Prevalence of torus palatinus and torus mandibularis in a sample of Baghdad population


Background: Although some oral lesions, such as torus palatinus and torus mandibularis are normal variants, but require prompt diagnosis and sometime treatment to reduce the potential for serious complication and enhance prosthodontic treatment. The purpose of this study is to inspect the prevalence of torus palatinus (TP) and torus mandibularis (TM), with their relations to TMJ dysfunction syndrome.
Material and method: The sample consisted of 932 persons, 301 males and 631 females were examined for the presence of TP and / or TM. Analysis was carried out according to age, gender, TMJ dysfunction and chronic diseases to the presence of TP and TM.
Results: indicated that 49 (5.3%) had TP; where as 67 (7.2) had TM. The male: female prevalence ratios of TP and TM were 1: 3.42 and 1: 1.81 respectively.
Conclusion: TP and TM were more frequent in females and there is significant relation between the TP and TM with presence of TMJ dysfunction syndrome (P< 0.05) especially TM, the presence of TM might be useful to look for sign of dysfunction.
Key words: Torus palatinus (TP), torus mandibularis (TM). (J Bagh Coll Dentistry 2007; 19(1) 42-46)