التطور العمراني لمدينة كربلاء1749-1869 (دراسة تاريخية)

Abstract

This research deals with urban planning for the city of Karbala, and how the emergence of the city by a factor of religion, and touched a researcher into the most important civil metropolises in Karbala, and was in the forefront of Mashhad Imam Hussein and Abba Fadl al Abbas (peace be upon them) and then took the urban gradually expanding around the shrine holy is pivotal, were focusing building homes proximity, and homes in Karbala differ from the rest of the houses in the cities of Iraq, the other they are generally described the east building and be of Square centrist exposed and surrounded by court rooms, and is the host at the entrance of the house, was also famous for the city of Karbala in this period in the presence of the public market pools, It is the most prominent of bath salt bath using the bathroom House of Representatives and others. The study Sur city of Karbala and alleys also addressed, Fssor city was Old construction as well as the construction was with bricks sun-dried (milk) and therefore observe the deterioration of the wall and continued on that course to the year 1802 when it was renovated building wall of Karbala, located shops Karbala housing inside the fence while surrounded fence palm groves dense, (and the number of shops Karbala are three: the Zhak and the winner and the Isa) and after the construction of the wall in 1802 the city became composed of several shops of the most prominent: the locality of the door of energy, and the locality of the door Alallop, and the locality of the door of Najaf, and the locality of the door of Khan. The streets of the city of Karbala and alleys suffer from tight slalom because of a lack of services and lack of attention to this aspect. And it characterized the city streets manifestations strands which buildings in an arc based on its sides overlooking the street and the role Absoha strand Za'farani .