Pidemiological Features of Road Traffic Accident Deaths in Babylon Province during the Period 2010-2014

Abstract

BackgroundRoad Traffic Accidents are the fifth leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Iraq, traffic accidents are increasing continuously leading to more fatalities that rank Iraq as a number four in the world. Objectives:To assess the epidemiological features of fatal RTIs in a time, place, person epidemiologic model and to identify the trend of Road Traffic Injury mortalities in Babylon province during 5 years.Materials and Methods:This was a descriptive cross-sectional study included a retrospective analysis of the forensic medicine data presented in the records for the period 2010-2014.The time needed to conduct this study from 1st of February to end of May,2015. After the approval of the study protocol by the local health ethical committees , a structured questionnaire was used to collect data according to the descriptive epidemiologic model (time, place and person).Results:During the period 2010 – 2014, mortality rates were higher in males than females with male to female ratio of 3.25:1 . Higher mortality rates reported in the year 2012. Most mortalities occurred during June, October, November and December. Most mortalities due to RTIs occurred among unemployed (38.8%) and student (18.0%) that lives in urban areas. Main roads were most common places for fatal Road Traffic Injuries( RTIs) in Babylon province and represent (72%). Head injury was the dominant site of injury (33.1%) followed by lower limbs. The overall proportional mortality ratio of RTIs was (30.8%).Conclusions:During the period 2010-2014, higher proportion of mortalities reported due to RTIs and the trend of RTI fatalities peaked in 2012 and declined in the next two years.