse with enterocolitis infection

Abstract

Clostridium perfringens is one of the most important causative agents of enterocolitis infection in horses. This bacterium capable to produce potential enterotoxin that cause diarrhea in horses. This study was aimed to molecular identification of Clostridium perfringens from horses infected by diarrhea by using Real-Time PCR technique. The Clostridium perfringens type C was identified by using specific primers for enterotoxin (CPE) gene that designed in this study using NCBI-Genbank data base (Genbank code: GQ225719.1) and primer3 plus for primer design. The results show that prevalence of infection by Clostridium perfringens type C was (40%) of 12 positive samples out of 30 fecal samples. This study demonstrated that the direct Real-Time PCR technique is a highly specific and rapid tool for the detection Clostridium perfringens.